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Chen, Z., Bai, B., Chen, D., Chai, W..  2018.  Design of Distribution Devices for Smart Grid Based on Magnetically Tunable Nanocomposite. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. 33:2083–2099.
This paper designs three distribution devices for the smart grid, which are, respectively, novel transformer with dc bias restraining ability, energy-saving contactor, and controllable reactor with adjustable intrinsic magnetic state based on the magnetically tunable nanocomposite material core. First, the magnetic performance of this magnetic material was analyzed and the magnetic properties processing method was put forward. One kind of nanocomposite which is close to the semihard magnetic state with low coercivity and high remanence was attained. Nanocomposite with four magnetic properties was processed and prepared using the distribution devices design. Second, in order to adjust the magnetic state better, the magnetization and demagnetization control circuit based on the single-phase supply power of rectification and inverter for the nanocomposite magnetic performance adjustment has been designed, which can mutual transform the material's soft and hard magnetic phases. Finally, based on the nanocomposite and the control circuit, a novel power transformer, an energy-saving contactor, and a magnetically controllable reactor were manufactured for the smart grid. The maintained remanence of the nanocomposite core after the magnetization could neutralize the dc bias magnetic flux in the transformer main core without changing the transformer neutral point connection mode, could pull in the contactor movable core instead of the traditional electromagnetic-type fixed core, and could adjust the reactor core saturation degree instead of the traditional electromagnetic coil. The simulation and experimental results verify the correctness of the design, which provides reliable, intelligent, interactive, and energy-saving power equipment for the smart power grids safe operation.
Chen, Z., Bai, B., Chen, D., Chai, W..  2018.  Direct-Current and Alternate-Decay-Current Hybrid Integrative Power Supplies Design Applied to DC Bias Treatment. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. 33:10251–10264.
This paper proposes a novel kind of direct-current and alternate-decay-current hybrid integrative magnetization and demagnetization power supplies applied to transformer dc bias treatment based on a nanocomposite magnetic material. First, according to the single-phase transformer structure, one dc bias magnetic compensation mechanism was provided. The dc bias flux in the transformer main core could be eliminated directionally by utilizing the material remanence. Second, for the rapid response characteristic of the magnetic material to an external magnetic field, one positive and negative dc magnetization superimposed decaying ac demagnetization hybrid integrative power supplies based on single-phase rectifier circuit and inverter circuit was designed. In order to accurately control the magnetic field strength by which a good de/-magnetization effect could be achieved, this paper adopts the double-loop control technology of the magnetic field strength and magnetizing current for the nanocomposite magnetic state adjustment. Finally, two 10 kVA transformers and the experiment module of the hybrid integrative power supplies were manufactured and built. Experimental results showed that the integrated power supplies have good de/-magnetization effect and practicability, proving the validity and feasibility of the proposed scheme.