Biblio

Filters: Keyword is Acceleration  [Clear All Filters]
2021-05-18
Wingerath, Wolfram, Gessert, Felix, Witt, Erik, Kuhlmann, Hannes, Bücklers, Florian, Wollmer, Benjamin, Ritter, Norbert.  2020.  Speed Kit: A Polyglot GDPR-Compliant Approach For Caching Personalized Content. 2020 IEEE 36th International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE). :1603–1608.
Users leave when page loads take too long. This simple fact has complex implications for virtually all modern businesses, because accelerating content delivery through caching is not as simple as it used to be. As a fundamental technical challenge, the high degree of personalization in today's Web has seemingly outgrown the capabilities of traditional content delivery networks (CDNs) which have been designed for distributing static assets under fixed caching times. As an additional legal challenge for services with personalized content, an increasing number of regional data protection laws constrain the ways in which CDNs can be used in the first place. In this paper, we present Speed Kit as a radically different approach for content distribution that combines (1) a polyglot architecture for efficiently caching personalized content with (2) a natively GDPR-compliant client proxy that handles all sensitive information within the user device. We describe the system design and implementation, explain the custom cache coherence protocol to avoid data staleness and achieve Δ-atomicity, and we share field experiences from over a year of productive use in the e-commerce industry.
2021-06-28
Kumar Saha, Sujan, Bobda, Christophe.  2020.  FPGA Accelerated Embedded System Security Through Hardware Isolation. 2020 Asian Hardware Oriented Security and Trust Symposium (AsianHOST). :1–6.
Modern embedded systems include on-chip FPGA along with processors to meet the high computation demand by providing flexibility to users to add custom hardware accelerators. Any confidential or sensitive information may be processed by those custom accelerators or hardware Intellectual Properties (IPs). Existing accelerator usage models in embedded systems do not prevent illegal access to the IPs, which can be a severe security breach. In this paper, we present a hardware-software co-design approach for secured FPGA accelerated embedded system design. Our proposed security framework inherits Mandatory Access Control (MAC) based authentication policies running at software down to hardware accelerators in FPGA. It ensures secured processing of confidential data in the hardware to prevent software originated attacks at hardware IPs and information leaks. We have implemented a prototype of our proposed framework, which shows that it can be easily integrated while designing an embedded system with custom accelerator IPs. The experimental results show that the proposed framework establishes secured hardware execution with a negligible amount of area and performance overhead.
2021-06-30
Biroon, Roghieh A., Pisu, Pierluigi, Abdollahi, Zoleikha.  2020.  Real-time False Data Injection Attack Detection in Connected Vehicle Systems with PDE modeling. 2020 American Control Conference (ACC). :3267—3272.
Connected vehicles as a promising concept of Intelligent Transportation System (ITS), are a potential solution to address some of the existing challenges of emission, traffic congestion as well as fuel consumption. To achieve these goals, connectivity among vehicles through the wireless communication network is essential. However, vehicular communication networks endure from reliability and security issues. Cyber-attacks with purposes of disrupting the performance of the connected vehicles, lead to catastrophic collision and traffic congestion. In this study, we consider a platoon of connected vehicles equipped with Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) which are subjected to a specific type of cyber-attack namely "False Data Injection" attack. We developed a novel method to model the attack with ghost vehicles injected into the connected vehicles network to disrupt the performance of the whole system. To aid the analysis, we use a Partial Differential Equation (PDE) model. Furthermore, we present a PDE model-based diagnostics scheme capable of detecting the false data injection attack and isolating the injection point of the attack in the platoon system. The proposed scheme is designed based on a PDE observer with measured velocity and acceleration feedback. Lyapunov stability theory has been utilized to verify the analytically convergence of the observer under no attack scenario. Eventually, the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is evaluated with simulation study.
2020-12-14
Quevedo, C. H. O. O., Quevedo, A. M. B. C., Campos, G. A., Gomes, R. L., Celestino, J., Serhrouchni, A..  2020.  An Intelligent Mechanism for Sybil Attacks Detection in VANETs. ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–6.
Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) have a strategic goal to achieve service delivery in roads and smart cities, considering the integration and communication between vehicles, sensors and fixed road-side components (routers, gateways and services). VANETs have singular characteristics such as fast mobile nodes, self-organization, distributed network and frequently changing topology. Despite the recent evolution of VANETs, security, data integrity and users privacy information are major concerns, since attacks prevention is still open issue. One of the most dangerous attacks in VANETs is the Sybil, which forges false identities in the network to disrupt compromise the communication between the network nodes. Sybil attacks affect the service delivery related to road safety, traffic congestion, multimedia entertainment and others. Thus, VANETs claim for security mechanism to prevent Sybil attacks. Within this context, this paper proposes a mechanism, called SyDVELM, to detect Sybil attacks in VANETs based on artificial intelligence techniques. The SyDVELM mechanism uses Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) with occasional features of vehicular nodes, minimizing the identification time, maximizing the detection accuracy and improving the scalability. The results suggest that the suitability of SyDVELM mechanism to mitigate Sybil attacks and to maintain the service delivery in VANETs.
2021-05-05
Elvira, Clément, Herzet, Cédric.  2020.  Short and Squeezed: Accelerating the Computation of Antisparse Representations with Safe Squeezing. ICASSP 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP). :5615—5619.
Antisparse coding aims at spreading the information uniformly over representation coefficients and can be expressed as the solution of an ℓ∞-norm regularized problem. In this paper, we propose a new methodology, coined "safe squeezing", accelerating the computation of antisparse representations. The idea consists in identifying saturated entries of the solution via simple tests and compacting their contribution to achieve some form of dimensionality reduction. Numerical experiments show that the proposed approach leads to significant computational gain.
2021-05-13
Luo, Yukui, Gongye, Cheng, Ren, Shaolei, Fei, Yunsi, Xu, Xiaolin.  2020.  Stealthy-Shutdown: Practical Remote Power Attacks in Multi - Tenant FPGAs. 2020 IEEE 38th International Conference on Computer Design (ICCD). :545–552.
With the deployment of artificial intelligent (AI) algorithms in a large variety of applications, there creates an increasing need for high-performance computing capabilities. As a result, different hardware platforms have been utilized for acceleration purposes. Among these hardware-based accelerators, the field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) have gained a lot of attention due to their re-programmable characteristics, which provide customized control logic and computing operators. For example, FPGAs have recently been adopted for on-demand cloud services by the leading cloud providers like Amazon and Microsoft, providing acceleration for various compute-intensive tasks. While the co-residency of multiple tenants on a cloud FPGA chip increases the efficiency of resource utilization, it also creates unique attack surfaces that are under-explored. In this paper, we exploit the vulnerability associated with the shared power distribution network on cloud FPGAs. We present a stealthy power attack that can be remotely launched by a malicious tenant, shutting down the entire chip and resulting in denial-of-service for other co-located benign tenants. Specifically, we propose stealthy-shutdown: a well-timed power attack that can be implemented in two steps: (1) an attacker monitors the realtime FPGA power-consumption detected by ring-oscillator-based voltage sensors, and (2) when capturing high power-consuming moments, i.e., the power consumption by other tenants is above a certain threshold, she/he injects a well-timed power load to shut down the FPGA system. Note that in the proposed attack strategy, the power load injected by the attacker only accounts for a small portion of the overall power consumption; therefore, such attack strategy remains stealthy to the cloud FPGA operator. We successfully implement and validate the proposed attack on three FPGA evaluation kits with running real-world applications. The proposed attack results in a stealthy-shutdown, demonstrating severe security concerns of co-tenancy on cloud FPGAs. We also offer two countermeasures that can mitigate such power attacks.
2020-10-19
Dong, Hongbo, Zhu, Qianxiang.  2019.  A Cyber-Physical Interaction Model Based Impact Assessment of Cyberattacks for Internet of Vehicles. 2019 4th International Conference on Communication and Information Systems (ICCIS). :79–83.
Internet of Vehicles are the important part of Intelligence Traffic Systems (ITS), which are essential for the national security and economy development. The impact assessment for cyberattacks in the IoV protection is of great theoretical and practical significance. Most of the researchers in this field pay attention on the attack impact on a vehicle, and the seldom investigate the impact on the whole system which combines all the vehicles as a whole integration. To tackle this problem, a cyber-physical interaction model based impact assessment of cyberattacks is presented. In this approach, the operation of IoV is modeled from the cyberphysical interaction perspective, and then the propagating process from cyber layer to physical layer is investigated. Based on above model, the impact assessment of cyberattacks on IoV is realized quantitatively. Finally, a simulation on an IoV is conducted to verify the effectiveness of this approach.
