Biblio

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2021-09-21
Kartel, Anastasia, Novikova, Evgenia, Volosiuk, Aleksandr.  2020.  Analysis of Visualization Techniques for Malware Detection. 2020 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus). :337–340.
Due to the steady growth of various sophisticated types of malware, different malware analysis systems are becoming more and more demanded. While there are various automatic approaches available to identify and detect malware, the malware analysis is still time-consuming process. The visualization-driven techniques may significantly increase the efficiency of the malware analysis process by involving human visual system which is a powerful pattern seeker. In this paper the authors reviewed different visualization methods, examined their features and tasks solved with their help. The paper presents the most commonly used approaches and discusses open challenges in malware visual analytics.
2021-05-13
Xu, Shawn, Venugopalan, Subhashini, Sundararajan, Mukund.  2020.  Attribution in Scale and Space. 2020 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). :9677–9686.
We study the attribution problem for deep networks applied to perception tasks. For vision tasks, attribution techniques attribute the prediction of a network to the pixels of the input image. We propose a new technique called Blur Integrated Gradients (Blur IG). This technique has several advantages over other methods. First, it can tell at what scale a network recognizes an object. It produces scores in the scale/frequency dimension, that we find captures interesting phenomena. Second, it satisfies the scale-space axioms, which imply that it employs perturbations that are free of artifact. We therefore produce explanations that are cleaner and consistent with the operation of deep networks. Third, it eliminates the need for baseline parameter for Integrated Gradients for perception tasks. This is desirable because the choice of baseline has a significant effect on the explanations. We compare the proposed technique against previous techniques and demonstrate application on three tasks: ImageNet object recognition, Diabetic Retinopathy prediction, and AudioSet audio event identification. Code and examples are at https://github.com/PAIR-code/saliency.
2021-08-02
Liu, Gao, Dong, Huidong, Yan, Zheng.  2020.  B4SDC: A Blockchain System for Security Data Collection in MANETs. ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–6.
Security-related data collection is an essential part for attack detection and security measurement in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs). Due to no fixed infrastructure of MANETs, a detection node playing as a collector should discover available routes to a collection node for data collection. Notably, route discovery suffers from many attacks (e.g., wormhole attack), thus the detection node should also collect securityrelated data during route discovery and analyze these data for determining reliable routes. However, few literatures provide incentives for security-related data collection in MANETs, and thus the detection node might not collect sufficient data, which greatly impacts the accuracy of attack detection and security measurement. In this paper, we propose B4SDC, a blockchain system for security-related data collection in MANETs. Through controlling the scale of RREQ forwarding in route discovery, the collector can constrain its payment and simultaneously make each forwarder of control information (namely RREQs and RREPs) obtain rewards as much as possible to ensure fairness. At the same time, B4SDC avoids collusion attacks with cooperative receipt reporting, and spoofing attacks by adopting a secure digital signature. Based on a novel Proof-of-Stake consensus mechanism by accumulating stakes through message forwarding, B4SDC not only provides incentives for all participating nodes, but also avoids forking and ensures high efficiency and real decentralization at the same time. We analyze B4SDC in terms of incentives and security, and evaluate its performance through simulations. The thorough analysis and experimental results show the efficacy and effectiveness of B4SDC.
2021-07-07
Kanwal, Nadia, Asghar, Mamoona Naveed, Samar Ansari, Mohammad, Lee, Brian, Fleury, Martin, Herbst, Marco, Qiao, Yuansong.  2020.  Chain-of-Evidence in Secured Surveillance Videos using Steganography and Hashing. 2020 IEEE Intl Conf on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, Intl Conf on Pervasive Intelligence and Computing, Intl Conf on Cloud and Big Data Computing, Intl Conf on Cyber Science and Technology Congress (DASC/PiCom/CBDCom/CyberSciTech). :257–264.
Video sharing from closed-circuit television video recording or in social media interaction requires self-authentication for responsible and reliable data sharing. Similarly, surveillance video recording is a powerful method of deterring unlawful activities. A Solution-by-Design can be helpful in terms of making a captured video immutable, as such recordings cannot become a piece of evidence until proven to be unaltered. This paper presents a computationally inexpensive method of preserving a chain-of-evidence in surveillance videos using steganography and hashing. The method conforms to the data protection regulations which are increasingly adopted by governments, and is applicable to network edge storage. Security credentials are stored in a hardware wallet independently of the video capture device itself, while evidential information is stored within video frames themselves, independently of the content. The proposed method has turned out to not only preserve the integrity of the stored video data but also results in very limited degradation of the video data due to steganography. Despite the presence of steganographic information, video frames are still available for common image processing tasks such as tracking and classification.
