Visible to the public Biblio

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2015
Zhang, L., Li, B., Zhang, L., Li, D..  2015.  Fuzzy clustering of incomplete data based on missing attribute interval size. 2015 IEEE 9th International Conference on Anti-counterfeiting, Security, and Identification (ASID). :101–104.

Fuzzy c-means algorithm is used to identity clusters of similar objects within a data set, while it is not directly applied to incomplete data. In this paper, we proposed a novel fuzzy c-means algorithm based on missing attribute interval size for the clustering of incomplete data. In the new algorithm, incomplete data set was transformed to interval data set according to the nearest neighbor rule. The missing attribute value was replaced by the corresponding interval median and the interval size was set as the additional property for the incomplete data to control the effect of interval size in clustering. Experiments on standard UCI data set show that our approach outperforms other clustering methods for incomplete data.

2018
Zhang, T., Wang, R., Ding, J., Li, X., Li, B..  2018.  Face Recognition Based on Densely Connected Convolutional Networks. 2018 IEEE Fourth International Conference on Multimedia Big Data (BigMM). :1–6.
The face recognition methods based on convolutional neural network have achieved great success. The existing model usually used the residual network as the core architecture. The residual network is good at reusing features, but it is difficult to explore new features. And the densely connected network can be used to explore new features. We proposed a face recognition model named Dense Face to explore the performance of densely connected network in face recognition. The model is based on densely connected convolutional neural network and composed of Dense Block layers, transition layers and classification layer. The model was trained with the joint supervision of center loss and softmax loss through feature normalization and enabled the convolutional neural network to learn more discriminative features. The Dense Face model was trained using the public available CASIA-WebFace dataset and was tested on the LFW and the CAS-PEAL-Rl datasets. Experimental results showed that the densely connected convolutional neural network has achieved higher face verification accuracy and has better robustness than other model such as VGG Face and ResNet model.
Hu, D., Wang, L., Jiang, W., Zheng, S., Li, B..  2018.  A Novel Image Steganography Method via Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Networks. IEEE Access. 6:38303-38314.

The security of image steganography is an important basis for evaluating steganography algorithms. Steganography has recently made great progress in the long-term confrontation with steganalysis. To improve the security of image steganography, steganography must have the ability to resist detection by steganalysis algorithms. Traditional embedding-based steganography embeds the secret information into the content of an image, which unavoidably leaves a trace of the modification that can be detected by increasingly advanced machine-learning-based steganalysis algorithms. The concept of steganography without embedding (SWE), which does not need to modify the data of the carrier image, appeared to overcome the detection of machine-learning-based steganalysis algorithms. In this paper, we propose a novel image SWE method based on deep convolutional generative adversarial networks. We map the secret information into a noise vector and use the trained generator neural network model to generate the carrier image based on the noise vector. No modification or embedding operations are required during the process of image generation, and the information contained in the image can be extracted successfully by another neural network, called the extractor, after training. The experimental results show that this method has the advantages of highly accurate information extraction and a strong ability to resist detection by state-of-the-art image steganalysis algorithms.

Wen, M., Yao, D., Li, B., Lu, R..  2018.  State Estimation Based Energy Theft Detection Scheme with Privacy Preservation in Smart Grid. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1-6.

The increasing deployment of smart meters at individual households has significantly improved people's experience in electricity bill payments and energy savings. It is, however, still challenging to guarantee the accurate detection of attacked meters' behaviors as well as the effective preservation of users'privacy information. In addition, rare existing research studies jointly consider both these two aspects. In this paper, we propose a Privacy-Preserving energy Theft Detection scheme (PPTD) to address the energy theft behaviors and information privacy issues in smart grid. Specifically, we use a recursive filter based on state estimation to estimate the user's energy consumption, and detect the abnormal data. During data transmission, we use the lightweight NTRU algorithm to encrypt the user's data to achieve privacy preservation. Security analysis demonstrates that in the PPTD scheme, only authorized units can transmit/receive data, and data privacy are also preserved. The performance evaluation results illustrate that our PPTD scheme can significantly reduce the communication and computation costs, and effectively detect abnormal users.

Zhang, H., Liu, H., Deng, L., Wang, P., Rong, X., Li, Y., Li, B., Wang, H..  2018.  Leader Recognition and Tracking for Quadruped Robots. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Information and Automation (ICIA). :1438—1443.

