Visible to the public Biblio

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2021-02-16
Amada, N., Yagi, H..  2020.  The Minimum Cost of Information Erasure for Stationary Memoryless Sources under Restriction on the Output Distribution. 2020 54th Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS). :1—6.
In order to erase data including confidential in-formation stored in storage devices, an unrelated and random sequence is usually overwritten, which prevents the data from being restored. The problem of minimizing the cost for information erasure when the amount of information leakage of the confidential information should be less than or equal to a constant asymptotically has been introduced by T. Matsuta and T. Uyematsu. Whereas the minimum cost for overwriting has been given for general sources, a single-letter characterization for stationary memoryless sources is not easily derived. In this paper, we give single-letter characterizations for stationary memoryless sources under two types of restrictions: one requires the output distribution of the encoder to be independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) and the other requires it to be memoryless but not necessarily i.i.d. asymptotically. The characterizations indicate the relation among the amount of information leakage, the minimum cost for information erasure and the rate of the size of uniformly distributed sequences. The obtained results show that the minimum costs are different between these restrictions.
2021-02-10
Ivanov, P., Baklanov, V., Dymova, E..  2020.  Covert Channels of Data Communication. 2020 Ural Symposium on Biomedical Engineering, Radioelectronics and Information Technology (USBEREIT). :0557—0558.
The article is dedicated to covert channels of data communication in the protected operating system based on the Linux kernel with mandatory access control. The channel which is not intended by developers violates security policy and can lead to disclosure of confidential information. In this paper the covert storage channels are considered. Authors show opportunities to violate the secrecy policy in the protected operating system based on the Linux kernel experimentally. The first scenario uses time stamps of the last access to the files (“atime” stamp), the second scenario uses unreliable mechanism of the automatic login to the user session with another level of secrecy. Then, there are some recommendations to prevent these violations. The goal of this work is to analyze the methods of using covert channels, both previously known and new. The result of the article is recommendations allowing to eliminate security threats which can be embodied through covert channels.
2020-10-12
Marchand-Niño, William-Rogelio, Fonseca, Bruno Paolo Guzman.  2019.  Social Engineering for Diagnostic the Information Security Culture. 2019 IEEE 39th Central America and Panama Convention (CONCAPAN XXXIX). :1–6.
In the process of diagnosing the culture of information security in an organization, it is considered two methods, the first one is the application of an ISCA (Information Security Culture Assessment) survey questionnaire and the second one based on social engineering techniques such as phishing, answering the question, How can a diagnosis be made effectively of the level of information security culture within an organization? with the objective of determining which of the two methods is the most effective and realistic for the diagnosis of the information security culture. This helps to understand and have a real and complete perception of the behavior and reaction of the users against the attacks of threat actors who make use of persuasion and manipulation tactics in order to obtain confidential or sensitive information. A description of these two methods is applied to a case study (public university). As a result, it is obtained that it is not enough to perform a diagnosis based on questionnaires because they can be relatively subjective in the sense of the way in which users respond to questions or statements. Evidence of controlled social engineering attacks that demonstrate in more detail the real behavior of users should be considered. Based on this more complete knowledge, appropriate strategies can be formulated for the change or strengthening of the security culture that ultimately contributes to the purpose of protecting information assets.
2020-08-28
Pradhan, Chittaranjan, Banerjee, Debanjan, Nandy, Nabarun, Biswas, Udita.  2019.  Generating Digital Signature using Facial Landmlark Detection. 2019 International Conference on Communication and Signal Processing (ICCSP). :0180—0184.
Information security has developed rapidly over the recent years with a key being the emergence of social media. To standardize this discipline, security of an individual becomes an urgent concern. In 2019, it is estimated that there will be over 2.5 billion social media users around the globe. Unfortunately, anonymous identity has become a major concern for the security advisors. Due to the technological advancements, the phishers are able to access the confidential information. To resolve these issues numerous solutions have been proposed, such as biometric identification, facial and audio recognition etc prior access to any highly secure forum on the web. Generating digital signatures is the recent trend being incorporated in the field of digital security. We have designed an algorithm that after generating 68 point facial landmark, converts the image to a highly compressed and secure digital signature. The proposed algorithm generates a unique signature for an individual which when stored in the user account information database will limit the creation of fake or multiple accounts. At the same time the algorithm reduces the database storage overhead as it stores the facial identity of an individual in the form of a compressed textual signature rather than the traditional method where the image file was being stored, occupying lesser amount of space and making it more efficient in terms of searching, fetching and manipulation. A unique new analysis of the features produced at intermediate layers has been applied. Here, we opt to use the normal and two opposites' angular measures of the triangle as the invariance. It simply acts as the real-time optimized encryption procedure to achieve the reliable security goals explained in detail in the later sections.
Singh, Kuhu, Sajnani, Anil Kumar, Kumar Khatri, Sunil.  2019.  Data Security Enhancement in Cloud Computing Using Multimodel Biometric System. 2019 3rd International conference on Electronics, Communication and Aerospace Technology (ICECA). :175—179.
Today, data is all around us, every device that has computation power is generating the data and we can assume that in today's world there is about 2 quintillion bytes of data is been generating every day. as data increase in the database of the world servers so as the risk of data leak where we are talking about unlimited confidential data that is available online but as humans are developing their data online so as its security, today we've got hundreds of way to secure out data but not all are very successful or compatible there the big question arises that how to secure our data to hide our all the confidential information online, in other words one's all life work can be found online which is on risk of leak. all that says is today we have cloud above all of our data centers that stores all the information so that one can access anything from anywhere. in this paper we are introducing a new multimodal biometric system that is possible for the future smartphones to be supported where one can upload, download or modify the files using cloud without worrying about the unauthorized access of any third person as this security authentication uses combination of multiple security system available today that are not easy to breach such as DNA encryption which mostly is based on AES cipher here in this paper there we have designed triple layer of security.
2020-08-10
Wu, Zhengze, Zhang, Xiaohong, Zhong, Xiaoyong.  2019.  Generalized Chaos Synchronization Circuit Simulation and Asymmetric Image Encryption. IEEE Access. 7:37989–38008.
Generalized chaos systems have more complex dynamic behavior than conventional chaos systems. If a generalized response system can be synchronized with a conventional drive system, the flexible control parameters and unpredictable synchronization state will increase significantly. The study first constructs a four-dimensional nonlinear dynamic equation with quadratic variables as a drive system. The numerical simulation and analyses of the Lyapunov exponent show that it is also a chaotic system. Based on the generalized chaos synchronization (GCS) theory, a four-dimensional diffeomorphism function is designed, and the corresponding GCS response system is generated. Simultaneously, the structural and synchronous circuits of information interaction and control are constructed with Multisim™ software, with the circuit simulation resulting in a good agreement with the numerical calculations. In order to verify the practical effect of generalized synchronization, an RGB digital image secure communication scheme is proposed. We confuse a 24-bit true color image with the designed GCS system, extend the original image to 48-bits, analyze the scheme security from keyspace, key sensitivity and non-symmetric identity authentication, classical types of attacks, and statistical average from the histogram, image correlation. The research results show that this GCS system is simple and feasible, and the encryption algorithm is closely related to the confidential information, which can resist the differential attack. The scheme is suitable to be applied in network images or other multimedia safe communications.
2020-06-02
Kundu, M. K., Shabab, S., Badrudduza, A. S. M..  2019.  Information Theoretic Security over α-µ/α-µ Composite Multipath Fading Channel. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Telecommunications and Photonics (ICTP). :1—4.

