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Han, K., Zhang, W., Liu, C..  2020.  Numerical Study of Acoustic Propagation Characteristics in the Multi-scale Seafloor Random Media. 2020 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Information Communication and Signal Processing (ICICSP). :135–138.
There is some uncertainty as to the applicability or accuracy of current theories for wave propagation in sediments. Numerical modelling of acoustic data has long been recognized to be a powerful method of understanding of complicated wave propagation and interaction. In this paper, we used the coupled two-dimensional PSM-BEM program to simulate the process of acoustic wave propagation in the seafloor with distributed multi-scale random media. The effects of fluid flow between the pores and the grains with multi-scale distribution were considered. The results show that the coupled PSM-BEM program can be directly applied to both high and low frequency seafloor acoustics. A given porous frame with the pore space saturated with fluid can greatly increase the magnitude of acoustic anisotropy. acoustic wave velocity dispersion and attenuation are significant over a frequency range which spans at least two orders of magnitude.
Han, Y., Zhang, W., Wei, J., Liu, X., Ye, S..  2019.  The Study and Application of Security Control Plan Incorporating Frequency Stability (SCPIFS) in CPS-Featured Interconnected Asynchronous Grids. 2019 IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT Asia). :349—354.

The CPS-featured modern asynchronous grids interconnected with HVDC tie-lines facing the hazards from bulk power imbalance shock. With the aid of cyber layer, the SCPIFS incorporates the frequency stability constrains is put forwarded. When there is bulk power imbalance caused by HVDC tie-lines block incident or unplanned loads increasing, the proposed SCPIFS ensures the safety and frequency stability of both grids at two terminals of the HVDC tie-line, also keeps the grids operate economically. To keep frequency stability, the controllable variables in security control strategy include loads, generators outputs and the power transferred in HVDC tie-lines. McCormick envelope method and ADMM are introduced to solve the proposed SCPIFS optimization model. Case studies of two-area benchmark system verify the safety and economical benefits of the SCPFS. HVDC tie-line transferred power can take the advantage of low cost generator resource of both sides utmost and avoid the load shedding via tuning the power transferred through the operating tie-lines, thus the operation of both connected asynchronous grids is within the limit of frequency stability domain.

Li, W., Ji, J., Zhang, G., Zhang, W..  2016.  Cross-layer security based on optical CDMA and algorithmic cryptography. 2016 IEEE Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC). :1–2.

In this paper, we introduce an optical network with cross-layer security, which can enhance security performance. In the transmitter, the user's data is encrypted at first. After that, based on optical encoding, physical layer encryption is implemented. In the receiver, after the corresponding optical decoding process, decryption algorithm is used to restore user's data. In this paper, the security performance has been evaluated quantitatively.

Liu, Y., Yuan, X., Li, M., Zhang, W., Zhao, Q., Zhong, J., Cao, Y., Li, Y., Chen, L., Li, H. et al..  2018.  High Speed Device-Independent Quantum Random Number Generation without Detection Loophole. 2018 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO). :1–2.

We report a an experimental study of device-independent quantum random number generation based on an detection-loophole free Bell test with entangled photons. After considering statistical fluctuations and applying an 80 Gb × 45.6 Mb Toeplitz matrix hashing, we achieve a final random bit rate of 114 bits/s, with a failure probability less than 10-5.

Wang, Y., Wang, Z., Xie, Z., Zhao, N., Chen, J., Zhang, W., Sui, K., Pei, D..  2020.  Practical and White-Box Anomaly Detection through Unsupervised and Active Learning. 2020 29th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN). :1—9.

To ensure quality of service and user experience, large Internet companies often monitor various Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) of their systems so that they can detect anomalies and identify failure in real time. However, due to a large number of various KPIs and the lack of high-quality labels, existing KPI anomaly detection approaches either perform well only on certain types of KPIs or consume excessive resources. Therefore, to realize generic and practical KPI anomaly detection in the real world, we propose a KPI anomaly detection framework named iRRCF-Active, which contains an unsupervised and white-box anomaly detector based on Robust Random Cut Forest (RRCF), and an active learning component. Specifically, we novelly propose an improved RRCF (iRRCF) algorithm to overcome the drawbacks of applying original RRCF in KPI anomaly detection. Besides, we also incorporate the idea of active learning to make our model benefit from high-quality labels given by experienced operators. We conduct extensive experiments on a large-scale public dataset and a private dataset collected from a large commercial bank. The experimental resulta demonstrate that iRRCF-Active performs better than existing traditional statistical methods, unsupervised learning methods and supervised learning methods. Besides, each component in iRRCF-Active has also been demonstrated to be effective and indispensable.