To meet the high requirement of human-machine interaction, quadruped robots with human recognition and tracking capability are studied in this paper. We first introduce a marker recognition system which uses multi-thread laser scanner and retro-reflective markers to distinguish the robot's leader and other objects. When the robot follows leader autonomously, the variant A* algorithm which having obstacle grids extended virtually (EA*) is used to plan the path. But if robots need to track and follow the leader's path as closely as possible, it will trust that the path which leader have traveled is safe enough and uses the incremental form of EA* algorithm (IEA*) to reproduce the trajectory. The simulation and experiment results illustrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed algorithms.

2019
Liao, X., Yu, Y., Li, B., Li, Z., Qin, Z..  2019.  A New Payload Partition Strategy in Color Image Steganography. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology. :1-1.

In traditional steganographic schemes, RGB three channels payloads are assigned equally in a true color image. In fact, the security of color image steganography relates not only to data-embedding algorithms but also to different payload partition. How to exploit inter-channel correlations to allocate payload for performance enhancement is still an open issue in color image steganography. In this paper, a novel channel-dependent payload partition strategy based on amplifying channel modification probabilities is proposed, so as to adaptively assign the embedding capacity among RGB channels. The modification probabilities of three corresponding pixels in RGB channels are simultaneously increased, and thus the embedding impacts could be clustered, in order to improve the empirical steganographic security against the channel co-occurrences detection. Experimental results show that the new color image steganographic schemes incorporated with the proposed strategy can effectively make the embedding changes concentrated mainly in textured regions, and achieve better performance on resisting the modern color image steganalysis.

Zhang, L., Shen, X., Zhang, F., Ren, M., Ge, B., Li, B..  2019.  Anomaly Detection for Power Grid Based on Time Series Model. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering (CSE) and IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing (EUC). :188—192.

In the process of informationization and networking of smart grids, the original physical isolation was broken, potential risks increased, and the increasingly serious cyber security situation was faced. Therefore, it is critical to develop accuracy and efficient anomaly detection methods to disclose various threats. However, in the industry, mainstream security devices such as firewalls are not able to detect and resist some advanced behavior attacks. In this paper, we propose a time series anomaly detection model, which is based on the periodic extraction method of discrete Fourier transform, and determines the sequence position of each element in the period by periodic overlapping mapping, thereby accurately describe the timing relationship between each network message. The experiments demonstrate that our model can detect cyber attacks such as man-in-the-middle, malicious injection, and Dos in a highly periodic network.

2020
Li, H., Xie, R., Kong, X., Wang, L., Li, B..  2020.  An Analysis of Utility for API Recommendation: Do the Matched Results Have the Same Efforts? 2020 IEEE 20th International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security (QRS). :479—488.

The current evaluation of API recommendation systems mainly focuses on correctness, which is calculated through matching results with ground-truth APIs. However, this measurement may be affected if there exist more than one APIs in a result. In practice, some APIs are used to implement basic functionalities (e.g., print and log generation). These APIs can be invoked everywhere, and they may contribute less than functionally related APIs to the given requirements in recommendation. To study the impacts of correct-but-useless APIs, we use utility to measure them. Our study is conducted on more than 5,000 matched results generated by two specification-based API recommendation techniques. The results show that the matched APIs are heavily overlapped, 10% APIs compose more than 80% matched results. The selected 10% APIs are all correct, but few of them are used to implement the required functionality. We further propose a heuristic approach to measure the utility and conduct an online evaluation with 15 developers. Their reports confirm that the matched results with higher utility score usually have more efforts on programming than the lower ones.

Peng, Y., Fu, G., Luo, Y., Hu, J., Li, B., Yan, Q..  2020.  Detecting Adversarial Examples for Network Intrusion Detection System with GAN. 2020 IEEE 11th International Conference on Software Engineering and Service Science (ICSESS). :6–10.
With the increasing scale of network, attacks against network emerge one after another, and security problems become increasingly prominent. Network intrusion detection system is a widely used and effective security means at present. In addition, with the development of machine learning technology, various intelligent intrusion detection algorithms also start to sprout. By flexibly combining these intelligent methods with intrusion detection technology, the comprehensive performance of intrusion detection can be improved, but the vulnerability of machine learning model in the adversarial environment can not be ignored. In this paper, we study the defense problem of network intrusion detection system against adversarial samples. More specifically, we design a defense algorithm for NIDS against adversarial samples by using bidirectional generative adversarial network. The generator learns the data distribution of normal samples during training, which is an implicit model reflecting the normal data distribution. After training, the adversarial sample detection module calculates the reconstruction error and the discriminator matching error of sample. Then, the adversarial samples are removed, which improves the robustness and accuracy of NIDS in the adversarial environment.