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Zebari, Dilovan Asaad, Haron, Habibollah, Zeebaree, Diyar Qader, Zain, Azlan Mohd.  2019.  A Simultaneous Approach for Compression and Encryption Techniques Using Deoxyribonucleic Acid. 2019 13th International Conference on Software, Knowledge, Information Management and Applications (SKIMA). :1–6.
The Data Compression is a creative skill which defined scientific concepts of providing contents in a compact form. Thus, it has turned into a need in the field of communication as well as in different scientific studies. Data transmission must be sufficiently secure to be utilized in a channel medium with no misfortune; and altering of information. Encryption is the way toward scrambling an information with the goal that just the known receiver can peruse or see it. Encryption can give methods for anchoring data. Along these lines, the two strategies are the two crucial advances that required for the protected transmission of huge measure of information. In typical cases, the compacted information is encoded and transmitted. In any case, this sequential technique is time consumption and computationally cost. In the present paper, an examination on simultaneous compression and encryption technique depends on DNA which is proposed for various sorts of secret data. In simultaneous technique, both techniques can be done at single step which lessens the time for the whole task. The present work is consisting of two phases. First phase, encodes the plaintext by 6-bits instead of 8-bits, means each character represented by three DNA nucleotides whereas to encode any pixel of image by four DNA nucleotides. This phase can compress the plaintext by 25% of the original text. Second phase, compression and encryption has been done at the same time. Both types of data have been compressed by their half size as well as encrypted the generated symmetric key. Thus, this technique is more secure against intruders. Experimental results show a better performance of the proposed scheme compared with standard compression techniques.
Zebari, Dilovan Asaad, Haron, Habibollah, Zeebaree, Subhi R. M., Qader Zeebaree, Diyar.  2018.  Multi-Level of DNA Encryption Technique Based on DNA Arithmetic and Biological Operations. 2018 International Conference on Advanced Science and Engineering (ICOASE). :312-317.

Networks have evolved very rapidly, which allow secret data transformation speedily through the Internet. However, the security of secret data has posed a serious threat due to openness of these networks. Thus, researchers draw their attention on cryptography field for this reason. Due to the traditional cryptographic techniques which are vulnerable to intruders nowadays. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) considered as a promising technology for cryptography field due to extraordinary data density and vast parallelism. With the help of the various DNA arithmetic and biological operations are also Blum Blum Shub (BBS) generator, a multi-level of DNA encryption algorithm is proposed here. The algorithm first uses the dynamic key generation to encrypt sensitive information as a first level; second, it uses BBS generator to generate a random DNA sequence; third, the BBS-DNA sequence spliced with a DNA Gen Bank reference to produce a new DNA reference. Then, substitution, permutation, and dynamic key are used to scramble the new DNA reference nucleotides locations. Finally, for further enhanced security, an injective mapping is established to combine encrypted information with encrypted DNA reference using Knight tour movement in Hadamard matrix. The National Institute of Standard and Technology (NIST) tests have been used to test the proposed algorithm. The results of the tests demonstrate that they effectively passed all the randomness tests of NIST which means they can effectively resist attack operations.