Engoulou, Richard Gilles, Bellaiche, Martine, Halabi, Talal, Pierre, Samuel.  2019.  A Decentralized Reputation Management System for Securing the Internet of Vehicles. 2019 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC). :900–904.
The evolution of the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) paradigm has recently attracted a lot of researchers and industries. Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANET) is the networking model that lies at the heart of this technology. It enables the vehicles to exchange relevant information concerning road conditions and safety. However, ensuring communication security has been and still is one of the main challenges to vehicles' interconnection. To secure the interconnected vehicular system, many cryptography techniques, communication protocols, and certification and reputation-based security approaches were proposed. Nonetheless, some limitations are still present, preventing the practical implementation of such approaches. In this paper, we first define a set of locally-perceived behavioral reputation parameters that enable a distributed evaluation of vehicles' reputation. Then, we integrate these parameters into the design of a reputation management system to exclude malicious or faulty vehicles from the IoV network. Our system can help in the prevention of several attacks on the VANET environment such as Sybil and Denial of Service attacks, and can be implemented in a fully decentralized fashion.
2020-05-22
Rattaphun, Munlika, Prayoonwong, Amorntip, Chiu, Chih- Yi.  2019.  Indexing in k-Nearest Neighbor Graph by Hash-Based Hill-Climbing. 2019 16th International Conference on Machine Vision Applications (MVA). :1—4.
A main issue in approximate nearest neighbor search is to achieve an excellent tradeoff between search accuracy and computation cost. In this paper, we address this issue by leveraging k-nearest neighbor graph and hill-climbing to accelerate vector quantization in the query assignment process. A modified hill-climbing algorithm is proposed to traverse k-nearest neighbor graph to find closest centroids for a query, rather than calculating the query distances to all centroids. Instead of using random seeds in the original hill-climbing algorithm, we generate high-quality seeds based on the hashing technique. It can boost the query assignment efficiency due to a better start-up in hill-climbing. We evaluate the experiment on the benchmarks of SIFT1M and GIST1M datasets, and show the proposed hashing-based seed generation effectively improves the search performance.
2020-04-24
de Rooij, Sjors, Laguna, Antonio Jarquin.  2019.  Modelling of submerged oscillating water columns with mass transfer for wave energy extraction. 2019 Offshore Energy and Storage Summit (OSES). :1—9.
Oscillating-water-column (OWC) devices are a very important type of wave energy converters which have been extensively studied over the years. Although most designs of OWC are based on floating or fixed structures exposed above the surface level, little is known from completely submerged systems which can benefit from reduced environmental loads and a simplified structural design. The submerged type of resonant duct consists of two OWCs separated by a weir and air chamber instead of the commonly used single column. Under conditions close to resonance, water flows from the first column into the second one, resulting in a positive flow through the system from which energy can be extracted by a hydro turbine. While existing work has looked at the study of the behaviour of one OWC, this paper addresses the dynamic interaction between the two water columns including the mass transfer mechanism as well as the associated change of momentum. A numerical time-domain model is used to obtain some initial results on the performance and response of the system for different design parameters. The model is derived from 1D conservation of mass and momentum equations, including hydrodynamic effects, adiabatic air compressibility and turbine induced damping. Preliminary results indicate that the mass transfer has an important effect both on the resonance amplification and on the phase between the motion of the two columns. Simulation results are presented for the system performance over several weir heights and regular wave conditions. Further work will continue in design optimization and experimental validation of the proposed model.
2020-07-03
Ceška, Milan, Havlena, Vojtech, Holík, Lukáš, Korenek, Jan, Lengál, Ondrej, Matoušek, Denis, Matoušek, Jirí, Semric, Jakub, Vojnar, Tomáš.  2019.  Deep Packet Inspection in FPGAs via Approximate Nondeterministic Automata. 2019 IEEE 27th Annual International Symposium on Field-Programmable Custom Computing Machines (FCCM). :109—117.

