Visible to the public Biblio

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Huang, H., Wang, X., Jiang, Y., Singh, A. K., Yang, M., Huang, L..  2020.  On Countermeasures Against the Thermal Covert Channel Attacks Targeting Many-core Systems. 2020 57th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC). :1—6.
Although it has been demonstrated in multiple studies that serious data leaks could occur to many-core systems thanks to the existence of the thermal covert channels (TCC), little has been done to produce effective countermeasures that are necessary to fight against such TCC attacks. In this paper, we propose a three-step countermeasure to address this critical defense issue. Specifically, the countermeasure includes detection based on signal frequency scanning, positioning affected cores, and blocking based on Dynamic Voltage Frequency Scaling (DVFS) technique. Our experiments have confirmed that on average 98% of the TCC attacks can be detected, and with the proposed defense, the bit error rate of a TCC attack can soar to 92%, literally shutting down the attack in practical terms. The performance penalty caused by the inclusion of the proposed countermeasures is only 3% for an 8×8 system.
Xin, B., Yang, W., Geng, Y., Chen, S., Wang, S., Huang, L..  2020.  Private FL-GAN: Differential Privacy Synthetic Data Generation Based on Federated Learning. ICASSP 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP). :2927–2931.
Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) has already made a big splash in the field of generating realistic "fake" data. However, when data is distributed and data-holders are reluctant to share data for privacy reasons, GAN's training is difficult. To address this issue, we propose private FL-GAN, a differential privacy generative adversarial network model based on federated learning. By strategically combining the Lipschitz limit with the differential privacy sensitivity, the model can generate high-quality synthetic data without sacrificing the privacy of the training data. We theoretically prove that private FL-GAN can provide strict privacy guarantee with differential privacy, and experimentally demonstrate our model can generate satisfactory data.
Yang, H., Huang, L., Luo, C., Yu, Q..  2020.  Research on Intelligent Security Protection of Privacy Data in Government Cyberspace. 2020 IEEE 5th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Big Data Analytics (ICCCBDA). :284—288.

Based on the analysis of the difficulties and pain points of privacy protection in the opening and sharing of government data, this paper proposes a new method for intelligent discovery and protection of structured and unstructured privacy data. Based on the improvement of the existing government data masking process, this method introduces the technologies of NLP and machine learning, studies the intelligent discovery of sensitive data, the automatic recommendation of masking algorithm and the full automatic execution following the improved masking process. In addition, the dynamic masking and static masking prototype with text and database as data source are designed and implemented with agent-based intelligent masking middleware. The results show that the recognition range and protection efficiency of government privacy data, especially government unstructured text have been significantly improved.

Peng, W., Huang, L., Jia, J., Ingram, E..  2018.  Enhancing the Naive Bayes Spam Filter Through Intelligent Text Modification Detection. 2018 17th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/ 12th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :849–854.

Spam emails have been a chronic issue in computer security. They are very costly economically and extremely dangerous for computers and networks. Despite of the emergence of social networks and other Internet based information exchange venues, dependence on email communication has increased over the years and this dependence has resulted in an urgent need to improve spam filters. Although many spam filters have been created to help prevent these spam emails from entering a user's inbox, there is a lack or research focusing on text modifications. Currently, Naive Bayes is one of the most popular methods of spam classification because of its simplicity and efficiency. Naive Bayes is also very accurate; however, it is unable to correctly classify emails when they contain leetspeak or diacritics. Thus, in this proposes, we implemented a novel algorithm for enhancing the accuracy of the Naive Bayes Spam Filter so that it can detect text modifications and correctly classify the email as spam or ham. Our Python algorithm combines semantic based, keyword based, and machine learning algorithms to increase the accuracy of Naive Bayes compared to Spamassassin by over two hundred percent. Additionally, we have discovered a relationship between the length of the email and the spam score, indicating that Bayesian Poisoning, a controversial topic, is actually a real phenomenon and utilized by spammers.

Kang, E. Y., Mu, D., Huang, L., Lan, Q..  2017.  Verification and Validation of a Cyber-Physical System in the Automotive Domain. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security Companion (QRS-C). :326–333.
Software development for Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), e.g., autonomous vehicles, requires both functional and non-functional quality assurance to guarantee that the CPS operates safely and effectively. EAST-ADL is a domain specific architectural language dedicated to safety-critical automotive embedded system design. We have previously modified EAST-ADL to include energy constraints and transformed energy-aware real-time (ERT) behaviors modeled in EAST-ADL/Stateflow into UPPAAL models amenable to formal verification. Previous work is extended in this paper by including support for Simulink and an integration of Simulink/Stateflow (S/S) within the same too lchain. S/S models are transformed, based on the extended ERT constraints with probability parameters, into verifiable UPPAAL-SMC models and integrate the translation with formal statistical analysis techniques: Probabilistic extension of EAST-ADL constraints is defined as a semantics denotation. A set of mapping rules is proposed to facilitate the guarantee of translation. Formal analysis on both functional- and non-functional properties is performed using Simulink Design Verifier and UPPAAL-SMC. Our approach is demonstrated on the autonomous traffic sign recognition vehicle case study.
Li, L., Wu, S., Huang, L., Wang, W..  2017.  Research on modeling for network security policy confliction based on network topology. 2017 14th International Computer Conference on Wavelet Active Media Technology and Information Processing (ICCWAMTIP). :36–41.

The consistency checking of network security policy is an important issue of network security field, but current studies lack of overall security strategy modeling and entire network checking. In order to check the consistency of policy in distributed network system, a security policy model is proposed based on network topology, which checks conflicts of security policies for all communication paths in the network. First, the model uniformly describes network devices, domains and links, abstracts the network topology as an undirected graph, and formats the ACL (Access Control List) rules into quintuples. Then, based on the undirected graph, the model searches all possible paths between all domains in the topology, and checks the quintuple consistency by using a classifying algorithm. The experiments in campus network demonstrate that this model can effectively detect the conflicts of policy globally in the distributed network and ensure the consistency of the network security policies.

Huang, L., Chen, J., Zhu, Q..  2017.  A Factored MDP Approach to Optimal Mechanism Design for Resilient Large-Scale Interdependent Critical Infrastructures. 2017 Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES). :1–6.

Enhancing the security and resilience of interdependent infrastructures is crucial. In this paper, we establish a theoretical framework based on Markov decision processes (MDPs) to design optimal resiliency mechanisms for interdependent infrastructures. We use MDPs to capture the dynamics of the failure of constituent components of an infrastructure and their cyber-physical dependencies. Factored MDPs and approximate linear programming are adopted for an exponentially growing dimension of both state and action spaces. Under our approximation scheme, the optimally distributed policy is equivalent to the centralized one. Finally, case studies in a large-scale interdependent system demonstrate the effectiveness of the control strategy to enhance the network resilience to cascading failures.

Shi, Z., Huang, M., Zhao, C., Huang, L., Du, X., Zhao, Y..  2017.  Detection of LSSUAV using hash fingerprint based SVDD. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–5.
With the rapid development of science and technology, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) gradually become the worldwide focus of science and technology. Not only the development and application but also the security of UAV is of great significance to modern society. Different from methods using radar, optical or acoustic sensors to detect UAV, this paper proposes a novel distance-based support vector data description (SVDD) algorithm using hash fingerprint as feature. This algorithm does not need large number of training samples and its computation complexity is low. Hash fingerprint is generated by extracting features of signal preamble waveforms. Distance-based SVDD algorithm is employed to efficiently detect and recognize low, slow, small unmanned aerial vehicles (LSSUAVs) using 2.4GHz frequency band.