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Dhasade, Akash, Dresevic, Nevena, Kermarrec, Anne-Marie, Pires, Rafael.  2022.  TEE-based decentralized recommender systems: The raw data sharing redemption. 2022 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS). :447–458.
Recommenders are central in many applications today. The most effective recommendation schemes, such as those based on collaborative filtering (CF), exploit similarities between user profiles to make recommendations, but potentially expose private data. Federated learning and decentralized learning systems address this by letting the data stay on user's machines to preserve privacy: each user performs the training on local data and only the model parameters are shared. However, sharing the model parameters across the network may still yield privacy breaches. In this paper, we present Rex, the first enclave-based decentralized CF recommender. Rex exploits Trusted execution environments (TEE), such as Intel software guard extensions (SGX), that provide shielded environments within the processor to improve convergence while preserving privacy. Firstly, Rex enables raw data sharing, which ultimately speeds up convergence and reduces the network load. Secondly, Rex fully preserves privacy. We analyze the impact of raw data sharing in both deep neural network (DNN) and matrix factorization (MF) recommenders and showcase the benefits of trusted environments in a full-fledged implementation of Rex. Our experimental results demonstrate that through raw data sharing, Rex significantly decreases the training time by 18.3 x and the network load by 2 orders of magnitude over standard decentralized approaches that share only parameters, while fully protecting privacy by leveraging trustworthy hardware enclaves with very little overhead.
ISSN: 1530-2075
Pham, Hong Thai, Nguyen, Khanh Nam, Phun, Vy Hoa, Dang, Tran Khanh.  2022.  Secure Recommender System based on Neural Collaborative Filtering and Federated Learning. 2022 International Conference on Advanced Computing and Analytics (ACOMPA). :1–11.
A recommender system aims to suggest the most relevant items to users based on their personal data. However, data privacy is a growing concern for anyone. Secure recommender system is a research direction to preserve user privacy while maintaining as high performance as possible. The most recent strategy is to use Federated Learning, a machine learning technique for privacy-preserving distributed training. In Federated Learning, a subset of users will be selected for training model using data at local systems, the server will securely aggregate the computing result from local models to generate a global model, finally that model will give recommendations to users. In this paper, we present a novel algorithm to train Collaborative Filtering recommender system specialized for the ranking task in Federated Learning setting, where the goal is to protect user interaction information (i.e., implicit feedback). Specifically, with the help of the algorithm, the recommender system will be trained by Neural Collaborative Filtering, one of the state-of-the-art matrix factorization methods and Bayesian Personalized Ranking, the most common pairwise approach. In contrast to existing approaches which protect user privacy by requiring users to download/upload the information associated with all interactions that they can possibly interact with in order to perform training, the algorithm can protect user privacy at low communication cost, where users only need to obtain/transfer the information related to a small number of interactions per training iteration. Above all, through extensive experiments, the algorithm has demonstrated to utilize user data more efficient than the most recent research called FedeRank, while ensuring that user privacy is still preserved.
Kumar, Abhinav, Tourani, Reza, Vij, Mona, Srikanteswara, Srikathyayani.  2022.  SCLERA: A Framework for Privacy-Preserving MLaaS at the Pervasive Edge. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops and other Affiliated Events (PerCom Workshops). :175–180.
The increasing data generation rate and the proliferation of deep learning applications have led to the development of machine learning-as-a-service (MLaaS) platforms by major Cloud providers. The existing MLaaS platforms, however, fall short in protecting the clients’ private data. Recent distributed MLaaS architectures such as federated learning have also shown to be vulnerable against a range of privacy attacks. Such vulnerabilities motivated the development of privacy-preserving MLaaS techniques, which often use complex cryptographic prim-itives. Such approaches, however, demand abundant computing resources, which undermine the low-latency nature of evolving applications such as autonomous driving.To address these challenges, we propose SCLERA–an efficient MLaaS framework that utilizes trusted execution environment for secure execution of clients’ workloads. SCLERA features a set of optimization techniques to reduce the computational complexity of the offloaded services and achieve low-latency inference. We assessed SCLERA’s efficacy using image/video analytic use cases such as scene detection. Our results show that SCLERA achieves up to 23× speed-up when compared to the baseline secure model execution.
