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Hassanpour, Reza, Dogdu, Erdogan, Choupani, Roya, Goker, Onur, Nazli, Nazli.  2018.  Phishing E-Mail Detection by Using Deep Learning Algorithms. Proceedings of the ACMSE 2018 Conference. :45:1-45:1.

Phishing e-mails are considered as spam e-mails, which aim to collect sensitive personal information about the users via network. Since the main purpose of this behavior is mostly to harm users financially, it is vital to detect these phishing or spam e-mails immediately to prevent unauthorized access to users' vital information. To detect phishing e-mails, using a quicker and robust classification method is important. Considering the billions of e-mails on the Internet, this classification process is supposed to be done in a limited time to analyze the results. In this work, we present some of the early results on the classification of spam email using deep learning and machine methods. We utilize word2vec to represent emails instead of using the popular keyword or other rule-based methods. Vector representations are then fed into a neural network to create a learning model. We have tested our method on an open dataset and found over 96% accuracy levels with the deep learning classification methods in comparison to the standard machine learning algorithms.

Zhang, Xian, Ben, Kerong, Zeng, Jie.  2018.  Cross-Entropy: A New Metric for Software Defect Prediction. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security (QRS). :111-122.

Defect prediction is an active topic in software quality assurance, which can help developers find potential bugs and make better use of resources. To improve prediction performance, this paper introduces cross-entropy, one common measure for natural language, as a new code metric into defect prediction tasks and proposes a framework called DefectLearner for this process. We first build a recurrent neural network language model to learn regularities in source code from software repository. Based on the trained model, the cross-entropy of each component can be calculated. To evaluate the discrimination for defect-proneness, cross-entropy is compared with 20 widely used metrics on 12 open-source projects. The experimental results show that cross-entropy metric is more discriminative than 50% of the traditional metrics. Besides, we combine cross-entropy with traditional metric suites together for accurate defect prediction. With cross-entropy added, the performance of prediction models is improved by an average of 2.8% in F1-score.

Ferenc, Rudolf, Heged\H us, Péter, Gyimesi, Péter, Antal, Gábor, Bán, Dénes, Gyimóthy, Tibor.  2019.  Challenging Machine Learning Algorithms in Predicting Vulnerable JavaScript Functions. 2019 IEEE/ACM 7th International Workshop on Realizing Artificial Intelligence Synergies in Software Engineering (RAISE). :8-14.

The rapid rise of cyber-crime activities and the growing number of devices threatened by them place software security issues in the spotlight. As around 90% of all attacks exploit known types of security issues, finding vulnerable components and applying existing mitigation techniques is a viable practical approach for fighting against cyber-crime. In this paper, we investigate how the state-of-the-art machine learning techniques, including a popular deep learning algorithm, perform in predicting functions with possible security vulnerabilities in JavaScript programs. We applied 8 machine learning algorithms to build prediction models using a new dataset constructed for this research from the vulnerability information in public databases of the Node Security Project and the Snyk platform, and code fixing patches from GitHub. We used static source code metrics as predictors and an extensive grid-search algorithm to find the best performing models. We also examined the effect of various re-sampling strategies to handle the imbalanced nature of the dataset. The best performing algorithm was KNN, which created a model for the prediction of vulnerable functions with an F-measure of 0.76 (0.91 precision and 0.66 recall). Moreover, deep learning, tree and forest based classifiers, and SVM were competitive with F-measures over 0.70. Although the F-measures did not vary significantly with the re-sampling strategies, the distribution of precision and recall did change. No re-sampling seemed to produce models preferring high precision, while re-sampling strategies balanced the IR measures.

Kara, I., Aydos, M..  2018.  Static and Dynamic Analysis of Third Generation Cerber Ransomware. 2018 International Congress on Big Data, Deep Learning and Fighting Cyber Terrorism (IBIGDELFT). :12–17.

