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Fischer, A., Janneck, J., Kussmaul, J., Krätzschmar, N., Kerschbaum, F., Bodden, E..  2020.  PASAPTO: Policy-aware Security and Performance Trade-off Analysis–Computation on Encrypted Data with Restricted Leakage. 2020 IEEE 33rd Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF). :230—245.

This work considers the trade-off between security and performance when revealing partial information about encrypted data computed on. The focus of our work is on information revealed through control flow side-channels when executing programs on encrypted data. We use quantitative information flow to measure security, running time to measure performance and program transformation techniques to alter the trade-off between the two. Combined with information flow policies, we perform a policy-aware security and performance trade-off (PASAPTO) analysis. We formalize the problem of PASAPTO analysis as an optimization problem, prove the NP-hardness of the corresponding decision problem and present two algorithms solving it heuristically. We implemented our algorithms and combined them with the Dataflow Authentication (DFAuth) approach for outsourcing sensitive computations. Our DFAuth Trade-off Analyzer (DFATA) takes Java Bytecode operating on plaintext data and an associated information flow policy as input. It outputs semantically equivalent program variants operating on encrypted data which are policy-compliant and approximately Pareto-optimal with respect to leakage and performance. We evaluated DFATA in a commercial cloud environment using Java programs, e.g., a decision tree program performing machine learning on medical data. The decision tree variant with the worst performance is 357% slower than the fastest variant. Leakage varies between 0% and 17% of the input.

Fuhry, B., Hirschoff, L., Koesnadi, S., Kerschbaum, F..  2020.  SeGShare: Secure Group File Sharing in the Cloud using Enclaves. 2020 50th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN). :476—488.
File sharing applications using cloud storage are increasingly popular for personal and business use. Due to data protection concerns, end-to-end encryption is often a desired feature of these applications. Many attempts at designing cryptographic solutions fail to be adopted due to missing relevant features. We present SeGShare, a new architecture for end-to-end encrypted, group-based file sharing using trusted execution environments (TEE), e.g., Intel SGX. SeGShare is the first solution to protect the confidentiality and integrity of all data and management files; enforce immediate permission and membership revocations; support deduplication; and mitigate rollback attacks. Next to authentication, authorization and file system management, our implementation features an optimized TLS layer that enables high throughput and low latency. The encryption overhead of our implementation is extremely small in computation and storage resources. Our enclave code comprises less than 8500 lines of code enabling efficient mitigation of common pitfalls in deploying code to TEEs.