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Desmoulins, Nicolas, Diop, Aïda, Rafflé, Yvan, Traoré, Jacques, Gratesac, Josselin.  2019.  Practical Anonymous Attestation-based Pseudonym Schemes for Vehicular Networks. 2019 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC). :1—8.

Vehicular communication systems increase traffic efficiency and safety by allowing vehicles to share safety-related information and location-based services. Pseudonym schemes are the standard solutions providing driver/vehicle anonymity, whilst enforcing vehicle accountability in case of liability issues. State-of-the-art PKI-based pseudonym schemes present scalability issues, notably due to the centralized architecture of certificate-based solutions. The first Direct Anonymous Attestation (DAA)-based pseudonym scheme was introduced at VNC 2017, providing a decentralized approach to the pseudonym generation and update phases. The DAA-based construction leverages the properties of trusted computing, allowing vehicles to autonomously generate their own pseudonyms by using a (resource constrained) Trusted Hardware Module or Component (TC). This proposition however requires the TC to delegate part of the (heavy) pseudonym generation computations to the (more powerful) vehicle's On-Board Unit (OBU), introducing security and privacy issues in case the OBU becomes compromised. In this paper, we introduce a novel pseudonym scheme based on a variant of DAA, namely a pre-DAA-based pseudonym scheme. All secure computations in the pre-DAA pseudonym lifecycle are executed by the secure element, thus creating a secure enclave for pseudonym generation, update, and revocation. We instantiate vehicle-to-everything (V2X) with our pre-DAA solution, thus ensuring user anonymity and user-controlled traceability within the vehicular network. In addition, the pre-DAA-based construction transfers accountability from the vehicle to the user, thus complying with the many-to-many driver/vehicle relation. We demonstrate the efficiency of our solution with a prototype implementation on a standard Javacard (acting as a TC), showing that messages can be anonymously signed and verified in less than 50 ms.

Desnitsky, V. A., Kotenko, I. V..  2018.  Security event analysis in XBee-based wireless mesh networks. 2018 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus). :42–44.
In modern cyber-physical systems and wireless sensor networks the complexity of crisis management processes is caused by a variety of software/hardware assets and communication protocols, the necessity of their collaborative function, possible inconsistency of data flows between particular devices and increased requirements to cyber-physical security. A crisis management oriented model of a communicational mobile network is constructed. A general architecture of network nodes by the use of XBee circuits, Arduino microcontrollers and connecting equipment are developed. An analysis of possible cyber-physical security events on the base of existing intruder models is performed. A series of experiments on modeling attacks on network nodes is conducted. Possible ways for attack revelations by means of components for security event collection and data correlation is discussed.
Despotovski, Filip, Gusev, Marjan, Zdraveski, Vladimir.  2018.  Parallel Implementation of K-Nearest-Neighbors for Face Recognition. 2018 26th Telecommunications Forum (℡FOR). :1—4.
Face recognition is a fast-expanding field of research. Countless classification algorithms have found use in face recognition, with more still being developed, searching for better performance and accuracy. For high-dimensional data such as images, the K-Nearest-Neighbours classifier is a tempting choice. However, it is very computationally-intensive, as it has to perform calculations on all items in the stored dataset for each classification it makes. Fortunately, there is a way to speed up the process by performing some of the calculations in parallel. We propose a parallel CUDA implementation of the KNN classifier and then compare it to a serial implementation to demonstrate its performance superiority.
Dessouky, G., Abera, T., Ibrahim, A., Sadeghi, A..  2018.  LiteHAX: Lightweight Hardware-Assisted Attestation of Program Execution. 2018 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design (ICCAD). :1–8.

