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Sai, C. C., Prakash, C. S., Jose, J., Mana, S. C., Samhitha, B. K..  2020.  Analysing Android App Privacy Using Classification Algorithm. 2020 4th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics (ICOEI)(48184). :551–555.
The interface permits the client to scan for a subjective utility on the Play Store; the authorizations posting and the protection arrangement are then routinely recovered, on all events imaginable. The client has then the capability of choosing an interesting authorization, and a posting of pertinent sentences are separated with the guide of the privateer's inclusion and introduced to them, alongside a right depiction of the consent itself. Such an interface allows the client to rapidly assess the security-related dangers of an Android application, by utilizing featuring the pertinent segments of the privateer's inclusion and by introducing helpful data about shrewd authorizations. A novel procedure is proposed for the assessment of privateer's protection approaches with regards to Android applications. The gadget actualized widely facilitates the way toward understanding the security ramifications of placing in 1/3 birthday celebration applications and it has just been checked in a situation to feature troubling examples of uses. The gadget is created in light of expandability, and correspondingly inclines in the strategy can without trouble be worked in to broaden the unwavering quality and adequacy. Likewise, if your application handles non-open or delicate individual information, it would be ideal if you also allude to the extra necessities in the “Individual and Sensitive Information” territory underneath. These Google Play necessities are notwithstanding any prerequisites endorsed by method for material security or data assurance laws. It has been proposed that, an individual who needs to perform the establishment and utilize any 1/3 festival application doesn't perceive the significance and which methods for the consents mentioned by method for an application, and along these lines sincerely gives all the authorizations as a final product of which unsafe applications furthermore get set up and work their malevolent leisure activity in the rear of the scene.
Said, S., Bouloiz, H., Gallab, M..  2020.  Identification and Assessment of Risks Affecting Sociotechnical Systems Resilience. 2020 IEEE 6th International Conference on Optimization and Applications (ICOA). :1–10.
Resilience is regarded nowadays as the ideal solution that can be envisaged by sociotechnical systems for coping with potential threats and crises. This being said, gaining and maintaining this ability is not always easy, given the multitude of risks driving the adverse and challenging events. This paper aims to propose a method consecrated to the assessment of risks directly affecting resilience. This work is conducted within the framework of risk assessment and resilience engineering approaches. A 5×5 matrix, dedicated to the identification and assessment of risk factors that constitute threats to the system resilience, has been elaborated. This matrix consists of two axes, namely, the impact on resilience metrics and the availability and effectiveness of resilience planning. Checklists serving to collect information about these two attributes are established and a case study is undertaken. In this paper, a new method for identifying and assessing risk factors menacing directly the resilience of a given system is presented. The analysis of these risks must be given priority to make the system more resilient to shocks.
Saifuddin, K. M., Ali, A. J. B., Ahmed, A. S., Alam, S. S., Ahmad, A. S..  2018.  Watchdog and Pathrater based Intrusion Detection System for MANET. 2018 4th International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Information Communication Technology (iCEEiCT). :168–173.

Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is pretty vulnerable to attacks because of its broad distribution and open nodes. Hence, an effective Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is vital in MANET to deter unwanted malicious attacks. An IDS has been proposed in this paper based on watchdog and pathrater method as well as evaluation of its performance has been presented using Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) and Ad-hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing protocols with and without considering the effect of the sinkhole attack. The results obtained justify that the proposed IDS is capable of detecting suspicious activities and identifying the malicious nodes. Moreover, it replaces the fake route with a real one in the routing table in order to mitigate the security risks. The performance appraisal also suggests that the AODV protocol has a capacity of sending more packets than DSR and yields more throughput.

Saigopal, Venkata Venugopal Rao Gudlur, Raju, Valliappan.  2020.  IIoT Digital Forensics and Major Security issues. 2020 International Conference on Computational Intelligence (ICCI). :233–236.
the significant area in the growing field of internet security and IIoT connectivity is the way that forensic investigators will conduct investigation process with devices connected to industrial sensors. This part of process is known as IIoT digital forensics and investigation. The main research on IIoT digital forensic investigation has been done, but the current investigation process has revealed and identified major security issues need to be addressed. In parallel, major security issues faced by traditional forensic investigators dealing with IIoT connectivity and data security. This paper address the issues of the challenges and major security issues identified by review conducted in the prospective and emphasizes on the aforementioned security and challenges.
Sain, M., Bruce, N., Kim, K. H., Lee, H. J..  2017.  A Communication Security Protocol for Ubiquitous Sensor Networks. 2017 19th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT). :228–231.

