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2021-11-29
Claveria, Joevis J., Kalam, Akhtar.  2020.  Communication and Information Security Assessment of a Digital Substation. 2020 Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference (AUPEC). :1–7.
The Internet of Things (IoT) has enabled the rapid pace of the use of communication technology and infiltration of technical systems in a digital world. In terms of power systems generation and operation, a reliable solution for substation automation and smart grid communication is the IEC 61850 standard. It has a robust modelling structure for monitoring, protection, and control and management systems in substations and across the grid. Modern communication technologies are destined for internet use for remote monitoring, settings, and data recovery. However, the communication network is exposed to cyber threats and evident risks in security defense of automated power systems. To tackle these vulnerabilities, the IEC 62351 standard aims to improve security in handling the communication and data transfers in power system automation. This paper discusses the different security measures in communication, information and cyber security solutions in power systems. To further illustrate the novel communication and security schemes of digital substations, a case study using the Victoria University Zone Substation (VUZS) simulator for cybersecurity assessment has been instigated.
2021-11-08
Rankothge, W.H., Randeniya, S M.N..  2020.  Identification and Mitigation Tool For Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF). 2020 IEEE 8th R10 Humanitarian Technology Conference (R10-HTC). :1–5.
Most organizations use web applications for sharing resources and communication via the internet and information security is one of the biggest concerns in most organizations. Web applications are becoming vulnerable to threats and malicious attacks every day, which lead to violation of confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information assets.We have proposed and implemented a new automated tool for the identification and mitigation of Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) vulnerability. A secret token pattern based has been used in the automated tool, which applies effective security mechanism on PHP based web applications, without damaging the content and its functionalities, where the authenticated users can perform web activities securely.
Guojie, Liu, Jianbiao, Zhang.  2020.  A TPCM-Based Trusted PXE Boot Method For Servers. 2020 IEEE 5th International Conference on Signal and Image Processing (ICSIP). :996–1000.
Information level protection standard 2.0 requires trusted verification of system bootstrappers, system programs, etc. of server equipment based on trusted root. According to the requirements of information level protection standard, this paper puts forward a network trusted start-up scheme based on the trusted platform control module to guarantee the security and trust of the server's BIOS firmware, PXE boot file and Linux system file. When publishing BIOS firmware, PXE startup file, Linux system file, the state-secret algorithm SM3 is used to calculate the summary value as the benchmark value, and stored in the trusted platform control module, BIOS firmware, Linux boot file. When the server starts up with PXE, the BIOS firmware is measured by the Trusted Platform Control Module, the BIOS Start Environment Measures PXE Boot File, and the PXE Boot File measures the Linux system file. The trusted platform control module is the trust root level measurement level, the first level of trust level, the trust chain, the implementation of a trusted server operating environment. The method proposed in this paper is tested on the domestic autonomous controllable Sunway server, and the experimental results show that the method proposed in this paper is feasible.
Vasilyev, Vladimir, Shamsutdinov, Rinat.  2020.  Security Analysis of Wireless Sensor Networks Using SIEM and Multi-Agent Approach. 2020 Global Smart Industry Conference (GloSIC). :291–296.
The paper addresses the issue of providing information security to wireless sensor networks using Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) methodology along with multi-agent approach. The concept of wireless sensor networks and providing their information security, including construction of SIEM system architecture, SIEM analysis methodologies and its main features, are considered. The proposed approach is to integrate SIEM system methodology with a multi-agent architecture which includes data collecting agents, coordinating agent (supervisor) and local Intrusion Detection Systems (IDSs) based on artificial immune system mechanisms. Each IDS is used as an agent that performs a primary analysis and sends information about suspicious activity to the server. The server performs correlation analysis, identifies the most significant incidents, and helps to prioritize the incident response. The presented results of computational experiments confirm the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
2021-10-12
Jayabalan, Manoj.  2020.  Towards an Approach of Risk Analysis in Access Control. 2020 13th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE). :287–292.