Xu, Y., Chen, H., Zhao, Y., Zhang, W., Shen, Q., Zhang, X., Ma, Z..  2019.  Neural Adaptive Transport Framework for Internet-scale Interactive Media Streaming Services. 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Broadband Multimedia Systems and Broadcasting (BMSB). :1–6.
Network dynamics, such as bandwidth fluctuation and unexpected latency, hurt users' quality of experience (QoE) greatly for media services over the Internet. In this work, we propose a neural adaptive transport (NAT) framework to tackle the network dynamics for Internet-scale interactive media services. The entire NAT system has three major components: a learning based cloud overlay routing (COR) scheme for the best delivery path to bypass the network bottlenecks while offering the minimal end-to-end latency simultaneously; a residual neural network based collaborative video processing (CVP) system to trade the computational capability at client-end for QoE improvement via learned resolution scaling; and a deep reinforcement learning (DRL) based adaptive real-time streaming (ARS) strategy to select the appropriate video bitrate for maximal QoE. We have demonstrated that COR could improve the user satisfaction from 5% to 43%, CVP could reduce the bandwidth consumption more than 30% at the same quality, and DRL-based ARS can maintain the smooth streaming with \textbackslashtextless; 50% QoE improvement, respectively.
Zhang, S., Jia, X., Zhang, W..  2017.  Towards comprehensive protection for OpenFlow controllers. 2017 19th Asia-Pacific Network Operations and Management Symposium (APNOMS). :82–87.

OpenFlow has recently emerged as a powerful paradigm to help build dynamic, adaptive and agile networks. By decoupling control plane from data plane, OpenFlow allows network operators to program a centralized intelligence, OpenFlow controller, to manage network-wide traffic flows to meet the changing needs. However, from the security's point of view, a buggy or even malicious controller could compromise the control logic, and then the entire network. Even worse, the recent attack Stuxnet on industrial control systems also indicates the similar, severe threat to OpenFlow controllers from the commercial operating systems they are running on. In this paper, we comprehensively studied the attack vectors against the OpenFlow critical component, controller, and proposed a cross layer diversity approach that enables OpenFlow controllers to detect attacks, corruptions, failures, and then automatically continue correct execution. Case studies demonstrate that our approach can protect OpenFlow controllers from threats coming from compromised operating systems and themselves.

Zhang, W., Byna, S., Niu, C., Chen, Y..  2019.  Exploring Metadata Search Essentials for Scientific Data Management. 2019 IEEE 26th International Conference on High Performance Computing, Data, and Analytics (HiPC). :83—92.

Scientific experiments and observations store massive amounts of data in various scientific file formats. Metadata, which describes the characteristics of the data, is commonly used to sift through massive datasets in order to locate data of interest to scientists. Several indexing data structures (such as hash tables, trie, self-balancing search trees, sparse array, etc.) have been developed as part of efforts to provide an efficient method for locating target data. However, efficient determination of an indexing data structure remains unclear in the context of scientific data management, due to the lack of investigation on metadata, metadata queries, and corresponding data structures. In this study, we perform a systematic study of the metadata search essentials in the context of scientific data management. We study a real-world astronomy observation dataset and explore the characteristics of the metadata in the dataset. We also study possible metadata queries based on the discovery of the metadata characteristics and evaluate different data structures for various types of metadata attributes. Our evaluation on real-world dataset suggests that trie is a suitable data structure when prefix/suffix query is required, otherwise hash table should be used. We conclude our study with a summary of our findings. These findings provide a guideline and offers insights in developing metadata indexing methodologies for scientific applications.

Zheng, T. X., Yang, Q., Wang, H. M., Deng, H., Mu, P., Zhang, W..  2017.  Improving physical layer security for wireless ad hoc networks via full-duplex receiver jamming. 2017 IEEE 18th International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC). :1–5.

This paper studies physical layer security in a wireless ad hoc network with numerous legitimate transmitter-receiver pairs and passive eavesdroppers. A hybrid full-/half-duplex receiver deployment strategy is proposed to secure legitimate transmissions, by letting a fraction of legitimate receivers work in the full-duplex (FD) mode sending jamming signals to confuse eavesdroppers upon their own information receptions, and other receivers work in the half-duplex mode just receiving desired signals. This paper aims to properly choose the fraction of the FD receivers to enhance network security. Tractable expressions for the connection outage probability and the secrecy outage probability of a typical legitimate link are first derived, based on which the network-wide secrecy throughput is maximized. Some insights into the optimal fraction are further developed. It is concluded that the fraction of the FD receivers triggers a non-trivial trade-off between reliability and secrecy, and the optimal fraction significantly improves the network security performance.

Zhou, H., Zhang, W., Wei, F., Chen, Y..  2017.  Analysis of Android Malware Family Characteristic Based on Isomorphism of Sensitive API Call Graph. 2017 IEEE Second International Conference on Data Science in Cyberspace (DSC). :319–327.

The analysis of multiple Android malware families indicates malware instances within a common malware family always have similar call graph structures. Based on the isomorphism of sensitive API call graph, we propose a method which is used to construct malware family features via combining static analysis approach with graph similarity metric. The experiment is performed on a malware dataset which contains 1326 malware samples from 16 different malware families. The result shows that the method can differentiate distinct malware family features and divide suspect malware samples into corresponding families with a high accuracy of 96.77% overall and even defend a certain extent of obfuscation.