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Sasubilli, S. M., Dubey, A. K., Kumar, A..  2020.  Hybrid security analysis based on intelligent adaptive learning in Big Data. 2020 International Conference on Advances in Computing and Communication Engineering (ICACCE). :1—5.

Big data provides a way to handle and analyze large amount of data or complex set. It provides a systematic extraction also. In this paper a hybrid security analysis based on intelligent adaptive learning in big data has been discussed with the current trends. This paper also explores the possibility of cloud computing collaboration with big data. The advantages along with the impact for the overall platform evaluation has been discussed with the traditional trends. It has been useful in the analysis and the exploration of future research. This discussion also covers the computational variability and the connotation in terms of data reliability, availability and management in big data with data security aspects.

Satam, Shalaka, Satam, Pratik, Hariri, Salim.  2020.  Multi-level Bluetooth Intrusion Detection System. 2020 IEEE/ACS 17th International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA). :1—8.
Large scale deployment of IoT devices has made Bluetooth Protocol (IEEE 802.15.1) the wireless protocol of choice for close-range communications. Devices such as keyboards, smartwatches, headphones, computer mouse, and various wearable connecting devices use Bluetooth network for communication. Moreover, Bluetooth networks are widely used in medical devices like heart monitors, blood glucose monitors, asthma inhalers, and pulse oximeters. Also, Bluetooth has replaced cables for wire-free equipment in a surgical environment. In hospitals, devices communicate with one another, sharing sensitive and critical information over Bluetooth scatter-networks. Thus, it is imperative to secure the Bluetooth networks against attacks like Man in the Middle attack (MITM), eavesdropping attacks, and Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. This paper presents a Multi-Level Bluetooth Intrusion Detection System (ML-BIDS) to detect malicious attacks against Bluetooth devices. In the ML-IDS framework, we perform continuous device identification and authorization in Bluetooth networks following the zero-trust principle [ref]. The ML-BIDS framework includes an anomaly-based intrusion detection system (ABIDS) to detect attacks on the Bluetooth protocol. The ABIDS tracks the normal behavior of the Bluetooth protocol by comparing it with the Bluetooth protocol state machine. Bluetooth frame flows consisting of Bluetooth frames received over 10 seconds are split into n-grams to track the current state of the protocol in the state machine. We evaluated the performance of several machine learning algorithms like C4.5, Adaboost, SVM, Naive Bayes, Jrip, and Bagging to classify normal Bluetooth protocol flows from abnormal Bluetooth protocol flows. The ABIDS detects attacks on Bluetooth protocols with a precision of up to 99.6% and recall up to 99.6%. The ML-BIDS framework also performs whitelisting of the devices on the Bluetooth network to prevent unauthorized devices from connecting to the network. ML-BIDS uses a combination of the Bluetooth Address, mac address, and IP address to uniquely identify a Bluetooth device connecting to the network, and hence ensuring only authorized devices can connect to the Bluetooth network.
Satav, Pravin R, Jawandhiya, Pradeep M., Thakare, Vilas M..  2018.  Secure Route Selection Mechanism in the Presence of Black Hole Attack with AOMDV Routing Algorithm. 2018 Fourth International Conference on Computing Communication Control and Automation (ICCUBEA). :1–6.
The research in MANET has been carried out for the development of various techniques which will increase the competency of the network only. A plenty number of proposed routing protocols are magnificent in terms of efficiency. However, proposed protocols were generally fulfilling the set of trusted network and not considered for adversarial network setting, hence there is no security mechanism has been considered. MANET is widely used in sensitive fields like battlefield, police rescue operation and many more in such type of sensitive field an attacker may try to gather information about the conversation starting from the origin node to the terminal node. Secure route selection approach for route selection in adverse environment is discussed in this article. The results shows that proposed algorithm, will resolve the single & collaborative attack by increasing the computational & storage overhead and by improving the significant PDR, achieves a noticeable enhancement in the end to end delay.
