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Kumar, A., Abdelhadi, A., Clancy, C..  2018.  Novel Anomaly Detection and Classification Schemes for Machine-to-Machine Uplink. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :1284-1289.

Machine-to-Machine (M2M) networks being connected to the internet at large, inherit all the cyber-vulnerabilities of the standard Information Technology (IT) systems. Since perfect cyber-security and robustness is an idealistic construct, it is worthwhile to design intrusion detection schemes to quickly detect and mitigate the harmful consequences of cyber-attacks. Volumetric anomaly detection have been popularized due to their low-complexity, but they cannot detect low-volume sophisticated attacks and also suffer from high false-alarm rate. To overcome these limitations, feature-based detection schemes have been studied for IT networks. However these schemes cannot be easily adapted to M2M systems due to the fundamental architectural and functional differences between the M2M and IT systems. In this paper, we propose novel feature-based detection schemes for a general M2M uplink to detect Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks, emergency scenarios and terminal device failures. The detection for DDoS attack and emergency scenarios involves building up a database of legitimate M2M connections during a training phase and then flagging the new M2M connections as anomalies during the evaluation phase. To distinguish between DDoS attack and emergency scenarios that yield similar signatures for anomaly detection schemes, we propose a modified Canberra distance metric. It basically measures the similarity or differences in the characteristics of inter-arrival time epochs for any two anomalous streams. We detect device failures by inspecting for the decrease in active M2M connections over a reasonably large time interval. Lastly using Monte-Carlo simulations, we show that the proposed anomaly detection schemes have high detection performance and low-false alarm rate.

Shajaiah, H., Abdelhadi, A., Clancy, C..  2017.  Secure power scheduling auction for smart grids using homomorphic encryption. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :4507–4512.

In this paper, we introduce a secure energy trading auction approach to schedule the power plant limited resources during peak hours time slots. In the proposed auction model, the power plant serving a power grid shares with the smart meters its available amount of resources that is expected during the next future peak time slot; smart meters expecting a demand for additional power participate in the power auction by submitting bids of their offered price for their requested amount of power. In order to secure the power auction and protect smart meters' privacy, homomorphic encryption through Paillier cryptosystem is used to secure the bidding values and ensure avoiding possible insincere behaviors of smart meters or the grid operator (i.e. the auctioneer) to manipulate the auction for their own benefits. In addition, we use a payment rule that maximizes the power plant's revenue. We propose an efficient power scheduling mechanism to distribute the operator's limited resources among smart meters participating in the power auction. Finally, we present simulation results for the performance of our secure power scheduling auction mechanism.