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Aktepe, S., Varol, C., Shashidhar, N..  2020.  2020 8th International Symposium on Digital Forensics and Security (ISDFS). 2020 8th International Symposium on Digital Forensics and Security (ISDFS). :1—5.
Cryptocurrencies are the digital currencies designed to replace the regular cash money while taking place in our daily lives especially for the last couple of years. Mining cryptocurrencies are one of the popular ways to have them and make a profit due to unstable values in the market. This attracts attackers to utilize malware on internet users' computer resources, also known as cryptojacking, to mine cryptocurrencies. Cryptojacking started to be a major issue in the internet world. In this case, we developed MiNo, a web browser add-on application to detect these malicious mining activities running without the user's permission or knowledge. This add-on provides security and efficiency for the computer resources of the internet users. MiNo designed and developed with double-layer protection which makes it ahead of its competitors in the market.
Armin, J., Thompson, B., Ariu, D., Giacinto, G., Roli, F., Kijewski, P..  2015.  2020 Cybercrime Economic Costs: No Measure No Solution. 2015 10th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security. :701–710.

Governments needs reliable data on crime in order to both devise adequate policies, and allocate the correct revenues so that the measures are cost-effective, i.e., The money spent in prevention, detection, and handling of security incidents is balanced with a decrease in losses from offences. The analysis of the actual scenario of government actions in cyber security shows that the availability of multiple contrasting figures on the impact of cyber-attacks is holding back the adoption of policies for cyber space as their cost-effectiveness cannot be clearly assessed. The most relevant literature on the topic is reviewed to highlight the research gaps and to determine the related future research issues that need addressing to provide a solid ground for future legislative and regulatory actions at national and international levels.

Ahmadian, M. M., Shahriari, H. R..  2016.  2entFOX: A framework for high survivable ransomwares detection. 2016 13th International Iranian Society of Cryptology Conference on Information Security and Cryptology (ISCISC). :79–84.

Ransomwares have become a growing threat since 2012, and the situation continues to worsen until now. The lack of security mechanisms and security awareness are pushing the systems into mire of ransomware attacks. In this paper, a new framework called 2entFOX' is proposed in order to detect high survivable ransomwares (HSR). To our knowledge this framework can be considered as one of the first frameworks in ransomware detection because of little publicly-available research in this field. We analyzed Windows ransomwares' behaviour and we tried to find appropriate features which are particular useful in detecting this type of malwares with high detection accuracy and low false positive rate. After hard experimental analysis we extracted 20 effective features which due to two highly efficient ones we could achieve an appropriate set for HSRs detection. After proposing architecture based on Bayesian belief network, the final evaluation is done on some known ransomware samples and unknown ones based on six different scenarios. The result of this evaluations shows the high accuracy of 2entFox in detection of HSRs.

Blue, Logan, Abdullah, Hadi, Vargas, Luis, Traynor, Patrick.  2018.  2MA: Verifying Voice Commands via Two Microphone Authentication. Proceedings of the 2018 on Asia Conference on Computer and Communications Security. :89–100.
Voice controlled interfaces have vastly improved the usability of many devices (e.g., headless IoT systems). Unfortunately, the lack of authentication for these interfaces has also introduced command injection vulnerabilities - whether via compromised IoT devices, television ads or simply malicious nearby neighbors, causing such devices to perform unauthenticated sensitive commands is relatively easy. We address these weaknesses with Two Microphone Authentication (2MA), which takes advantage of the presence of multiple ambient and personal devices operating in the same area. We develop an embodiment of 2MA that combines approximate localization through Direction of Arrival (DOA) techniques with Robust Audio Hashes (RSHs). Our results show that our 2MA system can localize a source to within a narrow physical cone (\$\textbackslashtextless30ˆ\textbackslashtextbackslashcirc \$) with zero false positives, eliminate replay attacks and prevent the injection of inaudible/hidden commands. As such, we dramatically increase the difficulty for an adversary to carry out such attacks and demonstrate that 2MA is an effective means of authenticating and localizing voice commands.
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Abi-Antoun, Marwan, Khalaj, Ebrahim, Vanciu, Radu, Moghimi, Ahmad.  2016.  Abstract Runtime Structure for Reasoning About Security: Poster. Proceedings of the Symposium and Bootcamp on the Science of Security. :1–3.