Sathiaseelan, Arjuna, Selimi, Mennan, Molina, Carlos, Lertsinsrubtavee, Adisorn, Navarro, Leandro, Freitag, Felix, Ramos, Fernando, Baig, Roger.  2017.  Towards Decentralised Resilient Community Clouds. Proceedings of the 2Nd Workshop on Middleware for Edge Clouds & Cloudlets. :4:1–4:6.
Recent years have seen a trend towards decentralisation - from initiatives on decentralized web to decentralized network infrastructures. In this position paper, we present an architectural vision for decentralising cloud service infrastructures. Our vision is on community cloud infrastructures on top of decentralised access infrastructures i.e. community networks, using resources pooled from the community. Our architectural vision considers some fundamental challenges of integrating the current state of the art virtualisation technologies such as Software Defined Networking (SDN) into community infrastructures which are highly unreliable. Our proposed design goal is to include lightweight network and processing virtualization with fault tolerance mechanisms to ensure sufficient level of reliability to support local services.
Sathiyamurthi, P, Ramakrishnan, S, Shobika, S, Subashri, N, Prakavi, M.  2018.  Speech and Audio Cryptography System using Chaotic Mapping and Modified Euler's System. 2018 Second International Conference on Inventive Communication and Computational Technologies (ICICCT). :606–611.
Security often requires that the data must be kept safe from unauthorized access. And the best line of speech communication is security. However, most computers are interconnected with each other openly, thereby exposing them and the communication channels that person uses. Speech cryptography secures information by protecting its confidentiality. It can also be used to protect information about the integrity and authenticity of data. Stronger cryptographic techniques are needed to ensure the integrity of data stored on a machine that may be infected or under attack. So far speech cryptography is used in many forms but using it with Audio file is another stronger technique. The process of cryptography happens with audio file for transferring more secure sensitive data. The audio file is encrypted and decrypted by using Lorenz 3D mapping and then 3D mapping function is converted into 2D mapping function by using euler's numerical resolution and strong algorithm provided by using henon mapping and then decrypted by using reverse of encryption. By implementing this, the resultant audio file will be in secured form.
Satılmış, Hami, Akleylek, Sedat.  2020.  Efficient Implementation of HashSieve Algorithm for Lattice-Based Cryptography. 2020 International Conference on Information Security and Cryptology (ISCTURKEY). :75—79.
The security of lattice-based cryptosystems that are secure for the post-quantum period is based on the difficulty of the shortest vector problem (SVP) and the closest vector problem (CVP). In the literature, many sieving algorithms are proposed to solve these hard problems. In this paper, efficient implementation of HashSieve sieving algorithm is discussed. A modular software library to have an efficient implementation of HashSieve algorithm is developed. Modular software library is used as an infrastructure in order for the HashSieve efficient implementation to be better than the sample in the literature (Laarhoven's standard HashSieve implementation). According to the experimental results, it is observed that HashSieve efficient implementation has a better running time than the example in the literature. It is concluded that both implementations are close to each other in terms of the memory space used.
Sato, J., Akashi, T..  2015.  Evolutionary multi-view face tracking on pixel replaced image in video sequence. 2015 7th International Conference of Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition (SoCPaR). :322–327.