Liu, Qin, Yang, Jiamin, Jiang, Hongbo, Wu, Jie, Peng, Tao, Wang, Tian, Wang, Guojun.  2022.  When Deep Learning Meets Steganography: Protecting Inference Privacy in the Dark. IEEE INFOCOM 2022 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications. :590–599.
While cloud-based deep learning benefits for high-accuracy inference, it leads to potential privacy risks when exposing sensitive data to untrusted servers. In this paper, we work on exploring the feasibility of steganography in preserving inference privacy. Specifically, we devise GHOST and GHOST+, two private inference solutions employing steganography to make sensitive images invisible in the inference phase. Motivated by the fact that deep neural networks (DNNs) are inherently vulnerable to adversarial attacks, our main idea is turning this vulnerability into the weapon for data privacy, enabling the DNN to misclassify a stego image into the class of the sensitive image hidden in it. The main difference is that GHOST retrains the DNN into a poisoned network to learn the hidden features of sensitive images, but GHOST+ leverages a generative adversarial network (GAN) to produce adversarial perturbations without altering the DNN. For enhanced privacy and a better computation-communication trade-off, both solutions adopt the edge-cloud collaborative framework. Compared with the previous solutions, this is the first work that successfully integrates steganography and the nature of DNNs to achieve private inference while ensuring high accuracy. Extensive experiments validate that steganography has excellent ability in accuracy-aware privacy protection of deep learning.
ISSN: 2641-9874
Li, Guang-ye, Zhang, Jia-xin, Wen, Xin, Xu, Lang-Ming, Yuan, Ying.  2022.  Construction of Power Forecasting and Environmental Protection Data Platform Based on Smart Grid Big Data. 2022 International Conference on Applied Artificial Intelligence and Computing (ICAAIC). :801—804.
In today's era, the smart grid is the carrier of the new energy technology revolution and a very critical development stage for grid intelligence. In the process of smart grid operation, maintenance and maintenance, many heterogeneous and polymorphic data can be formed, that is to say big data. This paper analyzes the power big data prediction technology for smart grid applications, and proposes practical application strategies In this paper, an in-depth analysis of the relationship between cloud computing and big data key technologies and smart grid is carried out, and an overview of the key technologies of electric power big data is carried out.
Yao, Jiming, Wu, Peng, Chen, Duanyun, Wang, Wei, Fang, Youxu.  2022.  A security scheme for network slicing selection based on Pohlig-Hellman algorithm in smart grid. 2022 IEEE 10th Joint International Information Technology and Artificial Intelligence Conference (ITAIC). 10:906—910.
5G has significantly facilitated the development of attractive applications such as autonomous driving and telemedicine due to its lower latency, higher data rates, and enormous connectivity. However, there are still some security and privacy issues in 5G, such as network slicing privacy and flexibility and efficiency of network slicing selection. In the smart grid scenario, this paper proposes a 5G slice selection security scheme based on the Pohlig-Hellman algorithm, which realizes the protection of slice selection privacy data between User i(Ui) and Access and Mobility Management function (AMF), so that the data will not be exposed to third-party attackers. Compared with other schemes, the scheme proposed in this paper is simple in deployment, low in computational overhead, and simple in process, and does not require the help of PKI system. The security analysis also verifies that the scheme can accurately protect the slice selection privacy data between Ui and AMF.
Joshi, Sanskruti, Li, Ruixiao, Bhattacharjee, Shameek, Das, Sajal K., Yamana, Hayato.  2022.  Privacy-Preserving Data Falsification Detection in Smart Grids using Elliptic Curve Cryptography and Homomorphic Encryption. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing (SMARTCOMP). :229—234.
In an advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), the electric utility collects power consumption data from smart meters to improve energy optimization and provides detailed information on power consumption to electric utility customers. However, AMI is vulnerable to data falsification attacks, which organized adversaries can launch. Such attacks can be detected by analyzing customers' fine-grained power consumption data; however, analyzing customers' private data violates the customers' privacy. Although homomorphic encryption-based schemes have been proposed to tackle the problem, the disadvantage is a long execution time. This paper proposes a new privacy-preserving data falsification detection scheme to shorten the execution time. We adopt elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) based on homomorphic encryption (HE) without revealing customer power consumption data. HE is a form of encryption that permits users to perform computations on the encrypted data without decryption. Through ECC, we can achieve light computation. Our experimental evaluation showed that our proposed scheme successfully achieved 18 times faster than the CKKS scheme, a common HE scheme.
