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Dinh, N., Tran, M., Park, Y., Kim, Y..  2020.  An Information-centric NFV-based System Implementation for Disaster Management Services. 2020 International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN). :807–810.
When disasters occur, they not only affect the human life. Therefore, communication in disaster management is very important. During the disaster recovery phase, the network infrastructure may be partially fragmented and mobile rescue operations may involve many teams with different roles which can dynamically change. Therefore, disaster management services require high flexibility both in terms of network infrastructure management and rescue group communication. Existing studies have shown that IP-based or traditional telephony solutions are not well-suited to deal with such flexible group communication and network management due to their connection-oriented communication, no built-in support for mobile devices, and no mechanism for network fragmentation. Recent studies show that information-centric networking offers scalable and flexible communication based on its name-based interest-oriented communication approach. However, considering the difficulty of deploying a new service on the existing network, the programmability and virtualization of the network are required. This paper presents our implementation of an information-centric disaster management system based on network function virtualization (vICSNF). We show a proof-of-concept system with a case study for Seoul disaster management services. The system achieves flexibility both in terms of network infrastructure management and rescue group communication. Obtained testbed results show that vICSNF achieves a low communication overhead compared to the IP-based approach and the auto-configuration of vICSNFs enables the quick deployment for disaster management services in disaster scenarios.
Malik, A., Fréin, R. de, Al-Zeyadi, M., Andreu-Perez, J..  2020.  Intelligent SDN Traffic Classification Using Deep Learning: Deep-SDN. 2020 2nd International Conference on Computer Communication and the Internet (ICCCI). :184–189.
Accurate traffic classification is fundamentally important for various network activities such as fine-grained network management and resource utilisation. Port-based approaches, deep packet inspection and machine learning are widely used techniques to classify and analyze network traffic flows. However, over the past several years, the growth of Internet traffic has been explosive due to the greatly increased number of Internet users. Therefore, both port-based and deep packet inspection approaches have become inefficient due to the exponential growth of the Internet applications that incurs high computational cost. The emerging paradigm of software-defined networking has reshaped the network architecture by detaching the control plane from the data plane to result in a centralised network controller that maintains a global view over the whole network on its domain. In this paper, we propose a new deep learning model for software-defined networks that can accurately identify a wide range of traffic applications in a short time, called Deep-SDN. The performance of the proposed model was compared against the state-of-the-art and better results were reported in terms of accuracy, precision, recall, and f-measure. It has been found that 96% as an overall accuracy can be achieved with the proposed model. Based on the obtained results, some further directions are suggested towards achieving further advances in this research area.
Kyaw, A. T., Oo, M. Zin, Khin, C. S..  2020.  Machine-Learning Based DDOS Attack Classifier in Software Defined Network. 2020 17th International Conference on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology (ECTI-CON). :431–434.
Due to centralized control and programmable capability of the SDN architecture, network administrators can easily manage and control the whole network through the centralized controller. According to the SDN architecture, the SDN controller is vulnerable to distributed denial of service (DDOS) attacks. Thus, a failure of SDN controller is a major leak for security concern. The objectives of paper is therefore to detect the DDOS attacks and classify the normal or attack traffic in SDN network using machine learning algorithms. In this proposed system, polynomial SVM is applied to compare to existing linear SVM by using scapy, which is packet generation tool and RYU SDN controller. According to the experimental result, polynomial SVM achieves 3% better accuracy and 34% lower false alarm rate compared to Linear SVM.