Information security provides a set of mechanisms to be implemented in the organisation to protect the disclosure of data to the unauthorised person. Access control is the primary security component that allows the user to authorise the consumption of resources and data based on the predefined permissions. However, the access rules are static in nature, which does not adapt to the dynamic environment includes but not limited to healthcare, cloud computing, IoT, National Security and Intelligence Arena and multi-centric system. There is a need for an additional countermeasure in access decision that can adapt to those working conditions to assess the threats and to ensure privacy and security are maintained. Risk analysis is an act of measuring the threats to the system through various means such as, analysing the user behaviour, evaluating the user trust, and security policies. It is a modular component that can be integrated into the existing access control to predict the risk. This study presents the different techniques and approaches applied for risk analysis in access control. Based on the insights gained, this paper formulates the taxonomy of risk analysis and properties that will allow researchers to focus on areas that need to be improved and new features that could be beneficial to stakeholders.
2021-10-04
Reshikeshan, Sree Subiksha M., Illindala, Mahesh S..  2020.  Systematically Encoded Polynomial Codes to Detect and Mitigate High-Status-Number Attacks in Inter-Substation GOOSE Communications. 2020 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting. :1–7.
Inter-substation Generic Object Oriented Substation Events (GOOSE) communications that are used for critical protection functions have several cyber-security vulnerabilities. GOOSE messages are directly mapped to the Layer 2 Ethernet without network and transport layer headers that provide data encapsulation. The high-status-number attack is a malicious attack on GOOSE messages that allows hackers to completely take over intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) subscribing to GOOSE communications. The status-number parameter of GOOSE messages, stNum is tampered with in these attacks. Given the strict delivery time requirement of 3 ms for GOOSE messaging, it is infeasible to encrypt the GOOSE payload. This work proposes to secure the sensitive stNum parameter of the GOOSE payload using systematically encoded polynomial codes. Exploiting linear codes allows for the security features to be encoded in linear time, in contrast to complex hashing algorithms. At the subscribing IED, the security feature is used to verify that the stNum parameter has not been tampered with during transmission in the insecure medium. The decoding and verification using syndrome computation at the subscriber IED is also accomplished in linear time.
Karelova, O.L., Golosov, P.E..  2020.  Digraph Modeling of Information Security Systems. 2020 International Multi-Conference on Industrial Engineering and Modern Technologies (FarEastCon). :1–4.
When modeling information security systems (ISS), the vast majority of works offer various models of threats to the object of protection (threat trees, Petri nets, etc.). However, ISS is not only a mean to prevent threats or reduce damage from their implementation, but also other components - the qualifications of employees responsible for IS, the internal climate in the team, the company's position on the market, and many others. The article considers the cognitive model of the state of the information security system of an average organization. The model is a weighted oriented graph, its' vertices are standard elements of the organization's information security system. The most significant factors affecting the condition of information security of the organization are identified based on the model. Influencing these factors is providing the most effect if IS level.
Lovetsky, I.V., Bukvina, E.A., Ponomarchuk, Y.V..  2020.  On Providing Information Security for Decentralized Databases. 2020 International Multi-Conference on Industrial Engineering and Modern Technologies (FarEastCon). :1–5.
The paper discusses a prototype of a database, which can be used for operation in a decentralized mode for an information system. In this project, the focus is on creation of a data structure model that provides flexibility of business processes. The research is based on the development of a model for decentralized access rights distribution by including users in groups where they are assigned similar roles using consensus of other group members. This paper summarizes the main technologies that were used to ensure information security of the decentralized storage, the mechanisms for fixing access rights to an object access (the minimum entity of the system), describes a process of the data access control at the role level and an algorithm for managing the consensus for applying changes.
Das, Debashis, Banerjee, Sourav, Mansoor, Wathiq, Biswas, Utpal, Chatterjee, Pushpita, Ghosh, Uttam.  2020.  Design of a Secure Blockchain-Based Smart IoV Architecture. 2020 3rd International Conference on Signal Processing and Information Security (ICSPIS). :1–4.
