Visible to the public Biblio

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Zhao, J., Kong, K., Hei, X., Tu, Y., Du, X..  2018.  A Visible Light Channel Based Access Control Scheme for Wireless Insulin Pump Systems. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–6.
Smart personal insulin pumps have been widely adopted by type 1 diabetes. However, many wireless insulin pump systems lack security mechanisms to protect them from malicious attacks. In previous works, the read-write attacks over RF channels can be launched stealthily and could jeopardize patients' lives. Protecting patients from such attacks is urgent. To address this issue, we propose a novel visible light channel based access control scheme for wireless infusion insulin pumps. This scheme employs an infrared photodiode sensor as a receiver in an insulin pump, and an infrared LED as an emitter in a doctor's reader (USB) to transmit a PIN/shared key to authenticate the doctor's USB. The evaluation results demonstrate that our scheme can reliably pass the authentication process with a low false accept rate (0.05% at a distance of 5cm).
Liang, G., Weller, S. R., Zhao, J., Luo, F., Dong, Z. Y..  2017.  False Data Injection Attacks Targeting DC Model-Based State Estimation. 2017 IEEE Power Energy Society General Meeting. :1–5.

The false data injection attack (FDIA) is a form of cyber-attack capable of affecting the secure and economic operation of the smart grid. With DC model-based state estimation, this paper analyzes ways of constructing a successful attacking vector to fulfill specific targets, i.e., pre-specified state variable target and pre-specified meter target according to the adversary's willingness. The grid operator's historical reading experiences on meters are considered as a constraint for the adversary to avoid being detected. Also from the viewpoint of the adversary, we propose to take full advantage of the dual concept of the coefficients in the topology matrix to handle with the problem that the adversary has no access to some meters. Effectiveness of the proposed method is validated by numerical experiments on the IEEE-14 benchmark system.

Zhao, J..  2017.  Composition Properties of Bayesian Differential Privacy. 2017 IEEE 28th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC). :1–5.

Differential privacy is a rigorous privacy standard that has been applied to a range of data analysis tasks. To broaden the application scenarios of differential privacy when data records have dependencies, the notion of Bayesian differential privacy has been recently proposed. However, it is unknown whether Bayesian differential privacy preserves three nice properties of differential privacy: sequential composability, parallel composability, and post-processing. In this paper, we provide an affirmative answer to this question; i.e., Bayesian differential privacy still have these properties. The idea behind sequential composability is that if we have m algorithms Y1, Y2,łdots, Ym, where Y$\mathscrl$ is independently $ε\mathscrl$-Bayesian differential private for $\mathscrl$ = 1,2,łdots, m, then by feeding the result of Y1 into Y2, the result of Y2 into Y3, and so on, we will finally have an $Σ$m$\mathscrl$=;1 $ε\mathscrl$-Bayesian differential private algorithm. For parallel composability, we consider the situation where a database is partitioned into m disjoint subsets. The $\mathscrl$-th subset is input to a Bayesian differential private algorithm Y$\mathscrl$, for $\mathscrl$= 1, 2,łdots, m. Then the parallel composition of Y1, Y2,łdots, Ym will be maxm$\mathscrl$=;1=1 $ε\mathscrl$-Bayesian differential private. The postprocessing property means that a data analyst, without additional knowledge abo- t the private database, cannot compute a function of the output of a Bayesian differential private algorithm and reduce its privacy guarantee.

Zhao, J., Shetty, S., Pan, J. W..  2017.  Feature-based transfer learning for network security. MILCOM 2017 - 2017 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :17–22.

New and unseen network attacks pose a great threat to the signature-based detection systems. Consequently, machine learning-based approaches are designed to detect attacks, which rely on features extracted from network data. The problem is caused by different distribution of features in the training and testing datasets, which affects the performance of the learned models. Moreover, generating labeled datasets is very time-consuming and expensive, which undercuts the effectiveness of supervised learning approaches. In this paper, we propose using transfer learning to detect previously unseen attacks. The main idea is to learn the optimized representation to be invariant to the changes of attack behaviors from labeled training sets and non-labeled testing sets, which contain different types of attacks and feed the representation to a supervised classifier. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first effort to use a feature-based transfer learning technique to detect unseen variants of network attacks. Furthermore, this technique can be used with any common base classifier. We evaluated the technique on publicly available datasets, and the results demonstrate the effectiveness of transfer learning to detect new network attacks.

Liang, X., Zhao, J., Shetty, S., Li, D..  2017.  Towards data assurance and resilience in IoT using blockchain. MILCOM 2017 - 2017 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :261–266.

Data assurance and resilience are crucial security issues in cloud-based IoT applications. With the widespread adoption of drones in IoT scenarios such as warfare, agriculture and delivery, effective solutions to protect data integrity and communications between drones and the control system have been in urgent demand to prevent potential vulnerabilities that may cause heavy losses. To secure drone communication during data collection and transmission, as well as preserve the integrity of collected data, we propose a distributed solution by utilizing blockchain technology along with the traditional cloud server. Instead of registering the drone itself to the blockchain, we anchor the hashed data records collected from drones to the blockchain network and generate a blockchain receipt for each data record stored in the cloud, reducing the burden of moving drones with the limit of battery and process capability while gaining enhanced security guarantee of the data. This paper presents the idea of securing drone data collection and communication in combination with a public blockchain for provisioning data integrity and cloud auditing. The evaluation shows that our system is a reliable and distributed system for drone data assurance and resilience with acceptable overhead and scalability for a large number of drones.