Cyber criminals have been extensively using malicious Ransomware software for years. Ransomware is a subset of malware in which the data on a victim's computer is locked, typically by encryption, and payment is demanded before the ransomed data is decrypted and access returned to the victim. The motives for such attacks are not only limited to economical scumming. Illegal attacks on official databases may also target people with political or social power. Although billions of dollars have been spent for preventing or at least reducing the tremendous amount of losses, these malicious Ransomware attacks have been expanding and growing. Therefore, it is critical to perform technical analysis of such malicious codes and, if possible, determine the source of such attacks. It might be almost impossible to recover the affected files due to the strong encryption imposed on such files, however the determination of the source of Ransomware attacks have been becoming significantly important for criminal justice. Unfortunately, there are only a few technical analysis of real life attacks in the literature. In this work, a real life Ransomware attack on an official institute is investigated and fully analyzed. The analysis have been performed by both static and dynamic methods. The results show that the source of the Ransomware attack has been shown to be traceable from the server's whois information.

Agrawal, R., Stokes, J. W., Selvaraj, K., Marinescu, M..  2019.  Attention in Recurrent Neural Networks for Ransomware Detection. ICASSP 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP). :3222–3226.

Ransomware, as a specialized form of malicious software, has recently emerged as a major threat in computer security. With an ability to lock out user access to their content, recent ransomware attacks have caused severe impact at an individual and organizational level. While research in malware detection can be adapted directly for ransomware, specific structural properties of ransomware can further improve the quality of detection. In this paper, we adapt the deep learning methods used in malware detection for detecting ransomware from emulation sequences. We present specialized recurrent neural networks for capturing local event patterns in ransomware sequences using the concept of attention mechanisms. We demonstrate the performance of enhanced LSTM models on a sequence dataset derived by the emulation of ransomware executables targeting the Windows environment.

Hussein, A., Salman, O., Chehab, A., Elhajj, I., Kayssi, A..  2019.  Machine Learning for Network Resiliency and Consistency. 2019 Sixth International Conference on Software Defined Systems (SDS). :146–153.
Being able to describe a specific network as consistent is a large step towards resiliency. Next to the importance of security lies the necessity of consistency verification. Attackers are currently focusing on targeting small and crutial goals such as network configurations or flow tables. These types of attacks would defy the whole purpose of a security system when built on top of an inconsistent network. Advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI) are playing a key role in ensuring a fast responce to the large number of evolving threats. Software Defined Networking (SDN), being centralized by design, offers a global overview of the network. Robustness and adaptability are part of a package offered by programmable networking, which drove us to consider the integration between both AI and SDN. The general goal of our series is to achieve an Artificial Intelligence Resiliency System (ARS). The aim of this paper is to propose a new AI-based consistency verification system, which will be part of ARS in our future work. The comparison of different deep learning architectures shows that Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) give the best results with an accuracy of 99.39% on our dataset and 96% on our consistency test scenario.
Sun, Y., Zhang, L., Zhao, C..  2018.  A Study of Network Covert Channel Detection Based on Deep Learning. 2018 2nd IEEE Advanced Information Management,Communicates,Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IMCEC). :637-641.
Information security has become a growing concern. Computer covert channel which is regarded as an important area of information security research gets more attention. In order to detect these covert channels, a variety of detection algorithms are proposed in the course of the research. The algorithms of machine learning type show better results in these detection algorithms. However, the common machine learning algorithms have many problems in the testing process and have great limitations. Based on the deep learning algorithm, this paper proposes a new idea of network covert channel detection and forms a new detection model. On the one hand, this algorithmic model can detect more complex covert channels and, on the other hand, greatly improve the accuracy of detection due to the use of a new deep learning model. By optimizing this test model, we can get better results on the evaluation index.
Benzer, R., Yildiz, M. C..  2018.  YOLO Approach in Digital Object Definition in Military Systems. 2018 International Congress on Big Data, Deep Learning and Fighting Cyber Terrorism (IBIGDELFT). :35–37.