We propose an interactive approach where analysts reason about the security of a system using an abstraction of its runtime structure, as opposed to looking at the code. They interactively refine a hierarchical object graph, set security properties on abstract objects or edges, query the graph, and investigate the results by studying highlighted objects or edges or tracing to the code. Behind the scenes, an inference analysis and an extraction analysis maintain the soundness of the graph with respect to the code.

Abdelhadi, Ameer M.S., Bouganis, Christos-Savvas, Constantinides, George A..  2019.  Accelerated Approximate Nearest Neighbors Search Through Hierarchical Product Quantization. 2019 International Conference on Field-Programmable Technology (ICFPT). :90—98.
A fundamental recurring task in many machine learning applications is the search for the Nearest Neighbor in high dimensional metric spaces. Towards answering queries in large scale problems, state-of-the-art methods employ Approximate Nearest Neighbors (ANN) search, a search that returns the nearest neighbor with high probability, as well as techniques that compress the dataset. Product-Quantization (PQ) based ANN search methods have demonstrated state-of-the-art performance in several problems, including classification, regression and information retrieval. The dataset is encoded into a Cartesian product of multiple low-dimensional codebooks, enabling faster search and higher compression. Being intrinsically parallel, PQ-based ANN search approaches are amendable for hardware acceleration. This paper proposes a novel Hierarchical PQ (HPQ) based ANN search method as well as an FPGA-tailored architecture for its implementation that outperforms current state of the art systems. HPQ gradually refines the search space, reducing the number of data compares and enabling a pipelined search. The mapping of the architecture on a Stratix 10 FPGA device demonstrates over ×250 speedups over current state-of-the-art systems, opening the space for addressing larger datasets and/or improving the query times of current systems.
Choi, Jongsok, Lian, Ruolong, Li, Zhi, Canis, Andrew, Anderson, Jason.  2018.  Accelerating Memcached on AWS Cloud FPGAs. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Highly-Efficient Accelerators and Reconfigurable Technologies. :2:1–2:8.
In recent years, FPGAs have been deployed in data centres of major cloud service providers, such as Microsoft [1], Amazon [2], Alibaba [3], Tencent [4], Huawei [5], and Nimbix [6]. This marks the beginning of bringing FPGA computing to the masses, as being in the cloud, one can access an FPGA from anywhere. A wide range of applications are run in the cloud, including web servers and databases among many others. Memcached is a high-performance in-memory ob ject caching system, which acts as a caching layer between web servers and databases. It is used by many companies, including Flicker, Wikipedia, Wordpress, and Facebook [7, 8]. In this paper, we present a Memcached accelerator implemented on the AWS FPGA cloud (F1 instance). Compared to AWS ElastiCache, an AWS-managed CPU Memcached service, our Memcached accelerator provides up to 9 x better throughput and latency. A live demo of the Memcached accelerator running on F1 can be accessed on our website [9].
Al-Aaridhi, R., Yueksektepe, A., Graffi, K..  2017.  Access Control for Secure Distributed Data Structures in Distributed Hash Tables. 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (LANMAN). :1–3.
Peer-To-Peer (P2P) networks open up great possibilities for intercommunication, collaborative and social projects like file sharing, communication protocols or social networks while offering advantages over the conventional Client-Server model of computing pattern. Such networks counter the problems of centralized servers such as that P2P networks can scale to millions without additional costs. In previous work, we presented Distributed Data Structure (DDS) which offers a middle-ware scheme for distributed applications. This scheme builds on top of DHT (Distributed Hash Table) based P2P overlays, and offers distributed data storage services as a middle-ware it still needs to address security issues. The main objective of this paper is to investigate possible ways to handle the security problem for DDS, and to develop a possibly reusable security architecture for access control for secure distributed data structures in P2P networks without depending on trusted third parties.
Alshehri, Asma, Benson, James, Patwa, Farhan, Sandhu, Ravi.  2018.  Access Control Model for Virtual Objects (Shadows) Communication for AWS Internet of Things. Proceedings of the Eighth ACM Conference on Data and Application Security and Privacy. :175–185.

