Biblio

Filters: Keyword is radio receivers  [Clear All Filters]
2021-04-09
Cui, H., Liu, C., Hong, X., Wu, J., Sun, D..  2020.  An Improved BICM-ID Receiver for the Time-Varying Underwater Acoustic Communications with DDPSK Modulation. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing, Communications and Computing (ICSPCC). :1—4.
Double differential phase shift keying(DDPSK) modulation is an efficient method to compensate the Doppler shifts, whereas the phase noise will be amplified which results in the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) loss. In this paper, we propose a novel receiver architecture for underwater acoustic DSSS communications with Doppler shifts. The proposed method adopts not only the DDPSK modulation to compensate the Doppler shifts, but also the improved bit-interleaved coded modulation with iterative decoding (BICM-ID) algorithm for DDPSK to recover the SNR loss. The improved DDPSK demodulator adopts the multi-symbol estimation to track the channel variation, and an extended trellis diagram is constructed for DDPSK demodulator. Theoretical simulation shows that our system can obtain around 10.2 dB gain over the uncoded performance, and 7.4 dB gain over the hard-decision decoding performance. Besides, the experiment conducted in the Songhua Lake also shows that the proposed receiver can achieve lower BER performance when Doppler shifts exists.
2020-12-28
Borio, D., Gioia, C..  2020.  Mitigation of Frequency-Hopped Tick Jamming Signals. 2020 IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium (PLANS). :624—630.

Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) jamming is an evolving technology where new modulations are progressively introduced in order to reduce the impact of interference mitigation techniques such as Adaptive Notch Filters (ANFs). The Standardisation of GNSS Threat reporting and Receiver testing through International Knowledge Exchange, Experimentation and Exploitation (STRIKE3) project recently described a new class of jamming signals, called tick signals, where a basic frequency tick is hopped over a large frequency range. In this way, discontinuities are introduced in the instantaneous frequency of the jamming signals. These discontinuities reduce the effectiveness of ANFs, which unable to track the jamming signal. This paper analyses the effectiveness of interference mitigation techniques with respect to frequency-hopped tick jamming signals. ANFs and Robust Interference Mitigation (RIM) techniques are analysed. From the analysis, it emerges that, despite the presence of frequency discontinuities, ANFs provide some margin against tick signals. However, frequency discontinuities prevent ANFs to remove all the jamming components and receiver operations are denied for moderate Jamming to Noise power ratio (J/N) values, RIM techniques are not affected by the presence of frequency discontinuities and significantly higher jamming power are sustained by the receiver when this type of techniques is adopted.

Khatod, V., Manolova, A..  2020.  Effects of Man in the Middle (MITM) Attack on Bit Error Rate of Bluetooth System. 2020 Joint International Conference on Digital Arts, Media and Technology with ECTI Northern Section Conference on Electrical, Electronics, Computer and Telecommunications Engineering (ECTI DAMT NCON). :153—157.
The ad-hoc network formed by Bluetooth works on radio frequency links. The security aspect of Bluetooth has to be handled more carefully. The radio frequency waves have a characteristic that the waves can pierce the obstructions in the communication path, get rid of the requirement of line of sight between the communicating devices. We propose a software model of man-in-the-middle attack along with unauthorized and authorized transmitter and receiver. Advanced White Gaussian Noise channel is simulated in the designed architecture. The transmitter uses Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying (GFSK) modulation like in Bluetooth. The receiver uses GFSK demodulation. In order to validate the performance of the designed system, bit error rate (BER) measurements are taken with respect to different time intervals. We found that BER drops roughly 18% if hopping duration of 150 seconds is chosen. We propose that a Bluetooth system with hopping rate of 0.006 Hz is used instead of 10Hz.
2020-02-17
Liu, Xiaochen, Gao, Yuanyuan, Zang, Guozhen, Sha, Nan.  2019.  Artificial-Noise-Aided Robust Beamforming for MISOME Wiretap Channels with Security QoS. 2019 IEEE 19th International Conference on Communication Technology (ICCT). :795–799.
This paper studies secure communication from a multi-antenna transmitter to a single-antenna receiver in the presence of multiple multi-antenna eavesdroppers, considering constraints of security quality of service (QoS), i.e., minimum allowable signal-to-interference-and-noise ratio (SINR) at receiver and maximum tolerable SINR at eavesdroppers. The robust joint optimal beamforming (RJOBF) of secret signal and artificial noise (AN) is designed to minimize transmit power while estimation errors of channel state information (CSI) for wiretap channels are taken into consideration. The formulated design problem is shown to be nonconvex and we transfer it into linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) along with semidefinite relaxation (SDR) technique. The simulation results illustrate that our proposed RJOBF is efficient for power saving in security communication.
2020-08-10
Li, Wei, Mclernon, Des, Wong, Kai-Kit, Wang, Shilian, Lei, Jing, Zaidi, Syed Ali Raza.  2019.  Asymmetric Physical Layer Encryption for Wireless Communications. IEEE Access. 7:46959–46967.
In this paper, we establish a cryptographic primitive for wireless communications. An asymmetric physical layer encryption (PLE) scheme based on elliptic curve cryptography is proposed. Compared with the conventional symmetric PLE, asymmetric PLE avoids the need of key distribution on a private channel, and it has more tools available for processing complex-domain signals to confuse possible eavesdroppers when compared with upper-layer public key encryption. We use quantized information entropy to measure the constellation confusion degree. The numerical results show that the proposed scheme provides greater confusion to eavesdroppers and yet does not affect the bit error rate (BER) of the intended receiver (the information entropy of the constellation increases to 17.5 for 9-bit quantization length). The scheme also has low latency and complexity [O(N2.37), where N is a fixed block size], which is particularly attractive for implementation.
2020-02-26
Qiu, Tongsheng, Wang, Xianyi, Tian, Yusen, Du, Qifei, Sun, Yueqiang.  2019.  A System Design of Real-Time Narrowband Rfi Detection And Mitigation for Gnss-R Receiver. IGARSS 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. :5167–5170.