Afanasyev, A., Ramani, S. K..  2020.  NDNconf: Network Management Framework for Named Data Networking. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC Workshops). :1–6.
The rapid growth of the Internet is, in part, powered by the broad participation of numerous vendors building network components. All these network devices require that they be properly configured and maintained, which creates a challenge for system administrators of complex networks with a growing variety of heterogeneous devices. This challenge is true for today's networks, as well as for the networking architectures of the future, such as Named Data Networking (NDN). This paper gives a preliminary design of an NDNconf framework, an adaptation of a recently developed NETCONF protocol, to realize unified configuration and management for NDN. The presented design is built leveraging the benefits provided by NDN, including the structured naming shared among network and application layers, stateful data retrieval with name-based interest forwarding, in-network caching, data-centric security model, and others. Specifically, the configuration data models, the heart of NDNconf, the elements of the models and models themselves are represented as secured NDN data, allowing fetching models, fetching configuration data that correspond to elements of the model, and issuing commands using the standard Interest-Data exchanges. On top of that, the security of models, data, and commands are realized through native data-centric NDN mechanisms, providing highly secure systems with high granularity of control.
Alshamrani, A..  2020.  Reconnaissance Attack in SDN based Environments. 2020 27th International Conference on Telecommunications (ICT). :1—5.
Software Defined Networking (SDN) is a promising network architecture that aims at providing high flexibility through the separation between network logic (control plane) and forwarding functions (data plane). This separation provides logical centralization of controllers, global network overview, ease of programmability, and a range of new SDN-compliant services. In recent years, the adoption of SDN in enterprise networks has been constantly increasing. In the meantime, new challenges arise in different levels such as scalability, management, and security. In this paper, we elaborate on complex security issues in the current SDN architecture. Especially, reconnaissance attack where attackers generate traffic for the goal of exploring existing services, assets, and overall network topology. To eliminate reconnaissance attack in SDN environment, we propose SDN-based solution by utilizing distributed firewall application, security policy, and OpenFlow counters. Distributed firewall application is capable of tracking the flow based on pre-defined states that would monitor the connection to sensitive nodes toward malicious activity. We utilize Mininet to simulate the testing environment. We are able to detect and mitigate this type of attack at early stage and in average around 7 second.
Nasir, N. A., Jeong, S.-H..  2020.  Testbed-based Performance Evaluation of the Information-Centric Network. 2020 International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Convergence (ICTC). :166–169.
Proliferation of the Internet usage is rapidly increasing, and it is necessary to support the performance requirements for multimedia applications, including lower latency, improved security, faster content retrieval, and adjustability to the traffic load. Nevertheless, because the current Internet architecture is a host-oriented one, it often fails to support the necessary demands such as fast content delivery. A promising networking paradigm called Information-Centric Networking (ICN) focuses on the name of the content itself rather than the location of that content. A distinguished alternative to this ICN concept is Content-Centric Networking (CCN) that exploits more of the performance requirements by using in-network caching and outperforms the current Internet in terms of content transfer time, traffic load control, mobility support, and efficient network management. In this paper, instead of using the saturated method of validating a theory by simulation, we present a testbed-based performance evaluation of the ICN network. We used several new functions of the proposed testbed to improve the performance of the basic CCN. In this paper, we also show that the proposed testbed architecture performs better in terms of content delivery time compared to the basic CCN architecture through graphical results.
Maldonado-Ruiz, D., Torres, J., Madhoun, N. El.  2020.  3BI-ECC: a Decentralized Identity Framework Based on Blockchain Technology and Elliptic Curve Cryptography. 2020 2nd Conference on Blockchain Research Applications for Innovative Networks and Services (BRAINS). :45–46.

