Visible to the public A comparison of migration and multihoming support in IPv6 and XIA

TitleA comparison of migration and multihoming support in IPv6 and XIA
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsZhang, N., Sirbu, M. A., Peha, J. M.
Conference Name2017 International Symposium on Networks, Computers and Communications (ISNCC)
Keywordsallocative efficiency, client mobility, Collaboration, composability, computer network management, Fault tolerance, flow migration support, flow-level migration, heavy-weight protocol, Internet, IP networks, IPv6 address, IPv6 multihoming solutions, ipv6 security, Metrics, Mobile communication, mobile computing, Mobile IPv6, Mobile IPv6 Enhanced Route Optimization, mobile radio, Mobility, mobility anchor point, mobility management (mobile radio), multihomed hosts, multihoming, Optimization, protocol messages, Protocols, pubcrawl, quality of service, Resiliency, resource allocation, Routing, Routing protocols, telecommunication network routing, telecommunication security, wireless LAN, XIA, XIA Migration Protocol

Mobility and multihoming have become the norm in Internet access, e.g. smartphones with Wi-Fi and LTE, and connected vehicles with LTE and DSRC links that change rapidly. Mobility creates challenges for active session continuity when provider-aggregatable locators are used, while multihoming brings opportunities for improving resiliency and allocative efficiency. This paper proposes a novel migration protocol, in the context of the eXpressive Internet Architecture (XIA), the XIA Migration Protocol. We compare it with Mobile IPv6, with respect to handoff latency and overhead, flow migration support, and defense against spoofing and replay of protocol messages. Handoff latencies of the XIA Migration Protocol and Mobile IPv6 Enhanced Route Optimization are comparable and neither protocol opens up avenues for spoofing or replay attacks. However, XIA requires no mobility anchor point to support client mobility while Mobile IPv6 always depends on a home agent. We show that XIA has significant advantage over IPv6 for multihomed hosts and networks in terms of resiliency, scalability, load balancing and allocative efficiency. IPv6 multihoming solutions either forgo scalability (BGP-based) or sacrifice resiliency (NAT-based), while XIA's fallback-based multihoming provides fault tolerance without a heavy-weight protocol. XIA also allows fine-grained incoming load-balancing and QoS-matching by supporting flow migration. Flow migration is not possible using Mobile IPv6 when a single IPv6 address is associated with multiple flows. From a protocol design and architectural perspective, the key enablers of these benefits are flow-level migration, XIA's DAG-based locators and self-certifying identifiers.

Citation Keyzhang_comparison_2017