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Shakeel, M., Saeed, K., Ahmed, S., Nawaz, A., Jan, S., Najam, Z..  2020.  Analysis of Different Black Hole Attack Detection Mechanisms for AODV Routing Protocol in Robotics Mobile AdHoc Networks. 2020 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences (ASET). :1–6.
Robotics Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs) are comprised of stations having mobility with no central authority and control. The stations having mobility in Robotics MANETs work as a host as well as a router. Due to the unique characteristics of Robotics MANETs such type of networks are vulnerable to different security attacks. Ad-hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) is a routing protocol that belongs to the reactive category of routing protocols in Robotics MANETs. However, it is more vulnerable to the Black hole (BH) attack that is one of the most common attacks in the Robotics MANETs environment. In this attack during the route disclosure procedure a malicious station promotes itself as a most brief path to the destination as well as after that drop every one of the data gotten by the malicious station. Meanwhile the packets don't reach to its ideal goal, the BH attack turns out to be progressively escalated when a heap of malicious stations attack the system as a gathering. This research analyzed different BH finding as well as removal mechanisms for AODV routing protocol.
Afreen, A., Aslam, M., Ahmed, S..  2020.  Analysis of Fileless Malware and its Evasive Behavior. 2020 International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS). :1—8.

Malware is any software that causes harm to the user information, computer systems or network. Modern computing and internet systems are facing increase in malware threats from the internet. It is observed that different malware follows the same patterns in their structure with minimal alterations. The type of threats has evolved, from file-based malware to fileless malware, such kind of threats are also known as Advance Volatile Threat (AVT). Fileless malware is complex and evasive, exploiting pre-installed trusted programs to infiltrate information with its malicious intent. Fileless malware is designed to run in system memory with a very small footprint, leaving no artifacts on physical hard drives. Traditional antivirus signatures and heuristic analysis are unable to detect this kind of malware due to its sophisticated and evasive nature. This paper provides information relating to detection, mitigation and analysis for such kind of threat.

S
Khatchadourian, R., Tang, Y., Bagherzadeh, M., Ahmed, S..  2019.  Safe Automated Refactoring for Intelligent Parallelization of Java 8 Streams. 2019 IEEE/ACM 41st International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE). :619-630.

Streaming APIs are becoming more pervasive in mainstream Object-Oriented programming languages. For example, the Stream API introduced in Java 8 allows for functional-like, MapReduce-style operations in processing both finite and infinite data structures. However, using this API efficiently involves subtle considerations like determining when it is best for stream operations to run in parallel, when running operations in parallel can be less efficient, and when it is safe to run in parallel due to possible lambda expression side-effects. In this paper, we present an automated refactoring approach that assists developers in writing efficient stream code in a semantics-preserving fashion. The approach, based on a novel data ordering and typestate analysis, consists of preconditions for automatically determining when it is safe and possibly advantageous to convert sequential streams to parallel and unorder or de-parallelize already parallel streams. The approach was implemented as a plug-in to the Eclipse IDE, uses the WALA and SAFE analysis frameworks, and was evaluated on 11 Java projects consisting of ?642K lines of code. We found that 57 of 157 candidate streams (36.31%) were refactorable, and an average speedup of 3.49 on performance tests was observed. The results indicate that the approach is useful in optimizing stream code to their full potential.