Blockchain is developing rapidly in various domains for its security. Nowadays, one of the most crucial fundamental concerns is internet security. Blockchain is a novel solution to enhance the security of network applications. However, there are no precise frameworks to secure the Internet of Vehicle (IoV) using Blockchain technology. In this paper, a blockchain-based smart internet of vehicle (BSIoV) framework has been proposed due to the cooperative, collaborative, transparent, and secure characteristics of Blockchain. The main contribution of the proposed work is to connect vehicle-related authorities together to fix a secure and transparent vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication through the peer-to-peer network connection and provide secure services to the intelligent transport systems. A key management strategy has been included to identify a vehicle in this proposed system. The proposed framework can also provide a significant solution for the data security and safety of the connected vehicles in blockchain network.
2021-09-30
Desnitsky, Vasily A., Kotenko, Igor V., Parashchuk, Igor B..  2020.  Neural Network Based Classification of Attacks on Wireless Sensor Networks. 2020 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus). :284–287.
The paper proposes a method for solving problems of classifying multi-step attacks on wireless sensor networks in the conditions of uncertainty (incompleteness and inconsistency) of the observed signs of attacks. The method aims to eliminate the uncertainty of classification of attacks on networks of this class one the base of the use of neural network approaches to the processing of incomplete and contradictory knowledge on possible attack characteristics. It allows increasing objectivity (accuracy and reliability) of information security monitoring in modern software and hardware systems and Internet of Things networks that actively exploit advantages of wireless sensor networks.
Xudong, Yang.  2020.  Network congestion control and reliability optimization with multiple time delays from the perspective of information security. 2020 International Conference on Advance in Ambient Computing and Intelligence (ICAACI). :16–20.
As a new type of complex system, multi delay network in the field of information security undertakes the important responsibility of solving information congestion, balancing network bandwidth and traffic. The problems of data loss, program failure and a large number of system downtime still exist in the conventional multi delay system when dealing with the problem of information jam, which makes the corresponding reliability of the whole system greatly reduced. Based on this, this paper mainly studies and analyzes the stability system and reliability of the corresponding multi delay system in the information security perspective. In this paper, the stability and reliability analysis of multi delay systems based on linear matrix and specific function environment is innovatively proposed. Finally, the sufficient conditions of robust asymptotic stability of multi delay systems are obtained. At the same time, the relevant stability conditions and robust stability conditions of multi delay feedback switched systems are given by simulation. In the experimental part, the corresponding data and conclusions are simulated. The simulation results show that the reliability and stability analysis data of multi delay system proposed in this paper have certain experimental value.
2021-09-21
Kartel, Anastasia, Novikova, Evgenia, Volosiuk, Aleksandr.  2020.  Analysis of Visualization Techniques for Malware Detection. 2020 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus). :337–340.
Due to the steady growth of various sophisticated types of malware, different malware analysis systems are becoming more and more demanded. While there are various automatic approaches available to identify and detect malware, the malware analysis is still time-consuming process. The visualization-driven techniques may significantly increase the efficiency of the malware analysis process by involving human visual system which is a powerful pattern seeker. In this paper the authors reviewed different visualization methods, examined their features and tasks solved with their help. The paper presents the most commonly used approaches and discusses open challenges in malware visual analytics.
2021-09-16
Astakhova, Liudmila, Medvedev, Ivan.  2020.  The Software Application for Increasing the Awareness of Industrial Enterprise Workers on Information Security of Significant Objects of Critical Information Infrastructure. 2020 Global Smart Industry Conference (GloSIC). :121–126.