Nowadays, many computer vision techniques are applied to practical applications, such as surveillance and facial recognition systems. Some of such applications focus on information extraction from the human beings. However, people may feel psychological stress about recording their personal information, such as a face, behavior, and cloth. Therefore, privacy protection of the images and videos is necessary. Specifically, the detection and tracking methods should be used on the privacy protected images. For this purpose, there are some easy methods, such as blurring and pixelating, and they are often used in news programs etc. Because such methods just average pixel values, no important feature for the detection and tracking is left. Hence, the preprocessed images are unuseful. In order to solve this problem, we have proposed shuffle filter and a multi-view face tracking method with a genetic algorithm (GA). The filter protects the privacy by changing pixel locations, and the color information can be preserved. Since the color information is left, the tracking can be achieved by a basic template matching with histogram. Moreover, by using GA instead of sliding window when the subject in the image is searched, it can search more efficiently. However, the tracking accuracy is still low and the preprocessing time is large. Therefore, improving them is the purpose in this research. In the experiment, the improved method is compared with our previous work, CAMSHIFT, an online learning method, and a face detector. The results indicate that the accuracy of the proposed method is higher than the others.

Sato, Masaya, Taniguchi, Hideo, Nakamura, Ryosuke.  2020.  Virtual Machine Monitor-based Hiding Method for Access to Debug Registers. 2020 Eighth International Symposium on Computing and Networking (CANDAR). :209—214.
To secure a guest operating system running on a virtual machine (VM), a monitoring method using hardware breakpoints by a virtual machine monitor is required. However, debug registers are visible to guest operating systems; thus, malicious programs on a guest operating system can detect or disable the monitoring method. This paper presents a method to hide access to debug registers from programs running on a VM. Our proposed method detects programs' access to debug registers and disguises the access as having succeeded. The register's actual value is not visible or modifiable to programs, so the monitoring method is hidden. This paper presents the basic design and evaluation results of our method.
Sato, Y., Yanagitani, T..  2020.  Giga-hertz piezoelectric epitaxial PZT transducer for the application of fingerprint imaging. 2020 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS). :1—3.

The fingerprint sensor based on pMUTs was reported [1]. Spatial resolution of the image depends on the size of the acoustic source when a plane wave is used. If the size of the acoustic source is smaller, piezoelectric films with high dielectric constant are required. In this study, in order to obtain small acoustic source, we proposed Pb(Zrx Th-x)O3 (PZT) epitaxial transducers with high dielectric constant. PbTiO3 (PTO) epitaxial films were grown on conductive La-SrTiO3 (STO) substrate by RF magnetron sputtering. Longitudinal wave conversion loss of PTO transducers was measured by a network analyzer. The thermoplastic elastomer was used instead of real fingerprint. We confirmed that conversion loss of piezoelectric film/substrate structure was increased by contacting the elastomer due the change of reflection coefficient of the substrate bottom/elastomer interface. Minimum conversion loss images were obtained by mechanically scanning the soft probe on the transducer surface. We achieved the detection of the fingerprint phantom based on the elastomer in the GHz.

Sattar, Muhammad Umar, Rehman, Rana Asif.  2019.  Interest Flooding Attack Mitigation in Named Data Networking Based VANETs. 2019 International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology (FIT). :245—2454.

Nowadays network applications have more focus on content distribution which is hard to tackle in IP based Internet. Information Centric Network (ICN) have the ability to overcome this problem for various scenarios, specifically for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs). Conventional IP based system have issues like mobility management hence ICN solve this issue because data fetching is not dependent on a particular node or physical location. Many initial investigations have performed on an instance of ICN commonly known as Named Data Networking (NDN). However, NDN exposes the new type of security susceptibilities, poisoning cache attack, flooding Interest attack, and violation of privacy because the content in the network is called by the name. This paper focused on mitigation of Interest flooding attack by proposing new scheme, named Interest Flooding Attack Mitigation Scheme (IFAMS) in Vehicular Named Data Network (VNDN). Simulation results depict that proposed IFAMS scheme mitigates the Interest flooding attack in the network.

Sattar, N. S., Adnan, M. A., Kali, M. B..  2017.  Secured aerial photography using Homomorphic Encryption. 2017 International Conference on Networking, Systems and Security (NSysS). :107–114.

