Visible to the public CPS Workshops by Topic

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CPS Architectures | Agriculture | Clockwork & Timing | CPS Big Data | CPS Cloud ComputingCPS Community Forum
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Foundations | Internet of Things | Manufacturing | Medical Devices | Robotics | CPS Security | CPS Symposia 
Smart and Connected CommunitiesTransportation | Urban Planning

2014 NSF CPS Reference Architectures Workshop 
The goal of this workshop was to help identify elements of CPS reference architecture and an Industrial Internet "stack".

2012 National Workshop on the New Clockwork for Time-Critical Cyber-Physical Systems
The goal of the workshop was to define a list of needs for research on time-critical aspects of cyber-physical systems so that future research can develop robust foundations for reasoning about time in cyber-physical systems across scales, managing resources to meet timeliness requirements, and ensuring service agreements through new tools, techniques and methodologies. The workshop was structured as a sequence of panels, presentations and breakout sessions. A draft report was generated from this workshop and can be found here.

planning meeting for the full workshop was held on June 11 and 12, 2012 in Dayton, Ohio. The planning meeting focused on identifying the structure and technical agenda for the workshop. Details about the planning meeting can be found at

2015 Workshop on Big Data Analytics in CPS: Enabling the Move from IoT to Real-Time Control
We convened the community for a workshop to explore challenges and opportunities in moving from IoT to real-time control and CPS. This workshop focused on the current state of big data real time analytics in CPS (in medical, transportation (automotive, aerospace, rail), energy and other fields), evaluated the promises and shortcomings, and evaluated what needs to be done to enable big data real-time analytics in closed-loop cyber-physical systems.

2013 CPS Cloud Computing - Coming Soon 
A report for this workshop is forthcoming.


CPS Community Forum (at CPS Week)
The CPS Program, largely through NSF's guidance, has experienced significant progress in advancing innovative technology in an array of domains, including agriculture, energy, manufacturing, medical, security, and transportation, to name a few. Over the next five years, we envision the need for increased fundamental CPS research to address the growth in global demand for innovation in these and new domains. The importance of fundamental CPS research has rapidly expanded from that of a national government programmatic interest, to that of state and municipal government interests, as well as to a growing interest to the commercial world. For example, NIST's CPS Public Working Groups and the Industrial Internet Consortium, are recent developments underscoring the importance of government and industry moves to help accelerate the growth of innovative CPS technologies into the industrial economy as well as to influence the consolidation of best practice standards for these technologies.

Thus, the CPS Community Forum is a community organized event that provides an open environment for all CPS Week participants to learn about and engage in discussion on current and future government initiatives and growing innovative community collaborations impacting the CPS Program.

20162015 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008

National Workshop on Resilience Research (NWRR) for Critical Infrastructure: Current Status and Challenges
The National Workshop on Resilience Research (NWRR) will gather leading researchers from academic, government and private institutions to advance a research and development (R&D) strategy to accelerate integrated efforts for developing near-ready-for-proof-of-concept technologies and applications. The workshop will also identify policy and economic incentives that can overcome current barriers to early and widespread adoption of these technologies and applications. An integrated resilience strategy is inherently multi-disciplinary by nature, and will lead to holistically addressing resilience challenges that stand in the way of rapid transition of deployments by government and industry

2017 Aspiring Cyber-Physical Systems Principal Investigators' Workshop
The goal of the workshop is to help aspiring PIs understand what NSF will expect to see in a successful CPS proposal, and to articulate their ideas in a way that proposal reviewers can more easily understand how the proposed work will contribute to the CPS research agenda.

2015 NSF Early-Career Investigators Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems in Smart Cities 
This workshop sought to identify, develop, and strengthen the CPS research community, particularly in the emerging areas of Smart Cities. Participation in this workshop was thus prioritized for early-career researchers (i.e., senior Ph.D. candidates, postdoctoral fellows, research scientists, and assistant professors). 


2014 NSF Early Career Professionals' Workshop on Exploring New Frontiers in Cyber-Physical Systems 
This workshop aimed to identify new paradigms, challenges, and opportunities that will define future research directions for CPS; expand the conversation to facilitate advances in closely related disciplines such as energy, transportation, and healthcare; and nurture and grow the field by fostering new collaborations among young researchers. 

A Visioning Workshop for International Networks to Advance CPS Research, Development, and Education Worldwide
This workshop was held at CPS-Week 2018.

Workshop on Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems Education (at Embedded Systems Week) 
The WESE workshop series aims to bring researchers, educators, and industrial representatives together to assess needs and share design, research, and experiences in embedded and cyber-physical systems education. Embedded and cyber-physical systems design requires multidisciplinary skills from areas such as control and signal processing theory, electronics, computer engineering and science, networking, physical systems modeling, etc., as well as application domain knowledge. 

