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Zhang, Yiming, Fan, Yujie, Song, Wei, Hou, Shifu, Ye, Yanfang, Li, Xin, Zhao, Liang, Shi, Chuan, Wang, Jiabin, Xiong, Qi.  2019.  Your Style Your Identity: Leveraging Writing and Photography Styles for Drug Trafficker Identification in Darknet Markets over Attributed Heterogeneous Information Network. The World Wide Web Conference. :3448–3454.
Due to its anonymity, there has been a dramatic growth of underground drug markets hosted in the darknet (e.g., Dream Market and Valhalla). To combat drug trafficking (a.k.a. illicit drug trading) in the cyberspace, there is an urgent need for automatic analysis of participants in darknet markets. However, one of the key challenges is that drug traffickers (i.e., vendors) may maintain multiple accounts across different markets or within the same market. To address this issue, in this paper, we propose and develop an intelligent system named uStyle-uID leveraging both writing and photography styles for drug trafficker identification at the first attempt. At the core of uStyle-uID is an attributed heterogeneous information network (AHIN) which elegantly integrates both writing and photography styles along with the text and photo contents, as well as other supporting attributes (i.e., trafficker and drug information) and various kinds of relations. Built on the constructed AHIN, to efficiently measure the relatedness over nodes (i.e., traffickers) in the constructed AHIN, we propose a new network embedding model Vendor2Vec to learn the low-dimensional representations for the nodes in AHIN, which leverages complementary attribute information attached in the nodes to guide the meta-path based random walk for path instances sampling. After that, we devise a learning model named vIdentifier to classify if a given pair of traffickers are the same individual. Comprehensive experiments on the data collections from four different darknet markets are conducted to validate the effectiveness of uStyle-uID which integrates our proposed method in drug trafficker identification by comparisons with alternative approaches.
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Chattopadhyay, Eshan, Goyal, Vipul, Li, Xin.  2016.  Non-malleable Extractors and Codes, with Their Many Tampered Extensions. Proceedings of the Forty-eighth Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing. :285–298.

Randomness extractors and error correcting codes are fundamental objects in computer science. Recently, there have been several natural generalizations of these objects, in the context and study of tamper resilient cryptography. These are seeded non-malleable extractors, introduced by Dodis and Wichs; seedless non-malleable extractors, introduced by Cheraghchi and Guruswami; and non-malleable codes, introduced by Dziembowski, Pietrzak and Wichs. Besides being interesting on their own, they also have important applications in cryptography, e.g, privacy amplification with an active adversary, explicit non-malleable codes etc, and often have unexpected connections to their non-tampered analogues. However, the known constructions are far behind their non-tampered counterparts. Indeed, the best known seeded non-malleable extractor requires min-entropy rate at least 0.49; while explicit constructions of non-malleable two-source extractors were not known even if both sources have full min-entropy, and was left as an open problem by Cheraghchi and Guruswami. In this paper we make progress towards solving the above problems and other related generalizations. Our contributions are as follows. (1) We construct an explicit seeded non-malleable extractor for polylogarithmic min-entropy. This dramatically improves all previous results and gives a simpler 2-round privacy amplification protocol with optimal entropy loss, matching the best known result. In fact, we construct more general seeded non-malleable extractors (that can handle multiple adversaries) which were used in the recent construction of explicit two-source extractors for polylogarithmic min-entropy. (2) We construct the first explicit non-malleable two-source extractor for almost full min-entropy thus resolving the open question posed by Cheraghchi and Guruswami. (3) We motivate and initiate the study of two natural generalizations of seedless non-malleable extractors and non-malleable codes, where the sources or the codeword may be tampered many times. By using the connection found by Cheraghchi and Guruswami and providing efficient sampling algorithms, we obtain the first explicit non-malleable codes with tampering degree t, with near optimal rate and error. We call these stronger notions one-many and many-manynon-malleable codes. This provides a stronger information theoretic analogue of a primitive known as continuous non-malleable codes. Our basic technique used in all of our constructions can be seen as inspired, in part, by the techniques previously used to construct cryptographic non-malleable commitments.

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Li, Xin.  2017.  Improved Non-malleable Extractors, Non-malleable Codes and Independent Source Extractors. Proceedings of the 49th Annual ACM SIGACT Symposium on Theory of Computing. :1144–1156.
In this paper we give improved constructions of several central objects in the literature of randomness extraction and tamper-resilient cryptography. Our main results are: (1) An explicit seeded non-malleable extractor with error � and seed length d=O(logn)+O(log(1/�)loglog(1/�)), that supports min-entropy k=Ω(d) and outputs Ω(k) bits. Combined with the protocol by Dodis and Wichs, this gives a two round privacy amplification protocol with optimal entropy loss in the presence of an active adversary, for all security parameters up to Ω(k/logk), where k is the min-entropy of the shared weak random source. Previously, the best known seeded non-malleable extractors require seed length and min-entropy O(logn)+log(1/�)2O�loglog(1/�), and only give two round privacy amplification protocols with optimal entropy loss for security parameter up to k/2O(�logk). (2) An explicit non-malleable two-source extractor for min entropy k � (1��)n, some constant �\textbackslashtextgreater0, that outputs Ω(k) bits with error 2�Ω(n/logn). We further show that we can efficiently uniformly sample from the pre-image of any output of the extractor. Combined with the connection found by Cheraghchi and Guruswami this gives a non-malleable code in the two-split-state model with relative rate Ω(1/logn). This exponentially improves previous constructions, all of which only achieve rate n�Ω(1). (3) Combined with the techniques by Ben-Aroya et. al, our non-malleable extractors give a two-source extractor for min-entropy O(logn loglogn), which also implies a K-Ramsey graph on N vertices with K=(logN)O(logloglogN). Previously the best known two-source extractor by Ben-Aroya et. al requires min-entropy logn 2O(�logn), which gives a Ramsey graph with K=(logN)2O(�logloglogN). We further show a way to reduce the problem of constructing seeded non-malleable extractors to the problem of constructing non-malleable independent source extractors. Using the non-malleable 10-source extractor with optimal error by Chattopadhyay and Zuckerman, we give a 10-source extractor for min-entropy O(logn). Previously the best known extractor for such min-entropy by Cohen and Schulman requires O(loglogn) sources. Independent of our work, Cohen obtained similar results to (1) and the two-source extractor, except the dependence on � is log(1/�)poly loglog(1/�) and the two-source extractor requires min-entropy logn poly loglogn.