The data accessibility anytime and anywhere is nowadays the key feature for information technology enabled by the ubiquitous network system for huge applications. However, security and privacy are perceived as primary obstacles to its wide adoption when it is applied to the end user application. When sharing sensitive information, personal s' data protection is the paramount requirement for the security and privacy to ensure the trustworthiness of the service provider. To this end, this paper proposes communication security protocol to achieve data protection when a user is sending his sensitive data to the network through gateway. We design a cipher content and key exchange computation process. Finally, the performance analysis of the proposed scheme ensure the honesty of the gateway service provider, since the user has the ability to control who has access to his data by issuing a cryptographic access credential to data users.

Sain, Mangal, Kim, Ki-Hwan, Kang, Young-Jin, lee, hoon jae.  2019.  An Improved Two Factor User Authentication Framework Based on CAPTCHA and Visual Secret Sharing. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering (CSE) and IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing (EUC). :171—175.

To prevent unauthorized access to adversaries, strong authentication scheme is a vital security requirement in client-server inter-networking systems. These schemes must verify the legitimacy of such users in real-time environments and establish a dynamic session key fur subsequent communication. Of late, T. H. Chen and J. C. Huang proposed a two-factor authentication framework claiming that the scheme is secure against most of the existing attacks. However we have shown that Chen and Huang scheme have many critical weaknesses in real-time environments. The scheme is prone to man in the middle attack and information leakage attack. Furthermore, the scheme does not provide two essential security services such user anonymity and session key establishment. In this paper, we present an enhanced user participating authenticating scheme which overcomes all the weaknesses of Chen et al.'s scheme and provide most of the essential security features.

Saini, V.K., Kumar, V..  2014.  AHP, fuzzy sets and TOPSIS based reliable route selection for MANET. Computing for Sustainable Global Development (INDIACom), 2014 International Conference on. :24-29.

Route selection is a very sensitive activity for mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) and ranking of multiple routes from source node to destination node can result in effective route selection and can provide many other benefits for better performance and security of MANET. This paper proposes an evaluation model based on analytical hierarchy process (AHP), fuzzy sets and technique for order performance by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) to provide a useful solution for ranking of routes. The proposed model utilizes AHP to acquire criteria weights, fuzzy sets to describe vagueness with linguistic values and triangular fuzzy numbers, and TOPSIS to obtain the final ranking of routes. Final ranking of routes facilitates selection of best and most reliable route and provide alternative options for making a robust Mobile Ad-hoc network.

Sainju, Arpan Man, Atkison, Travis.  2017.  An Experimental Analysis of Windows Log Events Triggered by Malware. Proceedings of the SouthEast Conference. :195–198.

According to the 2016 Internet Security Threat Report by Symantec, there are around 431 million variants of malware known. This effort focuses on malware used for spying on user's activities, remotely controlling devices, and identity and credential theft within a Windows based operating system. As Windows operating systems create and maintain a log of all events that are encountered, various malware are tested on virtual machines to determine what events they trigger in the Windows logs. The observations are compiled into Operating System specific lookup tables that can then be used to find the tested malware on other computers with the same Operating System.

Sairam, Ashok Singh, Verma, Sagar Kumar.  2018.  Using Bounded Binary Particle Swarm Optimization to Analyze Network Attack Graphs. Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Networking. :41:1-41:9.
Binary particle swarm optimization (BPSO) is a technique widely used to solve combinatorial problems. In this paper, we propose a variant of BPSO to find most likely attack paths in an attack graph. The aim is to find an attack path with the highest attack probability and least path length. In such combinatorial optimization problem, the set of feasible solutions is usually discrete and an exhaustive search may lead to unnecessary examination of those segments of the search space, which are assured to not include a solution. The paper introduces the concept of bounding the solution space of BPSO. The minimum and maximum value of each objective called bound of the solution is computed. The search space of BPSO is restricted within these solution bounds and hence we name our approach as bounded binary particle swarm optimization (BBPSO). By bounding the solution space, those particles of BPSO which are guaranteed to be infeasible are not considered for feasibility check. Experimental results show that the proposed approach provide a 50 percent performance improvement as compared to the conventional BPSO.
Saito, Susumu, Nakano, Teppei, Akabane, Makoto, Kobayashi, Tetsunori.  2016.  Evaluation of Collaborative Video Surveillance Platform: Prototype Development of Abandoned Object Detection. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Distributed Smart Camera. :172–177.

