Visible to the public Automotive CPS Workshops

The goal of this workshop series is to continue to define and refine the technology needs and gaps for deeply-embedded software-intensive electronic control systems that interact deeply with the physical world in ways that have stringent reliability, availability, and safety requirements



Visible to the public Smart Mobility: Next Generation Transportation System

The goal of any transportation system is to increase safety and efficiency of transportation infrastructure without expanding the current infrastructure. Therefore, Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) was received great effort in recent years targeting at applying well-established technologies in communications,


Visible to the public The Future of Autonomy and Safety in Mixed Traffic Urban Environments

We are at the mid-point of an NSF CPS Program supported project on Autonomous Driving in Urban Environments. The objective of this research is to “scale up” the capabilities of fully autonomous vehicles so they are capable of operating in mixed-traffic urban environments: realistic large-city driving situations with many other (mostly human-driven) vehicles. The approach is to integrate interdisciplinary advances in software, sensing and control, and modeling to address the most serious weaknesses in autonomous vehicle design revealed recently by, e.g., the DARPA Urban Challenge.


Visible to the public Bridging Aero and Auto CPS: Secure Software and Data Distribution

Transportation sectors are today faced with grand societal challenges of accommodating an unprecedented traffic increase, while improving travel safety, comfort and convenience, fuel efficiency, environmental benefit, and stakeholders business. Commonalities are emerging in the way aerospace and automotive sectors are responding to these grand challenges.


Visible to the public Time-Predictable Fault Tolerant Computing for Dependable Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems

Dependable and secure automotive cyber-physical systems (CPSs) are crucial as human’s lives are dependent on them. Many important subsystems in today’s automobiles such as the engine control system and the anti-brake system are hard real-time systems. If the CPUs in those systems have any fault, regardless of transient faults or hard faults, not only the computation results may be wrong, but also the results may be delivered late. Therefore, CPUs used in those systems must be able to handle two tasks: 1) detect and correct the errors, and 2) ensure that the error detection and correction can be done within the deadline so that the system can function correctly or have a grace period.


Visible to the public Addressing Design and Human Factors Challenges in Cyber-Transportation Systems

Given the critical importance of due consideration of human factors in the design of new applications of Cyber-Transportation Systems (CTS), this position paper argues for the need for developing integrated human-in-the-loop Research, Development, Testing and Evaluation (RDT&E) facility. The paper then presents a proposed Integrated Traffic-Driving-Networking simulator which the authors are beginning to develop. This is followed by a brief description of a longer-term vision for an integrated testing facility for CTS under extreme events.


Visible to the public HW Componentizing Kernel: A New Approach to address the Mega Complexity of Future Automotive CPS

Automobile is an important application of CPS (Cyber Physical System). However, current software development process in the automotive industry is not adequate to solve the unique problems of CPS. This paper pinpoints the limitations of the current automotive software development process in the perspective of CPS and proposes a new kernel-based approach called HW componentizing kernel as a solution.


Visible to the public Closing the loop between traffic/pollution sensing and vehicle route control

The Vision: Our planet has become more urban than rural in the last decade. Urban traffic has increased dramatically, making driving more stressful, costly, and unhealthy. According to the Texas Transportation Institute, the overall cost of metropolitan traffic congestion (in terms of wasted fuel and lost economic productivity) in the U.S. topped $87 billion in 2007, more than $750/year for every U.S. traveler.


Visible to the public Vertical Integration between Control and Communication Architectures

Integration of various sub-systems has been one of the most time consuming and costly endeavor in the automotive domain. For example, in automotive industry the vehicle control system rely on system components manufactured by different vendors with their own software and hardware. What is needed is a new system science that enables the reliable and cost effective integration of independently developed system components.