Visible to the public CPS Special Reports by Year

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2016 CPS International Summit Report
​A call to launch a synergistic research campaign between the United States and Europe for solving cross-cutting scientific challenges of cyber-physical systems, needed to ensure safe, secure, and dependable delivery and operation of a new generation of digital technology and platforms with enormous economic and societal impact.

Rebooting the IT Revolution: A Call to Action
To realize the full benefits of the Internet of Things and Big Data and to build the foundation for future technologies that convert data to "insight", there is an urgent need for a targeted and coordinated government initiative similar to that which sparked the semiconductor revolution fifty years ago--a "National Computing and Insight Technologies Ecosystem" initiative (N-CITE). This new initiative will spur major advances in the science and technology of information systems and unleash broad opportunities for innovation.

Toward 21st-Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education (Interim Report)
This interim report summarizes material presented to the committee and discusses initial observations that the study committee will explore as it develops its final report.

 NITRD 2012 Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) Vision Statement 


Winning the Future with Science and Technology for 21st Century Smart Systems
America, the singular leader in the Industrial Age, made groundbreaking advances in transportation, mining, manufacturing, food processing, and agriculture. The result was a thriving economy that sustained the American Dream for more than a century. a second revolution, based on technology for computing and networks, revolutionized the white-collar workplace; and yielded an Information Economy that has propelled global economic growth over the past three decades. Now these two forces are converging. Inexorably, future advances in the capability of engineered systems will derive in major part from flexibility purchased by embedding "cyber" components -- components that can compute, communicate, and control -- into the physical world. The U.S. transportation system, medical technology, energy systems, and manufacturing capacity all depend on this fusion of cyber and physical engineering. At the same time, global competition in cyber-enabled systems is escalating exponentially. If the US is to continue to lead as an economic power, long-term R&D and education investments are needed. This is essential to guarantee a future in which a productive, educated, and innovative workforce and a robust industrial base can compete successfully in the global milieu.


2008 CPS Summit Report  
The Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) Summit was held in St. Louis, Missouri on Thursday, April 24 and Friday, April 25, 2008, at the end of the first CPS Week multi-conference. The utmost importance and urgency of CPS for US industrial competitiveness has been highlighted by the August  2007 Report of the President’sCouncil of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) presenting a formal assessment of the Federal Networking and Information Technology R&D (NITRD). PCAST concluded that the Federal NITRD Program needs to be rebalanced and placed CPS as one of the top for priorities for substantial federal research investment. In response to this urgent national need, we were asked by the National Science Foundation to bring together academic and industrial leaders from a broad range of disciplines to help delineate: (a) a far-reaching and compelling vision for future cyber-physical systems; (b) the key technical challenges and the new scientific foundations required for cyber-physical systems; and (c) elements of an effective research program that will assure the success of the CPS vision. The CPS Summit built on the results of a series of NITRD and NSF Workshops exploring trends and key aspects of this emerging area.The breadth and depth of industrial attendees at the Summit (National Instruments, Toyota, Microsoft, NEC Labs, Honeywell, United Technologies, Rockwell Collins, Crossbow Technology, BAE Systems, MathWorks, Johnson Controls, Lockheed Martin) illustrates the importance of this area to industry.This report describes in detail the discussions held during the summit.

Software for Dependable Systems: Sufficient Evidence? 
The focus of Software for Dependable Systems is a set of fundamental principles that underlie software system dependability and that suggest a different approach to the development and assessment of dependable software. Unfortunately, it is difficult to assess the dependability of software. The field of software engineering suffers from a pervasive lack of evidence about the incidence and severity of software failures; about the dependability of existing software systems; about the efficacy of existing and proposed development methods; about the benefits of certification schemes; and so on.. The committee also recognized the importance of adopting the practices that are already known and used by the best developers; this report gives a sample of such practices. Some of these (such as systematic configuration management and automated regression testing) are relatively easy to adopt; others (such as constructing hazard analyses and threat models, exploiting formal notations when appropriate, and applying static analysis to code) will require new training for many developers. However valuable, though, these practices are in themselves no silver bullet, and new techniques and methods will be required in order to build future software systems to the level of dependability that will be required.

2004 National Academies - Coming Soon

Embedded, Everywhere: A Research Agenda for Networked Systems of Embedded Computers 
Advances in the miniaturization and networking of microprocessors promise a day when networked computers are embedded throughout the everyday world. However, our current understanding of what such systems would be like is insufficient to bring the promise to reality. Embedded, Everywhere explores the potential of networked systems of embedded computers and the research challenges arising from embedding computation and communications technology into a wide variety of applications from precision agriculture to automotive telematics to defense systems. It describes how these emerging networks operate under unique constraints not present in more traditional distributed systems, such as the Internet. It articulates how these networks will have to be dynamically adaptive and self-configuring, and how new models for approaching programming and computation are necessary. Issues relating to trustworthiness, security, safety, reliability, usability, and privacy are examined in light of the ubiquitous nature of these systems. A comprehensive, systems-oriented research agenda is presented, along with recommendations to major federal funding agencies.