This paper evaluates a new video surveillance platform presented in a previous study, through an abandoned object detection task. The proposed platform has a function of automated detection and alerting, which is still a big challenge for a machine algorithm due to its recall-precision tradeoff problem. To achieve both high recall and high precision simultaneously, a hybrid approach using crowdsourcing after image analysis is proposed. This approach, however, is still not clear about what extent it can improve detection accuracy and raise quicker alerts. In this paper, the experiment is conducted for abandoned object detection, as one of the most common surveillance tasks. The results show that detection accuracy was improved from 50% (without crowdsourcing) to stable 95-100% (with crowdsourcing) by majority vote of 7 crowdworkers for each task. In contrast, alert time issue still remains open to further discussion since at least 7+ minutes are required to get the best performance.

Saito, Takumi, Zhao, Qiangfu, Naito, Hiroshi.  2019.  Second Level Steganalysis - Embeding Location Detection Using Machine Learning. 2019 IEEE 10th International Conference on Awareness Science and Technology (iCAST). :1–6.

In recent years, various cloud-based services have been introduced in our daily lives, and information security is now an important topic for protecting the users. In the literature, many technologies have been proposed and incorporated into different services. Data hiding or steganography is a data protection technology, and images are often used as the cover data. On the other hand, steganalysis is an important tool to test the security strength of a steganography technique. So far, steganalysis has been used mainly for detecting the existence of secret data given an image, i.e., to classify if the given image is a normal or a stego image. In this paper, we investigate the possibility of identifying the locations of the embedded data if the a given image is suspected to be a stego image. The purpose is of two folds. First, we would like to confirm the decision made by the first level steganalysis; and the second is to provide a way to guess the size of the embedded data. Our experimental results show that in most cases the embedding positions can be detected. This result can be useful for developing more secure steganography technologies.

Sajisha, K. S., Mathew, S..  2017.  An encryption based on DNA cryptography and steganography. 2017 International conference of Electronics, Communication and Aerospace Technology (ICECA). 2:162–167.

The data security is a challenging issue nowadays with the increase of information capacity and its transmission rate. The most common and widely used techniques in the data security fields are cryptography and steganography. The combination of cryptography and steganography methods provides more security to the data. Now, DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) is explored as a new carrier for data security since it achieves maximum protection and powerful security with high capacity and low modification rate. A new data security method can be developed by taking the advantages of DNA based AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) cryptography and DNA steganography. This new technique will provide multilayer security to the secret message. Here the secret message is first encoded to DNA bases then DNA based AES algorithm is applied to it. Finally the encrypted DNA will be concealed in another DNA sequence. This hybrid technique provides triple layer security to the secret message.

Sajjad, Imran, Sharma, Rajnikant, Gerdes, Ryan.  2017.  A Game-Theoretic Approach and Evaluation of Adversarial Vehicular Platooning. Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Safe Control of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles. :35–41.
In this paper, we consider an attack on a string of automated vehicles, or platoons, from a game-theoretic standpoint. Game theory enables us to ask the question of optimality in an adversarial environment; what is the optimal strategy that an attacker can use to disrupt the operation of automated vehicles, considering that the defenders are also optimally trying to maintain normal operation. We formulate a zero-sum game and find optimal controllers for different game parameters. A platoon is then simulated and its closed loop stability is then evaluated in the presence of an optimal attack. It is shown that with the constraint of optimality, the attacker cannot significantly degrade the stability of a vehicle platoon in nominal cases. It is motivated that in order to have an optimal solution that is nearly unstable, the game has to be formulated almost unfairly in favor of the attacker.
Sajyth, RB, Sujatha, G.  2018.  Design of Data Confidential and Reliable Bee Clustering Routing Protocol in MANET. 2018 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI). :1—7.
Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) requires extraneous energy effectualness and legion intelligence for which a best clustered based approach is pertained called the “Bee-Ad Hoc-C”. In MANET the mechanism of multi-hop routing is imperative but may leads to a challenging issue like lack of data privacy during communication. ECC (Elliptical Curve Cryptography) is integrated with the Bee clustering approach to provide an energy efficient and secure data delivery system. Even though it ensures data confidentiality, data reliability is still disputable such as data dropping attack, Black hole attack (Attacker router drops the data without forwarding to destination). In such cases the technique of overhearing is utilized by the neighbor routers and the packet forwarding statistics are measured based on the ratio between the received and forwarded packets. The presence of attack is detected if the packet forwarding ratio is poor in the network which paves a way to the alternate path identification for a reliable data transmission. The proposed work is an integration of SC-AODV along with ECC in Bee clustering approach with an extra added overhearing technique which n on the whole ensures data confidentiality, data reliability and energy efficiency.
Sakharkar, S.M., Mangrulkar, R.S., Atique, M..  2014.  A survey: A secure routing method for detecting false reports and gray-hole attacks along with Elliptic Curve Cryptography in wireless sensor networks. Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science (SCEECS), 2014 IEEE Students' Conference on. :1-5.

