Biblio

Filters: Keyword is emergency services  [Clear All Filters]
2020-11-02
Thurston, K. H., Leon, D. Conte de.  2019.  MACH-2K Architecture: Building Mobile Device Trust and Utility for Emergency Response Networks. 2019 IEEE 16th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems Workshops (MASSW). :152–157.
In this article, we introduce the MACH-2K trust overlay network and its architecture. MACH-2K's objectives are to (a) enhance the resiliency of emergency response and public service networks and (b) help build such networks in places, or at times, where network infrastructure is limited. Resiliency may be enhanced in an economic manner by building new ad hoc networks of private mobile devices and joining these to public service networks at specific trusted points. The major barrier to building resiliency by using private devices is ensuring security. MACH-2K uses device location and communication utility patterns to assign trust to devices, after owner approval. After trust is established, message confidentiality, privacy, and integrity may be implemented by well-known cryptographic means. MACH-2K devices may be then requested to forward or consume different types of messages depending on their current level of trust and utility.
2020-04-17
Chen, Guangxuan, Wu, Di, Chen, Guangxiao, Qin, Panke, Zhang, Lei, Liu, Qiang.  2019.  Research on Digital Forensics Framework for Malicious Behavior in Cloud. 2019 IEEE 4th Advanced Information Technology, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IAEAC). 1:1375—1379.

The difficult of detecting, response, tracing the malicious behavior in cloud has brought great challenges to the law enforcement in combating cybercrimes. This paper presents a malicious behavior oriented framework of detection, emergency response, traceability, and digital forensics in cloud environment. A cloud-based malicious behavior detection mechanism based on SDN is constructed, which implements full-traffic flow detection technology and malicious virtual machine detection based on memory analysis. The emergency response and traceability module can clarify the types of the malicious behavior and the impacts of the events, and locate the source of the event. The key nodes and paths of the infection topology or propagation path of the malicious behavior will be located security measure will be dispatched timely. The proposed IaaS service based forensics module realized the virtualization facility memory evidence extraction and analysis techniques, which can solve volatile data loss problems that often happened in traditional forensic methods.

2020-03-16
Hasavari, Shirin, Song, Yeong Tae.  2019.  A Secure and Scalable Data Source for Emergency Medical Care using Blockchain Technology. 2019 IEEE 17th International Conference on Software Engineering Research, Management and Applications (SERA). :71–75.
Emergency medical services universally get regarded as the essential part of the health care delivery system [1]. A relationship exists between the emergency patient death rate and factors such as the failure to access a patient's critical data and the time it takes to arrive at hospitals. Nearly thirty million Americans do not live within an hour of trauma care, so this poor access to trauma centers links to higher pre-hospital death rates in more than half of the United States [2]. So, we need to address the problem. In a patient care-cycle, loads of medical data items are born in different healthcare settings using a disparate system of records during patient visits. The ability for medical care providers to access a patient's complete picture of emergency-relevant medical data is critical and can significantly reduce the annual mortality rate. Today, the problem exists with a continuous recording system of the patient data between healthcare providers. In this paper, we've introduced a combination of secure file transfer methods/tools and blockchain technology as a solution to record patient Emergency relevant medical data as patient walk through from one clinic/medical facility to another, creating a continuous footprint of patient as a secure and scalable data source. So, ambulance crews can access and use it to provide high quality pre-hospital care. All concerns of medical record sharing and accessing like authentication, privacy, security, scalability and audibility, confidentiality has been considered in this approach.
2020-05-11
Üzüm, İbrahim, Can, Özgü.  2018.  An anomaly detection approach for enterprise file integration. 2018 6th International Symposium on Digital Forensic and Security (ISDFS). :1–4.
An information system based on real-time file integrations has an important role in today's organizations' work process management. By connecting to the network, file flow and integration between corporate systems have gained a great significance. In addition, network and security issues have emerged depending on the file structure and transfer processes. Thus, there has become a need for an effective and self-learning anomaly detection module for file transfer processes in order to provide the persistence of integration channels, accountability of transfer logs and data integrity. This paper proposes a novel anomaly detection approach that focuses on file size and integration duration of file transfers between enterprise systems. For this purpose, size and time anomalies on transferring files will be detected by a machine learning-based structure. Later, an alarm system is going to be developed in order to inform the authenticated individuals about the anomalies.
2018-02-21
Li, C., Yang, C..  2017.  Cryptographic key management methods for mission-critical wireless networks. 2017 7th IEEE International Conference on Electronics Information and Emergency Communication (ICEIEC). :33–36.
When a large scale disaster strikes, it demands an efficient communication and coordination among first responders to save life and other community resources. Normally, the traditional communication infrastructures such as landline phone or cellular networks are damaged and dont provide adequate communication services to first responders for exchanging emergency related information. Wireless mesh networks is the promising alternatives in such type of situations. The security requirements for emergency response communications include privacy, data integrity, authentication, access control and availability. To build a secure communication system, usually the first attempt is to employ cryptographic keys. In critical-mission wireless mesh networks, a mesh router needs to maintain secure data communication with its neighboring mesh routers. The effective designs on fast pairwise key generation and rekeying for mesh routers are critical for emergency response and are essential to protect unicast traffic. In this paper, we present a security-enhanced session key generation and rekeying protocols EHPFS (enhanced 4-way handshake with PFS support). It eliminate the DoS attack problem of the 4-way handshake in 802.11s. EHPFS provides additional support for perfect forward secrecy (PFS). Even in case a Primary Master Key (PMK) is exposed, the session key PTK will not be compromised. The performance and security analysis show that EHPFS is efficient.
2018-01-16
Guri, M., Mirsky, Y., Elovici, Y..  2017.  9-1-1 DDoS: Attacks, Analysis and Mitigation. 2017 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy (EuroS P). :218–232.