Unlike traditional processors, embedded Internet of Things (IoT) devices lack resources to incorporate protection against modern sophisticated attacks resulting in critical consequences. Remote attestation (RA) is a security service to establish trust in the integrity of a remote device. While conventional RA is static and limited to detecting malicious modification to software binaries at load-time, recent research has made progress towards runtime attestation, such as attesting the control flow of an executing program. However, existing control-flow attestation schemes are inefficient and vulnerable to sophisticated data-oriented programming (DOP) attacks subvert these schemes and keep the control flow of the code intact. In this paper, we present LiteHAX, an efficient hardware-assisted remote attestation scheme for RISC-based embedded devices that enables detecting both control-flow attacks as well as DOP attacks. LiteHAX continuously tracks both the control-flow and data-flow events of a program executing on a remote device and reports them to a trusted verifying party. We implemented and evaluated LiteHAX on a RISC-V System-on-Chip (SoC) and show that it has minimal performance and area overhead.

Deterding, Sebastian, Hook, Jonathan, Fiebrink, Rebecca, Gillies, Marco, Gow, Jeremy, Akten, Memo, Smith, Gillian, Liapis, Antonios, Compton, Kate.  2017.  Mixed-Initiative Creative Interfaces. Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems. :628–635.

Enabled by artificial intelligence techniques, we are witnessing the rise of a new paradigm of computational creativity support: mixed-initiative creative interfaces put human and computer in a tight interactive loop where each suggests, produces, evaluates, modifies, and selects creative outputs in response to the other. This paradigm could broaden and amplify creative capacity for all, but has so far remained mostly confined to artificial intelligence for game content generation, and faces many unsolved interaction design challenges. This workshop therefore convenes CHI and game researchers to advance mixed-initiative approaches to creativity support.

Detering, Dennis, Somorovsky, Juraj, Mainka, Christian, Mladenov, Vladislav, Schwenk, Jörg.  2017.  On The (In-)Security Of JavaScript Object Signing And Encryption. Proceedings of the 1st Reversing and Offensive-oriented Trends Symposium. :3:1–3:11.

JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) has evolved to the de-facto standard file format in the web used for application configuration, cross- and same-origin data exchange, as well as in Single Sign-On (SSO) protocols such as OpenID Connect. To protect integrity, authenticity, and confidentiality of sensitive data, JavaScript Object Signing and Encryption (JOSE) was created to apply cryptographic mechanisms directly in JSON messages. We investigate the security of JOSE and present different applicable attacks on several popular libraries. We introduce JOSEPH (JavaScript Object Signing and Encryption Pentesting Helper) – our newly developed Burp Suite extension, which automatically performs security analysis on targeted applications. JOSEPH's automatic vulnerability detection ranges from executing simple signature exclusion or signature faking techniques, which neglect JSON message integrity, up to highly complex cryptographic Bleichenbacher attacks, breaking the confidentiality of encrypted JSON messages. We found severe vulnerabilities in six popular JOSE libraries. We responsibly disclosed all weaknesses to the developers and helped them to provide fixes.

Dethise, Arnaud, Chiesa, Marco, Canini, Marco.  2017.  Privacy-Preserving Detection of Inter-Domain SDN Rules Overlaps. Proceedings of the SIGCOMM Posters and Demos. :6–8.
SDN approaches to inter-domain routing promise better traffic engineering, enhanced security, and higher automation. Yet, naïve deployment of SDN on the Internet is dangerous as the control-plane expressiveness of BGP is significantly more limited than the data-plane expressiveness of SDN, which allows fine-grained rules to deflect traffic from BGP's default routes. This mismatch may lead to incorrect forwarding behaviors such as forwarding loops and blackholes, ultimately hindering SDN deployment at the inter-domain level. In this work, we make a first step towards verifying the correctness of inter-domain forwarding state with a focus on loop freedom while keeping private the SDN rules, as they comprise confidential routing information. To this end, we design a simple yet powerful primitive that allows two networks to verify whether their SDN rules overlap, i.e., the set of packets matched by these rules is non-empty, without leaking any information about the SDN rules. We propose an efficient implementation of this primitive by using recent advancements in Secure Multi-Party Computation and we then leverage it as the main building block for designing a system that detects Internet-wide forwarding loops among any set of SDN-enabled Internet eXchange Points.
Detken, K., Jahnke, M., Humann, M., Rollgen, B..  2018.  Integrity and Non-Repudiation of VoIP Streams with TPM2.0 over Wi-Fi Networks. 2018 IEEE 4th International Symposium on Wireless Systems within the International Conferences on Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems (IDAACS-SWS). :82–87.
The complete digitization of telecommunications allows new attack scenarios, which have not been possible with legacy phone technologies before. The reason is that physical access to legacy phone technologies was necessary. Regarding internet-based communication like voice over the internet protocol (VoIP), which can be established between random nodes, eavesdropping can happen everywhere and much easier. Additionally, injection of undesirable communication like SPAM or SPIT in digital networks is simpler, too. Encryption is not sufficient because it is also necessary to know which participants are talking to each other. For that reason, the research project INTEGER has been started with the main goals of providing secure authentication and integrity of a VoIP communication by using a digital signature. The basis of this approach is the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) of the Trusted Computing Group (TCG) which works as a hardware-based trusted anchor. The TPM will be used inside of wireless IP devices with VoIP softphones. The question is if it is possible to fulfill the main goals of the project in wireless scenarios with Wi-Fi technologies. That is what this contribution aims to clarify.
Detken, K. O., Jahnke, M., Rix, T., Rein, A..  2017.  Software-Design for Internal Security Checks with Dynamic Integrity Measurement (DIM). 2017 9th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems: Technology and Applications (IDAACS). 1:367–373.

