Visible to the public Language Dependent Challenge-Based Keystroke Dynamics

TitleLanguage Dependent Challenge-Based Keystroke Dynamics
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBours, P., Brahmanpally, S.
Conference Name2017 International Carnahan Conference on Security Technology (ICCST)
ISBN Number978-1-5386-1585-0
Keywordsauthentication, authorisation, challenge-based KD system, common English words, Data analysis, Databases, English challenge-based system, feature extraction, FMR, foreign language, Human Behavior, human factors, keystroke analysis, keystroke dynamic system, language dependent challenge-based keystroke dynamics, language dependent words, Measurement, message authentication, Metrics, native language backgrounds, native language speakers, native Telugu speakers, natural language processing, nonnative impostor users, Password authentication, Pressing, pubcrawl, rhythm, Slovak words, Spanish words, typing behaviour, typing rhythm, unobtrusive method, word processing, Writing

Keystroke Dynamics can be used as an unobtrusive method to enhance password authentication, by checking the typing rhythm of the user. Fixed passwords will give an attacker the possibility to try to learn to mimic the typing behaviour of a victim. In this paper we will investigate the performance of a keystroke dynamic (KD) system when the users have to type given (English) words. Under the assumption that it is easy to type words in your native language and difficult in a foreign language will we also test the performance of such a challenge-based KD system when the challenges are not common English words, but words in the native language of the user. We collected data from participants with 6 different native language backgrounds and had them type random 8-12 character words in each of the 6 languages. The participants also typed random English words and random French words. English was assumed to be a language familiar to all participants, while French was not a native language to any participant and most likely most participants were not fluent in French. Analysis showed that using language dependent words gave a better performance of the challenge-based KD compared to an all English challenge-based system. When using words in a native language, then the performance of the participants with their mother-tongue equal to that native language had a similar performance compared to the all English challenge-based system, but the non-native speakers had an FMR that was significantly lower than the native language speakers. We found that native Telugu speakers had an FMR of less than 1% when writing Spanish or Slovak words. We also found that duration features were best to recognize genuine users, but latency features performed best to recognize non-native impostor users.

Citation Keybours_language_2017