Today, as surveillance systems are widely used for indoor and outdoor monitoring applications, there is a growing interest in real-time generation detection and there are many different applications for real-time generation detection and analysis. Two-dimensional videos; It is used in multimedia content-based indexing, information acquisition, visual surveillance and distributed cross-camera surveillance systems, human tracking, traffic monitoring and similar applications. It is of great importance for the development of systems for national security by following a moving target within the scope of military applications. In this research, a more efficient solution is proposed in addition to the existing methods. Therefore, we present YOLO, a new approach to object detection for military applications.

Eetha, S., Agrawal, S., Neelam, S..  2018.  Zynq FPGA Based System Design for Video Surveillance with Sobel Edge Detection. 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Smart Electronic Systems (iSES) (Formerly iNiS). :76–79.

Advancements in semiconductor domain gave way to realize numerous applications in Video Surveillance using Computer vision and Deep learning, Video Surveillances in Industrial automation, Security, ADAS, Live traffic analysis etc. through image understanding improves efficiency. Image understanding requires input data with high precision which is dependent on Image resolution and location of camera. The data of interest can be thermal image or live feed coming for various sensors. Composite(CVBS) is a popular video interface capable of streaming upto HD(1920x1080) quality. Unlike high speed serial interfaces like HDMI/MIPI CSI, Analog composite video interface is a single wire standard supporting longer distances. Image understanding requires edge detection and classification for further processing. Sobel filter is one the most used edge detection filter which can be embedded into live stream. This paper proposes Zynq FPGA based system design for video surveillance with Sobel edge detection, where the input Composite video decoded (Analog CVBS input to YCbCr digital output), processed in HW and streamed to HDMI display simultaneously storing in SD memory for later processing. The HW design is scalable for resolutions from VGA to Full HD for 60fps and 4K for 24fps. The system is built on Xilinx ZC702 platform and TVP5146 to showcase the functional path.

Liu, Y., Yang, Y., Shi, A., Jigang, P., Haowei, L..  2019.  Intelligent monitoring of indoor surveillance video based on deep learning. 2019 21st International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT). :648–653.

With the rapid development of information technology, video surveillance system has become a key part in the security and protection system of modern cities. Especially in prisons, surveillance cameras could be found almost everywhere. However, with the continuous expansion of the surveillance network, surveillance cameras not only bring convenience, but also produce a massive amount of monitoring data, which poses huge challenges to storage, analytics and retrieval. The smart monitoring system equipped with intelligent video analytics technology can monitor as well as pre-alarm abnormal events or behaviours, which is a hot research direction in the field of surveillance. This paper combines deep learning methods, using the state-of-the-art framework for instance segmentation, called Mask R-CNN, to train the fine-tuning network on our datasets, which can efficiently detect objects in a video image while simultaneously generating a high-quality segmentation mask for each instance. The experiment show that our network is simple to train and easy to generalize to other datasets, and the mask average precision is nearly up to 98.5% on our own datasets.

