Visible to the public Biblio

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Zhang, M., Chen, Y., Huang, J..  2020.  SE-PPFM: A Searchable Encryption Scheme Supporting Privacy-Preserving Fuzzy Multikeyword in Cloud Systems. IEEE Systems Journal. :1–9.
Cloud computing provides an appearing application for compelling vision in managing big-data files and responding queries over a distributed cloud platform. To overcome privacy revealing risks, sensitive documents and private data are usually stored in the clouds in a cipher-based manner. However, it is inefficient to search the data in traditional encryption systems. Searchable encryption is a useful cryptographic primitive to enable users to retrieve data in ciphertexts. However, the traditional searchable encryptions provide lower search efficiency and cannot carry out fuzzy multikeyword queries. To solve this issue, in this article, we propose a searchable encryption that supports privacy-preserving fuzzy multikeyword search (SE-PPFM) in cloud systems, which is built by asymmetric scalar-product-preserving encryptions and Hadamard product operations. In order to realize the functionality of efficient fuzzy searches, we employ Word2vec as the primitive of machine learning to obtain a fuzzy correlation score between encrypted data and queries predicates. We analyze and evaluate the performance in terms of token of multikeyword, retrieval and match time, file retrieval time and matching accuracy, etc. The experimental results show that our scheme can achieve a higher efficiency in fuzzy multikeyword ciphertext search and provide a higher accuracy in retrieving and matching procedure.
Yang, S., Liu, S., Huang, J., Su, H., Wang, H..  2020.  Control Conflict Suppressing and Stability Improving for an MMC Distributed Control System. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. 35:13735–13747.
Compared with traditional centralized control strategies, the distributed control systems significantly improve the flexibility and expandability of an modular multilevel converter (MMC). However, the stability issue in the MMC distributed control system with the presence of control loop coupling interactions is rarely discussed in existing research works. This article is to improve the stability of an MMC distributed control system by inhibiting the control conflict due to the coupling interactions among control loops with incomplete control information. By modeling the MMC distributed control system, the control loop coupling interactions are analyzed and the essential cause of control conflict is revealed. Accordingly, a control parameter design principle is proposed to effectively suppress the disturbances from the targeted control conflict and improve the MMC system stability. The rationality of the theoretical analysis and the effectiveness of the control parameter design principle are confirmed by simulation and experimental results.
Bao, L., Wu, S., Yu, S., Huang, J..  2020.  Client-side Security Assessment and Security Protection Scheme for Smart TV Network. 2020 IEEE 6th International Conference on Computer and Communications (ICCC). :573—578.

TV networks are no longer just closed networks. They are increasingly carrying Internet services, integrating and interoperating with home IoT and the Internet. In addition, client devices are becoming intelligent. At the same time, they are facing more security risks. Security incidents such as attacks on TV systems are commonplace, and there are many incidents that cause negative effects. The security protection of TV networks mainly adopts security protection schemes similar to other networks, such as constructing a security perimeter; there are few security researches specifically carried out for client-side devices. This paper focuses on the mainstream architecture of the integration of HFC TV network and the Internet, and conducts a comprehensive security test and analysis for client-side devices including EOC cable bridge gateways and smart TV Set-Top-BoX. Results show that the TV network client devices have severe vulnerabilities such as command injection and system debugging interfaces. Attackers can obtain the system control of TV clients without authorization. In response to the results, we put forward systematic suggestions on the client security protection of smart TV networks in current days.

Wang, B., Dou, Y., Sang, Y., Zhang, Y., Huang, J..  2020.  IoTCMal: Towards A Hybrid IoT Honeypot for Capturing and Analyzing Malware. ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1—7.

Nowadays, the emerging Internet-of-Things (IoT) emphasize the need for the security of network-connected devices. Additionally, there are two types of services in IoT devices that are easily exploited by attackers, weak authentication services (e.g., SSH/Telnet) and exploited services using command injection. Based on this observation, we propose IoTCMal, a hybrid IoT honeypot framework for capturing more comprehensive malicious samples aiming at IoT devices. The key novelty of IoTC-MAL is three-fold: (i) it provides a high-interactive component with common vulnerable service in real IoT device by utilizing traffic forwarding technique; (ii) it also contains a low-interactive component with Telnet/SSH service by running in virtual environment. (iii) Distinct from traditional low-interactive IoT honeypots[1], which only analyze family categories of malicious samples, IoTCMal primarily focuses on homology analysis of malicious samples. We deployed IoTCMal on 36 VPS1 instances distributed in 13 cities of 6 countries. By analyzing the malware binaries captured from IoTCMal, we discover 8 malware families controlled by at least 11 groups of attackers, which mainly launched DDoS attacks and digital currency mining. Among them, about 60% of the captured malicious samples ran in ARM or MIPs architectures, which are widely used in IoT devices.

