Visible to the public CPS Workshops by Year

2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 | 2017 | 2018 | 2019 | 2020 | 2021

Workshop on Smart and Connected Communities: Technological Foundations, Challenges and Opportunities (SCC-2021)
The Smart & Connected Communities Virtual Principal Investigator's Meeting was held from Wednesday, April 7 through Friday, April 9, 2021.

Fifth International Workshop on Science of Smart City Operations and Platforms Engineering (SCOPE 2020)
This workshop in partnership with Global City Teams Challenge (GCTC) encouraged submissions of previously unpublished work that addressed challenges critical to integrating humans, physical components and computers in cyber-physical systems at smart city scale.

Fourth International Workshop on Science of Smart City Operations and Platforms Engineering (SCOPE 2019)
This workshop in partnership with Global City Teams Challenge (GCTC) encouraged submissions of previously unpublished work that addressed challenges critical to integrating humans, physical components and computers in cyber-physical systems at smart city scale.

A Visioning Workshop for International Networks to Advance CPS Research, Development, and Education Worldwide
This workshop was held at CPS-Week 2018.

Third International Workshop on Science of Smart City Operations and Platforms Engineering (SCOPE 2018)
This workshop in partnership with Global City Teams Challenge (GCTC) encouraged submissions of previously unpublished work that addressed challenges critical to integrating humans, physical components and computers in cyber-physical systems at smart city scale.

Smart City Hackathon
Since winning the U.S. Department of Transportation's Smart City Challenge in 2016, Columbus has sought to build out a more connected and data-driven transportation system. The upcoming hackathon will expand that vision by leveraging the Smart Columbus Operating System (SCOS), an open data platform that will house public and private transportation data.

Workshop on Smart and Connected Communities: Technological Foundations, Challenges and Opportunities (SCC-2018)
The 19th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Networking (ICDCN 2018), held between Jan 4-7, 2018 at IIT-BHU, Varanasi, India included a workshop on Smart Cities.

2017 National Workshop on Developing a Research Agenda for Connected Rural Communities (CRC'17)
The University of Virginia is convening a national workshop to define overarching challenges, explore opportunities, develop collaborations, and build strategies toward a research agenda to advance quality of life in under-connected (medium, small, remote, and rural) communities.

2017 Aspiring Cyber-Physical Systems Principal Investigators' Workshop
The goal of the workshop is to help aspiring PIs understand what NSF will expect to see in a successful CPS proposal, and to articulate their ideas in a way that proposal reviewers can more easily understand how the proposed work will contribute to the CPS research agenda.


Second International Workshop on Science of Smart City Operations and Platforms Engineering (SCOPE 2017)
This workshop encouraged submissions of previously unpublished work that addressed the challenges critical to integrating humans, physical components and computers in cyber-physical systems at smart city scale.

Workshop on Game Changing and Controversial Topics in Cyber-Physical Systems
The goal of this workshop was to identify and document game changing, but possibly controversial topics with the purpose of stimulating discussions in the research community.

First International Workshop on Science of Smart City Operations and Platforms Engineering (SCOPE 2016)
This workshop will explore provisions in existing and planned smart city deployments, including those by teams in the Global City Teams Challenge (GCTC), for replicability, scalability, and interoperability.

U.S.- German Workshop on the Internet of Things (IoT) / Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)
The workshop, primarily sponsored by the U.S. National Science Foundation and the German Embassy in Washington, D.C. on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), discussed ongoing R&D activities in this area and identified future joint research opportunities.

NSF Visioning Workshop on Smart and Connected Communities Research and Education
The purpose of the workshop was to engage academic researchers, industry partners, and municipal leaders in detailed discussions on research gaps, practical needs, and priorities for enabling the smart and connected communities of the future. The ultimate goal was to create a research agenda to achieve the S&CC vision.

2016 CPS Community Forum (at CPS Week 2016)
The CPS Community Forum is a community organized event that provides an open environment for all CPS Week participants to learn about and engage in discussion on current and future government initiatives and growing innovative community collaborations impacting the CPS Program.

National Workshop on Resilience Research (NWRR) for Critical Infrastructure: Current Status and Challenges
The National Workshop on Resilience Research (NWRR) will gather leading researchers from academic, government and private institutions to advance a research and development (R&D) strategy to accelerate integrated efforts for developing near-ready-for-proof-of-concept technologies and applications. The workshop will also identify policy and economic incentives that can overcome current barriers to early and widespread adoption of these technologies and applications. An integrated resilience strategy is inherently multi-disciplinary by nature, and will lead to holistically addressing resilience challenges that stand in the way of rapid transition of deployments by government and industry.