With the rapid development of radio detection and wireless communication, narrowband radio-frequency interference (NB-RFI) is a serious threat for GNSS-R (global navigation satellite systems - reflectometry) receivers. However, interferometric GNSS-R (iGNSS-R) is more prone to the NB-RFIs than conventional GNSS-R (cGNSS-R), due to wider bandwidth and unclean replica. Therefore, there is strong demand of detecting and mitigating NB-RFIs for GNSS-R receivers, especially iGNSS-R receivers. Hence, focusing on working with high sampling rate and simplifying the fixed-point implementation on FPGA, this paper proposes a system design exploiting cascading IIR band-stop filters (BSFs) to suppress NB-RFIs. Furthermore, IIR BSF compared with IIR notch filter (NF) and IIR band-pass filter (BPF) is the merely choice that is able to mitigate both white narrowband interference (WNBI) and continuous wave interference (CWI) well. Finally, validation and evaluation are conducted, and then it is indicated that the system design can detect NB-RFIs and suppress WNBI and CWI effectively, which improves the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the Delay-Doppler map (DDM).

2020-04-10
Hao, Hao, Ying Li, Xin.  2019.  Research on Physical Layer Security of Cooperative Networks Based on Swipt. 2019 International Conference on Smart Grid and Electrical Automation (ICSGEA). :583—586.
In Cooperative Networks based on simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT), relay nodes collect the energy of radio signals received from source node and transmit the information of source nodes to destination nodes, which not only prolongs the service life of energy-constrained nodes, but also improves the ability of long-distance transmission of information. Due to the openness of energy harvesting, there may be eavesdropping users with malicious decoding. In order to study the security performance of the Cooperative Networks based on SWIPT, this paper mainly studies the physical layer security performance of this network, derives and simulates the expression of system security outage probability and throughput. The simulation results show that the system security performance is mainly influenced by time allocation parameter of SWIPT and decreases with the increase of target rate.
2020-06-15
Khadr, Monette H., Elgala, Hany, Ayyash, Moussa, Little, Thomas, Khreishah, Abdallah, Rahaim, Michael.  2018.  Security Aware Spatial Modulation (SA-SM). 2018 IEEE 39th Sarnoff Symposium. :1–6.
Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) techniques are currently the de facto approach for increasing the capacity and reliability of communication systems. Spatial modulation (SM) is presently one of the most eminent MIMO techniques. As, it combines the advantages of having higher spectral efficiency than repetition coding (RC) while overcoming the inter-channel interference (ICI) faced by spatial multiplexing (SMP). Moreover, SM reduces system complexity. In this paper, for the first time in literature, the use of MIMO techniques is explored in Internet-of-Things(IoT) deployments by introducing a novel technique called security aware spatial modulation (SA-SM).SA-SM provides a low complexity, secure and spectrally efficient technique that harvests the advantages of SM, while facing the arising security concerns of IoT systems. Using an undemanding modification at the receiver, SA-SM gives an extra degree of technology independent physical layer security. Our results show that SA-SM forces the bit-error-rate (BER) of an eavesdropper to not exceed the range of 10-2, which is below the forward-error-correction (FEC) threshold. Hence, it eradicates the ability of an eavesdropper to properly decode the transmitted signal. Additionally, the efficiency of SA-SM is verified in both the radio and visible light ranges. Furthermore, SA-SM is capable of reducing the peak-to-average-power-ratio (PAPR) by 26.2%.
2019-03-15
Kostyria, O., Storozhenko, V., Naumenko, V., Romanov, Y..  2018.  Mathematical Models of Blocks for Compensation Multipath Distortion in Spatially Separated Passive Time-Frequency Synchronization Radio System. 2018 International Scientific-Practical Conference Problems of Infocommunications. Science and Technology (PIC S T). :104-108.

