Visible to the public Human Trust in Automation in a Phishing ContextConflict Detection Enabled

TitleHuman Trust in Automation in a Phishing Context
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsJing Chen, Robert W. Proctor, Ninghui Li
Conference Name46th Annual Meeting of the Society for Computers in Psychology
Conference LocationBoston MA
KeywordsA Human Information-Processing Analysis of Online Deception Detection, Human Behavior, NCSU, Oct'16

Many previous studies have shown that trust in automation mediates the effectiveness of automation in maintaining performance, and one critical factor that affects trust is the reliability of the automated system. In the cyber domain, automated systems are pervasive, yet the involvement of human trust has not been studied extensively as in other domains such as transportation.

In the current study, we used a phishing email identification task (with a phishing detection automated assistant system) as a testbed to study human trust in automation in the cyber domain. More specifically, we systematically investigated the influence of "description" (i.e., whether the user was informed about the actual reliability of the automated system) and "experience" (i.e., whether the user was provided feedback on their choices), in addition to the reliability level of the automated phishing detection system. These factors were varied in different conditions of response bias (false alarm vs. misses) and task difficulty (easy vs. difficult), which were found may be critical in a pilot study. Measures of user performance and trust were compared across different conditions. The measures of interest were human trust in the warning (a subjective rating of how trustable the warning system is), human reliance on the automated system (an objective measure of whether the participants comply with the system's warnings), and performance (the overall quality of the decisions made).

Citation Keynode-31377