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are used in many applications in military, environmental, and health-related areas. These applications often include the monitoring of sensitive information such as enemy movement on the battlefield or the location of personnel in a building. Security is important in WSNs. However, WSNs suffer from many constraints, including low computation capability, small memory, limited energy resources, susceptibility to physical capture, and the use of insecure wireless communication channels. These constraints make security in WSNs a challenge. In this paper, we try to explore security issue in WSN. First, the constraints, security requirements and attacks with their corresponding countermeasures in WSNs are explained. Individual sensor nodes are subject to compromised security. An adversary can inject false reports into the networks via compromised nodes. Furthermore, an adversary can create a Gray hole by compromised nodes. If these two kinds of attacks occur simultaneously in a network, some of the existing methods fail to defend against those attacks. The Ad-hoc On Demand Distance (AODV) Vector scheme for detecting Gray-Hole attack and Statistical En-Route Filtering is used for detecting false report. For increasing security level, the Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) algorithm is used. Simulations results obtain so far reduces energy consumption and also provide greater network security to some extent.

Sakr, Ahmed S., El–kafrawy, P M., Abdullkader, Hatem M., Ibrahem, Hani M..  2018.  An Efficient Framework for Big Data Security Based on Selection Encryption on Amazonec2. 2018 1st International Conference on Computer Applications Information Security (ICCAIS). :1-5.

With the wide use of smart device made huge amount of information arise. This information needed new methods to deal with it from that perspective big data concept arise. Most of the concerns on big data are given to handle data without concentrating on its security. Encryption is the best use to keep data safe from malicious users. However, ordinary encryption methods are not suitable for big data. Selective encryption is an encryption method that encrypts only the important part of the message. However, we deal with uncertainty to evaluate the important part of the message. The problem arises when the important part is not encrypted. This is the motivation of the paper. In this paper we propose security framework to secure important and unimportant portion of the message to overcome the uncertainty. However, each will take a different encryption technique for better performance without losing security. The framework selects the important parts of the message to be encrypted with a strong algorithm and the weak part with a medium algorithm. The important of the word is defined according to how its origin frequently appears. This framework is applied on amazon EC2 (elastic compute cloud). A comparison between the proposed framework, the full encryption method and Toss-A-Coin method are performed according to encryption time and throughput. The results showed that the proposed method gives better performance according to encryption time, throughput than full encryption.

Saksupapchon, Punyapat, Willoughby, Kelvin W..  2019.  Contextual Factors Affecting Decisions About Intellectual Property Licensing Provisions in Collaboration Agreements for Open Innovation Projects of Complex Technological Organizations. 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Innovation and Entrepreneurship (TEMS-ISIE). :1—2.

Firms collaborate with partners in research and development (R&D) of new technologies for many reasons such as to access complementary knowledge, know-how or skills, to seek new opportunities outside their traditional technology domain, to sustain their continuous flows of innovation, to reduce time to market, or to share risks and costs [1]. The adoption of collaborative research agreements (CRAs) or collaboration agreements (CAs) is rising rapidly as firms attempt to access innovation from various types of organizations to enhance their traditional in-house innovation [2], [3]. To achieve the objectives of their collaborations, firms need to share knowledge and jointly develop new knowledge. As more firms adopt open collaborative innovation strategies, intellectual property (IP) management has inevitably become important because clear and fair contractual IP terms and conditions such as IP ownership allocation, licensing arrangements and compensation for IP access are required for each collaborative project [4], [5]. Moreover, the firms need to adjust their IP management strategies to fit the unique characteristics and circumstances of each particular project [5].