Most of the authentication protocols assume the existence of a Trusted Third Party (TTP) in the form of a Certificate Authority or as an authentication server. The main objective of this research is to present an autonomous solution where users could store their credentials, without depending on TTPs. For this, the use of an autonomous network is imperative, where users could use their uniqueness in order to identify themselves. We propose the framework “Three Blockchains Identity Management with Elliptic Curve Cryptography (3BI-ECC)”. Our proposed framework is a decentralize identity management system where users' identities are self-generated.

Sumantra, I., Gandhi, S. Indira.  2020.  DDoS attack Detection and Mitigation in Software Defined Networks. 2020 International Conference on System, Computation, Automation and Networking (ICSCAN). :1—5.
This work aims to formulate an effective scheme which can detect and mitigate of Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack in Software Defined Networks. Distributed Denial of Service attacks are one of the most destructive attacks in the internet. Whenever you heard of a website being hacked, it would have probably been a victim of a DDoS attack. A DDoS attack is aimed at disrupting the normal operation of a system by making service and resources unavailable to legitimate users by overloading the system with excessive superfluous traffic from distributed source. These distributed set of compromised hosts that performs the attack are referred as Botnet. Software Defined Networking being an emerging technology, offers a solution to reduce network management complexity. It separates the Control plane and the data plane. This decoupling provides centralized control of the network with programmability and flexibility. This work harness this programming ability and centralized control of SDN to obtain the randomness of the network flow data. This statistical approach utilizes the source IP in the network and various attributes of TCP flags and calculates entropy from them. The proposed technique can detect volume based and application based DDoS attacks like TCP SYN flood, Ping flood and Slow HTTP attacks. The methodology is evaluated through emulation using Mininet and Detection and mitigation strategies are implemented in POX controller. The experimental results show the proposed method have improved performance evaluation parameters including the Attack detection time, Delay to serve a legitimate request in the presence of attacker and overall CPU utilization.
Millar, K., Cheng, A., Chew, H. G., Lim, C..  2020.  Characterising Network-Connected Devices Using Affiliation Graphs. NOMS 2020 - 2020 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium. :1—6.

Device management in large networks is of growing importance to network administrators and security analysts alike. The composition of devices on a network can help forecast future traffic demand as well as identify devices that may pose a security risk. However, the sheer number and diversity of devices that comprise most modern networks have vastly increased the management complexity. Motivated by a need for an encryption-invariant device management strategy, we use affiliation graphs to develop a methodology that reveals key insights into the devices acting on a network using only the source and destination IP addresses. Through an empirical analysis of the devices on a university campus network, we provide an example methodology to infer a device's characteristics (e.g., operating system) through the services it communicates with via the Internet.

Karmakar, K. K., Varadharajan, V., Tupakula, U., Hitchens, M..  2020.  Towards a Dynamic Policy Enhanced Integrated Security Architecture for SDN Infrastructure. NOMS 2020 - 2020 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium. :1—9.

Enterprise networks are increasingly moving towards Software Defined Networking, which is becoming a major trend in the networking arena. With the increased popularity of SDN, there is a greater need for security measures for protecting the enterprise networks. This paper focuses on the design and implementation of an integrated security architecture for SDN based enterprise networks. The integrated security architecture uses a policy-based approach to coordinate different security mechanisms to detect and counteract a range of security attacks in the SDN. A distinguishing characteristic of the proposed architecture is its ability to deal with dynamic changes in the security attacks as well as changes in trust associated with the network devices in the infrastructure. The adaptability of the proposed architecture to dynamic changes is achieved by having feedback between the various security components/mechanisms in the architecture and managing them using a dynamic policy framework. The paper describes the prototype implementation of the proposed architecture and presents security and performance analysis for different attack scenarios. We believe that the proposed integrated security architecture provides a significant step towards achieving a secure SDN for enterprises.

Jahanian, M., Chen, J., Ramakrishnan, K. K..  2020.  Managing the Evolution to Future Internet Architectures and Seamless Interoperation. 2020 29th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN). :1—11.

With the increasing diversity of application needs (datacenters, IoT, content retrieval, industrial automation, etc.), new network architectures are continually being proposed to address specific and particular requirements. From a network management perspective, it is both important and challenging to enable evolution towards such new architectures. Given the ubiquity of the Internet, a clean-slate change of the entire infrastructure to a new architecture is impractical. It is believed that we will see new network architectures coming into existence with support for interoperability between separate architectural islands. We may have servers, and more importantly, content, residing in domains having different architectures. This paper presents COIN, a content-oriented interoperability framework for current and future Internet architectures. We seek to provide seamless connectivity and content accessibility across multiple of these network architectures, including the current Internet. COIN preserves each domain's key architectural features and mechanisms, while allowing flexibility for evolvability and extensibility. We focus on Information-Centric Networks (ICN), the prominent class of Future Internet architectures. COIN avoids expanding domain-specific protocols or namespaces. Instead, it uses an application-layer Object Resolution Service to deliver the right "foreign" names to consumers. COIN uses translation gateways that retain essential interoperability state, leverages encryption for confidentiality, and relies on domain-specific signatures to guarantee provenance and data integrity. Using NDN and MobilityFirst as important candidate solutions of ICN, and IP, we evaluate COIN. Measurements from an implementation of the gateways show that the overhead is manageable and scales well.

