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Islam, M., Rahaman, S., Meng, N., Hassanshahi, B., Krishnan, P., Yao, D. D..  2020.  Coding Practices and Recommendations of Spring Security for Enterprise Applications. 2020 IEEE Secure Development (SecDev). :49—57.
Spring security is tremendously popular among practitioners for its ease of use to secure enterprise applications. In this paper, we study the application framework misconfiguration vulnerabilities in the light of Spring security, which is relatively understudied in the existing literature. Towards that goal, we identify 6 types of security anti-patterns and 4 insecure vulnerable defaults by conducting a measurement-based approach on 28 Spring applications. Our analysis shows that security risks associated with the identified security anti-patterns and insecure defaults can leave the enterprise application vulnerable to a wide range of high-risk attacks. To prevent these high-risk attacks, we also provide recommendations for practitioners. Consequently, our study has contributed one update to the official Spring security documentation while other security issues identified in this study are being considered for future major releases by Spring security community.
Hosseinipour, A., Hojabri, H..  2020.  Small-Signal Stability Analysis and Active Damping Control of DC Microgrids Integrated With Distributed Electric Springs. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. 11:3737–3747.
Series DC electric springs (DCESs) are a state-of-the-art demand-side management (DSM) technology with the capability to reduce energy storage requirements of DC microgrids by manipulating the power of non-critical loads (NCLs). As the stability of DC microgrids is highly prone to dynamic interactions between the system active and passive components, this study intends to conduct a comprehensive small-signal stability analysis of a community DC microgrid integrated with distributed DCESs considering the effect of destabilizing constant power loads (CPLs). For this purpose, after deriving the small-signal model of a DCES-integrated microgrid, the sensitivity of the system dominant frequency modes to variations of various physical and control parameters is evaluated by means of eigenvalue analysis. Next, an active damping control method based on virtual RC parallel impedance is proposed for series DCESs to compensate for their slow dynamic response and to provide a dynamic stabilization function within the microgrid. Furthermore, impedance-based stability analysis is utilized to study the DC microgrid expandability in terms of integration with multiple DCESs. Finally, several case studies are presented to verify analytical findings of the paper and to evaluate the dynamic performance of the DC microgrid.
Viegas, P., Borges, D., Montezuma, P., Dinis, R., Silva, M. M..  2019.  Multi-beam Physical Security Scheme: Security Assessment and Impact of Array Impairments on Security and Quality of Service. 2019 PhotonIcs Electromagnetics Research Symposium - Spring (PIERS-Spring). :2368—2375.

Massive multiple-input multiple-output (mMIMO) with perfect channel state information (CSI) can lead array power gain increments proportional to the number of antennas. Despite this fact constrains on power amplification still exist due to envelope variations of high order constellation signals. These constrains can be overpassed by a transmitter with several amplification branches, with each one associated to a component signal that results from the decomposition of a multilevel constellation as a sum of several quasi constant envelope signals that are sent independently. When combined with antenna arrays at the end of each amplification branch the security improves due to the energy separation achieved by beamforming. However, to avoid distortion on the signal resulting from the combination of all components at channel level all the beams of signal components should be directed in same direction. In such conditions it is crucial to assess the impact of misalignments between beams associated to each user, which is the purpose of this work. The set of results presented here show the good tolerance against misalignments of these transmission structures.

Tabassum, Anika, Nady, Anannya Islam, Rezwanul Huq, Mohammad.  2019.  Mathematical Formulation and Implementation of Query Inversion Techniques in RDBMS for Tracking Data Provenance. 2019 7th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology (ICoICT). :1–6.
Nowadays the massive amount of data is produced from different sources and lots of applications are processing these data to discover insights. Sometimes we may get unexpected results from these applications and it is not feasible to trace back to the data origin manually to find the source of errors. To avoid this problem, data must be accompanied by the context of how they are processed and analyzed. Especially, data-intensive applications like e-Science always require transparency and therefore, we need to understand how data has been processed and transformed. In this paper, we propose mathematical formulation and implementation of query inversion techniques to trace the provenance of data in a relational database management system (RDBMS). We build mathematical formulations of inverse queries for most of the relational algebra operations and show the formula for join operations in this paper. We, then, implement these formulas of inversion techniques and the experiment shows that our proposed inverse queries can successfully trace back to original data i.e. finding data provenance.
Guntupally, K., Devarakonda, R., Kehoe, K..  2018.  Spring Boot Based REST API to Improve Data Quality Report Generation for Big Scientific Data: ARM Data Center Example. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :5328-5329.