Deep packet inspection via regular expression (RE) matching is a crucial task of network intrusion detection systems (IDSes), which secure Internet connection against attacks and suspicious network traffic. Monitoring high-speed computer networks (100 Gbps and faster) in a single-box solution demands that the RE matching, traditionally based on finite automata (FAs), is accelerated in hardware. In this paper, we describe a novel FPGA architecture for RE matching that is able to process network traffic beyond 100 Gbps. The key idea is to reduce the required FPGA resources by leveraging approximate nondeterministic FAs (NFAs). The NFAs are compiled into a multi-stage architecture starting with the least precise stage with a high throughput and ending with the most precise stage with a low throughput. To obtain the reduced NFAs, we propose new approximate reduction techniques that take into account the profile of the network traffic. Our experiments showed that using our approach, we were able to perform matching of large sets of REs from SNORT, a popular IDS, on unprecedented network speeds.

2020-06-01
Halba, Khalid, Griffor, Edward, Kamongi, Patrick, Roth, Thomas.  2019.  Using Statistical Methods and Co-Simulation to Evaluate ADS-Equipped Vehicle Trustworthiness. 2019 Electric Vehicles International Conference (EV). :1–5.

With the increasing interest in studying Automated Driving System (ADS)-equipped vehicles through simulation, there is a growing need for comprehensive and agile middleware to provide novel Virtual Analysis (VA) functions of ADS-equipped vehicles towards enabling a reliable representation for pre-deployment test. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Universal Cyber-physical systems Environment for Federation (UCEF) is such a VA environment. It provides Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) capable of ensuring synchronized interactions across multiple simulation platforms such as LabVIEW, OMNeT++, Ricardo IGNITE, and Internet of Things (IoT) platforms. UCEF can aid engineers and researchers in understanding the impact of different constraints associated with complex cyber-physical systems (CPS). In this work UCEF is used to produce a simulated Operational Domain Design (ODD) for ADS-equipped vehicles where control (drive cycle/speed pattern), sensing (obstacle detection, traffic signs and lights), and threats (unusual signals, hacked sources) are represented as UCEF federates to simulate a drive cycle and to feed it to vehicle dynamics simulators (e.g. OpenModelica or Ricardo IGNITE) through the Functional Mock-up Interface (FMI). In this way we can subject the vehicle to a wide range of scenarios, collect data on the resulting interactions, and analyze those interactions using metrics to understand trustworthiness impact. Trustworthiness is defined here as in the NIST Framework for Cyber-Physical Systems, and is comprised of system reliability, resiliency, safety, security, and privacy. The goal of this work is to provide an example of an experimental design strategy using Fractional Factorial Design for statistically assessing the most important safety metrics in ADS-equipped vehicles.

2020-05-22
Horzyk, Adrian, Starzyk, Janusz A..  2019.  Associative Data Model in Search for Nearest Neighbors and Similar Patterns. 2019 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI). :933—940.
This paper introduces a biologically inspired associative data model and structure for finding nearest neighbors and similar patterns. The method can be used as an alternative to the classical approaches to accelerate the search for such patterns using various priorities for attributes according to the Sebestyen measure. The presented structure, together with algorithms developed in this paper can be useful in various computational intelligence tasks like pattern matching, recognition, clustering, classification, multi-criterion search etc. This approach is particularly useful for the on-line operation of associative neural network graphs. Graphs that dynamically develop their structure during learning on training data. The results of experiments show that the associative approach can substantially accelerate the nearest neighbor search and that associative structures can also be used as a model for KNN tasks. Finally, this paper presents how the associative structures can be used to self-organize data and represent knowledge about them in the associative way, which yields new search approaches described in this paper.
2020-03-09
Xiaoxin, LOU, Xiulan, SONG, Defeng, HE, Liming, MENG.  2019.  Secure estimation for intelligent connected vehicle systems against sensor attacks. 2019 Chinese Control Conference (CCC). :6658–6662.
Intelligent connected vehicle system tightly integrates computing, communication, and control strategy. It can increase the traffic throughput, minimize the risk of accidents and reduce the energy consumption. However, because of the openness of the vehicular ad hoc network, the system is vulnerable to cyber-attacks and may result in disastrous consequences. Hence, it is interesting in design of the connected vehicular systems to be resilient to the sensor attacks. The paper focuses on the estimation and control of the intelligent connected vehicle systems when the sensors or the wireless channels of the system are attacked by attackers. We give the upper bound of the corrupted sensors that can be corrected and design the state estimator to reconstruct the initial state by designing a closed-loop controller. Finally, we verify the algorithm for the connected vehicle system by some classical simulations.
2020-10-06
Yousefzadeh, Saba, Basharkhah, Katayoon, Nosrati, Nooshin, Sadeghi, Rezgar, Raik, Jaan, Jenihhin, Maksim, Navabi, Zainalabedin.  2019.  An Accelerator-based Architecture Utilizing an Efficient Memory Link for Modern Computational Requirements. 2019 IEEE East-West Design Test Symposium (EWDTS). :1—6.