Feng, Guocong, Mu, Tianshi, Lyu, Huahui, Yang, Hang, Lai, Yuyang, Li, Huijuan.  2022.  A Lightweight Attribute-based Encryption Scheme for Data Access Control in Smart Grids. 2022 IEEE 5th International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering Technology (CCET). :280—284.
Smart grids are envisioned as the next-generation electricity grids. The data measured from the smart grid is very sensitive. It is thus highly necessary to adopt data access control in smart grids to guarantee the security and privacy of the measured data. Due to its flexibility and scalability, attribute-based encryption (ABE) is widely utilized to realize data access control in smart grids. However, most existing ABE solutions impose a heavy decryption overhead on their users. To this end, we propose a lightweight attribute-based encryption scheme for data access control in smart grids by adopting the idea of computation outsourcing. Under our proposed scheme, users can outsource a large amount of computation to a server during the decryption phase while still guaranteeing the security and privacy of the data. Theoretical analysis and experimental evaluation demonstrate that our scheme outperforms the existing schemes by achieving a very low decryption cost.
Ma, Youjie, Su, Hua, Zhou, Xuesong, Tu, Fuhou.  2022.  Research on Data Security and Privacy Protection of Smart Grid Based on Alliance Chain. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation (ICMA). :157—162.
As a new generation of power grid system, smart grid and smart meter conduct two-way communication to realize the intelligent collection, monitoring and dispatching of user power data, so as to achieve a safer, stable, reliable and efficient power grid environment. With the vigorous development of power grid, there are also some security and privacy problems. This paper uses Paillier homomorphic encryption algorithm and role-based access control strategy to ensure the privacy security in the process of multi-dimensional aggregation, data transmission and sharing of power data. Applying the characteristics of blockchain technology such as decentralization, non tampering and traceability to the smart grid can effectively solve the privacy and security problems of power data transmission and sharing in the smart grid. This paper compares Paillier encryption algorithm with PPAR algorithm and SIAHE algorithm in terms of encryption mechanism, number of aggregators and computational complexity respectively. The results show that Paillier homomorphic encryption algorithm has higher data privacy and security.
Wang, Mei.  2022.  Big Data Analysis and Mining Technology of Smart Grid Based on Privacy Protection. 2022 6th International Conference on Computing Methodologies and Communication (ICCMC). :868—871.
Aiming at the big data security and privacy protection issues in the smart grid, the current key technologies for big data security and privacy protection in smart grids are sorted out, and a privacy-protecting smart grid association rule is proposed according to the privacy-protecting smart grid big data analysis and mining technology route The mining plan specifically analyzes the risk factors in the operation of the new power grid, and discusses the information security of power grid users from the perspective of the user, focusing on the protection of privacy and security, using safe multi-party calculation of the support and confidence of the association rules. Privacy-protecting smart grid big data mining enables power companies to improve service quality to 7.5% without divulging customer private information.
Boni, Mounika, Ch, Tharakeswari, Alamanda, Swathi, Arasada, Bhaskara Venkata Sai Gayath, Maria, Azees.  2022.  An Efficient and Secure Anonymous Authentication Scheme for V2G Networks. 2022 6th International Conference on Devices, Circuits and Systems (ICDCS). :432—436.

The vehicle-to-grid (V2G) network has a clear advantage in terms of economic benefits, and it has grabbed the interest of powergrid and electric vehicle (EV) consumers. Many V2G techniques, at present, for example, use bilinear pairing to execute the authentication scheme, which results in significant computational costs. Furthermore, in the existing V2G techniques, the system master key is issued independently by the third parties, it is vulnerable to leaking if the third party is compromised by an attacker. This paper presents an efficient and secure anonymous authentication scheme for V2G networks to overcome this issue we use a lightweight authentication system for electric vehicles and smart grids. In the proposed technique, the keys are generated by the trusted authority after the successful registration of EVs in the trusted authority and the dispatching center. The suggested scheme not only enhances the verification performance of V2G networks and also protects against inbuilt hackers.