Sakumoto, S., Kanaoka, A..  2017.  Improvement of Privacy Preserved Rule-Based Risk Analysis via Secure Multi-Party Computation. 2017 12th Asia Joint Conference on Information Security (AsiaJCIS). :15–22.

Currently, when companies conduct risk analysis of own networks and systems, it is common to outsource risk analysis to third-party experts. At that time, the company passes the information used for risk analysis including confidential information such as network configuration to third-party expert. It raises the risk of leakage and abuse of confidential information. Therefore, a method of risk analysis by using secure computation without passing confidential information of company has been proposed. Although Liu's method have firstly achieved secure risk analysis method using multiparty computation and attack tree analysis, it has several problems to be practical. In this paper, improvement of secure risk analysis method is proposed. It can dynamically reduce compilation time, enhance scale of target network and system without increasing execution time. Experimental work is carried out by prototype implementation. As a result, we achieved improved performance in compile time and enhance scale of target with equivalent performance on execution time.

Salah, H., Eltoweissy, M..  2017.  Towards Collaborative Trust Management. 2017 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Collaboration and Internet Computing (CIC). :198–208.

Current technologies to include cloud computing, social networking, mobile applications and crowd and synthetic intelligence, coupled with the explosion in storage and processing power, are evolving massive-scale marketplaces for a wide variety of resources and services. They are also enabling unprecedented forms and levels of collaborations among human and machine entities. In this new era, trust remains the keystone of success in any relationship between two or more parties. A primary challenge is to establish and manage trust in environments where massive numbers of consumers, providers and brokers are largely autonomous with vastly diverse requirements, capabilities, and trust profiles. Most contemporary trust management solutions are oblivious to diversities in trustors' requirements and contexts, utilize direct or indirect experiences as the only form of trust computations, employ hardcoded trust computations and marginally consider collaboration in trust management. We surmise the need for reference architecture for trust management to guide the development of a wide spectrum of trust management systems. In our previous work, we presented a preliminary reference architecture for trust management which provides customizable and reconfigurable trust management operations to accommodate varying levels of diversity and trust personalization. In this paper, we present a comprehensive taxonomy for trust management and extend our reference architecture to feature collaboration as a first-class object. Our goal is to promote the development of new collaborative trust management systems, where various trust management operations would involve collaborating entities. Using the proposed architecture, we implemented a collaborative personalized trust management system. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of our system.

Salah, Khaled.  2014.  Harnessing the Cloud for Teaching Cybersecurity. Proceedings of the 45th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education. :529–534.

Cloud computing has become an attractive paradigm for many organizations in government, industry as well as academia. In academia, the cloud can offer instructors and students (whether local or at a distance) on-demand, dedicated, isolated, unlimited, and easily configurable machines. Such an approach has clear advantages over access to machines in a classic lab setting. In this paper, we show how cloud services and infrastructure could be harnessed to facilitate practical experience and training for cybersecurity. We used the popular Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud; however, the use cases and approaches laid out in this paper are also applicable to other cloud providers.

Salam, Md Iftekhar, Wong, Kenneth Koon-Ho, Bartlett, Harry, Simpson, Leonie, Dawson, Ed, Pieprzyk, Josef.  2016.  Finding State Collisions in the Authenticated Encryption Stream Cipher ACORN. Proceedings of the Australasian Computer Science Week Multiconference. :36:1–36:10.

This paper analyzes the authenticated encryption algorithm ACORN, a candidate in the CAESAR cryptographic competition. We identify weaknesses in the state update function of ACORN which result in collisions in the internal state of ACORN. This paper shows that for a given set of key and initialization vector values we can construct two distinct input messages which result in a collision in the ACORN internal state. Using a standard PC the collision can be found almost instantly when the secret key is known. This flaw can be used by a message sender to create a forged message which will be accepted as legitimate.

