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2021-05-05
Zhao, Bushi, Zhang, Hao, Luo, Yixi.  2020.  Automatic Error Correction Technology for the Same Field in the Same Kind of Power Equipment Account Data. 2020 IEEE 3rd International Conference of Safe Production and Informatization (IICSPI). :153—157.
Account data of electrical power system is the link of all businesses in the whole life cycle of equipment. It is of great significance to improve the data quality of power equipment account data for improving the information level of power enterprises. In the past, there was only the error correction technology to check whether it was empty and whether it contained garbled code. The error correction technology for same field of the same kind of power equipment account data is proposed in this paper. Combined with the characteristics of production business, the possible similar power equipment can be found through the function location type and other fields of power equipment account data. Based on the principle of search scoring, the horizontal comparison is used to search and score in turn. Finally, the potential spare parts and existing data quality are identified according to the scores. And judge whether it is necessary to carry out inspection maintenance.
2021-04-08
Vyetrenko, S., Khosla, A., Ho, T..  2009.  On combining information-theoretic and cryptographic approaches to network coding security against the pollution attack. 2009 Conference Record of the Forty-Third Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers. :788–792.
In this paper we consider the pollution attack in network coded systems where network nodes are computationally limited. We consider the combined use of cryptographic signature based security and information theoretic network error correction and propose a fountain-like network error correction code construction suitable for this purpose.
2021-03-22
Jeong, S., Kang, S., Yang, J.-S..  2020.  PAIR: Pin-aligned In-DRAM ECC architecture using expandability of Reed-Solomon code. 2020 57th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC). :1–6.
The computation speed of computer systems is getting faster and the memory has been enhanced in performance and density through process scaling. However, due to the process scaling, DRAMs are recently suffering from numerous inherent faults. DRAM vendors suggest In-DRAM Error Correcting Code (IECC) to cope with the unreliable operation. However, the conventional IECC schemes have concerns about miscorrection and performance degradation. This paper proposes a pin-aligned In-DRAM ECC architecture using the expandability of a Reed-Solomon code (PAIR), that aligns ECC codewords with DQ pin lines (data passage of DRAM). PAIR is specialized in managing widely distributed inherent faults without the performance degradation, and its correction capability is sufficient to correct burst errors as well. The experimental results analyzed with the latest DRAM model show that the proposed architecture achieves up to 106 times higher reliability than XED with 14% performance improvement, and 10 times higher reliability than DUO with a similar performance, on average.
2020-09-08
Wang, Meng, Zhan, Ming, Yu, Kan, Deng, Yi, Shi, Yaqin, Zeng, Jie.  2019.  Application of Bit Interleaving to Convolutional Codes for Short Packet Transmission. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Cyber Physical Systems (ICPS). :425–429.
In recent years, the demand for high reliability in industrial wireless communication has been increasing. To meet the strict requirement, many researchers have studied various bit interleaving coding schemes for long packet transmission in industrial wireless networks. Current research shows that the use of bit interleaving structure can improve the performance of the communication system for long packet transmission, but to improve reliability of industrial wireless communications by combining the bit interleaving and channel coding for short packets still requires further analysis. With this aim, bit interleaving structure is applied to convolution code coding scheme for short packet transmission in this paper. We prove that the use of interleaver fail to improve the reliability of data transmission under the circumstance of short packet transmission.
2020-06-15
Kin-Cleaves, Christy, Ker, Andrew D..  2018.  Adaptive Steganography in the Noisy Channel with Dual-Syndrome Trellis Codes. 2018 IEEE International Workshop on Information Forensics and Security (WIFS). :1–7.
Adaptive steganography aims to reduce distortion in the embedding process, typically using Syndrome Trellis Codes (STCs). However, in the case of non-adversarial noise, these are a bad choice: syndrome codes are fragile by design, amplifying the channel error rate into unacceptably-high payload error rates. In this paper we examine the fragility of STCs in the noisy channel, and consider how this can be mitigated if their use cannot be avoided altogether. We also propose an extension called Dual-Syndrome Trellis Codes, that combines error correction and embedding in the same Viterbi process, which slightly outperforms a straight-forward combination of standard forward error correction and STCs.
2020-06-02
Ostrev, Dimiter.  2019.  Composable, Unconditionally Secure Message Authentication without any Secret Key. 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT). :622—626.