Most security software tools try to detect malicious components by cryptographic hashes, signatures or based on their behavior. The former, is a widely adopted approach based on Integrity Measurement Architecture (IMA) enabling appraisal and attestation of system components. The latter, however, may induce a very long time until misbehavior of a component leads to a successful detection. Another approach is a Dynamic Runtime Attestation (DRA) based on the comparison of binary code loaded in the memory and well-known references. Since DRA is a complex approach, involving multiple related components and often complex attestation strategies, a flexible and extensible architecture is needed. In a cooperation project an architecture was designed and a Proof of Concept (PoC) successfully developed and evaluated. To achieve needed flexibility and extensibility, the implementation facilitates central components providing attestation strategies (guidelines). These guidelines define and implement the necessary steps for all relevant attestation operations, i.e. measurement, reference generation and verification.

Devarakonda, Ranjeet, Giansiracusa, Michael, Kumar, Jitendra.  2018.  Machine Learning and Social Media to Mine and Disseminate Big Scientific Data. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :5312—5315.

One of the challenges in supplying the communities with wider access to scientific databases is the need for knowledge of database languages like Structured Query Language (SQL). Although the SQL language has been published in many forms, not everybody is able to write SQL queries. Another challenge is that it might not be practical to make the public aware of the structure of databases. There is a need for novice users to query relational databases using their natural language. To solve this problem, many natural language interfaces to structured databases have been developed. The goal is to provide a more intuitive method for generating database queries and delivering responses. Through social media, which makes it possible to interact with a wide section of the population, and with the help of natural language processing, researchers at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a concept to enable easy search and retrieval of data from several environmental data centers for the scientific community through social media.Using a machine learning framework that maps natural language text to thousands of datasets, instruments, variables, and data streams, the prototype system would allow users to request data through Twitter and receive a link (via tweet) to applicable data results on the project's search catalog tailored to their key words. This automated identification of relevant data from various petascale archives at ORNL could increase convenience, access, and use of the project's data by the broader community. In this paper we discuss how some data-intensive projects at ORNL are using innovative ways to help in data discovery.

Devi, B. T., Shitharth, S., Jabbar, M. A..  2020.  An Appraisal over Intrusion Detection Systems in Cloud Computing Security Attacks. 2020 2nd International Conference on Innovative Mechanisms for Industry Applications (ICIMIA). :722—727.

Cloud computing provides so many groundbreaking advantages over native computing servers like to improve capacity and decrease costs, but meanwhile, it carries many security issues also. In this paper, we find the feasible security attacks made about cloud computing, including Wrapping, Browser Malware-Injection and Flooding attacks, and also problems caused by accountability checking. We have also analyzed the honey pot attack and its procedural intrusion way into the system. This paper on overall deals with the most common security breaches in cloud computing and finally honey pot, in particular, to analyze its intrusion way. Our major scope is to do overall security, analyze in the cloud and then to take up with a particular attack to deal with granular level. Honey pot is the one such attack that is taken into account and its intrusion policies are analyzed. The specific honey pot algorithm is in the queue as the extension of this project in the future.