Ghosh, Soumyadyuti, Chatterjee, Urbi, Dey, Soumyajit, Mukhopadhyay, Debdeep.  2022.  Is the Whole lesser than its Parts? Breaking an Aggregation based Privacy aware Metering Algorithm 2022 25th Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design (DSD). :921—929.

Smart metering is a mechanism through which fine-grained electricity usage data of consumers is collected periodically in a smart grid. However, a growing concern in this regard is that the leakage of consumers' consumption data may reveal their daily life patterns as the state-of-the-art metering strategies lack adequate security and privacy measures. Many proposed solutions have demonstrated how the aggregated metering information can be transformed to obscure individual consumption patterns without affecting the intended semantics of smart grid operations. In this paper, we expose a complete break of such an existing privacy preserving metering scheme [10] by determining individual consumption patterns efficiently, thus compromising its privacy guarantees. The underlying methodol-ogy of this scheme allows us to - i) retrieve the lower bounds of the privacy parameters and ii) establish a relationship between the privacy preserved output readings and the initial input readings. Subsequently, we present a rigorous experimental validation of our proposed attacking methodology using real-life dataset to highlight its efficacy. In summary, the present paper queries: Is the Whole lesser than its Parts? for such privacy aware metering algorithms which attempt to reduce the information leakage of aggregated consumption patterns of the individuals.

Sun, Jun, Liu, Dong, Liu, Yang, Li, Chuang, Ma, Yumeng.  2022.  Research on the Characteristics and Security Risks of the Internet of Vehicles Data. 2022 7th IEEE International Conference on Data Science in Cyberspace (DSC). :299–305.
As a new industry integrated by computing, communication, networking, electronics, and automation technology, the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) has been widely concerned and highly valued at home and abroad. With the rapid growth of the number of intelligent connected vehicles, the data security risks of the IoV have become increasingly prominent, and various attacks on data security emerge in an endless stream. This paper firstly introduces the latest progress on the data security policies, regulations, standards, technical routes in major countries and regions, and international standardization organizations. Secondly, the characteristics of the IoV data are comprehensively analyzed in terms of quantity, standard, timeliness, type, and cross-border transmission. Based on the characteristics, this paper elaborates the security risks such as privacy data disclosure, inadequate access control, lack of identity authentication, transmission design defects, cross-border flow security risks, excessive collection and abuse, source identification, and blame determination. And finally, we put forward the measures and suggestions for the security development of IoV data in China.
Deng, Chao, He, Mingxing, Wen, Xinyu, Luo, Qian.  2022.  Support Efficient User Revocation and Identity Privacy in Integrity Auditing of Shared Data. 2022 7th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Big Data Analytics (ICCCBDA). :221—229.
The cloud provides storage for users to share their files in the cloud. Nowadays some shared data auditing schemes are proposed for protecting data integrity. However, preserving the identity privacy of group users and secure user revocation usually result in high computational overhead. Then a shared data auditing scheme supporting identity privacy preserving is proposed that enables users to be effectively revoked. To preserve identity privacy during the audit process, we develop an efficient authenticator generation mechanism that enables public auditing. Our solution supports efficient user revocation, where the authenticator of the revoked user does not need to be regenerated and integrity checking can be performed appropriately. At the same time, the group manager maintains two tables to ensure user traceability. When the user updates data, two tables are modified and updated by the group manager promptly. It shows that our scheme is secure by security analysis. Moreover, concrete experiments prove the performance of the system.
Praveen Kumar, K., Sree Ranganayaki, V..  2022.  Energy Saving Using Privacy Data Secure Aggregation Algorithm. 2022 International Conference on Breakthrough in Heuristics And Reciprocation of Advanced Technologies (BHARAT). :99—102.
For the Internet of things (IoT) secure data aggregation issues, data privacy-preserving and limited computation ability and energy of nodes should be tradeoff. Based on analyzing the pros-and-cons of current works, a low energy- consuming secure data aggregation method (LCSDA) was proposed. This method uses shortest path principle to choose neighbor nodes and generates the data aggregation paths in the cluster based on prim minimum spanning tree algorithm. Simulation results show that this method could effectively cut down energy consumption and reduce the probability of cluster head node being captured, in the same time preserving data privacy.