Fok, Wilton W. T., Chan, Louis C. W., Chen, Carol.  2018.  Artificial Intelligence for Sport Actions and Performance Analysis Using Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) with Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM). Proceedings of the 2018 4th International Conference on Robotics and Artificial Intelligence. :40–44.
The development of Human Action Recognition (HAR) system is getting popular. This project developed a HAR system for the application in the surveillance system to minimize the man-power for providing security to the citizens such as public safety and crime prevention. In this research, deep learning network using Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) with Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) are used to analyze dynamic video motion of sport actions and classify different types of actions and their performance. It could classify different types of human motion with a small number of video frame for efficiency and memory saving. The current accuracy achieved is up to 92.9% but with high potential of further improvement.
Verdoliva, Luisa.  2018.  Deep Learning in Multimedia Forensics. Proceedings of the 6th ACM Workshop on Information Hiding and Multimedia Security. :3–3.
With the widespread diffusion of powerful media editing tools, falsifying images and videos has become easier and easier in the last few years. Fake multimedia, often used to support fake news, represents a growing menace in many fields of life, notably in politics, journalism, and the judiciary. In response to this threat, the signal processing community has produced a major research effort. A large number of methods have been proposed for source identification, forgery detection and localization, relying on the typical signal processing tools. The advent of deep learning, however, is changing the rules of the game. On one hand, new sophisticated methods based on deep learning have been proposed to accomplish manipulations that were previously unthinkable. On the other hand, deep learning provides also the analyst with new powerful forensic tools. Given a suitably large training set, deep learning architectures ensure usually a significant performance gain with respect to conventional methods, and a much higher robustness to post-processing and evasions. In this talk after reviewing the main approaches proposed in the literature to ensure media authenticity, the most promising solutions relying on Convolutional Neural Networks will be explored with special attention to realistic scenarios, such as when manipulated images and videos are spread out over social networks. In addition, an analysis of the efficacy of adversarial attacks on such methods will be presented.
Khryashchev, Vladimir, Ivanovsky, Leonid, Priorov, Andrey.  2018.  Deep Learning for Real-Time Robust Facial Expression Analysis. Proceedings of the International Conference on Machine Vision and Applications. :66–70.
The aim of this investigation is to classify real-life facial images into one of six types of emotions. For solving this problem, we propose to use deep machine learning algorithms and convolutional neural network (CNN). CNN is a modern type of neural network, which allows for rapid detection of various objects, as well as to make an effective object classification. For acceleration of CNN learning stage, we use supercomputer NVIDIA DGX-1. This process was implemented in parallel on a large number of independent streams on GPU. Numerical experiments for algorithms were performed on the images of Multi-Pie image database with various lighting of scene and angle rotation of head. For developed models, several metrics of quality were calculated. The designing algorithm was used in real-time video processing in human-computer interaction systems. Moreover, expression recognition can apply in such fields as retail analysis, security, video games, animations, psychiatry, automobile safety, educational software, etc.
Clemente, C. J., Jaafar, F., Malik, Y..  2018.  Is Predicting Software Security Bugs Using Deep Learning Better Than the Traditional Machine Learning Algorithms? 2018 IEEE International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security (QRS). :95–102.

Software insecurity is being identified as one of the leading causes of security breaches. In this paper, we revisited one of the strategies in solving software insecurity, which is the use of software quality metrics. We utilized a multilayer deep feedforward network in examining whether there is a combination of metrics that can predict the appearance of security-related bugs. We also applied the traditional machine learning algorithms such as decision tree, random forest, naïve bayes, and support vector machines and compared the results with that of the Deep Learning technique. The results have successfully demonstrated that it was possible to develop an effective predictive model to forecast software insecurity based on the software metrics and using Deep Learning. All the models generated have shown an accuracy of more than sixty percent with Deep Learning leading the list. This finding proved that utilizing Deep Learning methods and a combination of software metrics can be tapped to create a better forecasting model thereby aiding software developers in predicting security bugs.

Stokes, J. W., Wang, D., Marinescu, M., Marino, M., Bussone, B..  2018.  Attack and Defense of Dynamic Analysis-Based, Adversarial Neural Malware Detection Models. MILCOM 2018 - 2018 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :1–8.

Recently researchers have proposed using deep learning-based systems for malware detection. Unfortunately, all deep learning classification systems are vulnerable to adversarial learning-based attacks, or adversarial attacks, where miscreants can avoid detection by the classification algorithm with very few perturbations of the input data. Previous work has studied adversarial attacks against static analysis-based malware classifiers which only classify the content of the unknown file without execution. However, since the majority of malware is either packed or encrypted, malware classification based on static analysis often fails to detect these types of files. To overcome this limitation, anti-malware companies typically perform dynamic analysis by emulating each file in the anti-malware engine or performing in-depth scanning in a virtual machine. These strategies allow the analysis of the malware after unpacking or decryption. In this work, we study different strategies of crafting adversarial samples for dynamic analysis. These strategies operate on sparse, binary inputs in contrast to continuous inputs such as pixels in images. We then study the effects of two, previously proposed defensive mechanisms against crafted adversarial samples including the distillation and ensemble defenses. We also propose and evaluate the weight decay defense. Experiments show that with these three defenses, the number of successfully crafted adversarial samples is reduced compared to an unprotected baseline system. In particular, the ensemble defense is the most resilient to adversarial attacks. Importantly, none of the defenses significantly reduce the classification accuracy for detecting malware. Finally, we show that while adding additional hidden layers to neural models does not significantly improve the malware classification accuracy, it does significantly increase the classifier's robustness to adversarial attacks.