Hardware implementation of many of today's applications such as those in automotive, telecommunication, bio, and security, require heavy repeated computations, and concurrency in the execution of these computations. These requirements are not easily satisfied by existing embedded systems. This paper proposes an embedded system architecture that is enhanced by an array of accelerators, and a bussing system that enables concurrency in operation of accelerators. This architecture is statically configurable to configure it for performing a specific application. The embedded system architecture and architecture of the configurable accelerators are discussed in this paper. A case study examines an automotive application running on our proposed system.

2019-01-16
Abdelwahed, N., Letaifa, A. Ben, Asmi, S. El.  2018.  Content Based Algorithm Aiming to Improve the WEB\_QoE Over SDN Networks. 2018 32nd International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (WAINA). :153–158.
Since the 1990s, the concept of QoE has been increasingly present and many scientists take it into account within different fields of application. Taking for example the case of video streaming, the QoE has been well studied in this case while for the web the study of its QoE is relatively neglected. The Quality of Experience (QoE) is the set of objective and subjective characteristics that satisfy retain or give confidence to a user through the life cycle of a service. There are researches that take the different measurement metrics of QoE as a subject, others attack new ways to improve this QoE in order to satisfy the customer and gain his loyalty. In this paper, we focus on the web QoE that is declined by researches despite its great importance given the complexity of new web pages and their utility that is increasingly critical. The wealth of new web pages in images, videos, audios etc. and their growing significance prompt us to write this paper, in which we discuss a new method that aims to improve the web QoE in a software-defined network (SDN). Our proposed method consists in automating and making more flexible the management of the QoE improvement of the web pages and this by writing an algorithm that, depending on the case, chooses the necessary treatment to improve the web QoE of the page concerned and using both web prefetching and caching to accelerate the data transfer when the user asks for it. The first part of the paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of existing works. In the second part we propose an automatic algorithm that treats each case with the appropriate solution that guarantees its best performance. The last part is devoted to the evaluation of the performance.
2019-09-04
Lawson, M., Lofstead, J..  2018.  Using a Robust Metadata Management System to Accelerate Scientific Discovery at Extreme Scales. 2018 IEEE/ACM 3rd International Workshop on Parallel Data Storage Data Intensive Scalable Computing Systems (PDSW-DISCS). :13–23.
Our previous work, which can be referred to as EMPRESS 1.0, showed that rich metadata management provides a relatively low-overhead approach to facilitating insight from scale-up scientific applications. However, this system did not provide the functionality needed for a viable production system or address whether such a system could scale. Therefore, we have extended our previous work to create EMPRESS 2.0, which incorporates the features required for a useful production system. Through a discussion of EMPRESS 2.0, this paper explores how to incorporate rich query functionality, fault tolerance, and atomic operations into a scalable, storage system independent metadata management system that is easy to use. This paper demonstrates that such a system offers significant performance advantages over HDF5, providing metadata querying that is 150X to 650X faster, and can greatly accelerate post-processing. Finally, since the current implementation of EMPRESS 2.0 relies on an RDBMS, this paper demonstrates that an RDBMS is a viable technology for managing data-oriented metadata.
2019-12-30
Kubo, Ryogo.  2018.  Detection and Mitigation of False Data Injection Attacks for Secure Interactive Networked Control Systems. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Safety for Robotics (ISR). :7-12.