2015 Workshop on Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems Education (at Embedded Systems Week)
The WESE workshop series aims to bring researchers, educators, and industrial representatives together to assess needs and share design, research, and experiences in embedded and cyber-physical systems education. Embedded and cyber-physical systems design requires multidisciplinary skills from areas such as control and signal processing theory, electronics, computer engineering and science, networking, physical systems modeling, etc., as well as application domain knowledge.

Medical CPS Workshop 2015: Medical Device Interoperability, Safety, & Security Assurance (at CPS Week 2015)
The Medical CPS workshop provided a forum for the presentation of research and development covering all aspects of High Confidence Medical Devices, Software, and Systems (HCMDSS), which is essential to support innovative, networked Medical Device (MD) systems to improve safety and efficiency in health care.

2015 CPS Community Forum (at CPS Week 2015)
The CPS Community Forum was a community organized event that provided an open environment for all CPS Week participants to learn about and engage in discussion on current and future government initiatives and growing innovative community collaborations impacting the CPS Program.

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2015 NSF Early-Career Investigators Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems in Smart Cities
This workshop sought to identify, develop, and strengthen the CPS research community, particularly in the emerging areas of Smart Cities. Participation in this workshop was thus prioritized for early-career researchers (i.e., senior Ph.D. candidates, postdoctoral fellows, research scientists, and assistant professors). We encouraged participation and contribution from all research disciplines, including computer and information science, engineering, social, behavioral and economic sciences, and beyond. We also welcomed contributions from international researchers.

2015 Workshop on Big Data Analytics in CPS: Enabling the Move from IoT to Real-Time Control
We convened the community for a workshop to explore challenges and opportunities in moving from IoT to real-time control and CPS. This workshop focused on the current state of big data real time analytics in CPS (in medical, transportation (automotive, aerospace, rail), energy and other fields), evaluated the promises and shortcomings, and evaluated what needs to be done to enable big data real-time analytics in closed-loop cyber-physical systems.

Symposium on Cyber-Physical Systems: Applications and Challenges
Cyber-physical systems are key enabling technologies for controlling and building future automobiles, aircraft, power grids, manufacturing plants, medical systems, and building systems. These new engineering systems integrate computing, communication, and control technologies. The symposium will address these next generation systems and their potential benefits to our society, economy, and the environment.

IEEE ICC Workshop on Security and Privacy for IOT and CPS Systems
Recent advances in networking, communications, computation, software, and hardware technologies have revolutionized the way humans, smart things, and engineered systems interact and exchange information. The Internet of Things (IoT) and Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), which are the major contributors to this area, will fuel the realization of this new, globally interconnected cyber-world. The goal of the 2015 IoT/CPS-Security workshop is to bring together internationally leading academic and industrial researchers in an effort to identify and discuss the major technical challenges and recent results aimed at addressing all aspects of security and privacy for IoT and CPS.

1st ACM Cyber-Physical System Security Workshop (CPSS 2015) held in conjunction with ACM AsiaCCS'15
Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) consist of large-scale interconnected systems of heterogeneous components interacting with their physical environments. There are a multitude of CPS devices and applications being deployed to serve critical functions in our lives. The security of CPS becomes extremely important. This workshop will provide a platform for professionals from academia, government, and industry to discuss how to address the increasing security challenges facing CPS. Besides invited talks, we also seek novel submissions describing theoretical and practical security solutions to CPS. Papers that are pertinent to the security of embedded systems, SCADA, smart grid, and critical infrastructure networks are all welcome, especially in the domains of energy and transportation.

2014 NSF National Workshop on Transportation Cyber-Physical Systems
This workshop gathered leaders from industry, research laboratories, academic institutions, and government agencies to assess the current state of transportation CPS and continue discussion on future directions for research and development. A report for this workshop is forthcoming.

2014 NSF National Workshop on Research Frontiers in Medical CPS
The goal of the workshop was to identify research directions and opportunities that, if pursued, would initiate new developments in medical instrumentation, technologies, and approaches to maintaining health and wellbeing and treating illnesses. This workshop built on the conversations of previous medical CPS meetings such as the Planning Meeting for NSF Workshop on Medical Device Innovation (July 2012) and Joint Medical CPS workshops conducted as part of CPS Week during 2011 and 2013 among others. A report for this workshop is forthcoming.