Kalash, M., Rochan, M., Mohammed, N., Bruce, N. D. B., Wang, Y., Iqbal, F..  2018.  Malware Classification with Deep Convolutional Neural Networks. 2018 9th IFIP International Conference on New Technologies, Mobility and Security (NTMS). :1-5.

In this paper, we propose a deep learning framework for malware classification. There has been a huge increase in the volume of malware in recent years which poses a serious security threat to financial institutions, businesses and individuals. In order to combat the proliferation of malware, new strategies are essential to quickly identify and classify malware samples so that their behavior can be analyzed. Machine learning approaches are becoming popular for classifying malware, however, most of the existing machine learning methods for malware classification use shallow learning algorithms (e.g. SVM). Recently, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), a deep learning approach, have shown superior performance compared to traditional learning algorithms, especially in tasks such as image classification. Motivated by this success, we propose a CNN-based architecture to classify malware samples. We convert malware binaries to grayscale images and subsequently train a CNN for classification. Experiments on two challenging malware classification datasets, Malimg and Microsoft malware, demonstrate that our method achieves better than the state-of-the-art performance. The proposed method achieves 98.52% and 99.97% accuracy on the Malimg and Microsoft datasets respectively.

Jiang, H., Turki, T., Wang, J. T. L..  2018.  DLGraph: Malware Detection Using Deep Learning and Graph Embedding. 2018 17th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA). :1029-1033.

In this paper we present a new approach, named DLGraph, for malware detection using deep learning and graph embedding. DLGraph employs two stacked denoising autoencoders (SDAs) for representation learning, taking into consideration computer programs' function-call graphs and Windows application programming interface (API) calls. Given a program, we first use a graph embedding technique that maps the program's function-call graph to a vector in a low-dimensional feature space. One SDA in our deep learning model is used to learn a latent representation of the embedded vector of the function-call graph. The other SDA in our model is used to learn a latent representation of the given program's Windows API calls. The two learned latent representations are then merged to form a combined feature vector. Finally, we use softmax regression to classify the combined feature vector for predicting whether the given program is malware or not. Experimental results based on different datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach and its superiority over a related method.

Su, Fang-Hsiang, Bell, Jonathan, Kaiser, Gail, Ray, Baishakhi.  2018.  Obfuscation Resilient Search Through Executable Classification. Proceedings of the 2Nd ACM SIGPLAN International Workshop on Machine Learning and Programming Languages. :20-30.

Android applications are usually obfuscated before release, making it difficult to analyze them for malware presence or intellectual property violations. Obfuscators might hide the true intent of code by renaming variables and/or modifying program structures. It is challenging to search for executables relevant to an obfuscated application for developers to analyze efficiently. Prior approaches toward obfuscation resilient search have relied on certain structural parts of apps remaining as landmarks, un-touched by obfuscation. For instance, some prior approaches have assumed that the structural relationships between identifiers are not broken by obfuscators; others have assumed that control flow graphs maintain their structures. Both approaches can be easily defeated by a motivated obfuscator. We present a new approach, MACNETO, to search for programs relevant to obfuscated executables leveraging deep learning and principal components on instructions. MACNETO makes few assumptions about the kinds of modifications that an obfuscator might perform. We show that it has high search precision for executables obfuscated by a state-of-the-art obfuscator that changes control flow. Further, we also demonstrate the potential of MACNETO to help developers understand executables, where MACNETO infers keywords (which are from relevant un-obfuscated programs) for obfuscated executables.