The concept of Internet of Things (IoT) has received considerable attention and development in recent years. There have been significant studies on access control models for IoT in academia, while companies have already deployed several cloud-enabled IoT platforms. However, there is no consensus on a formal access control model for cloud-enabled IoT. The access-control oriented (ACO) architecture was recently proposed for cloud-enabled IoT, with virtual objects (VOs) and cloud services in the middle layers. Building upon ACO, operational and administrative access control models have been published for virtual object communication in cloud-enabled IoT illustrated by a use case of sensing speeding cars as a running example. In this paper, we study AWS IoT as a major commercial cloud-IoT platform and investigate its suitability for implementing the afore-mentioned academic models of ACO and VO communication control. While AWS IoT has a notion of digital shadows closely analogous to VOs, it lacks explicit capability for VO communication and thereby for VO communication control. Thus there is a significant mismatch between AWS IoT and these academic models. The principal contribution of this paper is to reconcile this mismatch by showing how to use the mechanisms of AWS IoT to effectively implement VO communication models. To this end, we develop an access control model for virtual objects (shadows) communication in AWS IoT called AWS-IoT-ACMVO. We develop a proof-of-concept implementation of the speeding cars use case in AWS IoT under guidance of this model, and provide selected performance measurements. We conclude with a discussion of possible alternate implementations of this use case in AWS IoT.

Alshehri, A., Sandhu, R..  2017.  Access Control Models for Virtual Object Communication in Cloud-Enabled IoT. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration (IRI). :16–25.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the latest evolution of the Internet, encompassing an enormous number of connected physical "things." The access-control oriented (ACO) architecture was recently proposed for cloud-enabled IoT, with virtual objects (VOs) and cloud services in the middle layers. A central aspect of ACO is to control communication among VOs. This paper develops operational and administrative access control models for this purpose, assuming topic-based publishsubscribe interaction among VOs. Operational models are developed using (i) access control lists for topics and capabilities for virtual objects and (ii) attribute-based access control, and it is argued that role-based access control is not suitable for this purpose. Administrative models for these two operational models are developed using (i) access control lists, (ii) role-based access control, and (iii) attribute-based access control. A use case illustrates the details of these access control models for VO communication, and their differences. An assessment of these models with respect to security and privacy preserving objectives of IoT is also provided.
Mohammad Noureddine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Masooda Bashir, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Ken Keefe, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Andrew Marturano, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, William H. Sanders, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.  2015.  Accounting for User Behavior in Predictive Cyber Security Models.

The human factor is often regarded as the weakest link in cybersecurity systems. The investigation of several security breaches reveals an important impact of human errors in exhibiting security vulnerabilities. Although security researchers have long observed the impact of human behavior, few improvements have been made in designing secure systems that are resilient to the uncertainties of the human element.

In this talk, we discuss several psychological theories that attempt to understand and influence the human behavior in the cyber world. Our goal is to use such theories in order to build predictive cyber security models that include the behavior of typical users, as well as system administrators. We then illustrate the importance of our approach by presenting a case study that incorporates models of human users. We analyze our preliminary results and discuss their challenges and our approaches to address them in the future.

Presented at the ITI Joint Trust and Security/Science of Security Seminar, October 20, 2016.

Almogbil, Atheer, Alghofaili, Abdullah, Deane, Chelsea, Leschke, Timothy, Almogbil, Atheer, Alghofaili, Abdullah.  2020.  The Accuracy of GPS-Enabled Fitbit Activities as Evidence: A Digital Forensics Study. 2020 7th IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Cloud Computing (CSCloud)/2020 6th IEEE International Conference on Edge Computing and Scalable Cloud (EdgeCom). :186—189.