We consider a setup in which the channel from Alice to Bob is less noisy than the channel from Eve to Bob. We show that there exist encoding and decoding which accomplish error correction and authentication simultaneously; that is, Bob is able to correctly decode a message coming from Alice and reject a message coming from Eve with high probability. The system does not require any secret key shared between Alice and Bob, provides information theoretic security, and can safely be composed with other protocols in an arbitrary context.

2020-05-08
Niemiec, Marcin, Mehic, Miralem, Voznak, Miroslav.  2018.  Security Verification of Artificial Neural Networks Used to Error Correction in Quantum Cryptography. 2018 26th Telecommunications Forum (℡FOR). :1—4.

Error correction in quantum cryptography based on artificial neural networks is a new and promising solution. In this paper the security verification of this method is discussed and results of many simulations with different parameters are presented. The test scenarios assumed partially synchronized neural networks, typical for error rates in quantum cryptography. The results were also compared with scenarios based on the neural networks with random chosen weights to show the difficulty of passive attacks.

2020-04-06
Chin, Paul, Cao, Yuan, Zhao, Xiaojin, Zhang, Leilei, Zhang, Fan.  2019.  Locking Secret Data in the Vault Leveraging Fuzzy PUFs. 2019 Asian Hardware Oriented Security and Trust Symposium (AsianHOST). :1–6.

Physical Unclonable Functions (PUFs) are considered as an attractive low-cost security anchor. The unique features of PUFs are dependent on the Nanoscale variations introduced during the manufacturing variations. Most PUFs exhibit an unreliability problem due to aging and inherent sensitivity to the environmental conditions. As a remedy to the reliability issue, helper data algorithms are used in practice. A helper data algorithm generates and stores the helper data in the enrollment phase in a secure environment. The generated helper data are used then for error correction, which can transform the unique feature of PUFs into a reproducible key. The key can be used to encrypt secret data in the security scheme. In contrast, this work shows that the fuzzy PUFs can be used to secret important data directly by an error-tolerant protocol without the enrollment phase and error-correction algorithm. In our proposal, the secret data is locked in a vault leveraging the unique fuzzy pattern of PUF. Although the noise exists, the data can then be released only by this unique PUF. The evaluation was performed on the most prominent intrinsic PUF - DRAM PUF. The test results demonstrate that our proposal can reach an acceptable reconstruction rate in various environment. Finally, the security analysis of the new proposal is discussed.

2020-03-02
Wang, Meng, Chow, Joe H., Hao, Yingshuai, Zhang, Shuai, Li, Wenting, Wang, Ren, Gao, Pengzhi, Lackner, Christopher, Farantatos, Evangelos, Patel, Mahendra.  2019.  A Low-Rank Framework of PMU Data Recovery and Event Identification. 2019 International Conference on Smart Grid Synchronized Measurements and Analytics (SGSMA). :1–9.

The large amounts of synchrophasor data obtained by Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) provide dynamic visibility into power systems. Extracting reliable information from the data can enhance power system situational awareness. The data quality often suffers from data losses, bad data, and cyber data attacks. Data privacy is also an increasing concern. In this paper, we discuss our recently proposed framework of data recovery, error correction, data privacy enhancement, and event identification methods by exploiting the intrinsic low-dimensional structures in the high-dimensional spatial-temporal blocks of PMU data. Our data-driven approaches are computationally efficient with provable analytical guarantees. The data recovery method can recover the ground-truth data even if simultaneous and consecutive data losses and errors happen across all PMU channels for some time. We can identify PMU channels that are under false data injection attacks by locating abnormal dynamics in the data. The data recovery method for the operator can extract the information accurately by collectively processing the privacy-preserving data from many PMUs. A cyber intruder with access to partial measurements cannot recover the data correctly even using the same approach. A real-time event identification method is also proposed, based on the new idea of characterizing an event by the low-dimensional subspace spanned by the dominant singular vectors of the data matrix.

