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Hu, X., Tang, W., Liu, H., Zhang, D., Lian, S., He, Y..  2017.  Construction of bulk power grid security defense system under the background of AC/DC hybrid EHV transmission system and new energy. IECON 2017 - 43rd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. :5713–5719.

With the rapid development of bulk power grid under extra-high voltage (EHV) AC/DC hybrid power system and extensive access of distributed energy resources (DER), operation characteristics of power grid have become increasingly complicated. To cope with new severe challenges faced by safe operation of interconnected bulk power grids, an in-depth analysis of bulk power grid security defense system under the background of EHV and new energy resources was implemented from aspects of management and technology in this paper. Supported by big data and cloud computing, bulk power grid security defense system was divided into two parts: one is the prevention and control of operation risks. Power grid risks are eliminated and influence of random faults is reduced through measures such as network planning, power-cut scheme, risk pre-warning, equipment status monitoring, voltage control, frequency control and adjustment of operating mode. The other is the fault recovery control. By updating “three defense lines”, intelligent relay protection is used to deal with the challenges brought by EHV AC/DC hybrid grid and new energy resources. And then security defense system featured by passive defense is promoted to active type power grid security defense system.