Digitalization of production and management as the imperatives of Industry 4.0 stipulated the requirements of state regulators for informing and training personnel of a significant object of critical information infrastructure. However, the attention of industrial enterprises to this problem is assessed as insufficient. This determines the relevance and purpose of this article - to develop a methodology and tool for raising the awareness of workers of an industrial enterprise about information security (IS) of significant objects of critical information infrastructure. The article reveals the features of training at industrial enterprises associated with a high level of development of safety and labor protection systems. Traditional and innovative methods and means of training personnel at the workplace within the framework of these systems and their opportunities for training in the field of information security are shown. The specificity of the content and forms of training employees on the security of critical information infrastructure has been substantiated. The scientific novelty of the study consists in the development of methods and software applications that can perform the functions of identifying personal qualities of employees; testing the input level of their knowledge in the field of IS; testing for knowledge of IS rules (by the example of a response to socio-engineering attacks); planning an individual thematic plan for employee training; automatic creation of a modular program and its content; automatic notification of the employee about the training schedule at the workplace; organization of training according to the schedule; control self-testing and testing the level of knowledge of the employee after training; organizing a survey to determine satisfaction with employee training. The practical significance of the work lies in the possibility of implementing the developed software application in industrial enterprises, which is confirmed by the successful results of its testing.
Grusho, A., Nikolaev, A., Piskovski, V., Sentchilo, V., Timonina, E..  2020.  Endpoint Cloud Terminal as an Approach to Secure the Use of an Enterprise Private Cloud. 2020 International Scientific and Technical Conference Modern Computer Network Technologies (MoNeTeC). :1–4.
Practical activities usually require the ability to simultaneously work with internal, distributed information resources and access to the Internet. The need to solve this problem necessitates the use of appropriate administrative and technical methods to protect information. Such methods relate to the idea of domain isolation. This paper considers the principles of implementation and properties of an "Endpoint Cloud Terminal" that is general-purpose software tool with built-in security instruments. This apparatus solves the problem by combining an arbitrary number of isolated and independent workplaces on one hardware unit, a personal computer.
Loonam, John, Zwiegelaar, Jeremy, Kumar, Vikas, Booth, Charles.  2020.  Cyber-Resiliency for Digital Enterprises: A Strategic Leadership Perspective. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management. :1–14.
As organizations increasingly view information as one of their most valuable assets, which supports the creation and distribution of their products and services, information security will be an integral part of the design and operation of organizational business processes. Yet, risks associated with cyber-attacks are on the rise. Organizations that are subjected to attacks can suffer significant reputational damage as well as loss of information and knowledge. As a consequence, effective leadership is cited as a critical factor for ensuring corporate level attention for information security. However, there is a lack of empirical understanding as to the roles strategic leaders play in shaping and supporting the cyber-security strategy. This article seeks to address this gap in the literature by focusing on how senior leaders support the cyber-security strategy. The authors conducted a series of exploratory interviews with leaders in the positions of Chief Information Officer, Chief Security Information Officer, and Chief Technology Officer. The findings revealed that leaders are engaged in both transitional, where the focus is on improving governance and integration and transformational support, which involves fostering a new cultural mindset for cyber-resiliency and the development of an ecosystem approach to security thinking.
2021-09-09
Samoshina, Anna, Promyslov, Vitaly, Kamesheva, Saniya, Galin, Rinat.  2020.  Application of Cloud Modeling Technologies in Ensuring Cyber Security of APCS. 2020 13th International Conference "Management of Large-Scale System Development" (MLSD). :1–5.
This paper describes the development of a module for calculating security zones in the cloud service of APCS modeling. A mathematical model based on graph theory is used. This allows you to describe access relationships between objects and security policy subjects. A comparative analysis of algorithms for traversing graph vertices is performed in order to select a suitable method for allocating security zones. The implemented algorithm for calculating security zones was added to the cloud service omole.ws.
2021-09-01
Barinov, Andrey, Beschastnov, Semen, Boger, Alexander, Kolpakov, Alexey, Ufimtcev, Maxim.  2020.  Virtual Environment for Researching Information Security of a Distributed ICS. 2020 Global Smart Industry Conference (GloSIC). :348—353.