The 911 emergency service belongs to one of the 16 critical infrastructure sectors in the United States. Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks launched from a mobile phone botnet pose a significant threat to the availability of this vital service. In this paper we show how attackers can exploit the cellular network protocols in order to launch an anonymized DDoS attack on 911. The current FCC regulations require that all emergency calls be immediately routed regardless of the caller's identifiers (e.g., IMSI and IMEI). A rootkit placed within the baseband firmware of a mobile phone can mask and randomize all cellular identifiers, causing the device to have no genuine identification within the cellular network. Such anonymized phones can issue repeated emergency calls that cannot be blocked by the network or the emergency call centers, technically or legally. We explore the 911 infrastructure and discuss why it is susceptible to this kind of attack. We then implement different forms of the attack and test our implementation on a small cellular network. Finally, we simulate and analyze anonymous attacks on a model of current 911 infrastructure in order to measure the severity of their impact. We found that with less than 6K bots (or \$100K hardware), attackers can block emergency services in an entire state (e.g., North Carolina) for days. We believe that this paper will assist the respective organizations, lawmakers, and security professionals in understanding the scope of this issue in order to prevent possible 911-DDoS attacks in the future.

2018-05-15
2015-04-30
Ing-Ray Chen, Jia Guo.  2014.  Dynamic Hierarchical Trust Management of Mobile Groups and Its Application to Misbehaving Node Detection. Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA), 2014 IEEE 28th International Conference on. :49-56.

In military operation or emergency response situations, very frequently a commander will need to assemble and dynamically manage Community of Interest (COI) mobile groups to achieve a critical mission assigned despite failure, disconnection or compromise of COI members. We combine the designs of COI hierarchical management for scalability and reconfigurability with COI dynamic trust management for survivability and intrusion tolerance to compose a scalable, reconfigurable, and survivable COI management protocol for managing COI mission-oriented mobile groups in heterogeneous mobile environments. A COI mobile group in this environment would consist of heterogeneous mobile entities such as communication-device-carried personnel/robots and aerial or ground vehicles operated by humans exhibiting not only quality of service (QoS) characters, e.g., competence and cooperativeness, but also social behaviors, e.g., connectivity, intimacy and honesty. A COI commander or a subtask leader must measure trust with both social and QoS cognition depending on mission task characteristics and/or trustee properties to ensure successful mission execution. In this paper, we present a dynamic hierarchical trust management protocol that can learn from past experiences and adapt to changing environment conditions, e.g., increasing misbehaving node population, evolving hostility and node density, etc. to enhance agility and maximize application performance. With trust-based misbehaving node detection as an application, we demonstrate how our proposed COI trust management protocol is resilient to node failure, disconnection and capture events, and can help maximize application performance in terms of minimizing false negatives and positives in the presence of mobile nodes exhibiting vastly distinct QoS and social behaviors.

Ing-Ray Chen, Jia Guo.  2014.  Dynamic Hierarchical Trust Management of Mobile Groups and Its Application to Misbehaving Node Detection. Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA), 2014 IEEE 28th International Conference on. :49-56.

In military operation or emergency response situations, very frequently a commander will need to assemble and dynamically manage Community of Interest (COI) mobile groups to achieve a critical mission assigned despite failure, disconnection or compromise of COI members. We combine the designs of COI hierarchical management for scalability and reconfigurability with COI dynamic trust management for survivability and intrusion tolerance to compose a scalable, reconfigurable, and survivable COI management protocol for managing COI mission-oriented mobile groups in heterogeneous mobile environments. A COI mobile group in this environment would consist of heterogeneous mobile entities such as communication-device-carried personnel/robots and aerial or ground vehicles operated by humans exhibiting not only quality of service (QoS) characters, e.g., competence and cooperativeness, but also social behaviors, e.g., connectivity, intimacy and honesty. A COI commander or a subtask leader must measure trust with both social and QoS cognition depending on mission task characteristics and/or trustee properties to ensure successful mission execution. In this paper, we present a dynamic hierarchical trust management protocol that can learn from past experiences and adapt to changing environment conditions, e.g., increasing misbehaving node population, evolving hostility and node density, etc. to enhance agility and maximize application performance. With trust-based misbehaving node detection as an application, we demonstrate how our proposed COI trust management protocol is resilient to node failure, disconnection and capture events, and can help maximize application performance in terms of minimizing false negatives and positives in the presence of mobile nodes exhibiting vastly distinct QoS and social behaviors.