Visible to the public Biblio

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Zheng, Y., Cao, Y., Chang, C..  2020.  A PUF-Based Data-Device Hash for Tampered Image Detection and Source Camera Identification. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security. 15:620—634.
With the increasing prevalent of digital devices and their abuse for digital content creation, forgeries of digital images and video footage are more rampant than ever. Digital forensics is challenged into seeking advanced technologies for forgery content detection and acquisition device identification. Unfortunately, existing solutions that address image tampering problems fail to identify the device that produces the images or footage while techniques that can identify the camera is incapable of locating the tampered content of its captured images. In this paper, a new perceptual data-device hash is proposed to locate maliciously tampered image regions and identify the source camera of the received image data as a non-repudiable attestation in digital forensics. The presented image may have been either tampered or gone through benign content preserving geometric transforms or image processing operations. The proposed image hash is generated by projecting the invariant image features into a physical unclonable function (PUF)-defined Bernoulli random space. The tamper-resistant random PUF response is unique for each camera and can only be generated upon triggered by a challenge, which is provided by the image acquisition timestamp. The proposed hash is evaluated on the modified CASIA database and CMOS image sensor-based PUF simulated using 180 nm TSMC technology. It achieves a high tamper detection rate of 95.42% with the regions of tampered content successfully located, a good authentication performance of above 98.5% against standard content-preserving manipulations, and 96.25% and 90.42%, respectively, for the more challenging geometric transformations of rotation (0 360°) and scaling (scale factor in each dimension: 0.5). It is demonstrated to be able to identify the source camera with 100% accuracy and is secure against attacks on PUF.
Zhang, X., Cao, Y., Yang, M., Wu, J., Luo, T., Liu, Y..  2017.  Droidrevealer: Automatically detecting Mysterious Codes in Android applications. 2017 IEEE Conference on Dependable and Secure Computing. :535–536.

The state-of-the-art Android malware often encrypts or encodes malicious code snippets to evade malware detection. In this paper, such undetectable codes are called Mysterious Codes. To make such codes detectable, we design a system called Droidrevealer to automatically identify Mysterious Codes and then decode or decrypt them. The prototype of Droidrevealer is implemented and evaluated with 5,600 malwares. The results show that 257 samples contain the Mysterious Codes and 11,367 items are exposed. Furthermore, several sensitive behaviors hidden in the Mysterious Codes are disclosed by Droidrevealer.

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Liu, Y., Yuan, X., Li, M., Zhang, W., Zhao, Q., Zhong, J., Cao, Y., Li, Y., Chen, L., Li, H. et al..  2018.  High Speed Device-Independent Quantum Random Number Generation without Detection Loophole. 2018 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO). :1–2.

We report a an experimental study of device-independent quantum random number generation based on an detection-loophole free Bell test with entangled photons. After considering statistical fluctuations and applying an 80 Gb × 45.6 Mb Toeplitz matrix hashing, we achieve a final random bit rate of 114 bits/s, with a failure probability less than 10-5.

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He, S., Cheng, B., Wang, H., Xiao, X., Cao, Y., Chen, J..  2018.  Data security storage model for fog computing in large-scale IoT application. IEEE INFOCOM 2018 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS). :39–44.

With the scale of big data increasing in large-scale IoT application, fog computing is a recent computing paradigm that is extending cloud computing towards the edge of network in the field. There are a large number of storage resources placed on the edge of the network to form a geographical distributed storage system in fog computing system (FCS). It is used to store the big data collected by the fog computing nodes and to reduce the management costs for moving big data to the cloud. However, the storage of fog nodes at the edge of the network faces a direct attack of external threats. In order to improve the security of the storage of fog nodes in FCS, in this paper, we proposed a data security storage model for fog computing (FCDSSM) to realize the integration of storage and security management in large-scale IoT application. We designed a detail of the FCDSSM system architecture, gave a design of the multi-level trusted domain, cooperative working mechanism, data synchronization and key management strategy for the FCDSSM. Experimental results show that the loss of computing and communication performance caused by data security storage in the FCDSSM is within the acceptable range, and the FCDSSM has good scalability. It can be adapted to big data security storage in large-scale IoT application.