Liu, W., Niu, H., Luo, W., Deng, W., Wu, H., Dai, S., Qiao, Z., Feng, W..  2020.  Research on Technology of Embedded System Security Protection Component. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Advances in Electrical Engineering and Computer Applications( AEECA). :21—27.

With the development of the Internet of Things (IoT), it has been widely deployed. As many embedded devices are connected to the network and massive amounts of security-sensitive data are stored in these devices, embedded devices in IoT have become the target of attackers. The trusted computing is a key technology to guarantee the security and trustworthiness of devices' execution environment. This paper focuses on security problems on IoT devices, and proposes a security architecture for IoT devices based on the trusted computing technology. This paper implements a security management system for IoT devices, which can perform integrity measurement, real-time monitoring and security management for embedded applications, providing a safe and reliable execution environment and whitelist-based security protection for IoT devices. This paper also designs and implements an embedded security protection system based on trusted computing technology, containing a measurement and control component in the kernel and a remote graphical management interface for administrators. The kernel layer enforces the integrity measurement and control of the embedded application on the device. The graphical management interface communicates with the remote embedded device through the TCP/IP protocol, and provides a feature-rich and user-friendly interaction interface. It implements functions such as knowledge base scanning, whitelist management, log management, security policy management, and cryptographic algorithm performance testing.

Freitas, M. Silva, Oliveira, R., Molinos, D., Melo, J., Rosa, P. Frosi, Silva, F. de Oliveira.  2020.  ConForm: In-band Control Plane Formation Protocol to SDN-Based Networks. 2020 International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN). :574—579.

Although OpenFlow-based SDN networks make it easier to design and test new protocols, when you think of clean slate architectures, their use is quite limited because the parameterization of its flows resides primarily in TCP/IP protocols. Besides, despite the many benefits that SDN offers, some aspects have not yet been adequately addressed, such as management plane activities, network startup, and options for connecting the data plane to the control plane. Based on these issues and limitations, this work presents a bootstrap protocol for SDN-based networks, which allows, beyond the network topology discovery, automatic configuration of an inband control plane. The protocol is designed to act only on layer two, in an autonomous, distributed and deterministic way, with low overhead and has the intent to be the basement for the implementation of other management plane related activities. A formal specification of the protocol is provided. In addition, an analytical model was created to preview the number of required messages to establish the control plane. According to this model, the proposed protocol presents less overhead than similar de-facto protocols used to topology discovery in SDN networks.

Hajizadeh, M., Afraz, N., Ruffini, M., Bauschert, T..  2020.  Collaborative Cyber Attack Defense in SDN Networks using Blockchain Technology. 2020 6th IEEE Conference on Network Softwarization (NetSoft). :487—492.

The legacy security defense mechanisms cannot resist where emerging sophisticated threats such as zero-day and malware campaigns have profoundly changed the dimensions of cyber-attacks. Recent studies indicate that cyber threat intelligence plays a crucial role in implementing proactive defense operations. It provides a knowledge-sharing platform that not only increases security awareness and readiness but also enables the collaborative defense to diminish the effectiveness of potential attacks. In this paper, we propose a secure distributed model to facilitate cyber threat intelligence sharing among diverse participants. The proposed model uses blockchain technology to assure tamper-proof record-keeping and smart contracts to guarantee immutable logic. We use an open-source permissioned blockchain platform, Hyperledger Fabric, to implement the blockchain application. We also utilize the flexibility and management capabilities of Software-Defined Networking to be integrated with the proposed sharing platform to enhance defense perspectives against threats in the system. In the end, collaborative DDoS attack mitigation is taken as a case study to demonstrate our approach.

Tang, C., Fu, X., Tang, P..  2020.  Policy-Based Network Access and Behavior Control Management. 2020 IEEE 20th International Conference on Communication Technology (ICCT). :1102—1106.

