Visible to the public Biblio

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Cao, Yetong, Zhang, Qian, Li, Fan, Yang, Song, Wang, Yu.  2020.  PPGPass: Nonintrusive and Secure Mobile Two-Factor Authentication via Wearables. IEEE INFOCOM 2020 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications. :1917—1926.
{Mobile devices are promising to apply two-factor authentication in order to improve system security and enhance user privacy-preserving. Existing solutions usually have certain limits of requiring some form of user effort, which might seriously affect user experience and delay authentication time. In this paper, we propose PPGPass, a novel mobile two-factor authentication system, which leverages Photoplethysmography (PPG) sensors in wrist-worn wearables to extract individual characteristics of PPG signals. In order to realize both nonintrusive and secure, we design a two-stage algorithm to separate clean heartbeat signals from PPG signals contaminated by motion artifacts, which allows verifying users without intentionally staying still during the process of authentication. In addition, to deal with non-cancelable issues when biometrics are compromised, we design a repeatable and non-invertible method to generate cancelable feature templates as alternative credentials, which enables to defense against man-in-the-middle attacks and replay attacks. To the best of our knowledge, PPGPass is the first nonintrusive and secure mobile two-factor authentication based on PPG sensors in wearables. We build a prototype of PPGPass and conduct the system with comprehensive experiments involving multiple participants. PPGPass can achieve an average F1 score of 95.3%, which confirms its high effectiveness, security, and usability}.
Zhu, Zheng, Tian, Yingjie, Li, Fan, Yang, Hongshan, Ma, Zheng, Rong, Guoping.  2020.  Research on Edge Intelligence-based Security Analysis Method for Power Operation System. 2020 7th IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Cloud Computing (CSCloud)/2020 6th IEEE International Conference on Edge Computing and Scalable Cloud (EdgeCom). :258—263.

At present, the on-site safety problems of substations and critical power equipment are mainly through inspection methods. Still, manual inspection is difficult, time-consuming, and uninterrupted inspection is not possible. The current safety management is mainly guaranteed by rules and regulations and standardized operating procedures. In the on-site environment, it is very dependent on manual execution and confirmation, and the requirements for safety supervision and operating personnel are relatively high. However, the reliability, the continuity of control and patrol cannot be fully guaranteed, and it is easy to cause security vulnerabilities and cause security accidents due to personnel slackness. In response to this shortcoming, this paper uses edge computing and image processing techniques to discover security risks in time and designs a deep convolution attention mechanism network to perform image processing. Then the network is cropped and compressed so that it can be processed at the edge, and the results are aggregated to the cloud for unified management. A comprehensive security assessment module is designed in the cloud to conduct an overall risk assessment of the results reported by all edges, and give an alarm prompt. The experimental results in the real environment show the effectiveness of this method.