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Dong, D., Ye, Z., Su, J., Xie, S., Cao, Y., Kochan, R..  2020.  A Malware Detection Method Based on Improved Fireworks Algorithm and Support Vector Machine. 2020 IEEE 15th International Conference on Advanced Trends in Radioelectronics, Telecommunications and Computer Engineering (TCSET). :846–851.
The increasing of malwares has presented a serious threat to the security of computer systems in recent years. Traditional signature-based anti-virus systems are not able to detect metamorphic and previously unseen malwares and it inspires people to use machine learning methods such as Naive Bayes and Decision Tree to identity malicious executables. Among these methods, detecting malwares by using Support Vector Machine (SVM) is one of the most effective approaches. However, the parameters of SVM have serious impacts on its classification performance. In order to find the optimal parameter combination and avoid the problem of falling into local optimal solution, many methods based on evolutionary algorithms are proposed, including Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Genetic Algorithm (GA), Differential Evolution (DE) and others. But these algorithms still face the problem of being trapped into local solution spaces in different degree. In this paper, an improved fireworks algorithm is presented and applied to search parameters of SVM: penalty factor c and kernel function parameter g. To research the performance of the proposed algorithm, numeric experiments are made and compared with some typical algorithms, the experimental results demonstrate it outperforms other algorithms.
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Chen, W., Cao, H., Lv, X., Cao, Y..  2020.  A Hybrid Feature Extraction Network for Intrusion Detection Based on Global Attention Mechanism. 2020 International Conference on Computer Information and Big Data Applications (CIBDA). :481—485.
The widespread application of 5G will make intrusion detection of large-scale network traffic a mere need. However, traditional intrusion detection cannot meet the requirements by manually extracting features, and the existing AI methods are also relatively inefficient. Therefore, when performing intrusion detection tasks, they have significant disadvantages of high false alarm rates and low recognition performance. For this challenge, this paper proposes a novel hybrid network, RULA-IDS, which can perform intrusion detection tasks by great amount statistical data from the network monitoring system. RULA-IDS consists of the fully connected layer, the feature extraction layer, the global attention mechanism layer and the SVM classification layer. In the feature extraction layer, the residual U-Net and LSTM are used to extract the spatial and temporal features of the network traffic attributes. It is worth noting that we modified the structure of U-Net to suit the intrusion detection task. The global attention mechanism layer is then used to selectively retain important information from a large number of features and focus on those. Finally, the SVM is used as a classifier to output results. The experimental results show that our method outperforms existing state-of-the-art intrusion detection methods, and the accuracies of training and testing are improved to 97.01% and 98.19%, respectively, and presents stronger robustness during training and testing.
Cao, Y., Tang, Y..  2019.  Development of Real-Time Style Transfer for Video System. 2019 3rd International Conference on Circuits, System and Simulation (ICCSS). :183—187.

Re-drawing the image as a certain artistic style is considered to be a complicated task for computer machine. On the contrary, human can easily master the method to compose and describe the style between different images. In the past, many researchers studying on the deep neural networks had found an appropriate representation of the artistic style using perceptual loss and style reconstruction loss. In the previous works, Gatys et al. proposed an artificial system based on convolutional neural networks that creates artistic images of high perceptual quality. Whereas in terms of running speed, it was relatively time-consuming, thus it cannot apply to video style transfer. Recently, a feed-forward CNN approach has shown the potential of fast style transformation, which is an end-to-end system without hundreds of iteration while transferring. We combined the benefits of both approaches, optimized the feed-forward network and defined time loss function to make it possible to implement the style transfer on video in real time. In contrast to the past method, our method runs in real time with higher resolution while creating competitive visually pleasing and temporally consistent experimental results.