Nathezhtha, T., Yaidehi, V..  2018.  Cloud Insider Attack Detection Using Machine Learning. 2018 International Conference on Recent Trends in Advance Computing (ICRTAC). :60-65.

Security has always been a major issue in cloud. Data sources are the most valuable and vulnerable information which is aimed by attackers to steal. If data is lost, then the privacy and security of every cloud user are compromised. Even though a cloud network is secured externally, the threat of an internal attacker exists. Internal attackers compromise a vulnerable user node and get access to a system. They are connected to the cloud network internally and launch attacks pretending to be trusted users. Machine learning approaches are widely used for cloud security issues. The existing machine learning based security approaches classify a node as a misbehaving node based on short-term behavioral data. These systems do not differentiate whether a misbehaving node is a malicious node or a broken node. To address this problem, this paper proposes an Improvised Long Short-Term Memory (ILSTM) model which learns the behavior of a user and automatically trains itself and stores the behavioral data. The model can easily classify the user behavior as normal or abnormal. The proposed ILSTM not only identifies an anomaly node but also finds whether a misbehaving node is a broken node or a new user node or a compromised node using the calculated trust factor. The proposed model not only detects the attack accurately but also reduces the false alarm in the cloud network.

Sokolov, A. N., Pyatnitsky, I. A., Alabugin, S. K..  2018.  Research of Classical Machine Learning Methods and Deep Learning Models Effectiveness in Detecting Anomalies of Industrial Control System. 2018 Global Smart Industry Conference (GloSIC). :1-6.

Modern industrial control systems (ICS) act as victims of cyber attacks more often in last years. These attacks are hard to detect and their consequences can be catastrophic. Cyber attacks can cause anomalies in the work of the ICS and its technological equipment. The presence of mutual interference and noises in this equipment significantly complicates anomaly detection. Moreover, the traditional means of protection, which used in corporate solutions, require updating with each change in the structure of the industrial process. An approach based on the machine learning for anomaly detection was used to overcome these problems. It complements traditional methods and allows one to detect signal correlations and use them for anomaly detection. Additional Tennessee Eastman Process Simulation Data for Anomaly Detection Evaluation dataset was analyzed as example of industrial process. In the course of the research, correlations between the signals of the sensors were detected and preliminary data processing was carried out. Algorithms from the most common techniques of machine learning (decision trees, linear algorithms, support vector machines) and deep learning models (neural networks) were investigated for industrial process anomaly detection task. It's shown that linear algorithms are least demanding on computational resources, but they don't achieve an acceptable result and allow a significant number of errors. Decision tree-based algorithms provided an acceptable accuracy, but the amount of RAM, required for their operations, relates polynomially with the training sample volume. The deep neural networks provided the greatest accuracy, but they require considerable computing power for internal calculations.

Farooq, H. M., Otaibi, N. M..  2018.  Optimal Machine Learning Algorithms for Cyber Threat Detection. 2018 UKSim-AMSS 20th International Conference on Computer Modelling and Simulation (UKSim). :32-37.

With the exponential hike in cyber threats, organizations are now striving for better data mining techniques in order to analyze security logs received from their IT infrastructures to ensure effective and automated cyber threat detection. Machine Learning (ML) based analytics for security machine data is the next emerging trend in cyber security, aimed at mining security data to uncover advanced targeted cyber threats actors and minimizing the operational overheads of maintaining static correlation rules. However, selection of optimal machine learning algorithm for security log analytics still remains an impeding factor against the success of data science in cyber security due to the risk of large number of false-positive detections, especially in the case of large-scale or global Security Operations Center (SOC) environments. This fact brings a dire need for an efficient machine learning based cyber threat detection model, capable of minimizing the false detection rates. In this paper, we are proposing optimal machine learning algorithms with their implementation framework based on analytical and empirical evaluations of gathered results, while using various prediction, classification and forecasting algorithms.