Nowadays, industrial control systems are increasingly subject to cyber-attacks. In this regard, the relevance of ICS modeling for security research and for teaching employees the basics of information security is increasing. Most of the existing testbeds for research on information security of industrial control systems are software and hardware solutions that contain elements of industrial equipment. However, when implementing distance-learning programs, it is not possible to fully use such testbeds. This paper describes the approach of complete virtualization of technological processes in ICS based on the open source programmable logic controller OpenPLC. This enables a complete information security training from any device with Internet access. A unique feature of this stand is also the support of several PLCs and a lower-level subsystem implemented by a distributed I/O system. The study describes the implementation scheme of the stand, and several case of reproduction of attacks. Scaling approaches for this solution are also considered.
2021-08-31
Manavi, Farnoush, Hamzeh, Ali.  2020.  A New Method for Ransomware Detection Based on PE Header Using Convolutional Neural Networks. 2020 17th International ISC Conference on Information Security and Cryptology (ISCISC). :82–87.
With the spread of information technology in human life, data protection is a critical task. On the other hand, malicious programs are developed, which can manipulate sensitive and critical data and restrict access to this data. Ransomware is an example of such a malicious program that encrypts data, restricts users' access to the system or their data, and then request a ransom payment. Many types of research have been proposed for ransomware detection. Most of these methods attempt to identify ransomware by relying on program behavior during execution. The main weakness of these methods is that it is not clear how long the program should be monitored to show its real behavior. Therefore, sometimes, these researches cannot early detect ransomware. In this paper, a new method for ransomware detection is proposed that does not require running the program and uses the PE header of the executable files. To extract effective features from the PE header files, an image based on PE header is constructed. Then, according to the advantages of Convolutional Neural Networks in extracting features from images and classifying them, CNN is used. The proposed method achieves 93.33% accuracy. Our results indicate the usefulness and practicality method for ransomware detection.
2021-08-17
Dmitry, Morozov, Elena, Ponomareva.  2020.  Linux Privilege Increase Threat Analysis. 2020 Ural Symposium on Biomedical Engineering, Radioelectronics and Information Technology (USBEREIT). :0579—0581.
Today, Linux is one of the main operating systems (OS) used both on desktop computers and various mobile devices. This OS is also widely applied in state and municipal structures, including law enforcement agencies and automated control systems used in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. It's worth noting that the process of replacing the Linux OS with domestic protected OSs that use the Linux kernel has now begun. In this regard, the analysis of threats to information security of the Linux OS is highly relevant. In this article, the authors discuss the security problems of Linux OS associated with unauthorized user privileges increase, as a result of which an attacker can gain full control over the OS. The approaches to differentiating user privileges in Linux are analyzed and their advantages and disadvantages are considered. As an example, the causes of the vulnerability CVE-2018-14665 were identified and measures to eliminate it were proposed.
2021-08-11
Huang, Cheng-Wei, Wu, Tien-Yi, Tai, Yuan, Shao, Ching-Hsuan, Chen, Lo-An, Tsai, Meng-Hsun.  2020.  Machine learning-based IP Camera identification system. 2020 International Computer Symposium (ICS). :426—430.
With the development of technology, application of the Internet in daily life is increasing, making our connection with the Internet closer. However, with the improvement of convenience, information security has become more and more important. How to ensure information security in a convenient living environment is a question worth discussing. For instance, the widespread deployment of IP-cameras has made great progress in terms of convenience. On the contrary, it increases the risk of privacy exposure. Poorly designed surveillance devices may be implanted with suspicious software, which might be a thorny issue to human life. To effectively identify vulnerable devices, we design an SDN-based identification system that uses machine learning technology to identify brands and probable model types by identifying packet features. The identifying results make it possible for further vulnerability analysis.
Feng, Li, Tao, Chen, Bin, Wang, Jianye, Zhang, Song, Qing.  2020.  Research on Information Security Technology of Mobile Application in Electric Power Industry. 2020 Asia-Pacific Conference on Image Processing, Electronics and Computers (IPEC). :51—54.
