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Yang, Yi, Xu, Wei, Wang, Sixin, Wei, Kunlun.  2018.  Modeling and Analysis of CPS Availability Based on the Object-oriented Timed Petri Nets. 2018 37th Chinese Control Conference (CCC). :6172—6177.

Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) is mostly deployed in security-critical applications where their failures can cause serious consequences, and therefore it is critical to evaluate its availability. In this paper, an architecture model of CPS is established from the perspective of object-oriented system. The system is a unified whole formed by various independent objects (including sensors, controllers and actuators) through communication connection. Then the paper presents the Object-oriented Timed Petri Net to model the system. The modeling method can be used to describe the whole system and the characteristics of the object. At the same time, the availability analysis of the system is carried out by using the mathematical analysis method and simulation tool of Petri net. Finally, a concrete case is given to verify the feasibility of the modeling method in CPS availability analysis.

S
Lin, Xiaofeng, Chen, Yu, Li, Xiaodong, Mao, Junjie, He, Jiaquan, Xu, Wei, Shi, Yuanchun.  2016.  Scalable Kernel TCP Design and Implementation for Short-Lived Connections. Proceedings of the Twenty-First International Conference on Architectural Support for Programming Languages and Operating Systems. :339–352.

With the rapid growth of network bandwidth, increases in CPU cores on a single machine, and application API models demanding more short-lived connections, a scalable TCP stack is performance-critical. Although many clean-state designs have been proposed, production environments still call for a bottom-up parallel TCP stack design that is backward-compatible with existing applications. We present Fastsocket, a BSD Socket-compatible and scalable kernel socket design, which achieves table-level connection partition in TCP stack and guarantees connection locality for both passive and active connections. Fastsocket architecture is a ground up partition design, from NIC interrupts all the way up to applications, which naturally eliminates various lock contentions in the entire stack. Moreover, Fastsocket maintains the full functionality of the kernel TCP stack and BSD-socket-compatible API, and thus applications need no modifications. Our evaluations show that Fastsocket achieves a speedup of 20.4x on a 24-core machine under a workload of short-lived connections, outperforming the state-of-the-art Linux kernel TCP implementations. When scaling up to 24 CPU cores, Fastsocket increases the throughput of Nginx and HAProxy by 267% and 621% respectively compared with the base Linux kernel. We also demonstrate that Fastsocket can achieve scalability and preserve BSD socket API at the same time. Fastsocket is already deployed in the production environment of Sina WeiBo, serving 50 million daily active users and billions of requests per day.