Technology is advancing rapidly and with this advancement, it has become apparent that it is nearly impossible to not leave a digital trace when committing a crime. As evidenced by multiple cases handled by law enforcement, Fitbit data has proved to be useful when determining the validity of alibis and in piecing together the timeline of a crime scene. In our paper, experiments testing the accuracy and reliability of GPS-tracked activities logged by the Fitbit Alta tracker and Ionic smartwatch are conducted. Potential indicators of manipulated or altered GPS-tracked activities are identified to help guide digital forensic investigators when handling such Fitbit data as evidence.

Khadka, A., Argyriou, V., Remagnino, P..  2020.  Accurate Deep Net Crowd Counting for Smart IoT Video acquisition devices. 2020 16th International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems (DCOSS). :260—264.

A novel deep neural network is proposed, for accurate and robust crowd counting. Crowd counting is a complex task, as it strongly depends on the deployed camera characteristics and, above all, the scene perspective. Crowd counting is essential in security applications where Internet of Things (IoT) cameras are deployed to help with crowd management tasks. The complexity of a scene varies greatly, and a medium to large scale security system based on IoT cameras must cater for changes in perspective and how people appear from different vantage points. To address this, our deep architecture extracts multi-scale features with a pyramid contextual module to provide long-range contextual information and enlarge the receptive field. Experiments were run on three major crowd counting datasets, to test our proposed method. Results demonstrate our method supersedes the performance of state-of-the-art methods.

Shahid, U., Farooqi, S., Ahmad, R., Shafiq, Z., Srinivasan, P., Zaffar, F..  2017.  Accurate Detection of Automatically Spun Content via Stylometric Analysis. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ICDM). :425–434.

Spammers use automated content spinning techniques to evade plagiarism detection by search engines. Text spinners help spammers in evading plagiarism detectors by automatically restructuring sentences and replacing words or phrases with their synonyms. Prior work on spun content detection relies on the knowledge about the dictionary used by the text spinning software. In this work, we propose an approach to detect spun content and its seed without needing the text spinner's dictionary. Our key idea is that text spinners introduce stylometric artifacts that can be leveraged for detecting spun documents. We implement and evaluate our proposed approach on a corpus of spun documents that are generated using a popular text spinning software. The results show that our approach can not only accurately detect whether a document is spun but also identify its source (or seed) document - all without needing the dictionary used by the text spinner.

Yu, Zuoxia, Au, Man Ho, Yang, Rupeng, Lai, Junzuo, Xu, Qiuliang.  2018.  Achieving Flexibility for ABE with Outsourcing via Proxy Re-Encryption. Proceedings of the 2018 on Asia Conference on Computer and Communications Security. :659-672.

Outsourcing the decryption of attribute-based encryption (ABE) ciphertext is a promising way to tackle the question of how users can perform decryption efficiently. However, existing solutions require the type of the target ciphertext to be determined at the setup of the outsourcing scheme. As such, making the target cryptosystems (or the clients) to be versatile becomes an issue that warrants investigations. In this paper, the problem we wish to tackle is to transform an ABE ciphertext to any client who is using the same, or possibly different, public-key encryption (PKE) system with the sender. The problem is of practical interest since it is hard to require all clients to use the same PKE, especially in the case of remote and cross-system data sharing. In addition, we also consider whether robust client-side decryption scheme can be adopted. This feature is not supported in the existing ABE with outsourcing. We introduce cross-system proxy re-encryptions (CS-PRE), a new re-encryption paradigm in which a semi-trusted proxy converts a ciphertext of a source cryptosystem (\$\textparagraphi\_0\$) into a ciphertext for a target cryptosystem (\$\textparagraphi\$). We formalize CS-PRE and present a construction that performs well in the following aspects. (1)Versatility: \$\textparagraphi\_0\$ can be any attribute-based encryption (ABE) within Attrapadung's pair encoding framework. \$\textparagraphi\$ can be any public-key encryption. Furthermore, the keys and public parameters can be generated independently. (2) Compatibility: CS-PRE does not modify the public parameters and keys of \$\textparagraphi\_0\$ and \$\textparagraphi\$. Besides, input for the conversion is an ordinary ciphertext of \$\textparagraphi\_0\$. (3) Efficiency: The computational cost for re-encryption and decryption of the re-encrypted ciphertext are roughly the same as a decryption in \$\textparagraphi\_0\$ and \$\textparagraphi\$ respectively. We prove that our construction is fully secure assuming \$\textparagraphi\_0\$ is secure in Attrapadung's framework and \$\textparagraphi\$ is IND-CPA secure. Furthermore, it remains secure when there are multiple target cryptosystems. As with other proxy re-encryption, CS-PRE enables flexible sharing of cloud data, as the owner can instruct the cloud server to re-encrypt his ciphertext to those for the intended recipient. In addition, it allows lightweight devices to enjoy access to remote data encrypted under powerful but possibly costly encryption, such as functional encryption, by utilizing the server's power in converting the ciphertext to a simpler encryption, such as RSA. Finally, instances of CS-PRE can be viewed as new proxy re-encryption schemes, such as a PRE supporting ABE for regular language to Hierarchical IBE or Doubly Spatial Encryption to lattice-based encryptions (e.g. NTRUCCA).