Devriese, Dominique, Patrignani, Marco, Piessens, Frank.  2016.  Fully-abstract Compilation by Approximate Back-translation. Proceedings of the 43rd Annual ACM SIGPLAN-SIGACT Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages. :164–177.

A compiler is fully-abstract if the compilation from source language programs to target language programs reflects and preserves behavioural equivalence. Such compilers have important security benefits, as they limit the power of an attacker interacting with the program in the target language to that of an attacker interacting with the program in the source language. Proving compiler full-abstraction is, however, rather complicated. A common proof technique is based on the back-translation of target-level program contexts to behaviourally-equivalent source-level contexts. However, constructing such a back-translation is problematic when the source language is not strong enough to embed an encoding of the target language. For instance, when compiling from the simply-typed λ-calculus (λτ) to the untyped λ-calculus (λu), the lack of recursive types in λτ prevents such a back-translation. We propose a general and elegant solution for this problem. The key insight is that it suffices to construct an approximate back-translation. The approximation is only accurate up to a certain number of steps and conservative beyond that, in the sense that the context generated by the back-translation may diverge when the original would not, but not vice versa. Based on this insight, we describe a general technique for proving compiler full-abstraction and demonstrate it on a compiler from λτ to λu . The proof uses asymmetric cross-language logical relations and makes innovative use of step-indexing to express the relation between a context and its approximate back-translation. We believe this proof technique can scale to challenging settings and enable simpler, more scalable proofs of compiler full-abstraction.

Devyatkin, D., Smirnov, I., Ananyeva, M., Kobozeva, M., Chepovskiy, A., Solovyev, F..  2017.  Exploring linguistic features for extremist texts detection (on the material of Russian-speaking illegal texts). 2017 IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Security Informatics (ISI). :188–190.

In this paper we present results of a research on automatic extremist text detection. For this purpose an experimental dataset in the Russian language was created. According to the Russian legislation we cannot make it publicly available. We compared various classification methods (multinomial naive Bayes, logistic regression, linear SVM, random forest, and gradient boosting) and evaluated the contribution of differentiating features (lexical, semantic and psycholinguistic) to classification quality. The results of experiments show that psycholinguistic and semantic features are promising for extremist text detection.

Dewangan, Ruchi, Altaf, Fahiem, Maity, Soumyadev.  2019.  Certificateless Aggregate Message Authentication for Hierarchical Trusted Authority based VANET. 2019 3rd International Conference on Computing Methodologies and Communication (ICCMC). :429–434.
In VANET, vehicles periodically transmit beacon messages to the neighboring vehicles and the RSU. To establish the authenticity of these messages, a number of digital signature schemes have been proposed in literature. Many of these schemes enable an RSU to perform aggregate verification of the signatures to deal with high vehicle density scenarios. These schemes are either based on traditional PKC concept involving certificate management overhead or identity based cryptography having key escrow problem. Further, these schemes require the existence of OBU device which is resistant to side channel attacks. In this paper, we propose a hierarchical trusted authority privacy preserving certificateless aggregate signature scheme for VANET. In addition to providing message authentication, integrity and non-repudiation, our scheme is resistant to message forgeability attack. The proposed scheme assumes hierarchical organization of network such that vehicles operate under multiple trusted authorities (TA) which in turn are controlled by single root TA. Using our scheme, the entity could verify messages received from vehicles which operate under multiple TAs. The proposed scheme is free from key escrow problem and resistant to side channel attacks on OBU. It also possesses conditional linkability such that originator of a message could be revealed whenever required. Simulations confirm the efficient nature in terms of verification delay as compared to other well known schemes proposed in literature.
Dewoprabowo, Ridhwan, Arzaki, Muhammad, Rusmawati, Yanti.  2018.  Formal Verification of Divide and Conquer Key Distribution Protocol Using ProVerif and TLA+. 2018 International Conference on Advanced Computer Science and Information Systems (ICACSIS). :451-458.