2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012


2014 NSF Workshop for Aspiring PIs in Cyber-Physical Systems 
The workshop provided tools to aspiring PIs in order to improve their success in the CPS area. The talks and panel discussions were captured via video, in order to disseminate the information from the workshop to a larger audience.

Toward 21st-Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education
The Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) of the National Academies hosted a workshop on 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education. The workshop was held in Washington, DC on October 2-3, 2014. The work was supported by the National Science Foundation. An interim report was generated from this workshop and can be found here.

Workshop on 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education: Defining Needs and Identifying Challenges 
The Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) of the National Academies hosted a workshop on 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education: Defining Needs and Identifying Challenges. The workshop was held in Washington, DC on April 30, 2014. The organizing committee was been tasked to examine how to better educate a workforce that increasingly designs, develops, and maintains cyber-physical systems. The work was supported by the National Science Foundation. An interim report was generated from this workshop and can be found here


2013 First Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems Education
CPS-Ed sought to build a systematic approach to cyber-physical systems education with specific emphasis on outcomes of a good CPS education. As a launching point we proposed such outcomes in a framework inspired by ABET Engineering Criteria Program Educational Outcomes[ii], though we do not mean to imply CPS education should necessarily be part of an accreditation process. 

planning meeting was held on October 24, 2012 in Baltimore, Maryland. Details about the planning meeting can be found at

2013 NSF National Workshop on Energy Cyber-Physical Systems 
This workshop offered a unique NSF perspective focusing on the blend of the cyber and physical aspects of energy, and provided inputs from a broader energy-related community including academia, industry and other federal agencies for a long term CPS research agenda. The workshop identified fundamental issues and provided research directions for enabling strategic approaches to achieving future cyber-controlled energy infrastructures, including monitoring, control, and protection solutions. A report for this workshop is forthcoming. 

2009 National Workshop New Research Directions for Future Cyber-Physical Energy Systems
The objective of the workshop was to identify the research directions required to support the use of cyber technologies in shaping the evolution of future energy systems with the aim of increasing the functionality, reliability, and availability of energy sources, adaptive demand, and delivery. The workshop addressed the R&D challenges and opportunities for building the next generation of high-confidence energy cyber-physical systems that are innovative, resilient, and sustainable. A draft report was generated by this workshop and can be found here

Workshop on Game Changing and Controversial Topics in Cyber-Physical Systems
The goal of this workshop was to identify and document game changing, but possibly controversial topics with the purpose of stimulating discussions in the research community.

2008 CPS Information Day
At this event, information related to the recently announced NSF Research Program on Cyber-Physical Systems was provided in a morning session. A subsequent afternoon workshop considered building a CPS research community.


2008 The First International Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems - Coming Soon

2008 CPS Summit
The purpose of this workshop was to strongly influence a FY 2009 NSF Research Initiative on CPS.

Workshop: From Embedded Systems to Cyber-Physical Systems: a Review of the State-of-the-Art and Research Needs
This workshop was held in conjunction with RTAS in St. Louis, MO, on April 21, 2008. It was partially sponsored by the European Community Artist Network of Excellence and COMBEST STREP. The theme of the workshop is presenting an overarching view of methodologies and theories for the design of embedded and critical systems as it has emerged in the past five years and discussing the future in terms of the extension of the notion of embedded systems to Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). In the overview of the present status of the discipline, the workshop will address heterogeneous system composition, design methods based on abstraction and refinement, interface theories, mapping of abstract entities to implementation platforms and industrial applications. The discussion will also include public research organizations. European Community representatives will provide the state-of-the-art and the research initiatives on embedded systems in the EU.

2008 Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems: Closing the Loop
This workshop was a community activity to raise awareness of cyber-physical systems and discuss technical challenges in the area. The workshop presented several invited talks to frame issues and included substantial time for discussion by all participants.


2007 NSF Industry Round-Table on Cyber-Physical Systems - Coming Soon


2007 National Workshop on Composable and Systems Technologies for High-Confidence Cyber-Physical Systems
The purpose of the CST-HCCPS Workshop was to assess research needs and promising technical approaches pertaining to restructuring current systems technology to derive the high confidence software platforms needed for cyber physical systems (CPS). The CST-HCCPS Workshop produced documentation delivered in the form of a final report that helped to shape national research investments in HCSS-related systems and assurance technologies.