Cybersecurity in control systems has been actively discussed in recent years. In particular, networked control systems (NCSs) over the Internet are exposed to various types of cyberattacks such as false data injection attacks. This paper proposes a detection and mitigation method of the false data injection attacks in interactive NCSs, i.e., bilateral teleoperation systems. A bilateral teleoperation system exchanges position and force information through the Internet between the master and slave robots. The proposed method utilizes two redundant communication channels for both the master-to-slave and slave-to-master paths. The attacks are detected by a tamper detection observer (TDO) on each of the master and slave sides. The TDO compares the position responses of actual robots and robot models. A path selector on each side chooses the appropriate position and force responses from the responses received through the two communication channels, based on the outputs of the TDO. The proposed method is validated by simulations with attack models.

Razaque, Abdul, Jinrui, Wang, Zancheng, Wang, Hani, Qassim Bani, Khaskheli, Murad Ali, Bhutto, Waseem Ahmed.  2018.  Integration of CPU and GPU to Accelerate RSA Modular Exponentiation Operation. 2018 IEEE Long Island Systems, Applications and Technology Conference (LISAT). :1-6.

Now-a-days, the security of data becomes more and more important, people store many personal information in their phones. However, stored information require security and maintain privacy. Encryption algorithm has become the main force of maintaining the security of data. Thus, the algorithm complexity and encryption efficiency have become the main measurement of whether the encryption algorithm is save or not. With the development of hardware, we have many tools to improve the algorithm at present. Because modular exponentiation in RSA algorithm can be divided into several parts mathematically. In this paper, we introduce a conception by dividing the process of encryption and add the model into graphics process unit (GPU). By using GPU's capacity in parallel computing, the core of RSA can be accelerated by using central process unit (CPU) and GPU. Compute unified device architecture (CUDA) is a platform which can combine CPU and GPU together to realize GPU parallel programming and this is the tool we use to perform experience of accelerating RSA algorithm. This paper will also build up a mathematical model to help understand the mechanism of RSA encryption algorithm.

2019-05-20
Hu, W., Ardeshiricham, A., Gobulukoglu, M. S., Wang, X., Kastner, R..  2018.  Property Specific Information Flow Analysis for Hardware Security Verification. 2018 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design (ICCAD). :1-8.

Hardware information flow analysis detects security vulnerabilities resulting from unintended design flaws, timing channels, and hardware Trojans. These information flow models are typically generated in a general way, which includes a significant amount of redundancy that is irrelevant to the specified security properties. In this work, we propose a property specific approach for information flow security. We create information flow models tailored to the properties to be verified by performing a property specific search to identify security critical paths. This helps find suspicious signals that require closer inspection and quickly eliminates portions of the design that are free of security violations. Our property specific trimming technique reduces the complexity of the security model; this accelerates security verification and restricts potential security violations to a smaller region which helps quickly pinpoint hardware security vulnerabilities.

2020-06-01
Lili, Yu, Lei, Zhang, Jing, Li, Fanbo, Meng.  2018.  A PSO clustering based RFID middleware. 2018 4th International Conference on Control, Automation and Robotics (ICCAR). :222–225.
In current, RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Middleware is widely used in nearly all RFID applications, and provides service for raw data capturing, security data reading/writing as well as sensors controlling. However, as the existing Middlewares were organized with rigorous data comparison and data encryption, it is seriously affecting the usefulness and execution efficiency. Thus, in order to improve the utilization rate of effective data, increase the reading/writing speed as well as preserving the security of RFID, this paper proposed a PSO (Particle swarm optimization) clustering scheme to accelerate the procedure of data operation. Then with the help of PSO cluster, the RFID Middleware can provide better service for both data security and data availability. At last, a comparative experiment is proposed, which is used to further verify the advantage of our proposed scheme.
2020-12-02
Tsiligkaridis, T., Romero, D..  2018.  Reinforcement Learning with Budget-Constrained Nonparametric Function Approximation for Opportunistic Spectrum Access. 2018 IEEE Global Conference on Signal and Information Processing (GlobalSIP). :579—583.