Hai, Xuesong, Liu, Jing.  2022.  PPDS: Privacy Preserving Data Sharing for AI applications Based on Smart Contracts. 2022 IEEE 46th Annual Computers, Software, and Applications Conference (COMPSAC). :1561—1566.
With the development of artificial intelligence, the need for data sharing is becoming more and more urgent. However, the existing data sharing methods can no longer fully meet the data sharing needs. Privacy breaches, lack of motivation and mutual distrust have become obstacles to data sharing. We design a privacy-preserving, decentralized data sharing method based on blockchain smart contracts, named PPDS. To protect data privacy, we transform the data sharing problem into a model sharing problem. This means that the data owner does not need to directly share the raw data, but the AI model trained with such data. The data requester and the data owner interact on the blockchain through a smart contract. The data owner trains the model with local data according to the requester's requirements. To fairly assess model quality, we set up several model evaluators to assess the validity of the model through voting. After the model is verified, the data owner who trained the model will receive reward in return through a smart contract. The sharing of the model avoids direct exposure of the raw data, and the reasonable incentive provides a motivation for the data owner to share the data. We describe the design and workflow of our PPDS, and analyze the security using formal verification technology, that is, we use Coloured Petri Nets (CPN) to build a formal model for our approach, proving its security through simulation execution and model checking. Finally, we demonstrate effectiveness of PPDS by developing a prototype with its corresponding case application.
Alotaibi, Jamal, Alazzawi, Lubna.  2022.  PPIoV: A Privacy Preserving-Based Framework for IoV- Fog Environment Using Federated Learning and Blockchain. 2022 IEEE World AI IoT Congress (AIIoT). :597—603.
The integration of the Internet-of-Vehicles (IoV) and fog computing benefits from cooperative computing and analysis of environmental data while avoiding network congestion and latency. However, when private data is shared across fog nodes or the cloud, there exist privacy issues that limit the effectiveness of IoV systems, putting drivers' safety at risk. To address this problem, we propose a framework called PPIoV, which is based on Federated Learning (FL) and Blockchain technologies to preserve the privacy of vehicles in IoV.Typical machine learning methods are not well suited for distributed and highly dynamic systems like IoV since they train on data with local features. Therefore, we use FL to train the global model while preserving privacy. Also, our approach is built on a scheme that evaluates the reliability of vehicles participating in the FL training process. Moreover, PPIoV is built on blockchain to establish trust across multiple communication nodes. For example, when the local learned model updates from the vehicles and fog nodes are communicated with the cloud to update the global learned model, all transactions take place on the blockchain. The outcome of our experimental study shows that the proposed method improves the global model's accuracy as a result of allowing reputed vehicles to update the global model.
Jagadeesha, Nishchal.  2022.  Facial Privacy Preservation using FGSM and Universal Perturbation attacks. 2022 International Conference on Machine Learning, Big Data, Cloud and Parallel Computing (COM-IT-CON). 1:46—52.
Research done in Facial Privacy so far has entrenched the scope of gleaning race, age, and gender from a human’s facial image that are classifiable and compliant biometric attributes. Noticeable distortions, morphing, and face-swapping are some of the techniques that have been researched to restore consumers’ privacy. By fooling face recognition models, these techniques cater superficially to the needs of user privacy, however, the presence of visible manipulations negatively affects the aesthetic of the image. The objective of this work is to highlight common adversarial techniques that can be used to introduce granular pixel distortions using white-box and black-box perturbation algorithms that ensure the privacy of users’ sensitive or personal data in face images, fooling AI facial recognition models while maintaining the aesthetics of and visual integrity of the image.
Abbasi, Wisam, Mori, Paolo, Saracino, Andrea, Frascolla, Valerio.  2022.  Privacy vs Accuracy Trade-Off in Privacy Aware Face Recognition in Smart Systems. 2022 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC). :1—8.
