Visible to the public Privacy-enhanced Architecture for Occupancy-based HVAC Control

TitlePrivacy-enhanced Architecture for Occupancy-based HVAC Control
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsJia, Ruoxi, Dong, Roy, Sastry, S. Shankar, Spanos, Costas J.
Conference NameProceedings of the 8th International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems
Conference LocationNew York, NY, USA
ISBN Number978-1-4503-4965-9
KeywordsAI, artificial intelligence, cps privacy, energy, Human Behavior, human factor, human factors, HVAC, model predictive control, occupancy, Optimization, privacy, pubcrawl, resilience, Resiliency, Scalability

Large-scale sensing and actuation infrastructures have allowed buildings to achieve significant energy savings; at the same time, these technologies introduce significant privacy risks that must be addressed. In this paper, we present a framework for modeling the trade-off between improved control performance and increased privacy risks due to occupancy sensing. More specifically, we consider occupancy-based HVAC control as the control objective and the location traces of individual occupants as the private variables. Previous studies have shown that individual location information can be inferred from occupancy measurements. To ensure privacy, we design an architecture that distorts the occupancy data in order to hide individual occupant location information while maintaining HVAC performance. Using mutual information between the individual's location trace and the reported occupancy measurement as a privacy metric, we are able to optimally design a scheme to minimize privacy risk subject to a control performance guarantee. We evaluate our framework using real-world occupancy data: first, we verify that our privacy metric accurately assesses the adversary's ability to infer private variables from the distorted sensor measurements; then, we show that control performance is maintained through simulations of building operations using these distorted occupancy readings.

Citation Keyjia_privacy-enhanced_2017