Opportunistic spectrum access is one of the emerging techniques for maximizing throughput in congested bands and is enabled by predicting idle slots in spectrum. We propose a kernel-based reinforcement learning approach coupled with a novel budget-constrained sparsification technique that efficiently captures the environment to find the best channel access actions. This approach allows learning and planning over the intrinsic state-action space and extends well to large state spaces. We apply our methods to evaluate coexistence of a reinforcement learning-based radio with a multi-channel adversarial radio and a single-channel carrier-sense multiple-access with collision avoidance (CSMA-CA) radio. Numerical experiments show the performance gains over carrier-sense systems.

2018-02-06
Badii, A., Faulkner, R., Raval, R., Glackin, C., Chollet, G..  2017.  Accelerated Encryption Algorithms for Secure Storage and Processing in the Cloud. 2017 International Conference on Advanced Technologies for Signal and Image Processing (ATSIP). :1–6.

The objective of this paper is to outline the design specification, implementation and evaluation of a proposed accelerated encryption framework which deploys both homomorphic and symmetric-key encryptions to serve the privacy preserving processing; in particular, as a sub-system within the Privacy Preserving Speech Processing framework architecture as part of the PPSP-in-Cloud Platform. Following a preliminary study of GPU efficiency gains optimisations benchmarked for AES implementation we have addressed and resolved the Big Integer processing challenges in parallel implementation of bilinear pairing thus enabling the creation of partially homomorphic encryption schemes which facilitates applications such as speech processing in the encrypted domain on the cloud. This novel implementation has been validated in laboratory tests using a standard speech corpus and can be used for other application domains to support secure computation and privacy preserving big data storage/processing in the cloud.

2018-05-01
Wang, X., Zhou, S..  2017.  Accelerated Stochastic Gradient Method for Support Vector Machines Classification with Additive Kernel. 2017 First International Conference on Electronics Instrumentation Information Systems (EIIS). :1–6.

Support vector machines (SVMs) have been widely used for classification in machine learning and data mining. However, SVM faces a huge challenge in large scale classification tasks. Recent progresses have enabled additive kernel version of SVM efficiently solves such large scale problems nearly as fast as a linear classifier. This paper proposes a new accelerated mini-batch stochastic gradient descent algorithm for SVM classification with additive kernel (AK-ASGD). On the one hand, the gradient is approximated by the sum of a scalar polynomial function for each feature dimension; on the other hand, Nesterov's acceleration strategy is used. The experimental results on benchmark large scale classification data sets show that our proposed algorithm can achieve higher testing accuracies and has faster convergence rate.

2018-03-19
Siripurapu, Srinivas, Gayasen, Aman, Gopalakrishnan, Padmini, Chandrachoodan, Nitin.  2017.  FPGA Implementation of Non-Uniform DFT for Accelerating Wireless Channel Simulations (Abstract Only). Proceedings of the 2017 ACM/SIGDA International Symposium on Field-Programmable Gate Arrays. :295–295.

FPGAs have been used as accelerators in a wide variety of domains such as learning, search, genomics, signal processing, compression, analytics and so on. In recent years, the availability of tools and flows such as high-level synthesis has made it even easier to accelerate a variety of high-performance computing applications onto FPGAs. In this paper we propose a systematic methodology for optimizing the performance of an accelerated block using the notion of compute intensity to guide optimizations in high-level synthesis. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our methodology on an FPGA implementation of a non-uniform discrete Fourier transform (NUDFT), used to convert a wireless channel model from the time-domain to the frequency domain. The acceleration of this particular computation can be used to improve the performance and capacity of wireless channel simulation, which has wide applications in the system level design and performance evaluation of wireless networks. Our results show that our FPGA implementation outperforms the same code offloaded onto GPUs and CPUs by 1.6x and 10x respectively, in performance as measured by the throughput of the accelerated block. The gains in performance per watt versus GPUs and CPUs are 15.6x and 41.5x respectively.