Aiming at the requirements of network access control, illegal outreach control, identity authentication, security monitoring and application system access control of information network, an integrated network access and behavior control model based on security policy is established. In this model, the network access and behavior management control process is implemented through abstract policy configuration, network device and application server, so that management has device-independent abstraction, and management simplification, flexibility and automation are improved. On this basis, a general framework of policy-based access and behavior management control is established. Finally, an example is given to illustrate the method of device connection, data drive and fusion based on policy-based network access and behavior management control.

Perner, Cora, Kinkelin, Holger, Carle, Georg.  2019.  Adaptive Network Management for Safety-Critical Systems. 2019 IFIP/IEEE Symposium on Integrated Network and Service Management (IM). :25–30.
Present networks within safety-critical systems rely on complex and inflexible network configurations. New technologies such as software-defined networking are more dynamic and offer more flexibility, but due care needs to be exercised to ensure that safety and security are not compromised by incorrect configurations. To this end, this paper proposes the use of pre-generated and optimized configuration templates. These provide alternate routes for traffic considering availability, resilience and timing constraints where network components fail due to attacks or faults.To obtain these templates, two heuristics based on Dijkstra's algorithm and an optimization algorithm providing the maximum resilience were investigated. While the configurations obtained through optimization yield appropriate templates, the heuristics investigated are not suitable to obtain configuration templates, since they cannot fulfill all requirements.
Wang, Zan-Jun, Lin, Ching-Hua Vivian, Yuan, Yang-Hao, Huang, Ching-Chun Jim.  2019.  Decentralized Data Marketplace to Enable Trusted Machine Economy. 2019 IEEE Eurasia Conference on IOT, Communication and Engineering (ECICE). :246–250.
Transacting IoT data must be different in many from traditional approaches in order to build much-needed trust in data marketplaces, trust that will be the key to their sustainability. Data generated internally to an organization is usually not enough to remain competitive, enhance customer experiences, or improve strategic decision-making. In this paper, we propose a decentralized and trustless architecture through the posting of trade records while including the transaction process on distributed ledgers. This approach can efficiently enhance the degree of transparency, as all contract-oriented interactions will be written on-chain. Storage via an end-to-end encrypted message channel allows transmitting and accessing trusted data streams over distributed ledgers regardless of the size or cost of the device, while simultaneously making a verifiable Auth-compliant request to the platform. Furthermore, the platform will complete matching, trading and refunding processes with-out human intervention, and it also protects the rights of data providers and consumers through trading policies which apply revolutionary game theory to the machine economy.
Xuanyuan, Ming, Ramsurrun, Visham, Seeam, Amar.  2019.  Detection and Mitigation of DDoS Attacks Using Conditional Entropy in Software-defined Networking. 2019 11th International Conference on Advanced Computing (ICoAC). :66–71.
Software-defined networking (SDN) is a relatively new technology that promotes network revolution. The most distinct characteristic of SDN is the transformation of control logic from the basic packet forwarding equipment to a centralized management unit called controller. However, the centralized control of the network resources is like a double-edged sword, for it not only brings beneficial features but also introduces single point of failure if the controller is under distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks. In this paper, we introduce a light-weight approach based on conditional entropy to improve the SDN security with an aim of defending DDoS at the early stage. The experimental results show that the proposed method has a high average detection rate of 99.372%.
Kaljic, Enio, Maric, Almir, Njemcevic, Pamela.  2019.  DoS attack mitigation in SDN networks using a deeply programmable packet-switching node based on a hybrid FPGA/CPU data plane architecture. 2019 XXVII International Conference on Information, Communication and Automation Technologies (ICAT). :1–6.