This paper proposes a novel approach for privacy preserving face recognition aimed to formally define a trade-off optimization criterion between data privacy and algorithm accuracy. In our methodology, real world face images are anonymized with Gaussian blurring for privacy preservation. The anonymized images are processed for face detection, face alignment, face representation, and face verification. The proposed methodology has been validated with a set of experiments on a well known dataset and three face recognition classifiers. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach to correctly verify face images with different levels of privacy and results accuracy, and to maximize privacy with the least negative impact on face detection and face verification accuracy.
Rojas, Aarón Joseph Serrano, Valencia, Erick Fabrizzio Paniura, Armas-Aguirre, Jimmy, Molina, Juan Manuel Madrid.  2022.  Cybersecurity maturity model for the protection and privacy of personal health data. 2022 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies on Education & Research (ICALTER). :1—4.
This paper proposes a cybersecurity maturity model to assess the capabilities of medical organizations to identify their level of maturity, prioritizing privacy and personal data protection. There are problems such as data breaches, the lack of security measures in health information, and the poor capacity of organizations to handle cybersecurity threats that generate concern in the health sector as they seek to mitigate risks in cyberspace. The proposal, based upon C2M2 (Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model), incorporates practices and controls which allow organizations to identify security gaps generated through cyberattacks on sensitive health patient data. This model seeks to integrate the best practices related to privacy and protection of personal data in the Peruvian legal framework through the Administrative Directive No. 294-MINSA and the personal data protection Act No. 29733. The model consists of 3 evaluation phases. 1. Assessment planning; 2. Execution of the evaluation; 3. Implementation of improvements. The model was validated and tested in a public sector medical organization in Lima, Peru. The preliminary results showed that the organization is at Level 1 with 14% of compliance with established controls, 34% in risk, threat and vulnerability management practices and 19% in supply chain management. These the 3 highest percentages of the 10 evaluated domains.
Zhao, Jing, Wang, Ruwu.  2022.  FedMix: A Sybil Attack Detection System Considering Cross-layer Information Fusion and Privacy Protection. 2022 19th Annual IEEE International Conference on Sensing, Communication, and Networking (SECON). :199–207.
Sybil attack is one of the most dangerous internal attacks in Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET). It affects the function of the VANET network by maliciously claiming or stealing multiple identity propagation error messages. In order to prevent VANET from Sybil attacks, many solutions have been proposed. However, the existing solutions are specific to the physical or application layer's single-level data and lack research on cross-layer information fusion detection. Moreover, these schemes involve a large number of sensitive data access and transmission, do not consider users' privacy, and can also bring a severe communication burden, which will make these schemes unable to be actually implemented. In this context, this paper introduces FedMix, the first federated Sybil attack detection system that considers cross-layer information fusion and provides privacy protection. The system can integrate VANET physical layer data and application layer data for joint analyses simultaneously. The data resides locally in the vehicle for local training. Then, the central agency only aggregates the generated model and finally distributes it to the vehicles for attack detection. This process does not involve transmitting and accessing any vehicle's original data. Meanwhile, we also designed a new model aggregation algorithm called SFedAvg to solve the problems of unbalanced vehicle data quality and low aggregation efficiency. Experiments show that FedMix can provide an intelligent model with equivalent performance under the premise of privacy protection and significantly reduce communication overhead, compared with the traditional centralized training attack detection model. In addition, the SFedAvg algorithm and cross-layer information fusion bring better aggregation efficiency and detection performance, respectively.
Sagar, Maloth, C, Vanmathi.  2022.  Network Cluster Reliability with Enhanced Security and Privacy of IoT Data for Anomaly Detection Using a Deep Learning Model. 2022 Third International Conference on Intelligent Computing Instrumentation and Control Technologies (ICICICT). :1670—1677.