Acar, A., Celik, Z. B., Aksu, H., Uluagac, A. S., McDaniel, P..  2017.  Achieving Secure and Differentially Private Computations in Multiparty Settings. 2017 IEEE Symposium on Privacy-Aware Computing (PAC). :49–59.

Sharing and working on sensitive data in distributed settings from healthcare to finance is a major challenge due to security and privacy concerns. Secure multiparty computation (SMC) is a viable panacea for this, allowing distributed parties to make computations while the parties learn nothing about their data, but the final result. Although SMC is instrumental in such distributed settings, it does not provide any guarantees not to leak any information about individuals to adversaries. Differential privacy (DP) can be utilized to address this; however, achieving SMC with DP is not a trivial task, either. In this paper, we propose a novel Secure Multiparty Distributed Differentially Private (SM-DDP) protocol to achieve secure and private computations in a multiparty environment. Specifically, with our protocol, we simultaneously achieve SMC and DP in distributed settings focusing on linear regression on horizontally distributed data. That is, parties do not see each others’ data and further, can not infer information about individuals from the final constructed statistical model. Any statistical model function that allows independent calculation of local statistics can be computed through our protocol. The protocol implements homomorphic encryption for SMC and functional mechanism for DP to achieve the desired security and privacy guarantees. In this work, we first introduce the theoretical foundation for the SM-DDP protocol and then evaluate its efficacy and performance on two different datasets. Our results show that one can achieve individual-level privacy through the proposed protocol with distributed DP, which is independently applied by each party in a distributed fashion. Moreover, our results also show that the SM-DDP protocol incurs minimal computational overhead, is scalable, and provides security and privacy guarantees.

John C. Mace, Newcastle University, Nipun Thekkummal, Newcastle University, Charles Morisset, Newcastle University, Aad Van Moorsel, Newcastle University.  2017.  ADaCS: A Tool for Analysing Data Collection Strategies. European Workshop on Performance Engineering (EPEW 2017).

Given a model with multiple input parameters, and multiple possible sources for collecting data for those parameters, a data collection strategy is a way of deciding from which sources to sample data, in order to reduce the variance on the output of the model. Cain and Van Moorsel have previously formulated the problem of optimal data collection strategy, when each arameter can be associated with a prior normal distribution, and when sampling is associated with a cost. In this paper, we present ADaCS, a new tool built as an extension of PRISM, which automatically analyses all possible data collection strategies for a model, and selects the optimal one. We illustrate ADaCS on attack trees, which are a structured approach to analyse the impact and the likelihood of success of attacks and defenses on computer and socio-technical systems. Furthermore, we introduce a new strategy exploration heuristic that significantly improves on a brute force approach.

Villarreal-Vasquez, M., Bhargava, B., Angin, P..  2017.  Adaptable Safety and Security in V2X Systems. 2017 IEEE International Congress on Internet of Things (ICIOT). :17–24.