The application of the concept of software-defined networks (SDN) has, on the one hand, led to the simplification and reduction of switches price, and on the other hand, has created a significant number of problems related to the security of the SDN network. In several studies was noted that these problems are related to the lack of flexibility and programmability of the data plane, which is likely first to suffer potential denial-of-service (DoS) attacks. One possible way to overcome this problem is to increase the flexibility of the data plane by increasing the depth of programmability of the packet-switching nodes below the level of flow table management. Therefore, this paper investigates the opportunity of using the architecture of deeply programmable packet-switching nodes (DPPSN) in the implementation of a firewall. Then, an architectural model of the firewall based on a hybrid FPGA/CPU data plane architecture has been proposed and implemented. Realized firewall supports three models of DoS attacks mitigation: DoS traffic filtering on the output interface, DoS traffic filtering on the input interface, and DoS attack redirection to the honeypot. Experimental evaluation of the implemented firewall has shown that DoS traffic filtering at the input interface is the best strategy for DoS attack mitigation, which justified the application of the concept of deep network programmability.
Berenjian, Samaneh, Hajizadeh, Saeed, Atani, Reza Ebrahimi.  2019.  An Incentive Security Model to Provide Fairness for Peer-to-Peer Networks. 2019 IEEE Conference on Application, Information and Network Security (AINS). :71–76.
Peer-to-Peer networks are designed to rely on the resources of their own users. Therefore, resource management plays an important role in P2P protocols. Early P2P networks did not use proper mechanisms to manage fairness. However, after seeing difficulties and rise of freeloaders in networks like Gnutella, the importance of providing fairness for users have become apparent. In this paper, we propose an incentive-based security model which leads to a network infrastructure that lightens the work of Seeders and makes Leechers to contribute more. This method is able to prevent betrayals in Leecher-to-Leecher transactions and helps Seeders to be treated more fairly. This is what other incentive methods such as Bittorrent are incapable of doing. Additionally, by getting help from cryptography and combining it with our method, it is also possible to achieve secure channels, immune to spying, next to a fair network. This is the first protocol designed for P2P networks which has separated Leechers and Seeders without the need to a central server. The simulation results clearly show how our proposed approach can overcome free-riding issue. In addition, our findings revealed that our approach is able to provide an appropriate level of fairness for the users and can decrease the download time.
Li, Min, Tang, Helen, Wang, Xianbin.  2019.  Mitigating Routing Misbehavior using Blockchain-Based Distributed Reputation Management System for IoT Networks. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC Workshops). :1–6.
With the rapid proliferation of Internet of Thing (IoT) devices, many security challenges could be introduced at low-end routers. Misbehaving routers affect the availability of the networks by dropping packets selectively and rejecting data forwarding services. Although existing Reputation Management (RM) systems are useful in identifying misbehaving routers, the centralized nature of the RM center has the risk of one-point failure. The emerging blockchain techniques, with the inherent decentralized consensus mechanism, provide a promising method to reduce this one-point failure risk. By adopting the distributed consensus mechanism, we propose a blockchain-based reputation management system in IoT networks to overcome the limitation of centralized router RM systems. The proposed solution utilizes the blockchain technique as a decentralized database to store router reports for calculating reputation of each router. With the proposed reputation calculation mechanism, the reliability of each router would be evaluated, and the malicious misbehaving routers with low reputations will be blacklisted and get isolated. More importantly, we develop an optimized group mining process for blockchain technique in order to improve the efficiency of block generation and reduce the resource consumption. The simulation results validate the distributed blockchain-based RM system in terms of attacks detection and system convergence performance, and the comparison result of the proposed group mining process with existing blockchain models illustrates the applicability and feasibility of the proposed works.
Almohaimeed, A., Asaduzzaman, A..  2019.  A Novel Moving Target Defense Technique to Secure Communication Links in Software-Defined Networks. 2019 Fifth Conference on Mobile and Secure Services (MobiSecServ). :1–4.
Software-defined networking (SDN) is a recently developed approach to computer networking that brings a centralized orientation to network control, thereby improving network architecture and management. However, as with any communication environment that involves message transmission among users, SDN is confronted by the ongoing challenge of protecting user privacy. In this “Work in Progress (WIP)” research, we propose an SDN security model that applies the moving target defense (MTD) technique to protect communication links from sensitive data leakages. MTD is a security solution aimed at increasing complexity and uncertainty for attackers by concealing sensitive information that may serve as a gateway from which to launch different types of attacks. The proposed MTD-based security model is intended to protect user identities contained in transmitted messages in a way that prevents network intruders from identifying the real identities of senders and receivers. According to the results from preliminary experiments, the proposed MTD model has potential to protect the identities contained in transmitted messages within communication links. This work will be extended to protect sensitive data if an attacker gets access to the network device.