Aerial photography is fast becoming essential in scientific research that requires multi-agent system in several perspective and we proposed a secured system using one of the well-known public key cryptosystem namely NTRU that is somewhat homomorphic in nature. Here we processed images of aerial photography that were captured by multi-agents. The agents encrypt the images and upload those in the cloud server that is untrusted. Cloud computing is a buzzword in modern era and public cloud is being used by people everywhere for its shared, on-demand nature. Cloud Environment faces a lot of security and privacy issues that needs to be solved. This paper focuses on how to use cloud so effectively that there remains no possibility of data or computation breaches from the cloud server itself as it is prone to the attack of treachery in different ways. The cloud server computes on the encrypted data without knowing the contents of the images. After concatenation, encrypted result is delivered to the concerned authority where it is decrypted retaining its originality. We set up our experiment in Amazon EC2 cloud server where several instances were the agents and an instance acted as the server. We varied several parameters so that we could minimize encryption time. After experimentation we produced our desired result within feasible time sustaining the image quality. This work ensures data security in public cloud that was our main concern.

Sattar, Naw Safrin, Arifuzzaman, Shaikh, Zibran, Minhaz F., Sakib, Md Mohiuddin.  2019.  An Ensemble Approach for Suspicious Traffic Detection from High Recall Network Alerts. {2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data. :4299—4308}}@inproceedings{wu_ensemble_2019.
Web services from large-scale systems are prevalent all over the world. However, these systems are naturally vulnerable and incline to be intruded by adversaries for illegal benefits. To detect anomalous events, previous works focus on inspecting raw system logs by identifying the outliers in workflows or relying on machine learning methods. Though those works successfully identify the anomalies, their models use large training set and process whole system logs. To reduce the quantity of logs that need to be processed, high recall suspicious network alert systems can be applied to preprocess system logs. Only the logs that trigger alerts are retrieved for further usage. Due to the universally usage of network traffic alerts among Security Operations Center, anomalies detection problems could be transformed to classify truly suspicious network traffic alerts from false alerts.In this work, we propose an ensemble model to distinguish truly suspicious alerts from false alerts. Our model consists of two sub-models with different feature extraction strategies to ensure the diversity and generalization. We use decision tree based boosters and deep neural networks to build ensemble models for classification. Finally, we evaluate our approach on suspicious network alerts dataset provided by 2019 IEEE BigData Cup: Suspicious Network Event Recognition. Under the metric of AUC scores, our model achieves 0.9068 on the whole testing set.
Saundry, A..  2017.  Institutional Repository Digital Object Metadata Enhancement and Re-Architecting. 2017 ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL). :1–3.

We present work undertaken at our institutional repository to enhance metadata and re-organize digital objects according to new information architecture, in an effort to minimize administrative object management and processing, and improve object discovery and use. This work was partly motivated by the launch of a new discovery platform at our institution, which aggregates metadata and full text from our four open access repositories into a cohesive, consistent, and enhanced searching and browsing experience. The platform provides digital object identifier (DOI) assignment, metadata access via various formats, and an open metadata and full text application program interface (API) for researchers, amongst other features. Functionality of these platform features relies heavily on accurate object representation and metadata. This work facilitates and improves the discovery and engagement of the diverse digital objects available from our institution, so they can be used and analyzed in new, flexible, and innovative ways by a myriad of communities and disciplines.

Saurabh, A., Kumar, A., Anitha, U..  2015.  Performance analysis of various wavelet thresholding techniques for despeckiling of sonar images. 2015 3rd International Conference on Signal Processing, Communication and Networking (ICSCN). :1–7.

Image Denoising nowadays is a great Challenge in the field of image processing. Since Discrete wavelet transform (DWT) is one of the powerful and perspective approaches in the area of image de noising. But fixing an optimal threshold is the key factor to determine the performance of denoising algorithm using (DWT). The optimal threshold can be estimated from the image statistics for getting better performance of denoising in terms of clarity or quality of the images. In this paper we analyzed various methods of denoising from the sonar image by using various thresholding methods (Vishnu Shrink, Bayes Shrink and Neigh Shrink) experimentally and compare the result in terms of various image quality parameters. (PSNR,MSE,SSIM and Entropy). The results of the proposed method show that there is an improvenment in the visual quality of sonar images by suppressing the speckle noise and retaining edge details.

