Visible to the public The Coordination of Cyber and Kinetic Deception for Operational Effect: Attacking the C4ISR Interface

TitleThe Coordination of Cyber and Kinetic Deception for Operational Effect: Attacking the C4ISR Interface
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsOrmrod, D.
Conference NameMilitary Communications Conference (MILCOM), 2014 IEEE
Date PublishedOct
KeywordsAircraft, C4ISR interface attacking, combat, command and control, command and control systems, cyber attack, cyber deception, cyber environment, deception, decision maker, decision making, Force, information network attack, kinetic deception, Kinetic theory, operational effect, risk management, security of data, Sensors, surveillance, Synchronization, Trust

Modern military forces are enabled by networked command and control systems, which provide an important interface between the cyber environment, electronic sensors and decision makers. However these systems are vulnerable to cyber attack. A successful cyber attack could compromise data within the system, leading to incorrect information being utilized for decisions with potentially catastrophic results on the battlefield. Degrading the utility of a system or the trust a decision maker has in their virtual display may not be the most effective means of employing offensive cyber effects. The coordination of cyber and kinetic effects is proposed as the optimal strategy for neutralizing an adversary's C4ISR advantage. However, such an approach is an opportunity cost and resource intensive. The adversary's cyber dependence can be leveraged as a means of gaining tactical and operational advantage in combat, if a military force is sufficiently trained and prepared to attack the entire information network. This paper proposes a research approach intended to broaden the understanding of the relationship between command and control systems and the human decision maker, as an interface for both cyber and kinetic deception activity.

Citation Key6956747