Cui, Liqun, Dong, Mianxiong, Ota, Kaoru, Wu, Jun, Li, Jianhua, Wu, Yang.  2019.  NSTN: Name-Based Smart Tracking for Network Status in Information-Centric Internet of Things. ICC 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–6.
Internet of Things(IoT) is an important part of the new generation of information technology and an important stage of development in the era of informatization. As a next generation network, Information Centric Network (ICN) has been introduced into the IoT, leading to the content independence of IC-IoT. To manage the changing network conditions and diagnose the cause of anomalies within it, network operators must obtain and analyze network status information from monitoring tools. However, traditional network supervision method will not be applicable to IC-IoT centered on content rather than IP. Moreover, the surge in information volume will also bring about insufficient information distribution, and the data location in the traditional management information base is fixed and cannot be added or deleted. To overcome these problems, we propose a name-based smart tracking system to store network state information in the IC-IoT. Firstly, we design a new structure of management information base that records various network state information and changes its naming format. Secondly, we use a tracking method to obtain the required network status information. When the manager issues a status request, each data block has a defined data tracking table to record past requests, the location of the status data required can be located according to it. Thirdly, we put forward an adaptive network data location replacement strategy based on the importance of stored data blocks, so that the information with higher importance will be closer to the management center for more efficient acquisition. Simulation results indicate the feasibility of the proposed scheme.
Phan, Trung V., Islam, Syed Tasnimul, Nguyen, Tri Gia, Bauschert, Thomas.  2019.  Q-DATA: Enhanced Traffic Flow Monitoring in Software-Defined Networks applying Q-learning. 2019 15th International Conference on Network and Service Management (CNSM). :1–9.
Software-Defined Networking (SDN) introduces a centralized network control and management by separating the data plane from the control plane which facilitates traffic flow monitoring, security analysis and policy formulation. However, it is challenging to choose a proper degree of traffic flow handling granularity while proactively protecting forwarding devices from getting overloaded. In this paper, we propose a novel traffic flow matching control framework called Q-DATA that applies reinforcement learning in order to enhance the traffic flow monitoring performance in SDN based networks and prevent traffic forwarding performance degradation. We first describe and analyse an SDN-based traffic flow matching control system that applies a reinforcement learning approach based on Q-learning algorithm in order to maximize the traffic flow granularity. It also considers the forwarding performance status of the SDN switches derived from a Support Vector Machine based algorithm. Next, we outline the Q-DATA framework that incorporates the optimal traffic flow matching policy derived from the traffic flow matching control system to efficiently provide the most detailed traffic flow information that other mechanisms require. Our novel approach is realized as a REST SDN application and evaluated in an SDN environment. Through comprehensive experiments, the results show that-compared to the default behavior of common SDN controllers and to our previous DATA mechanism-the new Q-DATA framework yields a remarkable improvement in terms of traffic forwarding performance degradation protection of SDN switches while still providing the most detailed traffic flow information on demand.
Niemiec, Marcin, Jaglarz, Piotr, Jekot, Marcin, Chołda, Piotr, Boryło, Piotr.  2019.  Risk Assessment Approach to Secure Northbound Interface of SDN Networks. 2019 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC). :164–169.
The most significant threats to networks usually originate from external entities. As such, the Northbound interface of SDN networks which ensures communication with external applications requires particularly close attention. In this paper we propose the Risk Assessment and Management approach to SEcure SDN (RAMSES). This novel solution is able to estimate the risk associated with traffic demand requests received via the Northbound-API in SDN networks. RAMSES quantifies the impact on network cost incurred by expected traffic demands and specifies the likelihood of adverse requests estimated using the reputation system. Accurate risk estimation allows SDN network administrators to make the right decisions and mitigate potential threat scenarios. This can be observed using extensive numerical verification based on an network optimization tool and several scenarios related to the reputation of the sender of the request. The verification of RAMSES confirmed the usefulness of its risk assessment approach to protecting SDN networks against threats associated with the Northbound-API.