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2014 NSF Early Career Professionals' Workshop on Exploring New Frontiers in Cyber-Physical Systems
This workshop aimed to identify new paradigms, challenges, and opportunities that will define future research directions for CPS; expand the conversation to facilitate advances in closely related disciplines such as energy, transportation, and healthcare; and nurture and grow the field by fostering new collaborations among young researchers.

2014 NSF CPS Reference Architectures Workshop
The goal of this workshop was to help identify elements of CPS reference architecture and an Industrial Internet "stack".

2014 NSF Workshop for Aspiring PIs in Cyber-Physical Systems
The workshop provided tools to aspiring PIs in order to improve their success in the CPS area. The talks and panel discussions were captured via video, in order to disseminate the information from the workshop to a larger audience.

Medical CPS Workshop 2014: Medical Device Interoperability, Safety, & Security Assurance (at CPS Week 2014)
The Medical CPS workshop provides a forum for the presentation of research and development covering all aspects of high integrity medical devices, software, and systems, which is essential to support innovative, networked medical device systems to improve safety and efficiency in health care. This year, the workshop will feature medical device and clinical experts from the EU.

Toward 21st-Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education
The Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) of the National Academies hosted a workshop on 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education. The workshop was held in Washington, DC on October 2-3, 2014. The work was supported by the National Science Foundation. An interim report was generated from this workshop and can be found here.
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Workshop on 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education: Defining Needs and Identifying Challenges
The Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) of the National Academies hosted a workshop on 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education: Defining Needs and Identifying Challenges. The workshop was held in Washington, DC on April 30, 2014. The organizing committee was been tasked to examine how to better educate a workforce that increasingly designs, develops, and maintains cyber-physical systems. The work was supported by the National Science Foundation. An interim report was generated from this workshop and can be found here.

2014 Workshop on Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems Education (at Embedded Systems Week)
Demand for embedded and cyber-physical system engineers has motivated a growing interest in the question of educating specialists in this domain. As system designs grow more complex and the time to market diminishes, quality education becomes more and more important. The WESE workshop series aimed to bring researchers, educators, and industrial representatives together to assess needs and share design, research, and experiences in embedded and cyber-physical systems education.

Medical CPS Workshop 2013: Medical Device Interoperatbility, Safety, & Security Assurance (at CPS Week 2013)
The fourth workshop on Medical Cyber-Physical Systems (formerly know as HCMDSS (High Confidence Medical Devices, Software, and Systems) and Medical Device Plug-and- Play (MD PnP)) provides a forum for the presentation of research and development covering aspects of high integrity and interoperability for medical devices, software, and systems that are essential to improve safety and efficiency in health care. The goal of the workshop is to bring together medical device specialists, including researchers, developers, and caregivers, from clinical environments, industry, research laboratories, academia, and government to identify and address challenges facing the design, manufacture, certification, and use of medical devices.

A planning meeting for the workshop was held July 18-19, 2012 to prepare for the Spring Workshop. The planning meeting brought together invited experts from the clinical and technology domains to define healthcare challenges that can benefit from advanced CPS-enabled technologies. Details about the planning meeting can be found at https://cps-vo.org/CPSMedicalDevicesPlanningMeeting

2013 Workshop on Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems Education (at Embedded Systems Week)
The WESE workshop series aims to bring researchers, educators, and industrial representatives together to assess needs and share design, research, and experiences in embedded and cyber-physical systems education. Embedded and cyber-physical systems design requires multidisciplinary skills from areas such as control and signal processing theory, electronics, computer engineering and science, networking, physical systems modeling, etc., as well as application domain knowledge.

2013 NSF National Workshop on Energy Cyber-Physical Systems
This workshop offered a unique NSF perspective focusing on the blend of the cyber and physical aspects of energy, and provided inputs from a broader energy-related community including academia, industry and other federal agencies for a long term CPS research agenda. The workshop identified fundamental issues and provided research directions for enabling strategic approaches to achieving future cyber-controlled energy infrastructures, including monitoring, control, and protection solutions. A report for this workshop is forthcoming.

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2013 First Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems Education
CPS-Ed sought to build a systematic approach to cyber-physical systems education with specific emphasis on outcomes of a good CPS education. As a launching point we proposed such outcomes in a framework inspired by ABET Engineering Criteria Program Educational Outcomes[ii], though we do not mean to imply CPS education should necessarily be part of an accreditation process.

