Biblio

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2021-03-09
Oakley, I..  2020.  Solutions to Black Hole Attacks in MANETs. 2020 12th International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks and Digital Signal Processing (CSNDSP). :1–6.
Self-organising networks, such as mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs), are growing more and more in importance each day. However, due to their nature and constraints MANETs are vulnerable to a wide array of attacks, such as black hole attacks. Furthermore, there are numerous routing protocols in use in MANETs, and what works for one might not for another. In this paper, we present a review of previous surveys of black hole attack solutions, followed by a collation of recently published papers categorised by original routing protocol and evaluated on a set of common metrics. Finally, we suggest areas for further research.
2020-05-26
Soualfi, Abderrahim Hajji, Agoujil, Said, Qaraai, Youssef.  2019.  Performance Analysis of OLSR Protocol under MPR Attack in Progressive Size Grid MANET. 2019 International Conference on Wireless Networks and Mobile Communications (WINCOM). :1–5.
Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is a collection of mobile devices which interchange information without the use of predefined infrastructures or central administration. It is employed in many domains such as military and commercial sectors, data and sensors networks, low level applications, etc. The important constraints in this network are the limitation of bandwidth, processing capabilities and battery life. The choice of an effective routing protocol is primordial. From many routing protocols developed for MANET, OLSR protocol is a widely-used proactive routing protocol which diffuses topological information periodically. Thus, every node has a global vision of the entire network. The protocol assumes, like the other protocols, that the nodes cooperate in a trusted environment. So, all control messages are transmitted (HELLO messages) to all 1-hop neighbor nodes or broadcasted (TC and MID messages) to the entire network in clear. However, a node, which listens to OLSR control messages, can exploit this property to lead an attack. In this paper, we investigate on MultiPoint Relay (MPR) attack considered like one of the efficient OLSR attacks by using a simulation in progressive size gridMANET.
2018-06-20
Bhuvaneswari, R., Ramachandran, R..  2017.  Prevention of Denial of Service (DoS) attack in OLSR protocol using fictitious nodes and ECC algorithm. 2017 International Conference on Algorithms, Methodology, Models and Applications in Emerging Technologies (ICAMMAET). :1–5.

Security is the most important issue which needs to be given utmost importance and as both `Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET) and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) have similar system models, their security issues are also similar. This study deals in analysing the various lapses in security and the characteristics of various routing protocol's functionality and structure. This paper presents the implementation of ECC algorithm in the prevention of Denial of Service (DoS) attack through fictitious node. Optimized Link State Routing (OLSR) protocol is a MANET routing protocol and is evaluated mainly for two things. Primarily OLSR is less secure like AODV and others. The reason for it being less secure is that it is a table-driven in nature and uses a methodology called selective flooding technique, where redundancy is reduced and thus the security possibilities of the protocol is reduced. Another reason for selecting OLSR is that is an highly effective routing protocol for MANET. A brief information about formal routing is provided by the proposed methodology termed Denial Contradictions with Fictitious Node Mechanism (DCFM) which provides brief information about formal routing. Here, fictitious node acts as a virtual node and large networks are managed from attacks. More than 95% of attacks are prevented by this proposed methodology and the solution is applicable all the other DoS attacks of MANET.

2018-04-30
Mahdi, Fatna El, Habbani, Ahmed, Mouchfiq, Nada, Essaid, Bilal.  2017.  Study of Security in MANETs and Evaluation of Network Performance Using ETX Metric. Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Smart Digital Environment. :220–228.

Today, we witness the emergence of smart environments, where devices are able to connect independently without human- intervention. Mobile ad hoc networks are an example of smart environments that are widely deployed in public spaces. They offer great services and features compared with wired systems. However, these networks are more sensitive to malicious attacks because of the lack of infrastructure and the self-organizing nature of devices. Thus, communication between nodes is much more exposed to various security risks, than other networks. In this paper, we will present a synthetic study on security concept for MANETs, and then we will introduce a contribution based on evaluating link quality, using ETX metric, to enhance network availability.

2018-05-01
Mahdi, Fatna El, Habbani, Ahmed, Mouchfiq, Nada, Essaid, Bilal.  2017.  Study of Security in MANETs and Evaluation of Network Performance Using ETX Metric. Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Smart Digital Environment. :220–228.

Today, we witness the emergence of smart environments, where devices are able to connect independently without human- intervention. Mobile ad hoc networks are an example of smart environments that are widely deployed in public spaces. They offer great services and features compared with wired systems. However, these networks are more sensitive to malicious attacks because of the lack of infrastructure and the self-organizing nature of devices. Thus, communication between nodes is much more exposed to various security risks, than other networks. In this paper, we will present a synthetic study on security concept for MANETs, and then we will introduce a contribution based on evaluating link quality, using ETX metric, to enhance network availability.

2017-09-27
Kaur, Jagjot, Lindskog, Dale.  2016.  An Algorithm to Facilitate Intrusion Response in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Security of Information and Networks. :124–128.

In this research paper, we describe an algorithm that could be implemented on an intrusion response system (IRS) designed specifically for mobile ad hoc networks (MANET). Designed to supplement a MANET's hierarchical intrusion detection system (IDS), this IRS and its associated algorithm would be implemented on the root node operating in such an IRS, and would rely on the optimized link state routing protocol (OLSR) to determine facts about the topology of the network, and use that determination to facilitate responding to network intrusions and attacks. The algorithm operates in a query-response mode, where the IRS function of the IDS root node queries the implemented algorithm, and the algorithm returns its response, formatted as an unordered list of nodes satisfying the query.

2017-08-02
Kaur, Jagjot, Lindskog, Dale.  2016.  An Algorithm to Facilitate Intrusion Response in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Security of Information and Networks. :124–128.

In this research paper, we describe an algorithm that could be implemented on an intrusion response system (IRS) designed specifically for mobile ad hoc networks (MANET). Designed to supplement a MANET's hierarchical intrusion detection system (IDS), this IRS and its associated algorithm would be implemented on the root node operating in such an IRS, and would rely on the optimized link state routing protocol (OLSR) to determine facts about the topology of the network, and use that determination to facilitate responding to network intrusions and attacks. The algorithm operates in a query-response mode, where the IRS function of the IDS root node queries the implemented algorithm, and the algorithm returns its response, formatted as an unordered list of nodes satisfying the query.