Salama, G. M., Taha, S. A..  2020.  Cooperative Spectrum Sensing and Hard Decision Rules for Cognitive Radio Network. 2020 3rd International Conference on Computer Applications Information Security (ICCAIS). :1–6.
Cognitive radio is development of wireless communication and mobile computing. Spectrum is a limited source. The licensed spectrum is proposed to be used only by the spectrum owners. Cognitive radio is a new view of the recycle licensed spectrum in an unlicensed manner. The main condition of the cognitive radio network is sensing the spectrum hole. Cognitive radio can be detect unused spectrum. It shares this with no interference to the licensed spectrum. It can be a sense signals. It makes viable communication in the middle of multiple users through co-operation in a self-organized manner. The energy detector method is unseen signal detector because it reject the data of the signal.In this paper, has implemented Simulink Energy Detection of spectrum sensing cognitive radio in a MATLAB Simulink to Exploit spectrum holes and avoid damaging interference to licensed spectrum and unlicensed spectrum. The hidden primary user problem will happened because fading or shadowing. Ithappens when cognitive radio could not be detected by primer users because of its location. Cooperative sensing spectrum sensing is the best-proposed method to solve the hidden problem.
Salamai, Abdullah, Hussain, Omar, Saberi, Morteza.  2019.  Decision Support System for Risk Assessment Using Fuzzy Inference in Supply Chain Big Data. 2019 International Conference on High Performance Big Data and Intelligent Systems (HPBD IS). :248–253.

Currently, organisations find it difficult to design a Decision Support System (DSS) that can predict various operational risks, such as financial and quality issues, with operational risks responsible for significant economic losses and damage to an organisation's reputation in the market. This paper proposes a new DSS for risk assessment, called the Fuzzy Inference DSS (FIDSS) mechanism, which uses fuzzy inference methods based on an organisation's big data collection. It includes the Emerging Association Patterns (EAP) technique that identifies the important features of each risk event. Then, the Mamdani fuzzy inference technique and several membership functions are evaluated using the firm's data sources. The FIDSS mechanism can enhance an organisation's decision-making processes by quantifying the severity of a risk as low, medium or high. When it automatically predicts a medium or high level, it assists organisations in taking further actions that reduce this severity level.

Salameh, H. B., Almajali, S., Ayyash, M., Elgala, H..  2017.  Security-aware channel assignment in IoT-based cognitive radio networks for time-critical applications. 2017 Fourth International Conference on Software Defined Systems (SDS). :43–47.

Cognitive radio networks (CRNs) have a great potential in supporting time-critical data delivery among the Internet of Things (IoT) devices and for emerging applications such as smart cities. However, the unique characteristics of different technologies and shared radio operating environment can significantly impact network availability. Hence, in this paper, we study the channel assignment problem in time-critical IoT-based CRNs under proactive jamming attacks. Specifically, we propose a probabilistic spectrum assignment algorithm that aims at minimizing the packet invalidity ratio of each cognitive radio (CR) transmission subject to delay constrains. We exploit the statistical information of licensed users' activities, fading conditions, and jamming attacks over idle channels. Simulation results indicate that network performance can be significantly improved by using a security- availability- and quality-aware channel assignment that provides communicating CR pair with the most secured channel of the lowest invalidity ratio.

Saleem, Jibran, Hammoudeh, Mohammad, Raza, Umar, Adebisi, Bamidele, Ande, Ruth.  2018.  IoT Standardisation: Challenges, Perspectives and Solution. Proceedings of the 2Nd International Conference on Future Networks and Distributed Systems. :1:1-1:9.

The success and widespread adoption of the Internet of Things (IoT) has increased many folds over the last few years. Industries, technologists and home users recognise the importance of IoT in their lives. Essentially, IoT has brought vast industrial revolution and has helped automate many processes within organisations and homes. However, the rapid growth of IoT is also a cause for significant concern. IoT is not only plagued with security, authentication and access control issues, it also doesn't work as well as it should with fourth industrial revolution, commonly known as Industry 4.0. The absence of effective regulation, standards and weak governance has led to a continual downward trend in the security of IoT networks and devices, as well as given rise to a broad range of privacy issues. This paper examines the IoT industry and discusses the urgent need for standardisation, the benefits of governance as well as the issues affecting the IoT sector due to the absence of regulation. Additionally, through this paper, we are introducing an IoT security framework (IoTSFW) for organisations to bridge the current lack of guidelines in the IoT industry. Implementation of the guidelines, defined in the proposed framework, will assist organisations in achieving security, privacy, sustainability and scalability within their IoT networks.