We conduct formal verification of the divide and conquer key distribution scheme (DC DHKE)-a contributory group key agreement that uses a quasilinear amount of exponentiations with respect to the number of communicating parties. The verification is conducted using both ProVerif and TLA+ as tools. ProVerif is used to verify the protocol correctness as well as its security against passive attacker; while TLA+ is utilized to verify whether all participants in the protocol retrieve the mutual key simultaneously. We also verify the ING and GDH.3 protocol for comparative purposes. The verification results show that the ING, GDH.3, and DC DHKE protocols satisfy the pre-meditated correctness, security, and liveness properties. However, the GDH.3 protocol does not satisfy the liveness property stating that all participants obtain the mutual key at the same time.

Dey, A. K., Gel, Y. R., Poor, H. V..  2017.  Motif-Based Analysis of Power Grid Robustness under Attacks. 2017 IEEE Global Conference on Signal and Information Processing (GlobalSIP). :1015–1019.

Network motifs are often called the building blocks of networks. Analysis of motifs is found to be an indispensable tool for understanding local network structure, in contrast to measures based on node degree distribution and its functions that primarily address a global network topology. As a result, networks that are similar in terms of global topological properties may differ noticeably at a local level. In the context of power grids, this phenomenon of the impact of local structure has been recently documented in fragility analysis and power system classification. At the same time, most studies of power system networks still tend to focus on global topo-logical measures of power grids, often failing to unveil hidden mechanisms behind vulnerability of real power systems and their dynamic response to malfunctions. In this paper a pilot study of motif-based analysis of power grid robustness under various types of intentional attacks is presented, with the goal of shedding light on local dynamics and vulnerability of power systems.

Dey, H., Islam, R., Arif, H..  2019.  An Integrated Model To Make Cloud Authentication And Multi-Tenancy More Secure. 2019 International Conference on Robotics,Electrical and Signal Processing Techniques (ICREST). :502–506.

Cloud Computing is an important term of modern technology. The usefulness of Cloud is increasing day by day and simultaneously more and more security problems are arising as well. Two of the major threats of Cloud are improper authentication and multi-tenancy. According to the specialists both pros and cons belong to multi-tenancy. There are security protocols available but it is difficult to claim these protocols are perfect and ensure complete protection. The purpose of this paper is to propose an integrated model to ensure better Cloud security for Authentication and multi-tenancy. Multi-tenancy means sharing of resources and virtualization among clients. Since multi-tenancy allows multiple users to access same resources simultaneously, there is high probability of accessing confidential data without proper privileges. Our model includes Kerberos authentication protocol to enhance authentication security. During our research on Kerberos we have found some flaws in terms of encryption method which have been mentioned in couple of IEEE conference papers. Pondering about this complication we have elected Elliptic Curve Cryptography. On the other hand, to attenuate arose risks due to multi-tenancy we are proposing a Resource Allocation Manager Unit, a Control Database and Resource Allocation Map. This part of the model will perpetuate resource allocation for the users.

Dey, L., Mahajan, D., Gupta, H..  2014.  Obtaining Technology Insights from Large and Heterogeneous Document Collections. Web Intelligence (WI) and Intelligent Agent Technologies (IAT), 2014 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Joint Conferences on. 1:102-109.

Keeping up with rapid advances in research in various fields of Engineering and Technology is a challenging task. Decision makers including academics, program managers, venture capital investors, industry leaders and funding agencies not only need to be abreast of latest developments but also be able to assess the effect of growth in certain areas on their core business. Though analyst agencies like Gartner, McKinsey etc. Provide such reports for some areas, thought leaders of all organisations still need to amass data from heterogeneous collections like research publications, analyst reports, patent applications, competitor information etc. To help them finalize their own strategies. Text mining and data analytics researchers have been looking at integrating statistics, text analytics and information visualization to aid the process of retrieval and analytics. In this paper, we present our work on automated topical analysis and insight generation from large heterogeneous text collections of publications and patents. While most of the earlier work in this area provides search-based platforms, ours is an integrated platform for search and analysis. We have presented several methods and techniques that help in analysis and better comprehension of search results. We have also presented methods for generating insights about emerging and popular trends in research along with contextual differences between academic research and patenting profiles. We also present novel techniques to present topic evolution that helps users understand how a particular area has evolved over time.
 