2021-03-15
Azahari, A. M., Ahmad, A., Rahayu, S. B., Halip, M. H. Mohamed.  2020.  CheckMyCode: Assignment Submission System with Cloud-Based Java Compiler. 2020 8th International Conference on Information Technology and Multimedia (ICIMU). :343–347.
Learning programming language of Java is a basic part of the Computer Science and Engineering curriculum. Specific Java compiler is a requirement for writing and convert the writing code to executable format. However, some local installed Java compiler is suffering from compatibility, portability and storage space issues. These issues sometimes affect student-learning interest and slow down the learning process. This paper is directed toward the solution for such problems, which offers a new programming assignment submission system with cloud-based Java compiler and is known as CheckMyCode. Leveraging cloud-computing technology in terms of its availability, prevalence and affordability, CheckMyCode implements Java cloud-based programming compiler as a part of the assignment management system. CheckMyCode system is a cloud-based system that allows both main users, which are a lecturer and student to access the system via a browser on PC or smart devices. Modules of submission assignment system with cloud compiler allow lecturer and student to manage Java programming task in one platform. A framework, system module, main user and feature of CheckMyCode are presented. Also, taking into account are the future study/direction and new enhancement of CheckMyCode.
Brauckmann, A., Goens, A., Castrillon, J..  2020.  ComPy-Learn: A toolbox for exploring machine learning representations for compilers. 2020 Forum for Specification and Design Languages (FDL). :1–4.
Deep Learning methods have not only shown to improve software performance in compiler heuristics, but also e.g. to improve security in vulnerability prediction or to boost developer productivity in software engineering tools. A key to the success of such methods across these use cases is the expressiveness of the representation used to abstract from the program code. Recent work has shown that different such representations have unique advantages in terms of performance. However, determining the best-performing one for a given task is often not obvious and requires empirical evaluation. Therefore, we present ComPy-Learn, a toolbox for conveniently defining, extracting, and exploring representations of program code. With syntax-level language information from the Clang compiler frontend and low-level information from the LLVM compiler backend, the tool supports the construction of linear and graph representations and enables an efficient search for the best-performing representation and model for tasks on program code.
2021-06-01
Abhinav, P Y, Bhat, Avakash, Joseph, Christina Terese, Chandrasekaran, K.  2020.  Concurrency Analysis of Go and Java. 2020 5th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Security (ICCCS). :1—6.
There has been tremendous progress in the past few decades towards developing applications that receive data and send data concurrently. In such a day and age, there is a requirement for a language that can perform optimally in such environments. Currently, the two most popular languages in that respect are Go and Java. In this paper, we look to analyze the concurrency features of Go and Java through a complete programming language performance analysis, looking at their compile time, run time, binary sizes and the language's unique concurrency features. This is done by experimenting with the two languages using the matrix multiplication and PageRank algorithms. To the extent of our knowledge, this is the first work which used PageRank algorithm to analyse concurrency. Considering the results of this paper, application developers and researchers can hypothesize on an appropriate language to use for their concurrent programming activity.Results of this paper show that Go performs better for fewer number of computation but is soon taken over by Java as the number of computations drastically increase. This trend is shown to be the opposite when thread creation and management is considered where Java performs better with fewer computation but Go does better later on. Regarding concurrency features both Java with its Executor Service library and Go had their own advantages that made them better for specific applications.
2021-04-27
Wang, Y., Guo, S., Wu, J., Wang, H. H..  2020.  Construction of Audit Internal Control System Based on Online Big Data Mining and Decentralized Model. 2020 Fourth International Conference on I-SMAC (IoT in Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud) (I-SMAC). :623–626.
Construction of the audit internal control system based on the online big data mining and decentralized model is done in this paper. How to integrate the novel technologies to internal control is the attracting task. IT audit is built on the information system and is independent of the information system itself. Application of the IT audit in enterprises can provide a guarantee for the security of the information system that can give an objective evaluation of the investment. This paper integrates the online big data mining and decentralized model to construct an efficient system. Association discovery is also called a data link. It uses similarity functions, such as the Euclidean distance, edit distance, cosine distance, Jeckard function, etc., to establish association relationships between data entities. These parameters are considered for comprehensive analysis.
2021-06-01
Chen, Zhenfang, Wang, Peng, Ma, Lin, Wong, Kwan-Yee K., Wu, Qi.  2020.  Cops-Ref: A New Dataset and Task on Compositional Referring Expression Comprehension. 2020 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). :10083–10092.
