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2019-11-12
Mahale, Anusha, B.S., Kariyappa.  2019.  Architecture Analysis and Verification of I3C Protocol. 2019 3rd International Conference on Electronics, Communication and Aerospace Technology (ICECA). :930-935.

In VLSI industry the design cycle is categorized into Front End Design and Back End Design. Front End Design flow is from Specifications to functional verification of RTL design. Back End Design is from logic synthesis to fabrication of chip. Handheld devices like Mobile SOC's is an amalgamation of many components like GPU, camera, sensor, display etc. on one single chip. In order to integrate these components protocols are needed. One such protocol in the emerging trend is I3C protocol. I3C is abbreviated as Improved Inter Integrated Circuit developed by Mobile Industry Processor Interface (MIPI) alliance. Most probably used for the interconnection of sensors in Mobile SOC's. The main motivation of adapting the standard is for the increase speed and low pin count in most of the hardware chips. The bus protocol is backward compatible with I2C devices. The paper includes detailed study I3C bus protocol and developing verification environment for the protocol. The test bench environment is written and verified using system Verilog and UVM. The Universal Verification Methodology (UVM) is base class library built using System Verilog which provides the fundamental blocks needed to quickly develop reusable and well-constructed verification components and test environments. The Functional Coverage of around 93.55 % and Code Coverage of around 98.89 % is achieved by verification closure.

2018-05-01
Liu, Y., Bao, C., Xie, Y., Srivastava, A..  2017.  Introducing TFUE: The Trusted Foundry and Untrusted Employee Model in IC Supply Chain Security. 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS). :1–4.
In contrast to other studies in IC supply chain security where foundries are classified as either untrusted or trusted, a more realistic threat model is that the foundries are legally and economically obliged to perform trustworthy service, and it is the individual employees that introduce security risks. We call the above as the trusted foundry and untrusted employee (TFUE) model. Based on this model, we investigate new opportunities of establishing trustworthy operations in foundries made possible by double patterning lithography (DPL). DPL is used to setup two independent mask development lines which do not need to share any information. Under this setup, we consider the attack model where the untrusted employee(s) may try to insert Trojans into the circuit. As a countermeasure, we customize DPL to decompose the layout into two sub-layouts in such a way that each sub-layout individually expose minimum information to the untrusted employee.
2017-02-14
R. Saravanan, V. Saminadan, V. Thirunavukkarasu.  2015.  "VLSI implementation of BER measurement for wireless communication system". 2015 International Conference on Innovations in Information, Embedded and Communication Systems (ICIIECS). :1-5.

This paper presents the Bit Error Rate (BER) performance of the wireless communication system. The complexity of modern wireless communication system are increasing at fast pace. It becomes challenging to design the hardware of wireless system. The proposed system consists of MIMO transmitter and MIMO receiver along with the along with a realistic fading channel. To make the data transmission more secure when the data are passed into channel Crypto-System with Embedded Error Control (CSEEC) is used. The system supports data security and reliability using forward error correction codes (FEC). Security is provided through the use of a new symmetric encryption algorithm, and reliability is provided by the use of FEC codes. The system aims at speeding up the encryption and encoding operations and reduces the hardware dedicated to each of these operations. The proposed system allows users to achieve more security and reliable communication. The proposed BER measurement communication system consumes low power compared to existing systems. Advantage of VLSI based BER measurement it that they can be used in the Real time applications and it provides single chip solution.