Saurabh, V. K., Sharma, R., Itare, R., Singh, U..  2017.  Cluster-based technique for detection and prevention of black-hole attack in MANETs. 2017 International conference of Electronics, Communication and Aerospace Technology (ICECA). 2:489–494.

Secure routing in the field of mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is one of the most flourishing areas of research. Devising a trustworthy security protocol for ad hoc routing is a challenging task due to the unique network characteristics such as lack of central authority, rapid node mobility, frequent topology changes, insecure operational environment, and confined availability of resources. Due to low configuration and quick deployment, MANETs are well-suited for emergency situations like natural disasters or military applications. Therefore, data transfer between two nodes should necessarily involve security. A black-hole attack in the mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) is an offense occurring due to malicious nodes, which attract the data packets by incorrectly publicizing a fresh route to the destination. A clustering direction in AODV routing protocol for the detection and prevention of black-hole attack in MANET has been put forward. Every member of the unit will ping once to the cluster head, to detect the exclusive difference between the number of data packets received and forwarded by the particular node. If the fault is perceived, all the nodes will obscure the contagious nodes from the network. The reading of the system performance has been done in terms of packet delivery ratio (PDR), end to end delay (ETD) throughput and Energy simulation inferences are recorded using ns2 simulator.

Saurez, Enrique, Hong, Kirak, Lillethun, Dave, Ramachandran, Umakishore, Ottenwälder, Beate.  2016.  Incremental Deployment and Migration of Geo-distributed Situation Awareness Applications in the Fog. Proceedings of the 10th ACM International Conference on Distributed and Event-based Systems. :258–269.

Geo-distributed Situation Awareness applications are large in scale and are characterized by 24/7 data generation from mobile and stationary sensors (such as cameras and GPS devices); latency-sensitivity for converting sensed data to actionable knowledge; and elastic and bursty needs for computational resources. Fog computing [7] envisions providing computational resources close to the edge of the network, consequently reducing the latency for the sense-process-actuate cycle that exists in these applications. We propose Foglets, a programming infrastructure for the geo-distributed computational continuum represented by fog nodes and the cloud. Foglets provides APIs for a spatio-temporal data abstraction for storing and retrieving application generated data on the local nodes, and primitives for communication among the resources in the computational continuum. Foglets manages the application components on the Fog nodes. Algorithms are presented for launching application components and handling the migration of these components between Fog nodes, based on the mobility pattern of the sensors and the dynamic computational needs of the application. Evaluation results are presented for a Fog network consisting of 16 nodes using a simulated vehicular network as the workload. We show that the discovery and deployment protocol can be executed in 0.93 secs, and joining an already deployed application can be as quick as 65 ms. Also, QoS-sensitive proactive migration can be accomplished in 6 ms.

Saverimoutou, Antoine, Mathieu, Bertrand, Vaton, Sandrine.  2019.  Influence of Internet Protocols and CDN on Web Browsing. 2019 10th IFIP International Conference on New Technologies, Mobility and Security (NTMS). :1–5.

The Web ecosystem has been evolving over the past years and new Internet protocols, namely HTTP/2 over TLS/TCP and QUIC/UDP, are now used to deliver Web contents. Similarly, CDNs (Content Delivery Network) are deployed worldwide, caching contents close to end-users to optimize web browsing quality. We present in this paper an analysis of the influence of the Internet protocols and CDN on the Top 10,000 Alexa websites, based on a 12-month measurement campaign (from April 2018 to April 2019) performed via our tool Web View [1]. Part of our measurements are made public, represented on a monitoring website1, showing the results for the Top 50 Alexa Websites plus few specific websites and 8 french websites, suggested by the French Agency in charge of regulating telecommunications. Our analysis of this long-term measurement campaign allows to better analyze the delivery of public websites. For instance, it shows that even if some argue that QUIC optimizes the quality, it is not observed in the real-life since QUIC is not largely deployed. Our method for analyzing CDN delivery in the Web browsing allows us to evaluate its influence, which is important since their usage can decrease the web pages' loading time, on average 43.1% with HTTP/2 and 38.5% with QUIC, when requesting a second time the same home page.