A planning meeting was held on October 24, 2012 in Baltimore, Maryland. Details about the planning meeting can be found at https://cps-vo.org/group/edu/planning

2013 CPS Cloud Computing - Coming Soon
A report for this workshop is forthcoming.

2012 National Workshop on the New Clockwork for Time-Critical Cyber-Physical Systems
The goal of the workshop was to define a list of needs for research on time-critical aspects of cyber-physical systems so that future research can develop robust foundations for reasoning about time in cyber-physical systems across scales, managing resources to meet timeliness requirements, and ensuring service agreements through new tools, techniques and methodologies. The workshop was structured as a sequence of panels, presentations and breakout sessions. A draft report was generated from this workshop and can be found here.

A planning meeting for the full workshop was held on June 11 and 12, 2012 in Dayton, Ohio. The planning meeting focused on identifying the structure and technical agenda for the workshop. Details about the planning meeting can be found at https://cps-vo.org/group/time/planning

2012 Workshop on Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems Education (at Embedded Systems Week)
The WESE workshop series aims to bring researchers, educators, and industrial representatives together to assess needs and share design, research, and experiences in embedded and cyber-physical systems education. Embedded and cyber-physical systems design requires multidisciplinary skills from areas such as control and signal processing theory, electronics, computer engineering and science, networking, physical systems modeling, etc., as well as application domain knowledge.

2011 CPS Community Forum (at CPS Week 2011)
The goal of the CPS Community Forum is to facilitate information exchange among industry, government and academic participants of CPSWEEK. Topics covered by the Forum include reports from the Industry Executive board and Academic Executive Board of the CPS Virtual Organization, discussion of CPS technology needs, research directions and state of education in the US, summaries of CPS research approaches internationally. The panel discussion will focus on exploiting new strategies to collaborative research in industry and academy, on accelerating the establishment of a core science and technology foundation that is relevant to the extremely broad spectrum of applications for CPS and identifying solutions for the education challenges.

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2011 Workshop on Developing Dependable and Secure Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems from Compontents
The goal of this workshop was to address emerging challenges relative to reliability, availability, safety, and security attributes of software-intensive electronic automotive controls systems, and road infrastructure systems. A draft report was generated from this workshop and can be found here.

Foundations of Dependable and Secure Cyber-Physical Systems (at CPS Week 2011)
The workshop focused on system theoretic approaches to address fundamental challenges to make CPS secure, dependable, and trustworthy with a particular emphasis given on the control and verification challenges arising as a result of complex interdependencies between these networked systems. In doing so, the workshop served as a first step toward the development of a principled approach to high-confidence CPS. This workshop was held as part of CPS Week 2011 on April 11, 2011 in Chicago, Illinois.

2010 CPS Community Forum (EU-US Institutional Panel at CPS Week 2010 | 1st International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems)
In the scope of the first International Conference on CPS (ICCPS), one of the streams of the CPS Week 2010, an EU-US Institutional Panel discussion was held to discuss strategies and approaches as well as cooperation opportunities in the area of CPS/Embedded Systems and Control. The different approaches to the theme, as well as the different priorities, were highlighted while trying to reinforce the existing informal cooperation between EU and the US.

2009 National Workshop on New Research Directions for Future Cyber-Physical Energy Systems
The objective of the workshop was to identify the research directions required to support the use of cyber technologies in shaping the evolution of future energy systems with the aim of increasing the functionality, reliability, and availability of energy sources, adaptive demand, and delivery. The workshop addressed the R&D challenges and opportunities for building the next generation of high-confidence energy CPS that are innovative, resilient, and sustainable. A draft report was generated by this workshop and can be found here.

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2009 2nd Joint Workshop On High Confidence Medical Devices, Software, and Systems (HCMDSS) and Medical Device Plug-and-Play (MD PnP) Interoperability
The joint workshop on HCMDSS (High Confidence Medical Devices, Software, and Systems) and Medical Device Plug-and-Play (MD PnP) provided a forum for the presentation of research and development covering all aspects of high integrity medical devices, software, and systems, which is essential to support innovative networked medical device systems to improve safety and efficiency in health care. The purpose of the HCMDSS/MD PnP workshop was to provide a working forum for medical device specialists, including researchers, developers, and caregivers, from clinical environments, industry, research laboratories, academia, and government with the goal of advancing science, technology, and practice to overcome crucial medical devices, software, and systems issues and challenges facing the design, manufacture, certification, and use of medical devices.