Referring expression comprehension (REF) aims at identifying a particular object in a scene by a natural language expression. It requires joint reasoning over the textual and visual domains to solve the problem. Some popular referring expression datasets, however, fail to provide an ideal test bed for evaluating the reasoning ability of the models, mainly because 1) their expressions typically describe only some simple distinctive properties of the object and 2) their images contain limited distracting information. To bridge the gap, we propose a new dataset for visual reasoning in context of referring expression comprehension with two main features. First, we design a novel expression engine rendering various reasoning logics that can be flexibly combined with rich visual properties to generate expressions with varying compositionality. Second, to better exploit the full reasoning chain embodied in an expression, we propose a new test setting by adding additional distracting images containing objects sharing similar properties with the referent, thus minimising the success rate of reasoning-free cross-domain alignment. We evaluate several state-of-the-art REF models, but find none of them can achieve promising performance. A proposed modular hard mining strategy performs the best but still leaves substantial room for improvement.
2021-02-10
Gomes, G., Dias, L., Correia, M..  2020.  CryingJackpot: Network Flows and Performance Counters against Cryptojacking. 2020 IEEE 19th International Symposium on Network Computing and Applications (NCA). :1—10.
Cryptojacking, the appropriation of users' computational resources without their knowledge or consent to obtain cryp-tocurrencies, is a widespread attack, relatively easy to implement and hard to detect. Either browser-based or binary, cryptojacking lacks robust and reliable detection solutions. This paper presents a hybrid approach to detect cryptojacking where no previous knowledge about the attacks or training data is needed. Our Cryp-tojacking Intrusion Detection Approach, Cryingjackpot, extracts and combines flow and performance counter-based features, aggregating hosts with similar behavior by using unsupervised machine learning algorithms. We evaluate Cryingjackpot experimentally with both an artificial and a hybrid dataset, achieving F1-scores up to 97%.
2021-08-11
Hossain, Md. Sajjad, Bushra Islam, Fabliha, Ifeanyi Nwakanma, Cosmas, Min Lee, Jae, Kim, Dong-Seong.  2020.  Decentralized Latency-aware Edge Node Grouping with Fault Tolerance for Internet of Battlefield Things. 2020 International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Convergence (ICTC). :420–423.
In this paper, our objective is to focus on the recent trend of military fields where they brought Internet of Things (IoT) to have better impact on the battlefield by improving the effectiveness and this is called Internet of Battlefield Things(IoBT). Due to the requirements of high computing capability and minimum response time with minimum fault tolerance this paper proposed a decentralized IoBT architecture. The proposed method can increase the reliability in the battlefield environment by searching the reliable nodes among all the edge nodes in the environment, and by adding the fault tolerance in the edge nodes will increase the effectiveness of overall battlefield scenario. This suggested fault tolerance approach is worth for decentralized mode to handle the issue of latency requirements and maintaining the task reliability of the battlefield. Our experimental results ensure the effectiveness of the proposed approach as well as enjoy the requirements of latency-aware military field while ensuring the overall reliability of the network.
2021-09-07
Choi, Ho-Jin, Lee, Young-Jun.  2020.  Deep Learning Based Response Generation using Emotion Feature Extraction. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Big Data and Smart Computing (BigComp). :255–262.
Neural response generation is to generate human-like response given human utterance by using a deep learning. In the previous studies, expressing emotion in response generation improve user performance, user engagement, and user satisfaction. Also, the conversational agents can communicate with users at the human level. However, the previous emotional response generation model cannot understand the subtle part of emotions, because this model use the desired emotion of response as a token form. Moreover, this model is difficult to generate natural responses related to input utterance at the content level, since the information of input utterance can be biased to the emotion token. To overcome these limitations, we propose an emotional response generation model which generates emotional and natural responses by using the emotion feature extraction. Our model consists of two parts: Extraction part and Generation part. The extraction part is to extract the emotion of input utterance as a vector form by using the pre-trained LSTM based classification model. The generation part is to generate an emotional and natural response to the input utterance by reflecting the emotion vector from the extraction part and the thought vector from the encoder. We evaluate our model on the emotion-labeled dialogue dataset: DailyDialog. We evaluate our model on quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis: emotion classification; response generation modeling; comparative study. In general, experiments show that the proposed model can generate emotional and natural responses.