Savitri, Nadia, Johan, Ahmad Wali Satria Bahari, Al Islama A, Firnanda, Utaminingrum, Fitri.  2019.  Efficient Technique Image Encryption with Cipher Block Chaining and Gingerbreadman Map. 2019 International Conference on Sustainable Information Engineering and Technology (SIET). :116—119.

Digital image security is now a severe issue, especially when sending images to telecommunications networks. There are many ways where digital images can be encrypted and decrypted from secure communication. Digital images contain data that is important when captured or disseminated to preserve and preserve data. The technique of encryption is one way of providing data on digital images. A key cipher block chaining and Gingerbreadman Map are used in our search to encrypt images. This new system uses simplicity, high quality, enhanced by the vehicle's natural efficiency and the number of the chain. The proposed method is performed for experimental purposes and the experiments are performed in- depth, highly reliable analysis. The results confirm that by referring to several known attacks, the plan cannot be completed. Comparative studies with other algorithms show a slight rise in the security of passwords with the advantages of security of the chain. The results of this experiment are a comparison of button sensitivity and a comparison after encryption and decryption of the initial image using the amount of pixel change rate and unified average change intensity.

Savola, Reijo M., Savolainen, Pekka, Salonen, Jarno.  2016.  Towards Security Metrics-supported IP Traceback. Proccedings of the 10th European Conference on Software Architecture Workshops. :32:1–32:5.

The threat of DDOS and other cyberattacks has increased during the last decade. In addition to the radical increase in the number of attacks, they are also becoming more sophisticated with the targets ranging from ordinary users to service providers and even critical infrastructure. According to some resources, the sophistication of attacks is increasing faster than the mitigating actions against them. For example determining the location of the attack origin is becoming impossible as cyber attackers employ specific means to evade detection of the attack origin by default, such as using proxy services and source address spoofing. The purpose of this paper is to initiate discussion about effective Internet Protocol traceback mechanisms that are needed to overcome this problem. We propose an approach for traceback that is based on extensive use of security metrics before (proactive) and during (reactive) the attacks.

Savola, Reijo M., Savolainen, Pekka.  2018.  Risk-driven Security Metrics Development for Software-defined Networking. Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on Software Architecture: Companion Proceedings. :56:1–56:5.
Introduction of SDN (Software-Defined Networking) into the network management turns the formerly quite rigid networks to programmatically reconfigurable, dynamic and high-performing entities, which are managed remotely. At the same time, introduction of the new interfaces evidently widens the attack surface, and new kind of attack vectors are introduced threatening the QoS even critically. Thus, there is need for a security architecture, drawing from the SDN management and monitoring capabilities, and eventually covering the threats posed by the SDN evolution. For efficient security-architecture implementation, we analyze the security risks of SDN and based on that propose heuristic security objectives. Further, we decompose the objectives for effective security control implementation and security metrics definition to support informed security decision-making and continuous security improvement.
Savva, G., Manousakis, K., Ellinas, G..  2020.  Providing Confidentiality in Optical Networks: Metaheuristic Techniques for the Joint Network Coding-Routing and Spectrum Allocation Problem. 2020 22nd International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON). :1—4.
In this work, novel metaheuristic algorithms are proposed to address the network coding (NC)-based routing and spectrum allocation (RSA) problem in elastic optical networks, aiming to increase the level of security against eavesdropping attacks for the network's confidential connections. A modified simulated annealing, a genetic algorithm, as well as a combination of the two techniques are examined in terms of confidentiality and spectrum utilization. Performance results demonstrate that using metaheuristic techniques can improve the performance of NC-based RSA algorithms and thus can be utilized in real-world network scenarios.
Sawada, Kouta, Uda, Ryuya.  2016.  Effective CAPTCHA with Amodal Completion and Aftereffects. Proceeding IMCOM '16 Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Ubiquitous Information Management and Communication Article No. 53 .