2006 High-Confidence Software Platforms for Cyber-Physical Systems (HCSP-CPS) Workshop
Some of the most challenging R&D software problems for cyber-physical systems are those associated with producing, and where computer processors control physical, chemical, or biological processes or devices. Examples of such systems include airplanes and air traffic control systems, automobiles, power grids, oil refineries, and patient monitoring systems. Despite advances in standards-based commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) technologies, key challenges must be addressed before COTS software can be used to build mission-critical distributed real-time embedded (DRE) systems effectively and productively. Recognizing this tremendous challenge and responsibility, the HCSS Coordinating Group decided to conduct an extensive community outreach for exploring new ideas and identifying emerging trends that could be used as input for a National research agenda on High Confidence Software Platforms for Cyber-Physical Systems. In particular, the workshop focused on R&D strategies and tactics for restructuring the current real-time operating system, virtual machine, and distributed computing middleware platforms into a sound and assured real-time technology base for building future cyber-physical systems.


2006 NSF Workshop On Cyber-Physical Systems: Research Motivation, Techniques and Roadmap
The research initiative on Cyber-Physical Systems sought new scientific foundations and technologies to enable the rapid and reliable development and integration of computer- and information-centric physical and engineered systems. The goal of the initiative was to usher in a new generation of engineered systems that are highly dependable, efficiently produced, and capable of advanced performance in information, computation, communication, and control. 

U.S.-German Workshop on the Internet of Things (IoT) / Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)
The workshop, primarily sponsored by the U.S. National Science Foundation and the German Embassy in Washington, D.C. on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), discussed ongoing R&D activities in this area and identified future joint research opportunities.

Medical Cyber-Physical Systems Workshop Series on Medical Device Interoperability, Safety, & Security Assurance
The Medical CPS workshop series provides a forum for the presentation of research and development covering all aspects of High Confidence Medical Devices, Software, and Systems (HCMDSS), which are essential to support innovative, networked Medical Device (MD) systems to improve safety and efficiency in health care.

2012 | 2013 | 2014​2015

2014 NSF National Workshop on Research Frontiers in Medical CPS
The goal of the workshop was to identify research directions and opportunities that, if pursued, can initiate new developments in medical instrumentation, technologies, and approaches to maintaining health and wellbeing, and treating illnesses.


Joint Workshop on High Confidence Medical Devices, Software, and Systems (HCMDSS) and Medical Device Plug-and-Play (MD PnP) Interoperability Series
The joint HCMDSS and MD PnP workshop series provides a forum for the presentation of research and development covering all aspects of high integrity medical devices, software, and systems, which are essential to support innovative networked medical device systems to improve safety and efficiency in health care.

20042005 | 2007 | 2009 | 2011

Robotics and Cyber-Physical Systems, Special Sessions at IEEE/RSJ 2008 International Conference on Intelligent RObots and Systems (IROS 2008)

IEEE ICC Workshop on Security and Privacy for IOT and CPS Systems
Recent advances in networking, communications, computation, software, and hardware technologies have revolutionized the way humans, smart things, and engineered systems interact and exchange information. The Internet of Things (IoT) and Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), which are the major contributors to this area, will fuel the realization of this new, globally interconnected cyber-world. The goal of the 2015 IoT/CPS-Security workshop is to bring together internationally leading academic and industrial researchers in an effort to identify and discuss the major technical challenges and recent results aimed at addressing all aspects of security and privacy for IoT and CPS.

1st ACM Cyber-Physical System Security Workshop (CPSS 2015) held in conjunction with ACM AsiaCCS'15
Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) consist of large-scale interconnected systems of heterogeneous components interacting with their physical environments. There are a multitude of CPS devices and applications being deployed to serve critical functions in our lives. The security of CPS becomes extremely important. This workshop will provide a platform for professionals from academia, government, and industry to discuss how to address the increasing security challenges facing CPS. Besides invited talks, we also seek novel submissions describing theoretical and practical security solutions to CPS. Papers that are pertinent to the security of embedded systems, SCADA, smart grid, and critical infrastructure networks are all welcome, especially in the domains of energy and transportation.

Foundations of Dependable and Secure Cyber-Physical Systems (at CPS Week 2011)
The workshop focused on system theoretic approaches to address fundamental challenges to make CPS secure, dependable, and trustworthy with a particular emphasis given on the control and verification challenges arising as a result of complex interdependencies between these networked systems. In doing so, the workshop served as a first step toward the development of a principled approach to high-confidence CPS. This workshop was held as part of CPS Week 2011 on April 11, 2011 in Chicago, Illinois.

