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Tian, C., Wang, Y., Liu, P., Zhou, Q., Zhang, C., Xu, Z..  2017.  IM-Visor: A Pre-IME Guard to Prevent IME Apps from Stealing Sensitive Keystrokes Using TrustZone. 2017 47th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN). :145–156.

Third-party IME (Input Method Editor) apps are often the preference means of interaction for Android users' input. In this paper, we first discuss the insecurity of IME apps, including the Potentially Harmful Apps (PHA) and malicious IME apps, which may leak users' sensitive keystrokes. The current defense system, such as I-BOX, is vulnerable to the prefix-substitution attack and the colluding attack due to the post-IME nature. We provide a deeper understanding that all the designs with the post-IME nature are subject to the prefix-substitution and colluding attacks. To remedy the above post-IME system's flaws, we propose a new idea, pre-IME, which guarantees that "Is this touch event a sensitive keystroke?" analysis will always access user touch events prior to the execution of any IME app code. We designed an innovative TrustZone-based framework named IM-Visor which has the pre-IME nature. Specifically, IM-Visor creates the isolation environment named STIE as soon as a user intends to type on a soft keyboard, then the STIE intercepts, translates and analyzes the user's touch input. If the input is sensitive, the translation of keystrokes will be delivered to user apps through a trusted path. Otherwise, IM-Visor replays non-sensitive keystroke touch events for IME apps or replays non-keystroke touch events for other apps. A prototype of IM-Visor has been implemented and tested with several most popular IMEs. The experimental results show that IM-Visor has small runtime overheads.

Xie, T., Zhou, Q., Hu, J., Shu, L., Jiang, P..  2017.  A Sequential Multi-Objective Robust Optimization Approach under Interval Uncertainty Based on Support Vector Machines. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM). :2088–2092.

Interval uncertainty can cause uncontrollable variations in the objective and constraint values, which could seriously deteriorate the performance or even change the feasibility of the optimal solutions. Robust optimization is to obtain solutions that are optimal and minimally sensitive to uncertainty. In this paper, a sequential multi-objective robust optimization (MORO) approach based on support vector machines (SVM) is proposed. Firstly, a sequential optimization structure is adopted to ease the computational burden. Secondly, SVM is used to construct a classification model to classify design alternatives into feasible or infeasible. The proposed approach is tested on a numerical example and an engineering case. Results illustrate that the proposed approach can reasonably approximate solutions obtained from the existing sequential MORO approach (SMORO), while the computational costs are significantly reduced compared with those of SMORO.