With the advances in the areas of mobile computing and wireless communications, V2X systems have become a promising technology enabling deployment of applications providing road safety, traffic efficiency and infotainment. Due to their increasing popularity, V2X networks have become a major target for attackers, making them vulnerable to security threats and network conditions, and thus affecting the safety of passengers, vehicles and roads. Existing research in V2X does not effectively address the safety, security and performance limitation threats to connected vehicles, as a result of considering these aspects separately instead of jointly. In this work, we focus on the analysis of the tradeoffs between safety, security and performance of V2X systems and propose a dynamic adaptability approach considering all three aspects jointly based on application needs and context to achieve maximum safety on the roads using an Internet of vehicles. Experiments with a simple V2V highway scenario demonstrate that an adaptive safety/security approach is essential and V2X systems have great potential for providing low reaction times.

Hui Lin, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Adam Slagell, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Catello Di Marino, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaugn, Zbigniew Kalbarczyk, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Ravishankar K. Iyer, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.  2013.  Adapting Bro into SCADA: Building a Specification-based Instrusion Detection System for the DNP3 Protocol. Eighth Annual Security and Information Intelligence Research Workshop (CSIRRW 2013).

When SCADA systems are exposed to public networks, attackers can more easily penetrate the control systems that operate electrical power grids, water plants, and other critical infrastructures. To detect such attacks, SCADA systems require an intrusion detection technique that can understand the information carried by their usually proprietary network protocols.

To achieve that goal, we propose to attach to SCADA systems a specification-based intrusion detection framework based on Bro [7][8], a runtime network traffic analyzer. We have built a parser in Bro to support DNP3, a network protocol widely used in SCADA systems that operate electrical power grids. This built-in parser provides a clear view of all network events related to SCADA systems. Consequently, security policies to analyze SCADA-specific semantics related to the network events can be accurately defined. As a proof of concept, we specify a protocol validation policy to verify that the semantics of the data extracted from network packets conform to protocol definitions. We performed an experimental evaluation to study the processing capabilities of the proposed intrusion detection framework.

Alom, Md. Zulfikar, Carminati, Barbara, Ferrari, Elena.  2019.  Adapting Users' Privacy Preferences in Smart Environments. 2019 IEEE International Congress on Internet of Things (ICIOT). :165—172.
A smart environment is a physical space where devices are connected to provide continuous support to individuals and make their life more comfortable. For this purpose, a smart environment collects, stores, and processes a massive amount of personal data. In general, service providers collect these data according to their privacy policies. To enhance the privacy control, individuals can explicitly express their privacy preferences, stating conditions on how their data have to be used and managed. Typically, privacy checking is handled through the hard matching of users' privacy preferences against service providers' privacy policies, by denying all service requests whose privacy policies do not fully match with individual's privacy preferences. However, this hard matching might be too restrictive in a smart environment because it denies the services that partially satisfy the individual's privacy preferences. To cope with this challenge, in this paper, we propose a soft privacy matching mechanism, able to relax, in a controlled way, some conditions of users' privacy preferences such to match with service providers' privacy policies. At this aim, we exploit machine learning algorithms to build a classifier, which is able to make decisions on future service requests, by learning which privacy preference components a user is prone to relax, as well as the relaxation tolerance. We test our approach on two realistic datasets, obtaining promising results.
Yagoub, Mohammed Amine, Laouid, Abdelkader, Kazar, Okba, Bounceur, Ahcène, Euler, Reinhardt, AlShaikh, Muath.  2018.  An Adaptive and Efficient Fully Homomorphic Encryption Technique. Proceedings of the 2Nd International Conference on Future Networks and Distributed Systems. :35:1–35:6.

The huge amount of generated data offers special advantages mainly in dynamic and scalable systems. In fact, the data generator entities need to share the generated data with each other which leads to the use of cloud services. A cloud server is considered as an untrusted entity that offers many advantages such as large storing space, computation speed... etc. Hence, there is a need to cope with how to protect the stored data in the cloud server by proposing adaptive solutions. The main objective is how to provide an encryption scheme allowing the user to maintains some functions such as addition, multiplication and to preserve the order on the encrypted cloud data. Many algorithms and techniques are designed to manipulate the stored encrypted cloud data. This paper presents an adaptive and efficient fully homomorphic encryption technique to protect the user's data stored in the cloud, where the cloud server executes simple operations.

