Visible to the public A Big Data Framework for Intrusion Detection in Smart Grids Using Apache Spark

TitleA Big Data Framework for Intrusion Detection in Smart Grids Using Apache Spark
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsVimalkumar, K., Radhika, N.
Conference Name2017 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics (ICACCI)
Keywordsapache spark, Big Data, Big Data analytics, big data framework, big data security metrics, Data analysis, data mining, dimensionality reduction algorithm, Electricity supply industry, feature extraction, feature selection, Intrusion detection, intrusion detection system, learning (artificial intelligence), machine learning techniques, Metrics, pattern classification, phasor measurement, Phasor Measurement Unit, power engineering computing, Power industry, pubcrawl, Resiliency, Scalability, security of data, self-healing system, Smart grid, Smart grids, smart power grids, Support vector machines, synchrophasor dataset classification, Voltage measurement

Technological advancement enables the need of internet everywhere. The power industry is not an exception in the technological advancement which makes everything smarter. Smart grid is the advanced version of the traditional grid, which makes the system more efficient and self-healing. Synchrophasor is a device used in smart grids to measure the values of electric waves, voltages and current. The phasor measurement unit produces immense volume of current and voltage data that is used to monitor and control the performance of the grid. These data are huge in size and vulnerable to attacks. Intrusion Detection is a common technique for finding the intrusions in the system. In this paper, a big data framework is designed using various machine learning techniques, and intrusions are detected based on the classifications applied on the synchrophasor dataset. In this approach various machine learning techniques like deep neural networks, support vector machines, random forest, decision trees and naive bayes classifications are done for the synchrophasor dataset and the results are compared using metrics of accuracy, recall, false rate, specificity, and prediction time. Feature selection and dimensionality reduction algorithms are used to reduce the prediction time taken by the proposed approach. This paper uses apache spark as a platform which is suitable for the implementation of Intrusion Detection system in smart grids using big data analytics.

Citation Keyvimalkumar_big_2017