Multipath fading as well as shadowing is liable for the leakage of confidential information from the wireless channels. In this paper a solution to this information leakage is proposed, where a source transmits signal through a α-μ/α-μ composite fading channel considering an eavesdropper is present in the system. Secrecy enhancement is investigated with the help of two fading parameters α and μ. To mitigate the impacts of shadowing a α-μ distribution is considered whose mean is another α-μ distribution which helps to moderate the effects multipath fading. The mathematical expressions of some secrecy matrices such as the probability of non-zero secrecy capacity and the secure outage probability are obtained in closed-form to analyze security of the wireless channel in light of the channel parameters. Finally, Monte-Carlo simulations are provided to justify the correctness of the derived expressions.

2020-02-10
Nomura, Komei, Rikitake, Kenji, Matsumoto, Ryosuke.  2019.  Automatic Whitelist Generation for SQL Queries Using Web Application Tests. 2019 IEEE 43rd Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC). 2:465–470.

Stealing confidential information from a database has become a severe vulnerability issue for web applications. The attacks can be prevented by defining a whitelist of SQL queries issued by web applications and detecting queries not in list. For large-scale web applications, automated generation of the whitelist is conducted because manually defining numerous query patterns is impractical for developers. Conventional methods for automated generation are unable to detect attacks immediately because of the long time required for collecting legitimate queries. Moreover, they require application-specific implementations that reduce the versatility of the methods. As described herein, we propose a method to generate a whitelist automatically using queries issued during web application tests. Our proposed method uses the queries generated during application tests. It is independent of specific applications, which yields improved timeliness against attacks and versatility for multiple applications.

2019-11-26
Zabihimayvan, Mahdieh, Doran, Derek.  2019.  Fuzzy Rough Set Feature Selection to Enhance Phishing Attack Detection. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE). :1-6.

Phishing as one of the most well-known cybercrime activities is a deception of online users to steal their personal or confidential information by impersonating a legitimate website. Several machine learning-based strategies have been proposed to detect phishing websites. These techniques are dependent on the features extracted from the website samples. However, few studies have actually considered efficient feature selection for detecting phishing attacks. In this work, we investigate an agreement on the definitive features which should be used in phishing detection. We apply Fuzzy Rough Set (FRS) theory as a tool to select most effective features from three benchmarked data sets. The selected features are fed into three often used classifiers for phishing detection. To evaluate the FRS feature selection in developing a generalizable phishing detection, the classifiers are trained by a separate out-of-sample data set of 14,000 website samples. The maximum F-measure gained by FRS feature selection is 95% using Random Forest classification. Also, there are 9 universal features selected by FRS over all the three data sets. The F-measure value using this universal feature set is approximately 93% which is a comparable result in contrast to the FRS performance. Since the universal feature set contains no features from third-part services, this finding implies that with no inquiry from external sources, we can gain a faster phishing detection which is also robust toward zero-day attacks.