Accounts on web services are always exposed to the menace of attacks. Especially, a large number of accounts can be used for unfair uses such as stealth marketing or SPAM attacks. Needless to say, acquisition of those accounts and attacks are automatically done by software programs called bots. Therefore, a technology called CAPTCHA is usually used in the acquisition of accounts for web services in order to distinguish human beings from bots. The most popular kind of CAPTCHA methods is text-based CAPTCHA in which distorted alphabets and numbers appear with obstacles or noise. However, it is known that all of text-based CAPTCHA algorithms can be analyzed by computers. In addition, too much distortion or noise prevents human beings from alphabets or numbers. There are other kinds of CAPTCHA methods such as image CAPTCHA and audio CAPTCHA. However, they also have problems in use. As a related work, an effective text-based CAPTCHA algorithm was proposed to which amodal completion is applied. The CAPTCHA provides computers a large amount of calculation cost while amodal completion helps human beings to recognize characters momentarily. On the other hand, momentary recognition is uncomfortable for human beings since extreme concentration is required within ten seconds. Therefore, in this paper, we propose an improved algorithm to which amodal completion and aftereffects are applied. The aftereffects extend time for recognition of characters from a moment to several seconds.

Sawant, Anand Ashok, Aniche, Maurício, van Deursen, Arie, Bacchelli, Alberto.  2018.  Understanding Developers' Needs on Deprecation As a Language Feature. Proceedings of the 40th International Conference on Software Engineering. :561-571.

Deprecation is a language feature that allows API producers to mark a feature as obsolete. We aim to gain a deep understanding of the needs of API producers and consumers alike regarding deprecation. To that end, we investigate why API producers deprecate features, whether they remove deprecated features, how they expect consumers to react, and what prompts an API consumer to react to deprecation. To achieve this goal we conduct semi-structured interviews with 17 third-party Java API producers and survey 170 Java developers. We observe that the current deprecation mechanism in Java and the proposal to enhance it does not address all the needs of a developer. This leads us to propose and evaluate three further enhancements to the deprecation mechanism.

Sawaya, Yukiko, Sharif, Mahmood, Christin, Nicolas, Kubota, Ayumu, Nakarai, Akihiro, Yamada, Akira.  2017.  Self-Confidence Trumps Knowledge: A Cross-Cultural Study of Security Behavior. Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. :2202–2214.
Computer security tools usually provide universal solutions without taking user characteristics (origin, income level, ...) into account. In this paper, we test the validity of using such universal security defenses, with a particular focus on culture. We apply the previously proposed Security Behavior Intentions Scale (SeBIS) to 3,500 participants from seven countries. We first translate the scale into seven languages while preserving its reliability and structure validity. We then build a regression model to study which factors affect participants' security behavior. We find that participants from different countries exhibit different behavior. For instance, participants from Asian countries, and especially Japan, tend to exhibit less secure behavior. Surprisingly to us, we also find that actual knowledge influences user behavior much less than user self-confidence in their computer security knowledge. Stated differently, what people think they know affects their security behavior more than what they do know.
Saxena, Shubhankar, Jais, Rohan, Hota, Malaya Kumar.  2019.  Removal of Powerline Interference from ECG Signal using FIR, IIR, DWT and NLMS Adaptive Filter. 2019 International Conference on Communication and Signal Processing (ICCSP). :0012–0016.
ECG signals are often corrupted by 50 Hz noise, the frequency from the power supply. So it becomes quite necessary to remove Power Line Interference (PLI) from the ECG signal. The reference ECG signal data was taken from the MIT-BIH database. Different filtering techniques comprising of Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), Normalized Least Mean Square (NLMS) filter, Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filter and Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) filter were used in this paper for denoising the ECG signal which was corrupted by the PLI. Later, the comparison was made among the methods, to find the best methodology to denoise the corrupted ECG signal. The parameters that were used for the comparison are Mean Square Error (MSE), Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) and Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR). Higher values of SNR & PSNR and lower values of MSE & MAE define the best denoising algorithm.