Cyber Physical Systems (CPS), which contain devices to aid with physical infrastructure activities, comprise sensors, actuators, control units, and physical objects. CPS sends messages to physical devices to carry out computational operations. CPS mainly deals with the interplay among cyber and physical environments. The real-time network data acquired and collected in physical space is stored there, and the connection becomes sophisticated. CPS incorporates cyber and physical technologies at all phases. Cyber Physical Systems are a crucial component of Internet of Things (IoT) technology. The CPS is a traditional concept that brings together the physical and digital worlds inhabit. Nevertheless, CPS has several difficulties that are likely to jeopardise our lives immediately, while the CPS's numerous levels are all tied to an immediate threat, therefore necessitating a look at CPS security. Due to the inclusion of IoT devices in a wide variety of applications, the security and privacy of users are key considerations. The rising level of cyber threats has left current security and privacy procedures insufficient. As a result, hackers can treat every person on the Internet as a product. Deep Learning (DL) methods are therefore utilised to provide accurate outputs from big complex databases where the outputs generated can be used to forecast and discover vulnerabilities in IoT systems that handles medical data. Cyber-physical systems need anomaly detection to be secure. However, the rising sophistication of CPSs and more complex attacks means that typical anomaly detection approaches are unsuitable for addressing these difficulties since they are simply overwhelmed by the volume of data and the necessity for domain-specific knowledge. The various attacks like DoS, DDoS need to be avoided that impact the network performance. In this paper, an effective Network Cluster Reliability Model with enhanced security and privacy levels for the data in IoT for Anomaly Detection (NSRM-AD) using deep learning model is proposed. The security levels of the proposed model are contrasted with the proposed model and the results represent that the proposed model performance is accurate
de Oliveira Silva, Hebert.  2022.  CSAI-4-CPS: A Cyber Security characterization model based on Artificial Intelligence For Cyber Physical Systems. 2022 52nd Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks - Supplemental Volume (DSN-S). :47—48.
The model called CSAI-4-CPS is proposed to characterize the use of Artificial Intelligence in Cybersecurity applied to the context of CPS - Cyber-Physical Systems. The model aims to establish a methodology being able to self-adapt using shared machine learning models, without incurring the loss of data privacy. The model will be implemented in a generic framework, to assess accuracy across different datasets, taking advantage of the federated learning and machine learning approach. The proposed solution can facilitate the construction of new AI cybersecurity tools and systems for CPS, enabling a better assessment and increasing the level of security/robustness of these systems more efficiently.
Jacob, Liya Mary, Sreelakshmi, P, Deepthi, P.P.  2021.  Physical Layer Security in Power Domain NOMA through Key Extraction. 2021 12th International Conference on Computing Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1–7.
Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is emerging as a popular radio access technique to serve multiple users under the same resource block to improve spectral efficiency in 5G and 6G communication. But the resource sharing in NOMA causes concerns on data security. Since power domain NOMA exploits the difference in channel properties for bandwidth-efficient communication, it is feasible to ensure data confidentiality in NOMA communication through physical layer security techniques. In this work, we propose to ensure resistance against internal eavesdropping in NOMA communication through a secret key derived from channel randomness. A unique secret key is derived from the channel of each NOMA user; which is used to randomize the data of the respective user before superposition coding (SC) to prevent internal eavesdropping. The simulation results show that the proposed system provides very good security against internal eavesdropping in NOMA.
Banasode, Praveen, Padmannavar, Sunita.  2021.  Evaluation of Performance for Big Data Security Using Advanced Cryptography Policy. 2021 International Conference on Forensics, Analytics, Big Data, Security (FABS). 1:1—5.
The revolution caused by the advanced analysis features of Internet of Things and big data have made a big turnaround in the digital world. Data analysis is not only limited to collect useful data but also useful in analyzing information quickly. Therefore, most of the variants of the shared system based on the parallel structural model are explored simultaneously as the appropriate big data storage library stimulates researchers’ interest in the distributed system. Due to the emerging digital technologies, different groups such as healthcare facilities, financial institutions, e-commerce, food service and supply chain management generate a surprising amount of information. Although the process of statistical analysis is essential, it can cause significant security and privacy issues. Therefore, the analysis of data privacy protection is very important. Using the platform, technology should focus on providing Advanced Cryptography Policy (ACP). This research explores different security risks, evolutionary mechanisms and risks of privacy protection. It further recommends the post-statistical modern privacy protection act to manage data privacy protection in binary format, because it is kept confidential by the user. The user authentication program has already filed access restrictions. To maintain this purpose, everyone’s attitude is to achieve a changing identity. This article is designed to protect the privacy of users and propose a new system of restoration of controls.