2009 Workshop on Future Directions in Cyber-Physical Systems Security
The objective of the workshop was to provide a forum for representatives from various government agencies who briefly presented their strategic vision of securing the cyber-physical systems as it related to the nation's critical infrastructures; researchers from academia, industry and national laboratories assessed the state of the art, identify related R&D challenges, and proposed solutions to address these challenges; subject matter experts, practitioners and state and local representatives discussed their perspectives on the current state of the security of cyber-physical systems; where should the technology and science be in 5-10 years from now; why we are not there now - What are some of the challenges that are in the way of to be there now?; and why do we need to be there? That is, what legitimate case can be made to justify the needed R&D investments The results of the workshop helped DHS-S&T formulate near and long term investment decisions as well as research strategies, plans and objectives for cyber-physical systems security.

2009 CPS Community Forum ( at CPS Week 2009)
The goal of the CPS Community Forum was to lay the foundations of a CPS Research community.

2009 ARO Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems Security
The workshop will focus on defining the terms, identifying research topics and challenges, and delineating the short, medium and long term research agenda for CPS security for the Army in the context of Future Combat Systems (FCS), as well as identifying a list of major research areas that must be investigated to model, detect and defend threats using CPS framework for FCS. ARO and Army in general will significantly benefit from research and understanding in this area. The workshop took place 26-27 August 2009 at the University of Washington, Seattle and was hosted by the Department of Electrical Engineering.

2008 CPS Information Day
At this event, information related to the recently announced NSF Research Program on Cyber-Physical Systems was provided in a morning session. A subsequent afternoon workshop considered building a CPS research community.

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2008 The First International Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems - Coming Soon

2008 CPS Summit
The purpose of this workshop was to strongly influence a FY 2009 NSF Research Initiative on CPS.

2008 Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems: Closing the Loop
This workshop was a community activity to raise awareness of cyber-physical systems and discuss technical challenges in the area. The workshop presented several invited talks to frame issues and included substantial time for discussion by all participants.

2008 National Workshop for Research on Transportation Cyber-Physical Systems: Automotive, Aviation, and Rail
This workshop focused on promising solutions (methodologies, techniques and approaches) with primary emphases on innovations in observation and manipulation of the physical world, novel integration of sensors and actuators with computing and communications hardware capabilities, security, a scalable and reliable software infrastructure tailored to the needs of CPS, application domain-specific advances in control/hybrid systems and signal processing that enable end-to-end operation, and the design and development of high-impact applications. In particular, abstractions and techniques that span multiple layers (including the physical world) were of special interest. A reference architecture that can support a range of CPS was also of interest. A secondary objective was to propose core elements of a new lexicon to capture the new thinking underlying the novel scope and cross-cutting disciplinary nature of CPS to drive future innovation. This workshop generated a report which can be found here.

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2008 National Workshop on High-Confidence Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems
The purpose of this workshop was to provide an open forum for leaders and visionaries from industry, research laboratories, academia, and Government to develop an attractive roadmap for the development and deployment of CPS in the automotive sector.



Workshop: From Embedded Systems to Cyber-Physical Systems: a Review of the State-of-the-Art and Research Needs
The theme of the workshop is presenting an overarching view of methodologies and theories for the design of embedded and critical systems as it has emerged in the past five years and discussing the future in terms of the extension of the notion of embedded systems to Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). In the overview of the present status of the discipline, the workshop will address heterogeneous system composition, design methods based on abstraction and refinement, interface theories, mapping of abstract entities to implementation platforms and industrial applications. The discussion will also include public research organizations. European Community representatives will provide the state-of-the-art and the research initiatives on embedded systems in the EU.

Robotics and Cyber-Physical Systems, Special Sessions at IEEE/RSJ 2008 International Conference on Intelligent RObots and Systems (IROS 2008) - Coming Soon

2008 Workshop on Security and Privacy in Cyber-Physical Systems - Coming Soon

2007 NSF Industry Round-Table on Cyber-Physical Systems - Coming Soon

2007 National Workshop on Research Directions in Composition and Systems Technology for High Confidence Cyber-Physical Systems (CST-HCCPS)
The purpose of the CST-HCCPS Workshop was to assess research needs and promising technical approaches pertaining to restructuring current systems technology to derive the high confidence software platforms needed for cyber physical systems (CPS). The goal was to provide a sound, practical technological base for deeply integrating the cyber and physical aspects of future certifiably dependable engineered systems. The CST-HCCPS Workshop produced documentation which was delivered in the form of a final report that helped shape national research investments in HCSS-related systems and assurance technologies.

