Visible to the public Biblio

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2019
Diahovchenko, Illia, Kandaperumal, Gowtham, Srivastava, Anurag.  2019.  Distribution Power System Resiliency Improvement Using Distributed Generation and Automated Switching. 2019 IEEE 6th International Conference on Energy Smart Systems (ESS). :126–131.

The contemporary power distribution system is facing an increase in extreme weather events, cybersecurity threats and even physical threats such as terrorism. Therefore there is a growing interest towards resiliency estimation and improvement. In this paper the resiliency enhancement strategy by means of Distributed Energy Resources and Automated Switches is presented. Resiliency scores are calculated using Analytical Hierarchy Process. The developed algorithm was validated on the modified IEEE 123 node system. It provides the most resiliency feasible network that satisfies the primary goal of serving the critical loads.

2020
Venkataramanan, Venkatesh, Hahn, Adam, Srivastava, Anurag.  2020.  CP-SAM: Cyber-Physical Security Assessment Metric for Monitoring Microgrid Resiliency. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. 11:1055–1065.
Trustworthy and secure operation of the cyber-power system calls for resilience against malicious and accidental failures. The objective of a resilient system is to withstand and recover operation of the system to supply critical loads despite multiple contingencies in the system. To take timely actions, we need to continuously measure the cyberphysical security of the system. We propose a cyber-physical security assessment metric (CP-SAM) based on quantitative factors affecting resiliency and utilizing concepts from graph theoretic analysis, probabilistic model of availability, attack graph metrics, and vulnerabilities across different layers of the microgrid system. These factors are integrated into a single metric using a multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) technique, Choquet Integral to compute CP-SAM. The developed metric will be valuable for i) monitoring the microgrid resiliency considering a holistic cyber-physical model; and ii) enable better decision-making to select best possible mitigation strategies towards resilient microgrid system. Developed CP-SAM can be extended for active distribution system and has been validated in a real-world power-grid test-bed to monitor the microgrid resiliency.
2022
Kandaperumal, Gowtham, Pandey, Shikhar, Srivastava, Anurag.  2022.  AWR: Anticipate, Withstand, and Recover Resilience Metric for Operational and Planning Decision Support in Electric Distribution System. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. 13:179—190.

With the increasing number of catastrophic weather events and resulting disruption in the energy supply to essential loads, the distribution grid operators’ focus has shifted from reliability to resiliency against high impact, low-frequency events. Given the enhanced automation to enable the smarter grid, there are several assets/resources at the disposal of electric utilities to enhances resiliency. However, with a lack of comprehensive resilience tools for informed operational decisions and planning, utilities face a challenge in investing and prioritizing operational control actions for resiliency. The distribution system resilience is also highly dependent on system attributes, including network, control, generating resources, location of loads and resources, as well as the progression of an extreme event. In this work, we present a novel multi-stage resilience measure called the Anticipate-Withstand-Recover (AWR) metrics. The AWR metrics are based on integrating relevant ‘system characteristics based factors’, before, during, and after the extreme event. The developed methodology utilizes a pragmatic and flexible approach by adopting concepts from the national emergency preparedness paradigm, proactive and reactive controls of grid assets, graph theory with system and component constraints, and multi-criteria decision-making process. The proposed metrics are applied to provide decision support for a) the operational resilience and b) planning investments, and validated for a real system in Alaska during the entirety of the event progression.