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Ozmen, Muslum Ozgur, Yavuz, Attila A..  2017.  Low-Cost Standard Public Key Cryptography Services for Wireless IoT Systems. Proceedings of the 2017 Workshop on Internet of Things Security and Privacy. :65–70.

Internet of Things (IoT) is an integral part of application domains such as smart-home and digital healthcare. Various standard public key cryptography techniques (e.g., key exchange, public key encryption, signature) are available to provide fundamental security services for IoTs. However, despite their pervasiveness and well-proven security, they also have been shown to be highly energy costly for embedded devices. Hence, it is a critical task to improve the energy efficiency of standard cryptographic services, while preserving their desirable properties simultaneously. In this paper, we exploit synergies among various cryptographic primitives with algorithmic optimizations to substantially reduce the energy consumption of standard cryptographic techniques on embedded devices. Our contributions are: (i) We harness special precomputation techniques, which have not been considered for some important cryptographic standards to boost the performance of key exchange, integrated encryption, and hybrid constructions. (ii) We provide self-certification for these techniques to push their performance to the edge. (iii) We implemented our techniques and their counterparts on 8-bit AVR ATmega 2560 and evaluated their performance. We used microECC library and made the implementations on NIST-recommended secp192 curve, due to its standardization. Our experiments confirmed significant improvements on the battery life (up to 7x) while preserving the desirable properties of standard techniques. Moreover, to the best of our knowledge, we provide the first open-source framework including such set of optimizations on low-end devices.

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Hoang, Thang, Ozkaptan, Ceyhun D., Yavuz, Attila A., Guajardo, Jorge, Nguyen, Tam.  2017.  S3ORAM: A Computation-Efficient and Constant Client Bandwidth Blowup ORAM with Shamir Secret Sharing. Proceedings of the 2017 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security. :491–505.

Oblivious Random Access Machine (ORAM) enables a client to access her data without leaking her access patterns. Existing client-efficient ORAMs either achieve O(log N) client-server communication blowup without heavy computation, or O(1) blowup but with expensive homomorphic encryptions. It has been shown that O(log N) bandwidth blowup might not be practical for certain applications, while schemes with O(1) communication blowup incur even more delay due to costly homomorphic operations. In this paper, we propose a new distributed ORAM scheme referred to as Shamir Secret Sharing ORAM (S3ORAM), which achieves O(1) client-server bandwidth blowup and O(1) blocks of client storage without relying on costly partial homomorphic encryptions. S3ORAM harnesses Shamir Secret Sharing, tree-based ORAM structure and a secure multi-party multiplication protocol to eliminate costly homomorphic operations and, therefore, achieves O(1) client-server bandwidth blowup with a high computational efficiency. We conducted comprehensive experiments to assess the performance of S3ORAM and its counterparts on actual cloud environments, and showed that S3ORAM achieves three orders of magnitude lower end-to-end delay compared to alternatives with O(1) client communication blowup (Onion-ORAM), while it is one order of magnitude faster than Path-ORAM for a network with a moderate bandwidth quality. We have released the implementation of S3ORAM for further improvement and adaptation.

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Grissa, Mohamed, Yavuz, Attila A., Hamdaoui, Bechir.  2019.  TrustSAS: A Trustworthy Spectrum Access System for the 3.5 GHz CBRS Band. IEEE INFOCOM 2019 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications. :1495–1503.
As part of its ongoing efforts to meet the increased spectrum demand, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has recently opened up 150 MHz in the 3.5 GHz band for shared wireless broadband use. Access and operations in this band, aka Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS), will be managed by a dynamic spectrum access system (SAS) to enable seamless spectrum sharing between secondary users (SUs) and incumbent users. Despite its benefits, SAS's design requirements, as set by FCC, present privacy risks to SUs, merely because SUs are required to share sensitive operational information (e.g., location, identity, spectrum usage) with SAS to be able to learn about spectrum availability in their vicinity. In this paper, we propose TrustSAS, a trustworthy framework for SAS that synergizes state-of-the-art cryptographic techniques with blockchain technology in an innovative way to address these privacy issues while complying with FCC's regulatory design requirements. We analyze the security of our framework and evaluate its performance through analysis, simulation and experimentation. We show that TrustSAS can offer high security guarantees with reasonable overhead, making it an ideal solution for addressing SUs' privacy issues in an operational SAS environment.