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Thoen, B., Wielandt, S., Strycker, L. De.  2018.  Fingerprinting Method for Acoustic Localization Using Low-Profile Microphone Arrays. 2018 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN). :1–7.

Indoor localization of unknown acoustic events with MEMS microphone arrays have a huge potential in applications like home assisted living and surveillance. This article presents an Angle of Arrival (AoA) fingerprinting method for use in Wireless Acoustic Sensor Networks (WASNs) with low-profile microphone arrays. In a first research phase, acoustic measurements are performed in an anechoic room to evaluate two computationally efficient time domain delay-based AoA algorithms: one based on dot product calculations and another based on dot products with a PHAse Transform (PHAT). The evaluation of the algorithms is conducted with two sound events: white noise and a female voice. The algorithms are able to calculate the AoA with Root Mean Square Errors (RMSEs) of 3.5° for white noise and 9.8° to 16° for female vocal sounds. In the second research phase, an AoA fingerprinting algorithm is developed for acoustic event localization. The proposed solution is experimentally verified in a room of 4.25 m by 9.20 m with 4 acoustic sensor nodes. Acoustic fingerprints of white noise, recorded along a predefined grid in the room, are used to localize white noise and vocal sounds. The localization errors are evaluated using one node at a time, resulting in mean localization errors between 0.65 m and 0.98 m for white noise and between 1.18 m and 1.52 m for vocal sounds.