Visible to the public Biblio

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G., Sowmya Padukone, H., Uma Devi.  2020.  Optical Signal Confinement in an optical Sensor for Efficient Biological Analysis by HQF Achievement. 2020 4th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics (ICOEI)(48184). :7—12.
In this paper, a closely packed Biosensor construction by using a two-dimensional structure is described. This structure uses air-holes slab constructed on silicon material. By removing certain air holes in the slab, waveguides are constructed. By carrying out simulation, it is proved that the harmonic guided wave changes to lengthier wavelengths with reagents, pesticides, proteins & DNA capturing. A Biosensor is constructed with an improved Quality factor & wavelength. This gives high Quality Factor (HQF) resolution Biosensor. The approach used for Simulation purpose is Finite Difference Time Domain(FDTD).
Kaur, S., Singh, S..  2020.  Highly Secured all Optical DIM Codes using AND Gate. 2020 Indo – Taiwan 2nd International Conference on Computing, Analytics and Networks (Indo-Taiwan ICAN). :64—68.
Optical Code Division Multiple Access (OCDMA) is an inevitable innovation to cope up with the impediments of regularly expanding information traffic and numerous user accesses in optical systems. In Spectral Amplitude Coding (SAC)-OCDMA systems cross correlation and Multiple Access Interference (MAI) are utmost concerns. For eliminating the cross correlation, reducing the MAI and to enhance the security, in this work, all optical Diagonal Identity Matrices codes (DIM) with Zero Cross-Correlation (ZCC) and optical gating are presented. Chip rate of the proposed work is 0.03 ns and total 60 users are considered with semiconductor optical amplifier based AND operation. Effects of optical gating are analyzed in the presence/absence of eavesdropper in terms of Q factor and received extinction ratio. Proposed system has advantages for service provider because this is mapping free technique and can be easily designed for large number of users.
Amerini, I., Galteri, L., Caldelli, R., Bimbo, A. Del.  2019.  Deepfake Video Detection through Optical Flow Based CNN. 2019 IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision Workshop (ICCVW). :1205—1207.
Recent advances in visual media technology have led to new tools for processing and, above all, generating multimedia contents. In particular, modern AI-based technologies have provided easy-to-use tools to create extremely realistic manipulated videos. Such synthetic videos, named Deep Fakes, may constitute a serious threat to attack the reputation of public subjects or to address the general opinion on a certain event. According to this, being able to individuate this kind of fake information becomes fundamental. In this work, a new forensic technique able to discern between fake and original video sequences is given; unlike other state-of-the-art methods which resorts at single video frames, we propose the adoption of optical flow fields to exploit possible inter-frame dissimilarities. Such a clue is then used as feature to be learned by CNN classifiers. Preliminary results obtained on FaceForensics++ dataset highlight very promising performances.
He, Fei, Chandrasekar, Santhosh, Rao, Nageswara S. V., Ma, Chris Y. T..  2019.  Effects of Interdependencies on Game-Theoretic Defense of Cyber-Physical Infrastructures. 2019 22th International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION). :1–8.
Resilience and security of infrastructures depend not only on their constituent systems but also on interdependencies among them. This paper studies how these interdependencies in infrastructures affect the defense effort needed to counter external attacks, by formulating a simultaneous game between a service provider (i.e., defender) and an attacker. Effects of interdependencies in three basic topological structures, namely, bus, star and ring, are considered and compared in terms of the game-theoretic defense strategy. Results show that in a star topology, the attacker's and defender's pure strategies at Nash Equilibrium (NE) are sensitive to interdependency levels whereas in a bus structure, the interdependencies show little impact on both defender's and attacker's pure strategies. The sensitivity estimates of defense and attack strategies at NE with respect to target valuation and unit cost are also presented. The results provide insights into infrastructure design and resource allocation for reinforcement of constituent systems.
de Andrade Bragagnolle, Thiago, Pereira Nogueira, Marcelo, de Oliveira Santos, Melissa, do Prado, Afonso José, Ferreira, André Alves, de Mello Fagotto, Eric Alberto, Aldaya, Ivan, Abbade, Marcelo Luís Francisco.  2019.  All-Optical Spectral Shuffling of Signals Traveling through Different Optical Routes. 2019 21st International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON). :1–4.
A recent proposed physical layer encryption technique uses an all-optical setup based on spatial light modulators to split two or more wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) signals in several spectral slices and to shuffle these slices. As a result, eavesdroppers aimed to recover information from a single target signal need to handle all the signals involved in the shuffling process. In this work, computer simulations are used to analyse the case where the shuffled signals propagate through different optical routes. From a security point of view, this is an interesting possibility because it obliges eavesdroppers to tap different optical fibres/ cables. On the other hand, each shuffled signal experiences different physical impairments and the deleterious consequences of these effects must be carefully investigated. Our results indicate that, in a metropolitan area network environment, penalties caused by attenuation and dispersion differences may be easily compensated with digital signal processing algorithms that are presently deployed.
Uto, K., Mura, M. D., Chanussot, J..  2018.  Spatial Resolution Enhancement of Optical Images Based on Tensor Decomposition. IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. :8058-8061.