2009 Workshop on Future Directions in Cyber-Physical Systems Security
The objective of the workshop was to provide a forum for representatives from various government agencies who briefly presented their strategic vision of securing the cyber-physical systems as it related to the nation's critical infrastructures; researchers from academia, industry and national laboratories assessed the state of the art, identify related R&D challenges, and proposed solutions to address these challenges; subject matter experts, practitioners and state and local representatives discussed their perspectives on the current state of the security of cyber-physical systems; where should the technology and science be in 5-10 years from now; why we are not there now - What are some of the challenges that are in the way of to be there now?; and why do we need to be there? The results of the workshop helped DHS-S&T formulate near and long term investment decisions as well as research strategies, plans and objectives for cyber-physical systems security.

2009 ARO Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems Security
The workshop will focus on defining the terms, identifying research topics and challenges, and delineating the short, medium and long term research agenda for CPS security for the Army in the context of Future Combat Systems (FCS), as well as identifying a list of major research areas that must be investigated to model, detect and defend threats using CPS framework for FCS. ARO and Army in general will significantly benefit from research and understanding in this area. The workshop took place 26-27 August 2009 at the University of Washington, Seattle and was hosted by the Department of Electrical Engineering.


2008 Workshop on Security and Privacy in Cyber-Physical Systems - Coming Soon



Workshop on Smart and Connected Communities: Technological Foundations, Challenges and Opportunities (SCC-2021)
The Smart & Connected Communities Virtual Principal Investigator's Meeting was held from Wednesday, April 7 through Friday, April 9, 2021.

International Workshop on Science of Smart City Operations and Platforms Engineering (SCOPE)
This workshop in partnership with Global City Teams Challenge (GCTC) encouraged submissions of previously unpublished work that addressed challenges critical to integrating humans, physical components and computers in cyber-physical systems at smart city scale. 

2020  |  2019  |  2018  |  2017  |  2016

Smart City Hackathon
Since winning the U.S. Department of Transportation's Smart City Challenge in 2016, Columbus has sought to build out a more connected and data-driven transportation system. The upcoming hackathon will expand that vision by leveraging the Smart Columbus Operating System (SCOS), an open data platform that will house public and private transportation data. 

Workshop on Smart and Connected Communities: Technological Foundations, Challenges and Opportunities (SCC-2018)
The 19th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Networking (ICDCN 2018), held between Jan 4-7, 2018 at IIT-BHU, Varanasi, India included a workshop on Smart Cities.

2017 National Workshop on Developing a Research Agenda for Connected Rural Communities (CRC'17)
The University of Virginia is convening a national workshop to define overarching challenges, explore opportunities, develop collaborations, and build strategies toward a research agenda to advance quality of life in under-connected (medium, small, remote, and rural) communities.

NSF Visioning Workshop on Smart and Connected Communities Research and Education
The purpose of the workshop was to engage academic researchers, industry partners, and municipal leaders in detailed discussions on research gaps, practical needs, and priorities for enabling the smart and connected communities of the future. The ultimate goal was to create a research agenda to achieve the S&CC vision.


2015 NSF Early-Career Investigators Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems in Smart Cities 
This workshop sought to identify, develop, and strengthen the CPS research community, particularly in the emerging areas of Smart Cities. Participation in this workshop was thus prioritized for early-career researchers (i.e., senior Ph.D. candidates, postdoctoral fellows, research scientists, and assistant professors). 

Symposium on Cyber-Physical Systems: Applications and Challenges
Cyber-physical systems are key enabling technologies for controlling and building future automobiles, aircraft, power grids, manufacturing plants, medical systems, and building systems. These new engineering systems integrate computing, communication, and control technologies. The symposium will address these next generation systems and their potential benefits to our society, economy, and the environment.

2014 NSF National Workshop on Transportation Cyber-Physical Systems
This workshop gathered leaders from industry, research laboratories, academic institutions, and government agencies to assess the current state of transportation CPS and continue discussion on future directions for research and development.


2011 Workshop on Developing Dependable and Secure Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems from Compontents
The goal of this workshop was to address emerging challenges relative to reliability, availability, safety, and security attributes of software-intensive electronic automotive controls systems, and road infrastructure systems.

2008 National Workshop for Research on Transportation Cyber-Physical Systems: Automotive, Aviation, and Rail
This workshop is aimed at identifying common needs and research challenges that must be addressed for the healthy future of individual sector as well as collective transportation sector for aviation, automobile and railway. This workshop generated a report that can be found here

2008 National Workshop on High-Confidence Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems
This initial automotive workshop established the value of and interest in automotive applications for the Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) research agenda.

December 2007 (Planning meeting) | April 2008


2006 National Workshop on Aviation Software Systems: Design for Certifiably Dependable Systems
The goal of the workshop was to bring together the Practice Community with the Research Community to define the Intellectual Agenda in Software for Critical Aviation Systems.