Multipath propagation of radio waves negatively affects to the performance of telecommunications and radio navigation systems. When performing time and frequency synchronization tasks of spatially separated standards, the multipath signal propagation aggravates the probability of a correct synchronization and introduces an error. The presence of a multipath signal reduces the signal-to-noise ratio in the received signal, which in turn causes an increase in the synchronization error. If the time delay of the additional beam (s) is less than the useful signal duration, the reception of the useful signal is further complicated by the presence of a partially correlated interference, the level and correlation degree of which increases with decreasing time delay of the interference signals. The article considers with the method of multi-path interference compensation in a multi-position (telecommunication or radio navigation system) or a time and frequency synchronization system for the case if at least one of the receiving positions has no noise signal or does not exceed the permissible level. The essence of the method is that the interference-free useful signal is transmitted to other points in order to pick out the interference component from the signal / noise mix. As a result, an interference-free signal is used for further processing. The mathematical models of multipath interference suppressors in the temporal and in the frequency domain are presented in the article. Compared to time processing, processing in the frequency domain reduces computational costs. The operation of the suppressor in the time domain has been verified experimentally.

2018-08-23
Mahmood, N. H., Pedersen, K. I., Mogensen, P..  2017.  A centralized inter-cell rank coordination mechanism for 5G systems. 2017 13th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). :1951–1956.
Multiple transmit and receive antennas can be used to increase the number of independent streams between a transmitter-receiver pair, or to improve the interference resilience property with the help of linear minimum mean squared error (MMSE) receivers. An interference aware inter-cell rank coordination framework for the future fifth generation wireless system is proposed in this article. The proposal utilizes results from random matrix theory to estimate the mean signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio at the MMSE receiver. In addition, a game-theoretic interference pricing measure is introduced as an inter-cell interference management mechanism to balance the spatial multiplexing vs. interference resilience trade-off. Exhaustive Monte Carlo simulations results demonstrating the performance of the proposed algorithm indicate a gain of around 40% over conventional non interference-aware schemes; and within around 6% of the optimum performance obtained using a brute-force exhaustive search algorithm.
2017-12-20
Wang, Fei, Zhang, Xi.  2017.  Secure resource allocation for polarization-enabled green cooperative cognitive radio networks with untrusted secondary users. 2017 51st Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS). :1–6.
We address secure resource allocation for an OFDMA cooperative cognitive radio network (CRN) with energy harvesting (EH) capability. In the network, one primary user (PU) cooperates with several untrusted secondary users (SUs) with one SU transmitter and several SU receivers, where the SU transmitter and all SU receivers may overhear the PU transmitter's information while all SU receivers may eavesdrop on each other's signals. We consider the scenario when SUs are wireless devices with small physical sizes; therefore to improve system performance we suppose that SUs are equipped with co-located orthogonally dual-polarized antennas (ODPAs). With ODPAs, on one hand, the SU transmitter can first harvest energy from radio frequency (RF) signals emitted by the PU transmitter, and then utilize the harvested energy to simultaneously serve the PU and all SU receivers. On the other hand, by exploiting polarization-based signal processing techniques, both the PU's and SUs' physical-layer security can be enhanced. In particular, to ensure the PU's communication security, the PU receiver also sends jamming signals to degrade the reception performance of SUs, and meanwhile the jamming signals can also become new sources of energy powering the SU transmitter. For the considered scenario, we investigate the joint allocation of subcarriers, powers, and power splitting ratios to maximize the total secrecy rate of all SUs while ensuring the PU's minimum secrecy rate requirement. Finally, we evaluate the performance of our resource allocation scheme through numerical analyses.
Viet, H. N., Kwon, K. R., Kwon, S. K., Lee, E. J., Lee, S. H., Kim, C. Y..  2017.  Implementation of GPS signal simulation for drone security using Matlab/Simulink. 2017 IEEE XXIV International Conference on Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Computing (INTERCON). :1–4.
In this paper, a simulation model of digital intermediate frequency (IF) GPS signal is presented. This design is developed based on mathematical model representing the digitized IF GPS signal. In details, C/A code, navigation data and P code, and the noise models are configured some initial settings simultaneously. Simulation results show that the simulated signals share the same properties with real signals (e.g. C/A code correlation properties, and the spread spectrum). The simulated GPS IF signal data can work as input for various signal processing algorithm of GPS receivers, such as acquisition, tracking, carrier-to-noise ratio (C/No) estimation, and GPS spoofing signal generation. Particularly, the simulated GPS signal can conduct scenarios by adjust SNR values of the noise generator during simulation (e.g. signal outages, sudden changes of GPS signal power), which can be used as setup experiments of spoofing/jamming interference to UAVs for drone security applications.
2018-10-26
Subramani, K. S., Antonopoulos, A., Abotabl, A. A., Nosratinia, A., Makris, Y..  2017.  INFECT: INconspicuous FEC-based Trojan: A hardware attack on an 802.11a/g wireless network. 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Hardware Oriented Security and Trust (HOST). :90–94.