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2007 1st Joint Workshop On High Confidence Medical Devices, Software, and Systems (HCMDSS) and Medical Device Plug-and-Play (MD PnP) Interoperability
The joint workshop on HCMDSS (High Confidence Medical Devices, Software, and Systems) and Medical Device Plug-and-Play (MD PnP) provided a forum for the presentation of research and development covering all aspects of high integrity medical devices, software, and systems, which is essential to support innovative networked medical device systems to improve safety and efficiency in health care. The purpose of the HCMDSS/MD PnP workshop was to provide a working forum for medical device specialists, including researchers, developers, and caregivers, from clinical environments, industry, research laboratories, academia, and government with the goal of advancing science, technology, and practice to overcome crucial medical devices, software, and systems issues and challenges facing the design, manufacture, certification, and use of medical devices. Recommendations from this workshop were included in the High-Confidence Medical Devices: Cyber-Physical Systems for 21st Century Health Care report that can be found here.

2006 Medical Devices Workshop - Coming Soon

2006 National Workshop on Aviation Software Systems: Design for Certifiably Dependable Systems
This workshop brought together the Practice Community with the Research Community to define the Intellectual Agenda in Software for Critical Aviation Systems. Among other topics, we: Defined the Current State of the Art; Identifed Key Issues and Needs; Identified Promising Research Approaches; and Defined Educational Needs and Approaches. This final item was of key focus for the workshop, since we believe that new curricula which bring various ideas of certification and scalability to the classroom will doubtless provide a new generation of researchers and practitioners who will be energized--and enabled--to take on the problems whose solutions we may see today as impractical.

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2006 High-Confidence Software Platforms for Cyber-Physical Systems (HCSP-CPS) Workshop
Some of the most challenging R&D software problems for cyber-physical systems are those associated with producing, and where computer processors control physical, chemical, or biological processes or devices. Examples of such systems include airplanes and air traffic control systems, automobiles, power grids, oil refineries, and patient monitoring systems. Despite advances in standards-based commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) technologies, key challenges must be addressed before COTS software can be used to build mission-critical distributed real-time embedded (DRE) systems effectively and productively. For example, developers of DRE systems continue to use ad hoc means to develop, configure, and deploy their applications due to the lack of formally analyzable and verifiable building block components at the operating system and middleware layers. Recognizing this tremendous challenge and responsibility, the HCSS Coordinating Group decided to conduct an extensive community outreach for exploring new ideas and identifying emerging trends that could be used as input for a National research agenda on High Confidence Software Platforms for Cyber-Physical Systems. In particular, the workshop focused on R&D strategies and tactics for restructuring the current real-time operating system, virtual machine, and distributed computing middleware platforms into a sound and assured real-time technology base for building future cyber-physical systems.

2006 NSF Workshop On Cyber-Physical Systems: Research Motivation, Techniques and Roadmap
The research initiative on Cyber-Physical Systems sought new scientific foundations and technologies to enable the rapid and reliable development and integration of computer- and information-centric physical and engineered systems. The goal of the initiative was to usher in a new generation of engineered systems that are highly dependable, efficiently produced, and capable of advanced performance in information, computation, communication, and control.

2005 High Confidence Medical Device Software and Systems (HCMDSS) Workshop
The rapidly increasing software complexity of medical devices makes the development of high integrity software a crucial issue. Several Federal agencies were interested in identifying the research needs required to improve the design, certification, and operation (by both health care professionals and consumers) of medical device software and systems that will result in better and more cost-effective medical care. The objective of the workshop was to identify and discuss potential approaches that can help answer the challenges. Recommendations from this workshop were included in the High-Confidence Medical Devices: Cyber-Physical Systems for 21st Century Health Care report that can be found here.

A planning meeting for the full workshop was held in November 2004 in Arlington, Virginia. Information gathered from the planning meeting was used to establish the full scope and agenda for the larger national-level research workshop. Details about the program agenda can be found online at https://cps-vo.org/HCMDSS-04/planning

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