2020-01-20
Das, Rakesh, Chattopadhyay, Anupam, Rahaman, Hafizur.  2019.  Optimizing Quantum Circuits for Modular Exponentiation. 2019 32nd International Conference on VLSI Design and 2019 18th International Conference on Embedded Systems (VLSID). :407–412.

Today's rapid progress in the physical implementation of quantum computers demands scalable synthesis methods to map practical logic designs to quantum architectures. There exist many quantum algorithms which use classical functions with superposition of states. Motivated by recent trends, in this paper, we show the design of quantum circuit to perform modular exponentiation functions using two different approaches. In the design phase, first we generate quantum circuit from a verilog implementation of exponentiation functions using synthesis tools and then apply two different Quantum Error Correction techniques. Finally the circuit is further optimized using the Linear Nearest Neighbor (LNN) Property. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach by generating a set of networks for the reversible modular exponentiation function for a set of input values. At the end of the work, we have summarized the obtained results, where a cost analysis over our developed approaches has been made. Experimental results show that depending on the choice of different QECC methods the performance figures can vary by up to 11%, 10%, 8% in T-count, number of qubits, number of gates respectively.

2019-12-05
Hayashi, Masahito.  2018.  Secure Physical Layer Network Coding versus Secure Network Coding. 2018 IEEE Information Theory Workshop (ITW). :1-5.

Secure network coding realizes the secrecy of the message when the message is transmitted via noiseless network and a part of edges or a part of intermediate nodes are eavesdropped. In this framework, if the channels of the network has noise, we apply the error correction to noisy channel before applying the secure network coding. In contrast, secure physical layer network coding is a method to securely transmit a message by a combination of coding operation on nodes when the network is given as a set of noisy channels. In this paper, we give several examples of network, in which, secure physical layer network coding realizes a performance that cannot be realized by secure network coding.

2019-10-08
Anitha, R., Vijayalakshmi, B..  2018.  SIMULATION OF QUANTUM ENCODER DECODER WITH FLIP BIT ERROR CORRECTION USING REVERSIBLE QUANTUM GATES. 2018 International Conference on Recent Trends in Electrical, Control and Communication (RTECC). :99–102.

Quantum technology is a new field of physics and engineering. In emerging areas like Quantum Cryptography, Quantum Computing etc, Quantum circuits play a key role. Quantum circuit is a model for Quantum computation, the computation process of Quantum gates are based on reversible logic. Encoder and Decoder are designed using Quantum gates, and synthesized in the QCAD simulator. Quantum error correction (QEC) is essential to protect quantum information from errors due to quantum noise and decoherence. It is also use to achieve fault-tolerant quantum computation that deals with noise on stored information, faulty quantum gates and faulty measurements.

2019-09-23
Tan, L., Liu, K., Yan, X., Wan, S., Chen, J., Chang, C..  2018.  Visual Secret Sharing Scheme for Color QR Code. 2018 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Image, Vision and Computing (ICIVC). :961–965.

In this paper, we propose a novel visual secret sharing (VSS) scheme for color QR code (VSSCQR) with (n, n) threshold based on high capacity, admirable visual effects and popularity of color QR code. By splitting and encoding a secret image into QR codes and then fusing QR codes to generate color QR code shares, the scheme can share the secret among a certain number of participants. However, less than n participants cannot reveal any information about the secret. The embedding amount and position of the secret image bits generated by VSS are in the range of the error correction ability of the QR code. Each color share is readable, which can be decoded and thus may not come into notice. On one hand, the secret image can be reconstructed by first decomposing three QR codes from each color QR code share and then stacking the corresponding QR codes based on only human visual system without computational devices. On the other hand, by decomposing three QR codes from each color QR code share and then XORing the three QR codes respectively, we can reconstruct the secret image losslessly. The experiment results display the effect of our scheme.

2019-02-14
Bu, Lake, Kinsy, Michel A..  2018.  Hardening AES Hardware Implementations Against Fault and Error Inject Attacks. Proceedings of the 2018 on Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI. :499-502.