We discuss the threat that hardware Trojans (HTs) impose on wireless networks, along with possible remedies for mitigating the risk. We first present an HT attack on an 802.11a/g transmitter (TX), which exploits Forward Error Correction (FEC) encoding. While FEC seeks to protect the transmitted signal against channel noise, it often offers more protection than needed by the actual channel. This margin is precisely where our HT finds room to stage an attack. We, then, introduce a Trojan-agnostic method which can be applied at the receiver (RX) to detect such attacks. This method monitors the noise distribution, to identify systematic inconsistencies which may be caused by an HT. Lastly, we describe a Wireless open-Access Research Platform (WARP) based experimental setup to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed attack and defense. More specifically, we evaluate (i) the ability of a rogue RX to extract the leaked information, while an unsuspecting, legitimate RX accurately recovers the original message and remains oblivious to the attack, and (ii) the ability of channel noise profiling to detect the presence of the HT.

2017-12-27
Kharel, R., Raza, U., Ijaz, M., Ekpo, S., Busawon, K..  2016.  Chaotic secure digital communication scheme using auxiliary systems. 2016 10th International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks and Digital Signal Processing (CSNDSP). :1–6.

In this paper, we present a new secure message transmission scheme using hyperchaotic discrete primary and auxiliary chaotic systems. The novelty lies on the use of auxiliary chaotic systems for the encryption purposes. We have used the modified Henon hyperchaotic discrete-time system. The use of the auxiliary system allows generating the same keystream in the transmitter and receiver side and the initial conditions in the auxiliary systems combined with other transmitter parameters suffice the role of the key. The use of auxiliary systems will mean that the information of keystream used in the encryption function will not be present on the transmitted signal available to the intruders, hence the reconstructing of the keystream will not be possible. The encrypted message is added on to the dynamics of the transmitter using inclusion technique and the dynamical left inversion technique is employed to retrieve the unknown message. The simulation results confirm the robustness of the method used and some comments are made about the key space from the cryptographic viewpoint.

2017-02-14
R. Saravanan, V. Saminadan, V. Thirunavukkarasu.  2015.  "VLSI implementation of BER measurement for wireless communication system". 2015 International Conference on Innovations in Information, Embedded and Communication Systems (ICIIECS). :1-5.

This paper presents the Bit Error Rate (BER) performance of the wireless communication system. The complexity of modern wireless communication system are increasing at fast pace. It becomes challenging to design the hardware of wireless system. The proposed system consists of MIMO transmitter and MIMO receiver along with the along with a realistic fading channel. To make the data transmission more secure when the data are passed into channel Crypto-System with Embedded Error Control (CSEEC) is used. The system supports data security and reliability using forward error correction codes (FEC). Security is provided through the use of a new symmetric encryption algorithm, and reliability is provided by the use of FEC codes. The system aims at speeding up the encryption and encoding operations and reduces the hardware dedicated to each of these operations. The proposed system allows users to achieve more security and reliable communication. The proposed BER measurement communication system consumes low power compared to existing systems. Advantage of VLSI based BER measurement it that they can be used in the Real time applications and it provides single chip solution.

2017-03-08
Chen, S., Wang, T., Ai, J..  2015.  A fair exchange and track system for RFID-tagged logistic chains. 2015 8th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Informatics (BMEI). :661–666.

RFID (Radio-Frequency IDentification) is attractive for the strong visibility it provides into logistics operations. In this paper, we explore fair-exchange techniques to encourage honest reporting of item receipt in RFID-tagged supply chains and present a fair ownership transfer system for RFID-tagged supply chains. In our system, a receiver can only access the data and/or functions of the RFID tag by providing the sender with a cryptographic attestation of successful receipt; cheating results in a defunct tag. Conversely, the sender can only obtain the receiver's attestation by providing the secret keys required to access the tag.