2021-05-13
S, Naveen, Puzis, Rami, Angappan, Kumaresan.  2020.  Deep Learning for Threat Actor Attribution from Threat Reports. 2020 4th International Conference on Computer, Communication and Signal Processing (ICCCSP). :1–6.
Threat Actor Attribution is the task of identifying an attacker responsible for an attack. This often requires expert analysis and involves a lot of time. There had been attempts to detect a threat actor using machine learning techniques that use information obtained from the analysis of malware samples. These techniques will only be able to identify the attack, and it is trivial to guess the attacker because various attackers may adopt an attack method. A state-of-the-art method performs attribution of threat actors from text reports using Machine Learning and NLP techniques using Threat Intelligence reports. We use the same set of Threat Reports of Advanced Persistent Threats (APT). In this paper, we propose a Deep Learning architecture to attribute Threat actors based on threat reports obtained from various Threat Intelligence sources. Our work uses Neural Networks to perform the task of attribution and show that our method makes the attribution more accurate than other techniques and state-of-the-art methods.
2021-06-01
Junchao, CHEN, Baorong, ZHAI, Yibing, DONG, Tao, WU, Kai, YOU.  2020.  Design Of TT C Resource Automatic Scheduling Interface Middleware With High Concurrency and Security. 2020 International Conference on Information Science, Parallel and Distributed Systems (ISPDS). :171—176.
In order to significantly improve the reliable interaction and fast processing when TT&C(Tracking, Telemetry and Command) Resource Scheduling and Management System (TRSMS) communicate with external systems which are diverse, multiple directional and high concurrent, this paper designs and implements a highly concurrent and secure middleware for TT&C Resource Automatic Scheduling Interface (TRASI). The middleware designs memory pool, data pool, thread pool and task pool to improve the efficiency of concurrent processing, uses the rule dictionary, communication handshake and wait retransmission mechanism to ensure the data interaction security and reliability. This middleware can effectively meet the requirements of TRASI for data exchange with external users and system, significantly improve the data processing speed and efficiency, and promote the information technology and automation level of Aerospace TT&C Network Management Center (TNMC).
2021-02-10
Kascheev, S., Olenchikova, T..  2020.  The Detecting Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Using Machine Learning Methods. 2020 Global Smart Industry Conference (GloSIC). :265—270.
This article discusses the problem of detecting cross-site scripting (XSS) using machine learning methods. XSS is an attack in which malicious code is embedded on a page to interact with an attacker’s web server. The XSS attack ranks third in the ranking of key web application risks according to Open Source Foundation for Application Security (OWASP). This attack has not been studied for a long time. It was considered harmless. However, this is fallacious: the page or HTTP Cookie may contain very vulnerable data, such as payment document numbers or the administrator session token. Machine learning is a tool that can be used to detect XSS attacks. This article describes an experiment. As a result the model for detecting XSS attacks was created. Following machine learning algorithms are considered: the support vector method, the decision tree, the Naive Bayes classifier, and Logistic Regression. The accuracy of the presented methods is made a comparison.
2021-08-11
Nan, Satyaki, Brahma, Swastik, Kamhoua, Charles A., Njilla, Laurent L..  2020.  On Development of a Game‐Theoretic Model for Deception‐Based Security. Modeling and Design of Secure Internet of Things. :123–140.
This chapter presents a game‐theoretic model to analyze attack–defense scenarios that use fake nodes (computing devices) for deception under consideration of the system deploying defense resources to protect individual nodes in a cost‐effective manner. The developed model has important applications in the Internet of Battlefield Things (IoBT). Our game‐theoretic model illustrates how the concept of the Nash equilibrium can be used by the defender to intelligently choose which nodes should be used for performing a computation task while deceiving the attacker into expending resources for attacking fake nodes. Our model considers the fact that defense resources may become compromised under an attack and suggests that the defender, in a probabilistic manner, may utilize unprotected nodes for performing a computation while the attacker is deceived into attacking a node with defense resources installed. The chapter also presents a deception‐based strategy to protect a target node that can be accessed via a tree network. Numerical results provide insights into the strategic deception techniques presented in this chapter.
2021-08-05
Alecakir, Huseyin, Kabukcu, Muhammet, Can, Burcu, Sen, Sevil.  2020.  Discovering Inconsistencies between Requested Permissions and Application Metadata by using Deep Learning. 2020 International Conference on Information Security and Cryptology (ISCTURKEY). :56—56.