Web application technologies are growing rapidly with continuous innovation and improvements. This paper focuses on the popular Spring Boot [1] java-based framework for building web and enterprise applications and how it provides the flexibility for service-oriented architecture (SOA). One challenge with any Spring-based applications is its level of complexity with configurations. Spring Boot makes it easy to create and deploy stand-alone, production-grade Spring applications with very little Spring configuration. Example, if we consider Spring Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework [2], we need to configure dispatcher servlet, web jars, a view resolver, and component scan among other things. To solve this, Spring Boot provides several Auto Configuration options to setup the application with any needed dependencies. Another challenge is to identify the framework dependencies and associated library versions required to develop a web application. Spring Boot offers simpler dependency management by using a comprehensive, but flexible, framework and the associated libraries in one single dependency, which provides all the Spring related technology that you need for starter projects as compared to CRUD web applications. This framework provides a range of additional features that are common across many projects such as embedded server, security, metrics, health checks, and externalized configuration. Web applications are generally packaged as war and deployed to a web server, but Spring Boot application can be packaged either as war or jar file, which allows to run the application without the need to install and/or configure on the application server. In this paper, we discuss how Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data Center (ADC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, is using Spring Boot to create a SOA based REST [4] service API, that bridges the gap between frontend user interfaces and backend database. Using this REST service API, ARM scientists are now able to submit reports via a user form or a command line interface, which captures the same data quality or other important information about ARM data.

Hossain, M. A., Merrill, H. M., Bodson, M..  2017.  Evaluation of metrics of susceptibility to cascading blackouts. 2017 IEEE Power and Energy Conference at Illinois (PECI). :1–5.
In this paper, we evaluate the usefulness of metrics that assess susceptibility to cascading blackouts. The metrics are computed using a matrix of Line Outage Distribution Factors (LODF, or DFAX matrix). The metrics are compared for several base cases with different load levels of the Western Interconnection (WI). A case corresponding to the September 8, 2011 pre-blackout state is used to compute these metrics and relate them to the origin of the cascading blackout. The correlation between the proposed metrics is determined to check redundancy. The analysis is also used to find vulnerable and critical hot spots in the power system.
Alzhrani, K., Rudd, E. M., Chow, C. E., Boult, T. E..  2017.  Automated U.S diplomatic cables security classification: Topic model pruning vs. classification based on clusters. 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Technologies for Homeland Security (HST). :1–6.
The U.S Government has been the target for cyberattacks from all over the world. Just recently, former President Obama accused the Russian government of the leaking emails to Wikileaks and declared that the U.S. might be forced to respond. While Russia denied involvement, it is clear that the U.S. has to take some defensive measures to protect its data infrastructure. Insider threats have been the cause of other sensitive information leaks too, including the infamous Edward Snowden incident. Most of the recent leaks were in the form of text. Due to the nature of text data, security classifications are assigned manually. In an adversarial environment, insiders can leak texts through E-mail, printers, or any untrusted channels. The optimal defense is to automatically detect the unstructured text security class and enforce the appropriate protection mechanism without degrading services or daily tasks. Unfortunately, existing Data Leak Prevention (DLP) systems are not well suited for detecting unstructured texts. In this paper, we compare two recent approaches in the literature for text security classification, evaluating them on actual sensitive text data from the WikiLeaks dataset.
Alcorn, J., Melton, S., Chow, C. E..  2017.  SDN data path confidence analysis. 2017 IEEE Conference on Dependable and Secure Computing. :209–216.

The unauthorized access or theft of sensitive, personal information is becoming a weekly news item. The illegal dissemination of proprietary information to media outlets or competitors costs industry untold millions in remediation costs and losses every year. The 2013 data breach at Target, Inc. that impacted 70 million customers is estimated to cost upwards of 1 billion dollars. Stolen information is also being used to damage political figures and adversely influence foreign and domestic policy. In this paper, we offer some techniques for better understanding the health and security of our networks. This understanding will help professionals to identify network behavior, anomalies and other latent, systematic issues in their networks. Software-Defined Networks (SDN) enable the collection of network operation and configuration metrics that are not readily available, if available at all, in traditional networks. SDN also enables the development of software protocols and tools that increases visibility into the network. By accumulating and analyzing a time series data repository (TSDR) of SDN and traditional metrics along with data gathered from our tools we can establish behavior and security patterns for SDN and SDN hybrid networks. Our research helps provide a framework for a range of techniques for administrators and automated system protection services that give insight into the health and security of the network. To narrow the scope of our research, this paper focuses on a subset of those techniques as they apply to the confidence analysis of a specific network path at the time of use or inspection. This confidence analysis allows users, administrators and autonomous systems to decide whether a network path is secure enough for sending their sensitive information. Our testing shows that malicious activity can be identified quickly as a single metric indicator and consistently within a multi-factor indicator analysis. Our research includes the implementation of - hese techniques in a network path confidence analysis service, called Confidence Assessment as a Service. Using our behavior and security patterns, this service evaluates a specific network path and provides a confidence score for that path before, during and after the transmission of sensitive data. Our research and tools give administrators and autonomous systems a much better understanding of the internal operation and configuration of their networks. Our framework will also provide other services that will focus on detecting latent, systemic network problems. By providing a better understanding of network configuration and operation our research enables a more secure and dependable network and helps prevent the theft of information by malicious actors.