2015-04-30
Ta-Yuan Liu, Mukherjee, P., Ulukus, S., Shih-Chun Lin, Hong, Y.-W.P..  2014.  Secure DoF of MIMO Rayleigh block fading wiretap channels with No CSI anywhere. Communications (ICC), 2014 IEEE International Conference on. :1959-1964.

We consider the block Rayleigh fading multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wiretap channel with no prior channel state information (CSI) available at any of the terminals. The channel gains remain constant in a coherence time of T symbols, and then change to another independent realization. The transmitter, the legitimate receiver and the eavesdropper have nt, nr and ne antennas, respectively. We determine the exact secure degrees of freedom (s.d.o.f.) of this system when T ≥ 2 min(nt, nr). We show that, in this case, the s.d.o.f. is exactly (min(nt, nr) - ne)+(T - min(nt, nr))/T. The first term can be interpreted as the eavesdropper with ne antennas taking away ne antennas from both the transmitter and the legitimate receiver. The second term can be interpreted as a fraction of s.d.o.f. being lost due to the lack of CSI at the legitimate receiver. In particular, the fraction loss, min(nt, nr)/T, can be interpreted as the fraction of channel uses dedicated to training the legitimate receiver for it to learn its own CSI. We prove that this s.d.o.f. can be achieved by employing a constant norm channel input, which can be viewed as a generalization of discrete signalling to multiple dimensions.

2015-05-01
Sa Sousa, J., Vilela, J.P..  2014.  A characterization of uncoordinated frequency hopping for wireless secrecy. Wireless and Mobile Networking Conference (WMNC), 2014 7th IFIP. :1-4.

We characterize the secrecy level of communication under Uncoordinated Frequency Hopping, a spread spectrum scheme where a transmitter and a receiver randomly hop through a set of frequencies with the goal of deceiving an adversary. In our work, the goal of the legitimate parties is to land on a given frequency without the adversary eavesdroppers doing so, therefore being able to communicate securely in that period, that may be used for secret-key exchange. We also consider the effect on secrecy of the availability of friendly jammers that can be used to obstruct eavesdroppers by causing them interference. Our results show that tuning the number of frequencies and adding friendly jammers are effective countermeasures against eavesdroppers.

2015-05-06
Weikun Hou, Xianbin Wang, Chouinard, J.-Y., Refaey, A..  2014.  Physical Layer Authentication for Mobile Systems with Time-Varying Carrier Frequency Offsets. Communications, IEEE Transactions on. 62:1658-1667.

A novel physical layer authentication scheme is proposed in this paper by exploiting the time-varying carrier frequency offset (CFO) associated with each pair of wireless communications devices. In realistic scenarios, radio frequency oscillators in each transmitter-and-receiver pair always present device-dependent biases to the nominal oscillating frequency. The combination of these biases and mobility-induced Doppler shift, characterized as a time-varying CFO, can be used as a radiometric signature for wireless device authentication. In the proposed authentication scheme, the variable CFO values at different communication times are first estimated. Kalman filtering is then employed to predict the current value by tracking the past CFO variation, which is modeled as an autoregressive random process. To achieve the proposed authentication, the current CFO estimate is compared with the Kalman predicted CFO using hypothesis testing to determine whether the signal has followed a consistent CFO pattern. An adaptive CFO variation threshold is derived for device discrimination according to the signal-to-noise ratio and the Kalman prediction error. In addition, a software-defined radio (SDR) based prototype platform has been developed to validate the feasibility of using CFO for authentication. Simulation results further confirm the effectiveness of the proposed scheme in multipath fading channels.
 

2021-04-08
Sarkar, M. Z. I., Ratnarajah, T..  2010.  Information-theoretic security in wireless multicasting. International Conference on Electrical Computer Engineering (ICECE 2010). :53–56.
In this paper, a wireless multicast scenario is considered in which the transmitter sends a common message to a group of client receivers through quasi-static Rayleigh fading channel in the presence of an eavesdropper. The communication between transmitter and each client receiver is said to be secured if the eavesdropper is unable to decode any information. On the basis of an information-theoretic formulation of the confidential communications between transmitter and a group of client receivers, we define the expected secrecy sum-mutual information in terms of secure outage probability and provide a complete characterization of maximum transmission rate at which the eavesdropper is unable to decode any information. Moreover, we find the probability of non-zero secrecy mutual information and present an analytical expression for ergodic secrecy multicast mutual information of the proposed model.