Abdeslam, W. Oulad, Tabii, Y., El Kadiri, K. E..  2017.  Adaptive Appearance Model in Particle Filter Based Visual Tracking. Proceedings of the 2Nd International Conference on Big Data, Cloud and Applications. :85:1–85:5.

Visual Tracking methods based on particle filter framework uses frequently the state space information of the target object to calculate the observation model, However this often gives a poor estimate if unexpected motions happen, or under conditions of cluttered backgrounds illumination changes, because the model explores the state space without any additional information of current state. In order to avoid the tracking failure, we address in this paper, Particle filter based visual tracking, in which the target appearance model is represented through an adaptive conjunction of color histogram, and space based appearance combining with velocity parameters, then the appearance models is estimated using particles whose weights, are incrementally updated for dynamic adaptation of the cue parametrization.

Akhtar, U., Lee, S..  2018.  Adaptive Cache Replacement in Efficiently Querying Semantic Big Data. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Web Services (ICWS). :367–370.
This paper addresses the problem of querying Knowledge bases (KBs) that store semantic big data. For efficiently querying data the most important factor is cache replacement policy, which determines the overall query response. As cache is limited in size, less frequently accessed data should be removed to provide more space to hot triples (frequently accessed). So, to achieve a similar performance to RDBMS, we proposed an Adaptive Cache Replacement (ACR) policy that predict the hot triples from query log. Moreover, performance bottleneck of triplestore, makes realworld application difficult. To achieve a closer performance similar to RDBMS, we have proposed an Adaptive Cache Replacement (ACR) policy that predict the hot triples from query log. Our proposed algorithm effectively replaces cache with high accuracy. To implement cache replacement policy, we have applied exponential smoothing, a forecast method, to collect most frequently accessed triples. The evaluation result shows that the proposed scheme outperforms the existing cache replacement policies, such as LRU (least recently used) and LFU (least frequently used), in terms of higher hit rates and less time overhead.
Nguyen, Q. N., Lopez, J., Tsuda, T., Sato, T., Nguyen, K., Ariffuzzaman, M., Safitri, C., Thanh, N. H..  2020.  Adaptive Caching for Beneficial Content Distribution in Information-Centric Networking. 2020 International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN). :535–540.
Currently, little attention has been carried out to address the feasibility of in-network caching in Information-Centric Networking (ICN) for the design and real-world deployment of future networks. Towards this line, in this paper, we propose a beneficial caching scheme in ICN by storing no more than a specific number of replicas for each content. Particularly, to realize an optimal content distribution for deploying caches in ICN, a content can be cached either partially or as a full-object corresponding to its request arrival rate and data traffic. Also, we employ a utility-based replacement in each content node to keep the most recent and popular content items in the ICN interconnections. The evaluation results show that the proposal improves the cache hit rate and cache diversity considerably, and acts as a beneficial caching approach for network and service providers in ICN. Specifically, the proposed caching mechanism is easy to deploy, robust, and relevant for the content-based providers by enabling them to offer users high Quality of Service (QoS) and gain benefits at the same time.
Aslan, M., Matrawy, A..  2016.  Adaptive consistency for distributed SDN controllers. 2016 17th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium (Networks). :150–157.

In this paper, we introduce the use of adaptive controllers into software-defined networking (SDN) and propose the use of adaptive consistency models in the context of distributed SDN controllers. These adaptive controllers can tune their own configurations in real-time in order to enhance the performance of the applications running on top of them. We expect that the use of such controllers could alleviate some of the emerging challenges in SDN that could have an impact on the performance, security, or scalability of the network. Further, we propose extending the SDN controller architecture to support adaptive consistency based on tunable consistency models. Finally, we compare the performance of a proof-of-concept distributed load-balancing application when it runs on-top of: (1) an adaptive and (2) a non-adaptive controller. Our results indicate that adaptive controllers were more resilient to sudden changes in the network conditions than the non-adaptive ones.