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Zouari, J., Hamdi, M., Kim, T. H..  2017.  A privacy-preserving homomorphic encryption scheme for the Internet of Things. 2017 13th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). :1939–1944.

The Internet of Things is a disruptive paradigm based on the cooperation of a plethora of heterogeneous smart things to collect, transmit, and analyze data from the ambient environment. To this end, many monitored variables are combined by a data analysis module in order to implement efficient context-aware decision mechanisms. To ensure resource efficiency, aggregation is a long established solution, however it is applicable only in the case of one sensed variable. We extend the use of aggregation to the complex context of IoT by proposing a novel approach for secure cooperation of smart things while granting confidentiality and integrity. Traditional solutions for data concealment in resource constrained devices rely on hop-by-hop or end-to-end encryption, which are shown to be inefficient in our context. We use a more sophisticated scheme relying on homomorphic encryption which is not compromise resilient. We combine fully additive encryption with fully additive secret sharing to fulfill the required properties. Thorough security analysis and performance evaluation show a viable tradeoff between security and efficiency for our scheme.