Android gives us opportunity to extract meaningful information from metadata. From the security point of view, the missing important information in metadata of an application could be a sign of suspicious application, which could be directed for extensive analysis. Especially the usage of dangerous permissions is expected to be explained in app descriptions. The permission-to-description fidelity problem in the literature aims to discover such inconsistencies between the usage of permissions and descriptions. This study proposes a new method based on natural language processing and recurrent neural networks. The effect of user reviews on finding such inconsistencies is also investigated in addition to application descriptions. The experimental results show that high precision is obtained by the proposed solution, and the proposed method could be used for triage of Android applications.
2021-06-01
Averta, Giuseppe, Hogan, Neville.  2020.  Enhancing Robot-Environment Physical Interaction via Optimal Impedance Profiles. 2020 8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference for Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (BioRob). :973–980.
Physical interaction of robots with their environment is a challenging problem because of the exchanged forces. Hybrid position/force control schemes often exhibit problems during the contact phase, whereas impedance control appears to be more simple and reliable, especially when impedance is shaped to be energetically passive. Even if recent technologies enable shaping the impedance of a robot, how best to plan impedance parameters for task execution remains an open question. In this paper we present an optimization-based approach to plan not only the robot motion but also its desired end-effector mechanical impedance. We show how our methodology is able to take into account the transition from free motion to a contact condition, typical of physical interaction tasks. Results are presented for planar and three-dimensional open-chain manipulator arms. The compositionality of mechanical impedance is exploited to deal with kinematic redundancy and multi-arm manipulation.
2021-08-05
Ramasubramanian, Muthukumaran, Muhammad, Hassan, Gurung, Iksha, Maskey, Manil, Ramachandran, Rahul.  2020.  ES2Vec: Earth Science Metadata Keyword Assignment using Domain-Specific Word Embeddings. 2020 SoutheastCon. :1—6.
Earth science metadata keyword assignment is a challenging problem. Dataset curators select appropriate keywords from the Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) set of keywords. The keywords are integral part of search and discovery of these datasets. Hence, selection of keywords are crucial in increasing the discoverability of datasets. Utilizing machine learning techniques, we provide users with automated keyword suggestions as an improved approach to complement manual selection. We trained a machine learning model that leverages the semantic embedding ability of Word2Vec models to process abstracts and suggest relevant keywords. A user interface tool we built to assist data curators in assignment of such keywords is also described.
2021-03-01
Hynes, E., Flynn, R., Lee, B., Murray, N..  2020.  An Evaluation of Lower Facial Micro Expressions as an Implicit QoE Metric for an Augmented Reality Procedure Assistance Application. 2020 31st Irish Signals and Systems Conference (ISSC). :1–6.
Augmented reality (AR) has been identified as a key technology to enhance worker utility in the context of increasing automation of repeatable procedures. AR can achieve this by assisting the user in performing complex and frequently changing procedures. Crucial to the success of procedure assistance AR applications is user acceptability, which can be measured by user quality of experience (QoE). An active research topic in QoE is the identification of implicit metrics that can be used to continuously infer user QoE during a multimedia experience. A user's QoE is linked to their affective state. Affective state is reflected in facial expressions. Emotions shown in micro facial expressions resemble those expressed in normal expressions but are distinguished from them by their brief duration. The novelty of this work lies in the evaluation of micro facial expressions as a continuous QoE metric by means of correlation analysis to the more traditional and accepted post-experience self-reporting. In this work, an optimal Rubik's Cube solver AR application was used as a proof of concept for complex procedure assistance. This was compared with a paper-based procedure assistance control. QoE expressed by affect in normal and micro facial expressions was evaluated through correlation analysis with post-experience reports. The results show that the AR application yielded higher task success rates and shorter task durations. Micro facial expressions reflecting disgust correlated moderately to the questionnaire responses for instruction disinterest in the AR application.
2021-01-18
Naik, N., Jenkins, P., Savage, N., Yang, L., Boongoen, T., Iam-On, N..  2020.  Fuzzy-Import Hashing: A Malware Analysis Approach. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE). :1–8.
Malware has remained a consistent threat since its emergence, growing into a plethora of types and in large numbers. In recent years, numerous new malware variants have enabled the identification of new attack surfaces and vectors, and have become a major challenge to security experts, driving the enhancement and development of new malware analysis techniques to contain the contagion. One of the preliminary steps of malware analysis is to remove the abundance of counterfeit malware samples from the large collection of suspicious samples. This process assists in the management of man and machine resources effectively in the analysis of both unknown and likely malware samples. Hashing techniques are one of the fastest and efficient techniques for performing this preliminary analysis such as fuzzy hashing and import hashing. However, both hashing methods have their limitations and they may not be effective on their own, instead the combination of two distinctive methods may assist in improving the detection accuracy and overall performance of the analysis. This paper proposes a Fuzzy-Import hashing technique which is the combination of fuzzy hashing and import hashing to improve the detection accuracy and overall performance of malware analysis. This proposed Fuzzy-Import hashing offers several benefits which are demonstrated through the experimentation performed on the collected malware samples and compared against stand-alone techniques of fuzzy hashing and import hashing.