Meng, F., Lou, F., Fu, Y., Tian, Z..  2018.  Deep Learning Based Attribute Classification Insider Threat Detection for Data Security. 2018 IEEE Third International Conference on Data Science in Cyberspace (DSC). :576–581.

With the evolution of network threat, identifying threat from internal is getting more and more difficult. To detect malicious insiders, we move forward a step and propose a novel attribute classification insider threat detection method based on long short term memory recurrent neural networks (LSTM-RNNs). To achieve high detection rate, event aggregator, feature extractor, several attribute classifiers and anomaly calculator are seamlessly integrated into an end-to-end detection framework. Using the CERT insider threat dataset v6.2 and threat detection recall as our performance metric, experimental results validate that the proposed threat detection method greatly outperforms k-Nearest Neighbor, Isolation Forest, Support Vector Machine and Principal Component Analysis based threat detection methods.

Zhang, Dongxue, Zheng, Yang, Wen, Yu, Xu, Yujue, Wang, Jingchuo, Yu, Yang, Meng, Dan.  2018.  Role-based Log Analysis Applying Deep Learning for Insider Threat Detection. Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Security-Oriented Designs of Computer Architectures and Processors. :18–20.
Insider threats have shown their great destructive power in information security and financial stability and have received widespread attention from governments and organizations. Traditional intrusion detection systems fail to be effective in insider attacks due to the lack of extensive knowledge for insider behavior patterns. Instead, a more sophisticated method is required to have a deeper understanding for activities that insiders communicate with the information system. In this paper, we design a classifier, a neural network model utilizing Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) to model user log as a natural language sequence and achieve role-based classification. LSTM Model can learn behavior patterns of different users by automatically extracting feature and detect anomalies when log patterns deviate from the trained model. To illustrate the effective of classification model, we design two experiments based on cmu dataset. Experimental evaluations have shown that our model can successfully distinguish different behavior pattern and detect malicious behavior.
Douzi, S., Benchaji, I., ElOuahidi, B..  2018.  Hybrid Approach for Intrusion Detection Using Fuzzy Association Rules. 2018 2nd Cyber Security in Networking Conference (CSNet). :1-3.

Rapid development of internet and network technologies has led to considerable increase in number of attacks. Intrusion detection system is one of the important ways to achieve high security in computer networks. However, it have curse of dimensionality which tends to increase time complexity and decrease resource utilization. To improve the ability of detecting anomaly intrusions, a combined algorithm is proposed based on Weighted Fuzzy C-Mean Clustering Algorithm (WFCM) and Fuzzy logic. Decision making is performed in two stages. In the first stage, WFCM algorithm is applied to reduce the input data space. The reduced dataset is then fed to Fuzzy Logic scheme to build the fuzzy sets, membership function and the rules that decide whether an instance represents an anomaly or not.

Cohen, Daniel, Mitra, Bhaskar, Hofmann, Katja, Croft, W. Bruce.  2018.  Cross Domain Regularization for Neural Ranking Models Using Adversarial Learning. The 41st International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research & Development in Information Retrieval. :1025-1028.

Unlike traditional learning to rank models that depend on hand-crafted features, neural representation learning models learn higher level features for the ranking task by training on large datasets. Their ability to learn new features directly from the data, however, may come at a price. Without any special supervision, these models learn relationships that may hold only in the domain from which the training data is sampled, and generalize poorly to domains not observed during training. We study the effectiveness of adversarial learning as a cross domain regularizer in the context of the ranking task. We use an adversarial discriminator and train our neural ranking model on a small set of domains. The discriminator provides a negative feedback signal to discourage the model from learning domain specific representations. Our experiments show consistently better performance on held out domains in the presence of the adversarial discriminator–-sometimes up to 30% on precision\$@1\$.