Cui, W., Li, X., Huang, J., Wang, W., Wang, S., Chen, J..  2020.  Substitute Model Generation for Black-Box Adversarial Attack Based on Knowledge Distillation. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP). :648–652.
Although deep convolutional neural network (CNN) performs well in many computer vision tasks, its classification mechanism is very vulnerable when it is exposed to the perturbation of adversarial attacks. In this paper, we proposed a new algorithm to generate the substitute model of black-box CNN models by using knowledge distillation. The proposed algorithm distills multiple CNN teacher models to a compact student model as the substitution of other black-box CNN models to be attacked. The black-box adversarial samples can be consequently generated on this substitute model by using various white-box attacking methods. According to our experiments on ResNet18 and DenseNet121, our algorithm boosts the attacking success rate (ASR) by 20% by training the substitute model based on knowledge distillation.
Pan, C., Huang, J., Gong, J., Yuan, X..  2019.  Few-Shot Transfer Learning for Text Classification With Lightweight Word Embedding Based Models. IEEE Access. 7:53296–53304.
Many deep learning architectures have been employed to model the semantic compositionality for text sequences, requiring a huge amount of supervised data for parameters training, making it unfeasible in situations where numerous annotated samples are not available or even do not exist. Different from data-hungry deep models, lightweight word embedding-based models could represent text sequences in a plug-and-play way due to their parameter-free property. In this paper, a modified hierarchical pooling strategy over pre-trained word embeddings is proposed for text classification in a few-shot transfer learning way. The model leverages and transfers knowledge obtained from some source domains to recognize and classify the unseen text sequences with just a handful of support examples in the target problem domain. The extensive experiments on five datasets including both English and Chinese text demonstrate that the simple word embedding-based models (SWEMs) with parameter-free pooling operations are able to abstract and represent the semantic text. The proposed modified hierarchical pooling method exhibits significant classification performance in the few-shot transfer learning tasks compared with other alternative methods.
Chen, D., Chen, W., Chen, J., Zheng, P., Huang, J..  2018.  Edge Detection and Image Segmentation on Encrypted Image with Homomorphic Encryption and Garbled Circuit. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME). :1-6.

Edge detection is one of the most important topics of image processing. In the scenario of cloud computing, performing edge detection may also consider privacy protection. In this paper, we propose an edge detection and image segmentation scheme on an encrypted image with Sobel edge detector. We implement Gaussian filtering and Sobel operator on the image in the encrypted domain with homomorphic property. By implementing an adaptive threshold decision algorithm in the encrypted domain, we obtain a threshold determined by the image distribution. With the technique of garbled circuit, we perform comparison in the encrypted domain and obtain the edge of the image without decrypting the image in advanced. We then propose an image segmentation scheme on the encrypted image based on the detected edges. Our experiments demonstrate the viability and effectiveness of the proposed encrypted image edge detection and segmentation.

Huang, J., Hou, D., Schuckers, S..  2017.  A Practical Evaluation of Free-Text Keystroke Dynamics. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Identity, Security and Behavior Analysis (ISBA). :1–8.

Free text keystroke dynamics is a behavioral biometric that has the strong potential to offer unobtrusive and continuous user authentication. Unfortunately, due to the limited data availability, free text keystroke dynamics have not been tested adequately. Based on a novel large dataset of free text keystrokes from our ongoing data collection using behavior in natural settings, we present the first study to evaluate keystroke dynamics while respecting the temporal order of the data. Specifically, we evaluate the performance of different ways of forming a test sample using sessions, as well as a form of continuous authentication that is based on a sliding window on the keystroke time series. Instead of accumulating a new test sample of keystrokes, we update the previous sample with keystrokes that occur in the immediate past sliding window of n minutes. We evaluate sliding windows of 1 to 5, 10, and 30 minutes. Our best performer using a sliding window of 1 minute, achieves an FAR of 1% and an FRR of 11.5%. Lastly, we evaluate the sensitivity of the keystroke dynamics algorithm to short quick insider attacks that last only several minutes, by artificially injecting different portions of impostor keystrokes into the genuine test samples. For example, the evaluated algorithm is found to be able to detect insider attacks that last 2.5 minutes or longer, with a probability of 98.4%.

Poon, W. N., Bennin, K. E., Huang, J., Phannachitta, P., Keung, J. W..  2017.  Cross-Project Defect Prediction Using a Credibility Theory Based Naive Bayes Classifier. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security (QRS). :434–441.

Several defect prediction models proposed are effective when historical datasets are available. Defect prediction becomes difficult when no historical data exist. Cross-project defect prediction (CPDP), which uses projects from other sources/companies to predict the defects in the target projects proposed in recent studies has shown promising results. However, the performance of most CPDP approaches are still beyond satisfactory mainly due to distribution mismatch between the source and target projects. In this study, a credibility theory based Naïve Bayes (CNB) classifier is proposed to establish a novel reweighting mechanism between the source projects and target projects so that the source data could simultaneously adapt to the target data distribution and retain its own pattern. Our experimental results show that the feasibility of the novel algorithm design and demonstrate the significant improvement in terms of the performance metrics considered achieved by CNB over other CPDP approaches.

Huang, J., Hou, D., Schuckers, S., Hou, Z..  2015.  Effect of data size on performance of free-text keystroke authentication. IEEE International Conference on Identity, Security and Behavior Analysis (ISBA 2015). :1–7.

Free-text keystroke authentication has been demonstrated to be a promising behavioral biometric. But unlike physiological traits such as fingerprints, in free-text keystroke authentication, there is no natural way to identify what makes a sample. It remains an open problem as to how much keystroke data are necessary for achieving acceptable authentication performance. Using public datasets and two existing algorithms, we conduct two experiments to investigate the effect of the reference profile size and test sample size on False Alarm Rate (FAR) and Imposter Pass Rate (IPR). We find that (1) larger reference profiles will drive down both IPR and FAR values, provided that the test samples are large enough, and (2) larger test samples have no obvious effect on IPR, regardless of the reference profile size. We discuss the practical implication of our findings.