With the continuous popularization of smart terminals, Android and IOS systems are the most mainstream mobile operating systems in the market, and their application types and application numbers are constantly increasing. As an open system, the security issues of Android application emerge in endlessly, such as the reverse decompilation of installation package, malicious code injection, application piracy, interface hijacking, SMS hijacking and input monitoring. These security issues will also appear on mobile applications in the power industry, which will not only result in the embezzlement of applied knowledge copyrights but also lead to serious leakage of users' information and even economic losses. It may even result in the remote malicious control of key facilities, which will cause serious social issues. Under the background of the development of smart grid information construction, also with the application and promotion of power services in mobile terminals, information security protection for mobile terminal applications and interactions with the internal system of the power grid has also become an important research direction. While analyzing the risks faced by mobile applications, this article also enumerates and analyzes the necessary measures for risk resolution.
Nazarenko, Maxim A..  2020.  What is Mobile Operation System Quality? 2020 International Conference Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies (IT QM IS). :145—147.
There are some modern mobile operation systems. The main two of them are iOS and Android. However, in the past, there were two more commonly used ones: Windows Mobile and Symbian. Each of these systems has its own pros and cons, whereas none of them is the best or the worst one in different criterions. In this paper the main criterions of operation system quality are discussed. The paper defines what the mobile operating system quality is.
2021-08-02
Castilho, Sergio D., Godoy, Eduardo P., Salmen, Fadir.  2020.  Implementing Security and Trust in IoT/M2M using Middleware. 2020 International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN). :726—731.
Machine to Machine (M2M) a sub area of Internet of Things (IoT) will link billions of devices or things distributed around the world using the Internet. These devices when connected exchange information obtained from the environment such as temperature or humidity from industrial or residential control process. Information Security (IS) and Trust are one of the fundamental points for users and the industry to accept the use of these devices with Confidentiality, Integrity, Availability and Authenticity. The key reason is that most of these devices use wireless media especially in residential and smart city environments. The overall goal of this work is to implement a Middleware Security to improve Safety and Security between the control network devices used in IoT/M2M and the Internet for residential or industrial environments. This implementation has been tested with different protocols as CoAP and MQTT, a microcomputer with free Real-Time Operating System (RTOS) implemented in a Raspberry Pi Gateway Access Point (RGAP), Network Address Translator (NAT), IPTable firewall and encryption is part of this implementation for secure data transmission
2021-07-27
Bao, Zhida, Zhao, Haojun.  2020.  Evaluation of Adversarial Attacks Based on DL in Communication Networks. 2020 7th International Conference on Dependable Systems and Their Applications (DSA). :251–252.
Deep Neural Networks (DNN) have strong capabilities of memories, feature identifications and automatic analyses, solving various complex problems. However, DNN classifiers have obvious fragility that adding several unnoticeable perturbations to the original examples will lead to the errors in the classifier identification. In the field of communications, the adversarial examples will greatly reduce the accuracy of the signal identification, causing great information security risks. Considering the adversarial examples pose a serious threat to the security of the DNN models, studying their generation mechanisms and testing their attack effects are critical to ensuring the information security of the communication networks. This paper will study the generation of the adversarial examples and the influences of the adversarial examples on the accuracy of the DNN-based communication signal identification. Meanwhile, this paper will study the influences of the adversarial examples under the white-box models and black-box models, and explore the adversarial attack influences of the factors such as perturbation levels and iterative steps. The insights of this study would be helpful for ensuring the security of information networks and designing robust DNN communication networks.
2021-06-30
Asyaev, G. D., Antyasov, I. S..  2020.  Model for Providing Information Security of APCS Based on Predictive Maintenance Technology. 2020 Global Smart Industry Conference (GloSIC). :287—290.
In article the basic criteria of quality of work of the automated control system of technological process (APCS) are considered, the analysis of critical moments and level of information safety of APCS is spent. The model of maintenance of information safety of APCS on the basis of technology of predictive maintenance with application of intellectual methods of data processing is offered. The model allows to generate the list of actions at detection of new kinds of the threats connected with destructive influences on object, proceeding from acceptability of predicted consequences of work of APCS. In article with use of the system analysis the complex model of the technical object of automation is developed, allowing to estimate consequences from realization of threats of information safety at various system levels of APCS.