Visible to the public Biblio

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Völker, Benjamin, Scholls, Philipp M., Schubert, Tobias, Becker, Bernd.  2018.  Towards the Fusion of Intrusive and Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring: A Hybrid Approach. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Future Energy Systems. :436-438.

With Electricity as a fundamental part of our life, its production has still large, negative environmental impact. Therefore, one strain of research is to optimize electricity usage by avoiding its unnecessary consumption or time its consumption when green energy is available. The shift towards an Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) allows to optimize energy distribution based on the current load at residence level. However, applications such as Demand Management and Advanced Load Forecasting require information further down at device level, which cannot be provided by standard electricity meters nor existing AMIs. Hence, different approaches for appliance monitoring emerged over the past 30 years which are categorized into Intrusive systems requiring multiple distributed sensors and Non-Intrusive systems requiring a single unobtrusive sensor. Although each category has been individually explored, hybrid approaches have received little attention. Our experiments highlight that variable consumer devices (e.g. PCs) are detrimental to the detection performance of non-intrusive systems. We further show that their influence can be inhibited by using sensor data from additional intrusive sensors. Even fairly straightforward sensor fusion techniques lead to a classification performance (F1) gain from 84.88 % to 93.41 % in our test setup. As this highlights the potential to contribute to the global goal of saving energy, we define further research directions for hybrid load monitoring systems.

Cao, H., Liu, S., Zhao, R., Gu, H., Bao, J., Zhu, L..  2017.  A Privacy Preserving Model for Energy Internet Base on Differential Privacy. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Energy Internet (ICEI). :204–209.

Comparing with the traditional grid, energy internet will collect data widely and connect more broader. The analysis of electrical data use of Non-intrusive Load Monitoring (NILM) can infer user behavior privacy. Consideration both data security and availability is a problem must be addressed. Due to its rigid and provable privacy guarantee, Differential Privacy has proverbially reached and applied to privacy preserving data release and data mining. Because of its high sensitivity, increases the noise directly will led to data unavailable. In this paper, we propose a differentially private mechanism to protect energy internet privacy. Our focus is the aggregated data be released by data owner after added noise in disaggregated data. The theoretically proves and experiments show that our scheme can achieve the purpose of privacy-preserving and data availability.

M. Clark, L. Lampe.  2015.  "Single-channel compressive sampling of electrical data for non-intrusive load monitoring". 2015 IEEE Global Conference on Signal and Information Processing (GlobalSIP). :790-794.

Non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM) extracts information about how energy is being used in a building from electricity measurements collected at a single location. Obtaining measurements at only one location is attractive because it is inexpensive and convenient, but it can result in large amounts of data from high frequency electrical measurements. Different ways to compress or selectively measure this data are therefore required for practical implementations of NILM. We explore the use of random filtering and random demodulation, techniques that are closely related to compressed sensing, to offer a computationally simple way of compressing the electrical data. We show how these techniques can allow one to reduce the sampling rate of the electricity measurements, while requiring only one sampling channel and allowing accurate NILM performance. Our tests are performed using real measurements of electrical signals from a public data set, thus demonstrating their effectiveness on real appliances and allowing for reproducibility and comparison with other data management strategies for NILM.