The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) enables secure transmission of confidential messages. Since its invention, there have been many proposed attacks against the scheme. For example, one can inject errors or faults to acquire the encryption keys. It has been shown that the AES algorithm itself does not provide a protection against these types of attacks. Therefore, additional techniques like error control codes (ECCs) have been proposed to detect active attacks. However, not all the proposed solutions show the adequate efficacy. For instance, linear ECCs have some critical limitations, especially when the injected errors are beyond their fault detection or tolerance capabilities. In this paper, we propose a new method based on a non-linear code to protect all four internal stages of the AES hardware implementation. With this method, the protected AES system is able to (a) detect all multiplicity of errors with a high probability and (b) correct them if the errors follow certain patterns or frequencies. Results shows that the proposed method provides much higher security and reliability to the AES hardware implementation with minimal overhead.

2018-10-26
Wang, G., Qin, Yanyuan, Chang, Chengjuan.  2017.  Communication with partial noisy feedback. 2017 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC). :602–607.

This paper introduces the notion of one-way communication schemes with partial noisy feedback. To support this communication, the schemes suppose that Alice and Bob wish to communicate: Alice sends a sequence of alphabets over a channel to Bob, while Alice receives feedback bits from Bob for δ fraction of the transmissions. An adversary is allowed to tamper up to a constant fraction of these transmissions for both forward rounds and feedback rounds separately. This paper intends to determine the Maximum Error Rate (MER), as a function of δ (0 ≤ δ ≤ 1), under the MER rate, so that Alice can successfully communicate the messages to Bob via some protocols with δ fraction of noisy feedback. To provide a reasonable solution for the above problem, we need to explore a new kind of coding scheme for the interactive communication. In this paper, we use the notion of “non-malleable codes” (NMC) which relaxes the notions of error-correction and error-detection to some extent in communication. Informally, a code is non-malleable if the message contained in a modified codeword is either the original message or a completely unrelated value. This property largely enforces the way to detect the transmission errors. Based on the above knowledge, we provide an alphabet-based encoding scheme, including a pair of (Enc, Dec). Suppose the message needing to be transmitted is m; if m is corrupted unintentionally, then the encoding scheme Dec(Enc(m)) outputs a symbol `⊥' to denote that some potential corruptions happened during transmission. In this work, based on the previous results, we show that for any δ ∈ (0; 1), there exists a deterministic communication scheme with noiseless full feedback(δ = 1), such that the maximal tolerable error fraction γ (on Alice's transmissions) can be up to 1/2, theoretically. Moreover, we show that for any δ ∈ (0; 1), there exists a communication scheme with noisy feedback, denoting the forward and backward rounds noised with error fractions of γ0and γ1respectively, such that the maximal tolerable error fraction γ0(on forward rounds) can be up to 1/2, as well as the γ1(on feedback rounds) up to 1.

2017-02-13
M. Ayoob, W. Adi.  2015.  "Fault Detection and Correction in Processing AES Encryption Algorithm". 2015 Sixth International Conference on Emerging Security Technologies (EST). :7-12.

Robust and stringent fault detection and correction techniques in executing Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) are still interesting issues for many critical applications. The purpose of fault detection and correction techniques is not only to ensure the reliability of a cryptosystem, but also protect the system against side channel attacks. Such errors could result due to a fault injection attack, production faults, noise or radiation effects in deep space. Devising a proper error control mechanisms for AES cipher during execution would improve both system reliability and security. In this work a novel fault detection and correction algorithm is proposed. The proposed mechanism is making use of the linear mappings of AES round structure to detect errors in the ShiftRow (SR) and MixColumn (MC) transformations. The error correction is achieved by creating temporary redundant check words through the combined SR and MC mapping to create in case of errors an error syndrome leading to error correction with relatively minor additional complexity. The proposed technique is making use of an error detecting and correcting capability in the combined mapping of SR and MC rather than detecting and/or correcting errors in each transformation separately. The proposed technique is making use especially of the MC mapping exhibiting efficient ECC properties, which can be deployed to simplify the design of a fault-tolerance technique. The performance of the algorithm proposed is evaluated by a simulated system model in FPGA technology. The simulation results demonstrate the ability to reach relatively high fault coverage with error correction up to four bytes of execution errors in the merged transformation SR-MC. The overall gate complexity overhead of the resulting system is estimated for proposed technique in FPGA technology.