Dey, Swarnava, Mukherjee, Arijit.  2016.  Robotic SLAM: A Review from Fog Computing and Mobile Edge Computing Perspective. Adjunct Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing Networking and Services. :153–158.

Offloading computationally expensive Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) task for mobile robots have attracted significant attention during the last few years. Lack of powerful on-board compute capability in these energy constrained mobile robots and rapid advancement in compute cloud access technologies laid the foundation for development of several Cloud Robotics platforms that enabled parallel execution of computationally expensive robotic algorithms, especially involving multiple robots. In this work the Cloud Robotics concept is extended to include the current emphasis of computing at the network edge nodes along with the Cloud. The requirements and advantages of using edge nodes for computation offloading over remote cloud or local robot clusters are discussed with reference to the ETSI 'Mobile-Edge Computing' initiative and OpenFog Consortium's 'OpenFog Architecture'. A Particle Filter algorithm for SLAM is modified and implemented for offloading in a multi-tier edge+cloud setup. Additionally a model is proposed for offloading decision in such a setup with experiments and results demonstrating the efficacy of the proposed dynamic offloading scheme over static offloading strategies.

DeYoung, Mark E., Salman, Mohammed, Bedi, Himanshu, Raymond, David, Tront, Joseph G..  2017.  Spark on the ARC: Big Data Analytics Frameworks on HPC Clusters. Proceedings of the Practice and Experience in Advanced Research Computing 2017 on Sustainability, Success and Impact. :34:1–34:6.

In this paper we document our approach to overcoming service discovery and configuration of Apache Hadoop and Spark frameworks with dynamic resource allocations in a batch oriented Advanced Research Computing (ARC) High Performance Computing (HPC) environment. ARC efforts have produced a wide variety of HPC architectures. A common HPC architectural pattern is multi-node compute clusters with low-latency, high-performance interconnect fabrics and shared central storage. This pattern enables processing of workloads with high data co-dependency, frequently solved with message passing interface (MPI) programming models, and then executed as batch jobs. Unfortunately, many HPC programming paradigms are not well suited to big data workloads which are often easily separable. Our approach lowers barriers of entry to HPC environments by enabling end users to utilize Apache Hadoop and Spark frameworks that support big data oriented programming paradigms appropriate for separable workloads in batch oriented HPC environments.

Dhal, Subhasish, Bhuwan, Vaibhav.  2018.  Cryptanalysis and improvement of a cloud based login and authentication protocol. 2018 4th International Conference on Recent Advances in Information Technology (RAIT). :1–6.
Outsourcing services to cloud server (CS) becomes popular in these years. However, the outsourced services often involve with sensitive activity and CS naturally becomes a target of varieties of attacks. Even worse, CS itself can misuse the outsourced services for illegal profit. Traditional online banking system also can make use of a cloud framework to provide economical and high-speed online services to the consumers, which makes the financial dealing easy and convenient. Most of the banking organizations provide services through passbook, ATM, mobile banking, electronic banking (e-banking) etc. Among these, the e-banking and mobile banking are more convenient and becomes essential. Therefore, it is critical to provide an efficient, reliable and more importantly, secure e-banking services to the consumers. The cloud environment is suitable paradigm to a new, small and medium scale banking organization as it eliminates the requirement for them to start with small resources and increase gradually as the service demand rises. However, security is one of the main concerns since it deals with many sensitive data of the valuable customers. In addition to this, the access of various data needs to be restricted to prevent any unauthorized transaction. Nagaraju et al. presented a framework to achieve reliability and security in public cloud based online banking using multi-factor authentication concept. Unfortunately, the login and authentication protocol of this framework is prone to impersonation attack. In this paper, we have revised the framework to avoid this attack.
Dhand, Pooja, Mittal, Sumit.  2016.  Smart Handoff Framework for Next Generation Heterogeneous Networks in Smart Cities. Proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Information Communication Technology & Computing. :75:1–75:7.