There is an inevitable trade-off between spatial and spectral resolutions in optical remote sensing images. A number of data fusion techniques of multimodal images with different spatial and spectral characteristics have been developed to generate optical images with both spatial and spectral high resolution. Although some of the techniques take the spectral and spatial blurring process into account, there is no method that attempts to retrieve an optical image with both spatial and spectral high resolution, a spectral blurring filter and a spectral response simultaneously. In this paper, we propose a new framework of spatial resolution enhancement by a fusion of multiple optical images with different characteristics based on tensor decomposition. An optical image with both spatial and spectral high resolution, together with a spatial blurring filter and a spectral response, is generated via canonical polyadic (CP) decomposition of a set of tensors. Experimental results featured that relatively reasonable results were obtained by regularization based on nonnegativity and coupling.

Chen, D., Liao, J., Yuan, L., Yu, N., Hua, G..  2017.  Coherent Online Video Style Transfer. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV). :1114–1123.

Training a feed-forward network for the fast neural style transfer of images has proven successful, but the naive extension of processing videos frame by frame is prone to producing flickering results. We propose the first end-to-end network for online video style transfer, which generates temporally coherent stylized video sequences in near realtime. Two key ideas include an efficient network by incorporating short-term coherence, and propagating short-term coherence to long-term, which ensures consistency over a longer period of time. Our network can incorporate different image stylization networks and clearly outperforms the per-frame baseline both qualitatively and quantitatively. Moreover, it can achieve visually comparable coherence to optimization-based video style transfer, but is three orders of magnitude faster.

Gupta, A., Johnson, J., Alahi, A., Fei-Fei, L..  2017.  Characterizing and Improving Stability in Neural Style Transfer. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV). :4087–4096.

Recent progress in style transfer on images has focused on improving the quality of stylized images and speed of methods. However, real-time methods are highly unstable resulting in visible flickering when applied to videos. In this work we characterize the instability of these methods by examining the solution set of the style transfer objective. We show that the trace of the Gram matrix representing style is inversely related to the stability of the method. Then, we present a recurrent convolutional network for real-time video style transfer which incorporates a temporal consistency loss and overcomes the instability of prior methods. Our networks can be applied at any resolution, do not require optical flow at test time, and produce high quality, temporally consistent stylized videos in real-time.

Ji, X., Yao, X., Tadayon, M. A., Mohanty, A., Hendon, C. P., Lipson, M..  2017.  High confinement and low loss Si3N4waveguides for miniaturizing optical coherence tomography. 2017 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO). :1–2.

We show high confinement thermally tunable, low loss (0.27 ± 0.04 dB/cm) Si3N4waveguides that are 42 cm long. We show that this platform can enable the miniaturization of traditionally bulky active OCT components.

Keeler, G. A., Campione, S., Wood, M. G., Serkland, D. K., Parameswaran, S., Ihlefeld, J., Luk, T. S., Wendt, J. R., Geib, K. M..  2017.  Reducing optical confinement losses for fast, efficient nanophotonic modulators. 2017 IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (SUM). :201–202.

We demonstrate high-speed operation of ultracompact electroabsorption modulators based on epsilon-near-zero confinement in indium oxide (In$_\textrm2$$_\textrm3$\$) on silicon using field-effect carrier density tuning. Additionally, we discuss strategies to enhance modulator performance and reduce confinement-related losses by introducing high-mobility conducting oxides such as cadmium oxide (CdO).

Armknecht, F., Maes, R., Sadeghi, A, Standaert, O.-X., Wachsmann, C..  2011.  A Formalization of the Security Features of Physical Functions. Security and Privacy (SP), 2011 IEEE Symposium on. :397-412.

Physical attacks against cryptographic devices typically take advantage of information leakage (e.g., side-channels attacks) or erroneous computations (e.g., fault injection attacks). Preventing or detecting these attacks has become a challenging task in modern cryptographic research. In this context intrinsic physical properties of integrated circuits, such as Physical(ly) Unclonable Functions (PUFs), can be used to complement classical cryptographic constructions, and to enhance the security of cryptographic devices. PUFs have recently been proposed for various applications, including anti-counterfeiting schemes, key generation algorithms, and in the design of block ciphers. However, currently only rudimentary security models for PUFs exist, limiting the confidence in the security claims of PUF-based security primitives. A useful model should at the same time (i) define the security properties of PUFs abstractly and naturally, allowing to design and formally analyze PUF-based security solutions, and (ii) provide practical quantification tools allowing engineers to evaluate PUF instantiations. In this paper, we present a formal foundation for security primitives based on PUFs. Our approach requires as little as possible from the physics and focuses more on the main properties at the heart of most published works on PUFs: robustness (generation of stable answers), unclonability (not provided by algorithmic solutions), and unpredictability. We first formally define these properties and then show that they can be achieved by previously introduced PUF instantiations. We stress that such a consolidating work allows for a meaningful security analysis of security primitives taking advantage of physical properties, becoming increasingly important in the development of the next generation secure information systems.