Visible to the public Self-Healing Router Architecture for Reliable Network-on-Chips

TitleSelf-Healing Router Architecture for Reliable Network-on-Chips
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKhalil, K., Eldash, O., Bayoumi, M.
Conference Name2017 24th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems (ICECS)
KeywordsCircuit faults, composability, Computer architecture, Evolvable hardware, Fault Tolerant, Hardware, NoCs, Ports (Computers), pubcrawl, Redundancy, resilience, Resiliency, Routing, self-healing, self-healing networks

NoCs are a well established research topic and several Implementations have been proposed for Self-healing. Self-healing refers to the ability of a system to detect faults or failures and fix them through healing or repairing. The main problems in current self-healing approaches are area overhead and scalability for complex structure since they are based on redundancy and spare blocks. Also, faulty router can isolate PE from other router nodes which can reduce the overall performance of the system. This paper presents a self-healing for a router to avoid denied fault PE function and isolation PE from other nodes. In the proposed design, the neighbor routers receive signal from a faulty router which keeps them to send the data packet which has only faulted router destination to a faulty router. Control unite turns on switches to connect four input ports to local ports successively to send coming packets to PE. The reliability of the proposed technique is studied and compared to conventional system with different failure rates. This approach is capable of healing 50% of the router. The area overhead is 14% for the proposed approach which is much lower compared to other approaches using redundancy.

Citation Keykhalil_self-healing_2017