2019-02-25
Katole, R. A., Sherekar, S. S., Thakare, V. M..  2018.  Detection of SQL injection attacks by removing the parameter values of SQL query. 2018 2nd International Conference on Inventive Systems and Control (ICISC). :736–741.

Internet users are increasing day by day. The web services and mobile web applications or desktop web application's demands are also increasing. The chances of a system being hacked are also increasing. All web applications maintain data at the backend database from which results are retrieved. As web applications can be accessed from anywhere all around the world which must be available to all the users of the web application. SQL injection attack is nowadays one of the topmost threats for security of web applications. By using SQL injection attackers can steal confidential information. In this paper, the SQL injection attack detection method by removing the parameter values of the SQL query is discussed and results are presented.

2019-01-31
Kumbhar, S. S., Lee, Y., Yang, J..  2018.  Hybrid Encryption for Securing SharedPreferences of Android Applications. 2018 1st International Conference on Data Intelligence and Security (ICDIS). :246–249.

Most mobile applications generate local data on internal memory with SharedPreference interface of an Android operating system. Therefore, many possible loopholes can access the confidential information such as passwords. We propose a hybrid encryption approach for SharedPreferences to protect the leaking confidential information through the source code. We develop an Android application and store some data using SharedPreference. We produce different experiments with which this data could be accessed. We apply Hybrid encryption approach combining encryption approach with Android Keystore system, for providing better encryption algorithm to hide sensitive data.

2019-01-21
Houmer, M., Hasnaoui, M. L., Elfergougui, A..  2018.  Security Analysis of Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks based on Attack Tree. 2018 International Conference on Selected Topics in Mobile and Wireless Networking (MoWNeT). :21–26.

Nowadays, Vehicular ad hoc network confronts many challenges in terms of security and privacy, due to the fact that data transmitted are diffused in an open access environment. However, highest of drivers want to maintain their information discreet and protected, and they do not want to share their confidential information. So, the private information of drivers who are distributed in this network must be protected against various threats that may damage their privacy. That is why, confidentiality, integrity and availability are the important security requirements in VANET. This paper focus on security threat in vehicle network especially on the availability of this network. Then we regard the rational attacker who decides to lead an attack based on its adversary's strategy to maximize its own attack interests. Our aim is to provide reliability and privacy of VANET system, by preventing attackers from violating and endangering the network. to ensure this objective, we adopt a tree structure called attack tree to model the attacker's potential attack strategies. Also, we join the countermeasures to the attack tree in order to build attack-defense tree for defending these attacks.

2018-04-02
Lin, W., Wang, K., Zhang, Z., Chen, H..  2017.  Revisiting Security Risks of Asymmetric Scalar Product Preserving Encryption and Its Variants. 2017 IEEE 37th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS). :1116–1125.

Cloud computing has emerged as a compelling vision for managing data and delivering query answering capability over the internet. This new way of computing also poses a real risk of disclosing confidential information to the cloud. Searchable encryption addresses this issue by allowing the cloud to compute the answer to a query based on the cipher texts of data and queries. Thanks to its inner product preservation property, the asymmetric scalar-product-preserving encryption (ASPE) has been adopted and enhanced in a growing number of works toperform a variety of queries and tasks in the cloud computingsetting. However, the security property of ASPE and its enhancedschemes has not been studied carefully. In this paper, we show acomplete disclosure of ASPE and several previously unknownsecurity risks of its enhanced schemes. Meanwhile, efficientalgorithms are proposed to learn the plaintext of data and queriesencrypted by these schemes with little or no knowledge beyondthe ciphertexts. We demonstrate these risks on real data sets.

2017-02-14
P. Dahake, S. Nimbhorkar.  2015.  "Hybrid cryptosystem for maintaining image integrity using biometric fingerprint". 2015 International Conference on Pervasive Computing (ICPC). :1-5.

Integrity of image data plays an important role in data communication. Image data contain confidential information so it is very important to protect data from intruder. When data is transmitted through the network, there may be possibility that data may be get lost or damaged. Existing system does not provide all functionality for securing image during transmission. i.e image compression, encryption and user authentication. In this paper hybrid cryptosystem is proposed in which biometric fingerprint is used for key generation which is further useful for encryption purpose. Secret fragment visible mosaic image method is used for secure transmission of image. For reducing the size of image lossless compression technique is used which leads to the fast transmission of image data through transmission channel. The biometric fingerprint is useful for authentication purpose. Biometric method is more secure method of authentication because it requires physical presence of human being and it is untraceable.