Over the last few decades, accessibility scenarios have undergone a drastic change. Today the way people access information and resources is quite different from the age when internet was not evolved. The evolution of the Internet has made remarkable, epoch-making changes and has become the backbone of smart city. The vision of smart city revolves around seamless connectivity. Constant connectivity can provide uninterrupted services to users such as e-governance, e-banking, e-marketing, e-shopping, e-payment and communication through social media. And to provide uninterrupted services to such applications to citizens is our prime concern. So this paper focuses on smart handoff framework for next generation heterogeneous networks in smart cities to provide all time connectivity to anyone, anyhow and anywhere. To achieve this, three strategies have been proposed for handoff initialization phase-Mobile controlled, user controlled and network controlled handoff initialization. Each strategy considers a different set of parameters. Results show that additional parameters with RSSI and adaptive threshold and hysteresis solve ping-pong and corner effect problems in smart city.

Dhanujalakshmi, R., Kartheeban, K..  2019.  Smart and Secure Group Communication in Iot Using Exponential Based Self Healing Group Key Distribution Protocol. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Techniques in Control, Optimization and Signal Processing (INCOS). :1–4.
The major role of Internet of Things is to gather and exchange large amount of data through wireless network. Unreliable wireless network creates insecure connections, so security is very much important in IoT. Self-healing group key distribution protocol can be used to mitigate security issues for unreliable wireless network. It improves communication efficiency. we can recover lost session keys using broadcast message by group members in place of group manager requiring missing key update messages to be transmitted. This study also illustrates about a new E-SGKD protocol that faces many secure problems and uses AES algorithm provides security properties with appropriate storage requirement. We have compromised session key retrieve time to reduce expenses for communication. Output of this paper and simulation is appeal to Zigbee network as it has drastic outcome in communication and storage, the results will be compared with the access polynomial self-healing protocol for analysis process.
Dhanush, V., Mahendra, A. R., Kumudavalli, M. V., Samanta, D..  2017.  Application of Deep Learning Technique for Automatic Data Exchange with Air-Gapped Systems and Its Security Concerns. 2017 International Conference on Computing Methodologies and Communication (ICCMC). :324–328.

Many a time's assumptions are key to inventions. One such notion in recent past is about data exchange between two disjoint computer systems. It is always assumed that, if any two computers are separated physically without any inter communication, it is considered to be very secure and will not be compromised, the exchange of data between them would be impossible. But recent growth in the field of computers emphasizes the requirements of security analysis. One such security concern is with the air-gapped systems. This paper deals with the flaws and flow of air-gapped systems.

Dhanya, K., Jeyalakshmi, C., Balakumar, A..  2019.  A Secure Autonomic Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Based Trusted Routing Proposal. 2019 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI). :1–6.

This research proposes an inspection on Trust Based Routing protocols to protect Internet of Things directing to authorize dependability and privacy amid to direction-finding procedure in inaccessible systems. There are number of Internet of Things (IOT) gadgets are interrelated all inclusive, the main issue is the means by which to protect the routing of information in the important systems from different types of stabbings. Clients won't feel secure on the off chance that they know their private evidence could without much of a stretch be gotten to and traded off by unapproved people or machines over the system. Trust is an imperative part of Internet of Things (IOT). It empowers elements to adapt to vulnerability and roughness caused by the through and through freedom of other devices. In Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) host moves frequently in any bearing, so that the topology of the network also changes frequently. No specific algorithm is used for routing the packets. Packets/data must be routed by intermediate nodes. It is procumbent to different occurrences ease. There are various approaches to compute trust for a node such as fuzzy trust approach, trust administration approach, hybrid approach, etc. Adaptive Information Dissemination (AID) is a mechanism which ensures the packets in a specific transmission and it analysis of is there any attacks by hackers.It encompasses of ensuring the packet count and route detection between source and destination with trusted path.Trust estimation dependent on the specific condition or setting of a hub, by sharing the setting information onto alternate hubs in the framework would give a superior answer for this issue.Here we present a survey on various trust organization approaches in MANETs. We bring out instantaneous of these approaches for establishing trust of the partaking hubs in a dynamic and unverifiable MANET atmosphere.