2021-05-25
Taha, Mohammad Bany, Chowdhury, Rasel.  2020.  GALB: Load Balancing Algorithm for CP-ABE Encryption Tasks in E-Health Environment. 2020 Fifth International Conference on Research in Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (ICRCICN). :165–170.
Security of personal data in the e-healthcare has always been challenging issue. The embedded and wearable devices used to collect these personal and critical data of the patients and users are sensitive in nature. Attribute-Based Encryption is believed to provide access control along with data security for distributed data among multiple parties. These resources limited devices do have the capabilities to secure the data while sending to the cloud but instead it increases the overhead and latency of running the encryption algorithm. On the top of if confidentiality is required, which will add more latency. In order to reduce latency and overhead, we propose a new load balancing algorithm that will distribute the data to nearby devices with available resources to encrypt the data and send it to the cloud. In this article, we are proposing a load balancing algorithm for E-Health system called (GALB). Our algorithm is based on Genetic Algorithm (GA). Our algorithm (GALB) distribute the tasks that received to the main gateway between the devices on E-health environment. The distribution strategy is based on the available resources in the devices, the distance between the gateway and the those devices, and the complexity of the task (size) and CP-ABE encryption policy length. In order to evaluate our algorithm performance, we compare the near optimal solution proposed by GALB with the optimal solution proposed by LP.
2021-07-08
Lu, Yujun, Gao, BoYu, Long, Jinyi, Weng, Jian.  2020.  Hand Motion with Eyes-free Interaction for Authentication in Virtual Reality. 2020 IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces Abstracts and Workshops (VRW). :714—715.
Designing an authentication method is a crucial component to secure privacy in information systems. Virtual Reality (VR) is a new interaction platform, in which the users can interact with natural behaviours (e.g. hand, gaze, head, etc.). In this work, we propose a novel authentication method in which user can perform hand motion in an eyes-free manner. We evaluate the usability and security between eyes-engage and eyes-free input with a pilot study. The initial result revealed our purposed method can achieve a trade-off between usability and security, showing a new way to behaviour-based authentication in VR.
2021-06-01
Cideron, Geoffrey, Seurin, Mathieu, Strub, Florian, Pietquin, Olivier.  2020.  HIGhER: Improving instruction following with Hindsight Generation for Experience Replay. 2020 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI). :225–232.
Language creates a compact representation of the world and allows the description of unlimited situations and objectives through compositionality. While these characterizations may foster instructing, conditioning or structuring interactive agent behavior, it remains an open-problem to correctly relate language understanding and reinforcement learning in even simple instruction following scenarios. This joint learning problem is alleviated through expert demonstrations, auxiliary losses, or neural inductive biases. In this paper, we propose an orthogonal approach called Hindsight Generation for Experience Replay (HIGhER) that extends the Hindsight Experience Replay approach to the language-conditioned policy setting. Whenever the agent does not fulfill its instruction, HIGhER learns to output a new directive that matches the agent trajectory, and it relabels the episode with a positive reward. To do so, HIGhER learns to map a state into an instruction by using past successful trajectories, which removes the need to have external expert interventions to relabel episodes as in vanilla HER. We show the efficiency of our approach in the BabyAI environment, and demonstrate how it complements other instruction following methods.
2021-03-15
Nieto-Chaupis, H..  2020.  Hyper Secure Cognitive Radio Communications in an Internet of Space Things Network Based on the BB84 Protocol. 2020 Intermountain Engineering, Technology and Computing (IETC). :1–5.
Once constellation of satellites are working in a collaborative manner, the security of their messages would have to be highly secure from all angles of scenarios by which the praxis of eavesdropping constitutes a constant thread for the instability of the different tasks and missions. In this paper we employ the Bennet-Brassard commonly known as the BB84 protocol in conjunction to the technique of Cognitive Radio applied to the Internet of Space Things to build a prospective technology to guarantee the communications among geocentric orbital satellites. The simulations have yielded that for a constellation of 5 satellites, the probability of successful of completion the communication might be of order of 75% ±5%.